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Encyclopedia > Iranian architecture
Iranian architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The pre-Islamic styles draw on 3-4 thousand years of architectural development from various civilizations of the Iranian plateau. The post-Islamic architecture of Iran in turn, draws ideas from its pre-Islamic predecessor, and has geometrical and repetiitve forms, as well as surfaces that are richly decorated with glazed tiles, carved stucco, patterned brickwork, floral motifs, and calligraphy. Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... Stucco is a material made of an aggregate, a binder, and water which is applied wet, and hardens when it dries. ... In art, a motif is a repeated idea, pattern, image, or theme. ... Contemporary Calligraphy Calligraphy (from Greek kallos beauty + graphẽ writing) is the art of beautiful writing (Mediavilla 1996: 17). ...


As such, Iran ranks seventh in the world in terms of possessing historical monuments, museums, and other cultural attractions[11] and is recognized by UNESCO as being one of the cradles of civilization.[12] UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

The ruins of Persepolis, approximately 2500 years old. (see 3D modeling)
The ruins of Persepolis, approximately 2500 years old. (see 3D modeling)

Each of the periods of Elamites, Achaemenids, Parthians, and Sassanids were creators of great architecture that over the ages has spread wide and far to other cultures being adopted. Although Iran has suffered its share of destruction, including Alexander The Great's decision to burn Persepolis, there are sufficient remains to form a picture of its classical architecture. Image File history File linksMetadata Takht-jamshid. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Takht-jamshid. ... Elam (Persian: تمدن ایلام) is one of the oldest recorded civilizations. ... Achaemenid Empire The Achaemenid Dynasty was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire, including Cyrus II the Great, Darius I and Xerxes I. At the height of their power, the Achaemenid rulers of Persia ruled over territories roughly emcompassing some parts of todays Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon... Parthia[1] (Middle Persian: اشکانیان Ashkâniân) was a civilization situated in the northeast of modern Iran, but at its height covering all of Iran proper, as well as regions of the modern countries of Armenia, Iraq, Georgia, eastern Turkey, eastern Syria, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Kuwait, the Persian Gulf... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Alexander the Great (Greek: ,[1] Megas Alexandros; July 356 BC–June 11, 323 BC), also known as Alexander III, king of Macedon (336–323 BC), was one of the most successful military commanders in history. ... Persepolis aerial view. ...


The Achaemenids built on a grand scale. The artists and materials they used were brought in from practically all territories of what was then the largest state oin the world. Pasargadae set the standard: its city was laid out in an extensive park with bridges, gardens, colonnaded palaces and open column pavilions. Pasargadae along with Susa and Persepolis forcefully expressed the authority of The King of Kings, the staircases of the latter recording in relief sculpture the vast extent of the imperial frontier. Achaemenid Empire The Achaemenid Dynasty was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire, including Cyrus II the Great, Darius I and Xerxes I. At the height of their power, the Achaemenid rulers of Persia ruled over territories roughly emcompassing some parts of todays Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon... Pasargadae was a city in ancient Persia, and is today an archaeological site and one of Irans UNESCO World Heritage Sites. ... Enormous colonnade of the Kazan Cathedral in St Petersburg. ... Winged sphinx from the palace of Darius the Great at Susa. ... Persepolis aerial view. ...


With the emergence of the Parthians and Sassanids there was an appearance of new forms. Parthian innovations fully flowered during the Sassanid period with massive barrel-vaulted chambers, solid masonry domes, and tall columns. This influence was to remain for years to come. Reproduction of a Parthian warrior as depicted on Trajans Column The Parthian Empire was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BCE, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BCE and 224 CE. Origins Bust of Parthian soldier, Esgh-abad Museum, Turkmenia. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Barrel vault In architecture, a barrel vault is an extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves, in the case of a pointed barrel vault) along a given distance. ...


The roundness of the city of Baghdad in the Abbasid era for example, points to its Persian precedents such as Firouzabad in Fars.[13] The two designers who were hired by al-Mansur to plan the city's design were Naubakht, a former Persian Zoroastrian who also determined that the date of the foundation of the city would be astrologically auspicious, and Mashallah, a former Jew from Khorasan.[14] Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Abbasid Caliphate (Abbasid Khalifat) and contemporary states and empires in 820. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Firouzabad. ... // Introduction Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... pooperson he was the first bisexual man to have a heshe baby This article is abliph Al Mansur of Baghdad. ... Nobakht Ahvazi (also spelled Naubakht in many a literature) and his sons were Astronomers from Ahvaz in Persia. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... An engraving by Albrecht Dürer, from the title page of the De scientia motus orbis (Latin version with engraving, 1504). ... Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan; Horasan in Turkish) is a region located in eastern Iran. ...


The ruins of Persepolis, Ctesiphon, Jiroft,[15] Sialk, Pasargadae, Firouzabad, Arg-é Bam, and thousands of other ruins may give us merely a distant glimpse of what contribution Persians made to the art of building. Persepolis aerial view. ... Ctesiphon, 1932 Ctesiphon (Parthian and Pahlavi: Tyspwn as well as Tisfun, Persian: ‎, also known as in Arabic Madain, Maden or Al-Madain: المدائن) is one of the great cities of ancient Mesopotamia and the capital of the Parthian Empire and its successor, the Sassanid Empire, for more than 800 years... edit The Jiroft Kingdom or Jiroft Civilization (تمدن جيرفت) was an ancient civilization that existed in what is now Iran from roughly 3000 BCE to ? BCE. Research into this civilization is a relatively recent and ongoing multinational archaeological project that is uncovering a previously unknown civilization in a series of newly discovered... The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors. ... Pasargadae was a city in ancient Persia, and is today an archaeological site and one of Irans UNESCO World Heritage Sites. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Firouzabad. ... Arg-é Bam, before the 2003 earthquake. ...


Post-Islamic architecture of Persia (Iran)

Koochehs provided relief from dust storms and intense sunlight. This was an efficient and ancient form of urban design in Persia. Photo is from Kashan, Iran (Persia).

The fall of the Persian empire to invading Islamic forces ironically led to the creation of remarkable religious buildings in Iran. Arts such as calligraphy, stucco work, mirror work, and mosaic work, became closely tied with architecture in Iran in the new era. Archaeological excavations have provided sufficient documents in support of the impacts of Sasanian architecture on the architecture of the Islamic world. An example of a Kucheh, a traditional and significant part of urban design in Persia. ... An example of a Kucheh, a traditional and significant part of urban design in Persia. ... In traditional Persian architecture, a Kucheh (Ú©ÙˆÚ†Ù‡), is a narrow especially designed alley. ... Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. ... Motto (official) Esteqlāl, āzādÄ«, jomhÅ«rÄ«-ye eslāmÄ« 1(Persian) Independence, freedom, Islamic Republic (national) Anthem SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān 2 Capital (and largest city) Tehran Official languages Persian Demonym Iranian Government Islamic Republic  -  Supreme Leader  -  President Establishment  -  Proto-Elamite Period 8000 BCE   -  Middle... Contemporary Calligraphy Calligraphy (from Greek kallos beauty + graphẽ writing) is the art of beautiful writing (Mediavilla 1996: 17). ... Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, a master builder, from αρχι- chiefs, leader , builder, carpenter)[1] is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ...


Many experts believe the period of Persian architecture from the 15th through 17th Centuries to be the most brilliant of the post-Islamic era. Various structures such as mosques, mausoleums, bazaars, bridges, and different palaces have mainly survived from this period.

Interior spaces in Persian architecture make optimal use of techniques for regulating light, temperature, and heat by usage of appropriate design and materials.

Safavi Isfahan tried to achieve grandeur in scale (Isfahan's Naghsh-i Jahan Square is the 6th largest square worldwide) knowledge about building tall buildings with vast inner spaces. However, the quality of ornaments was decreased in comparison with those of the 14th cnd 15th centuries. Image File history File links Masjedk. ... Image File history File links Masjedk. ... An example of Safavid architecture Safavi is an adjective, created for the name Safi. Translated to English, Safavi would correspond roughly to Safi-ish or Safidian Safavi is the correct Persian Language reference to Safi, the name of Sheikh Safi Al-Din Ardebili. ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ... Naghsh-i Jahan (Persian: ميدان نقش جهان ), also known as shah or imam square (maidan in Farsi), situated at the center of Isfahan city, Iran, is one of the largest city squares in the world. ... Tiananmen Square, Beijing The Macroplaza, Monterrey Prato della Valle, Padova Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan Place de la Concorde, Paris Palace Square, St. ...


In the old Persian architecture, semi-circular and oval-shaped vaults were of great interest, leading Safavi architects to display their extraordinary skills in making massive domes. Domes can be seen frequently in the structurae of bazaars and mosques, particularly during the Safavi period in Isfahan. Iranian domes are distinguished for their height, proportion of elements, beauty of form, and roundness of the dome stem. The outer surfaces of the domes are mostly mosaic faced, and create a magical view. In the words of D. Huff, a German archaeologist, the dome is the dominant element in Persian architecture.


Another aspect of this architecture was the harmony it presented and manifested with the people, their environment, and their beliefs. At the same time no strict rules were applied to govern this form of Islamic architecture. The great mosques of Khorasan, Isfahan, and Tabriz each used local geometry, local materials, and local building methods to express in their own ways the order, harmony, and unity of Islamic architecture. And thus when the major monuments of Islamic Persian architecture are examined, they reveal complex geometrical relationships, a studied hierarchy of form and ornament, and great depths of symbolic meaning. In the words of Arthur U. Pope, who carried out extensive studies in ancient Persian and Islamic buildings: Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan; Horasan in Turkish) is a region located in eastern Iran. ... Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan This article is about the city of Isfahan. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pope and Ackerman are both buried here, in Isfahan. ...

"the meaningful Impact of Persian architecture is versatile. Not overwhelming but dignified, magnificent and impressive."

Contemporary architecture in Iran

Contemporary architecture in Iran begins with the advent of the first Pahlavi period in the early 1920s. Some designers, such as Andre Godard, created works, such as the National Museum of Iran that were reminiscient of Iran's historical architectural heritage. Others, made an effort to merge the traditional elements with modern designs in their works. The Tehran University main campus is one such example. And yet, others such as Heydar Ghiai and Houshang Seyhoun tried creating completely original works that were independent of any precedental influences. André Godard André Godard (1881, Chaumont — 1965, Paris) was a French born archeologist and architect. ... Entrance of the National Museum of Iran, the vault is built in the style of Persias Sassanid vaults The National Museum of Iran (in Persian: موزه ایران باستان Muze-ye Irân-e Bâstân) is... The University of Tehran (دانشگاه تهران in Persian), also known as Tehran University, is the oldest and largest university of Iran. ... The Ghiaï-Chamlou Coat of Arms Heydar Ghiaï-Chamlou // Heydar Ghiaï-Chamlou in Grand Imperial Court Uniform Heydar Ghiai with The Shah of Iran touring of the Senate House Heydar Gholi Khan Ghiaï-Chamlou who graduated from the École des Beaux-Arts in 1952, was known as a pioneer of... Hooshang Seyhoon is a prominent Iranian architect. ...

Iranian architects

See main article: List of historical Iranian architects
See main article: List of Iranian architects

Persian architects were a highly sought after stock in the old days, before the advent of Modern Architecture. For example, Ostad Isa Shirazi is most often credited as the chief architect (or plan drawer) of Taj Mahal.[16] These artisans were also highly instrumental in the designs of such edifices as Afghanistan's Minaret of Jam, The Sultaniyeh Dome, or Tamerlane's tomb in Samarkand, among many others.



The following is a list of Iranian architects, or Mimars to be more exact. ... United Iranian Architects Europa Reza Moosavi Manocheher Seyed Mortazavi Mojtaba Iman Ansari Hedye Darman Bahram Hooshyar Yousefi Abolfazl Habibi Armin Mohsen Daneshgar Nassir Zarrin Panah Farhad Ahmadi Babak Fadavi Anbiayee Davar Jafargholizadeh Ashtin Kamran Diba Seyed Mehrdad Emami Shaahin Espahbodi Zand Harirchi Shahram Entekhabi Mohamad Reza Jodat Nader Khalili, CalEarth... Le Corbusiers Villa Savoye, a well known example of modern architecture Modern architecture,not to be confused with contemporary architecture, is a term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament, that first arose around 1900. ... Taj Mahal The Taj Mahal, taken from a 360° view between the mosque and the mausoleum. ... Soltaniyeh, situated in the Province of Zanjan, some 240 km to the north-west from Tehran, used to be the capital of Ilkhanid rulers of Persia in the 14th century. ... For the chess engine Tamerlane, see Tamerlane. ... Samarkand (Tajik: Самарқанд, Persian: ‎ , Uzbek: , Russian: ), population 412,300 in 2005, is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan and the capital of Samarqand Province. ...

UNESCO designated World Heritage Sites

Ziggurats such as the UNESCO designated World Heritage Site of Chogha Zanbil, which relieved the flat monotony of the southern Khuzestan plane, were but "ritual imitations of the familiar sacred mountains which ring the Iranian plateau".
Ziggurats such as the UNESCO designated World Heritage Site of Chogha Zanbil, which relieved the flat monotony of the southern Khuzestan plane, were but "ritual imitations of the familiar sacred mountains which ring the Iranian plateau".[17]

The following is a list of World Heritage Sites designed or constructed by Iranians (Persians), or designed and constructed in the style of Iranian architecture: UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Choghazanbil Ziggurat, Iran. ... Choghazanbil Ziggurat, Iran. ... Dur-Untash, or Choqa Zanbil, built in 13th century BC by Untash Napirisha and located near Susa, Iran is one of the worlds best-preserved ziggurats. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... A model of the current Chogha Zanbil ziggurat, showing the other buildings in the vicinity of the main structure. ... Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... Topographic map of the Iranian plateau connecting to Anatolia in the west and Hindu Kush and Himalaya in the east Iranian plateau is both a geographical area of South or West Asia, home of ancient civilizations[1], and a geological area of Eurasia north of the great folded mountain belts...

Arg-é Bam, before the 2003 earthquake. ... Image:Kirman. ... Naghsh-i Jahan (Persian: ميدان نقش جهان ), also known as shah or imam square (maidan in Farsi), situated at the center of Isfahan city, Iran, is one of the largest city squares in the world. ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ... Pasargadae was a city in ancient Persia, and is today an archaeological site and one of Irans UNESCO World Heritage Sites. ... // Introduction Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Persepolis aerial view. ... // Introduction Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... A model of the current Choghazanbil ziggurat, showing the other buildings in the vicinity of the main structure. ... Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... The fortress appears in full view in the foreground. ... West Azarbaijan (آذربایجان غربی in Persian) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Soltaniyeh, situated in the Province of Zanjan, some 240 km to the north-west from Tehran, used to be the capital of Ilkhanid rulers of Persia in the 14th century. ... Zanjan Province ... The Behistun Inscription, carved into a cliffside, gives the same text in three languages, telling the story of King Darius conquests, with the names of twenty-three provinces subject to him. ... Taj Mahal The Taj Mahal, taken from a 360° view between the mosque and the mausoleum. ... It has been suggested that Mughal Era be merged into this article or section. ... The Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. ... The Humayuns Tomb is considered to be an important milestone in the history of Mughal architecture. ... A view of the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi in Turkestan, Kazakhstan. ... Bukhara (Tajik: Бухоро; Persian: , Buxârâ; Uzbek: ; Russian: ), from the Soghdian βuxārak (lucky place), is the fifth-largest city in Uzbekistan, and capital of the Bukhara Province (viloyat). ... Shahrisabz or Shahr-e Sabz (from the Persian meaning green city), also known as Kesh, is a city in Uzbekistan approximately 50 mi. ... Samarkand (Tajik: Самарқанд, Persian: ‎ , Uzbek: , Russian: ), population 412,300 in 2005, is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan and the capital of Samarqand Province. ... Derbent is built around a Sassanid fortress, the only one preserved in the world. ... The Republic of Dagestan (Russian: Респу́блика Дагеста́н) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ...

Awards

The Aga Khan Award for Architecture, established and funded by Aga Khan IV to recognize architectural excellence and community improvement -- including restoration efforts. ... Ali Qapu (the Sublime Gate) is a grand palace in Isfahan, Iran. ... Hasht Behesht (Palace of 8 paradises), is a Safavid era palace in Isfahan, Iran. ... Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan This article is about the city of Isfahan. ...

References

Persian Arts
Visual Arts
Painting
Miniatures
Decorative Arts
Jewellery
Embroidery Motifs
Tileworks Handicrafts
Pottery
Literature
Literature Mythology
Folklore
Other
Architecture Cuisine
Carpets Gardens
Performance Arts
Dance Music
Cinema
  1. ^ Arthur Upham Pope. Introducing Persian Architecture. Oxford University Press. London. 1971. p.1
  2. ^ Arthur Upham Pope. Persian Architecture. George Braziller, New York, 1965. p.266
  3. ^ Arthur Upham Pope. Persian Architecture. George Braziller, New York, 1965. p.266
  4. ^ Nader Ardalan and Laleh Bakhtiar. Sense of Unity; The Sufi Tradition in Persian Architecture. 2000. ISBN 1-871031-78-8
  5. ^ Arthur Pope, Introducing Persian Architecture. Oxford University Press. London. 1971.
  6. ^ Arthur Upham Pope. Persian Architecture. George Braziller, New York, 1965. p.10
  7. ^ Sabk Shenasi Mi'mari Irani (Study of styles in Iranian architecture), M. Karim Pirnia. 2005. ISBN 964-96113-2-0 p.26
  8. ^ Sabk Shenasi Mi'mari Irani (Study of styles in Iranian architecture), M. Karim Pirnia. 2005. ISBN 964-96113-2-0 p.24. Page 39 however considers "pre-Parsi" as a distinct style.
  9. ^ Arthur Upham Pope. Persian Architecture. George Braziller, New York, 1965. p.9
  10. ^ Arthur Upham Pope. Persian Architecture. George Braziller, New York, 1965. p.10
  11. ^ http://www.american.edu/ted/iran-tour.htm
  12. ^ http://www.iran-daily.com/1385/2631/pdf/i12.pdf
  13. ^ Islam Art and Architecture. Markus Hattstein, Peter Delius. 2000. p96. ISBN 3-8290-2558-0
  14. ^ Islamic Science and Engineering. Donald R. Hill. 1994. p10. ISBN 0-7486-0457-X
  15. ^ http://www.payvand.com/news/05/jan/1290.html
  16. ^ See PBS article: [1]
  17. ^ Arthur Upham Pope, Persian Architecture, 1965, New York, p.16
  18. ^ http://www.akdn.org/agency/akaa/eighthcycle/jury.htm
  19. ^ http://www.akdn.org/agency/akaa/eighthcycle/jury.htm
  20. ^ http://www.akdn.org/agency/akaa/thirdcycle/awards84-86.html
  21. ^ (AKTC)

Image File history File linksMetadata Persian_art_collage. ... Iran is filled with tombs of poets and musicians, such as this one belonging to Rahi Moayeri. ... The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world. ... Persian painting has several branches, most famously the classical art of the Persian miniature, and including the modern popular form of Qahveh Khanehei Painting (Tea House style of painting). ... The themes of Persian miniature are mostly related to the Persian mythology and poetry. ... The decorative arts are traditionally defined as ornamental and functional works in ceramic, wood, glass, metal, or textile. ... Iran (Persia) possesses an extraordinary treasure of royal jewelry including the mothers-of-pearl caught in the Persian Gulf. ... Persian embroidery is one of the many forms of the multi-faceted Persian arts. ... Persia (Iran) has an ancient tradition of its own design of motifs. ... Pottery Vessel, Fourth Millennium BCE. The Sialk collection of Tehrans National Museum of Iran. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... Persian literature (in Persian: ‎ ) spans two and a half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost. ... The beliefs and practices of the culturally and linguistically related group of ancient peoples who inhabited the Iranian Plateau and its borderlands, as well as areas of Central Asia from the Black Sea to Khotan (modern Ho-tien, China), form Persian mythology. ... The Bath, a painting by Mary Cassatt (1844-1926). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Iranian cuisine. ... Carpet is a general term given to any loom-woven or felted textile and to grass floor coverings. ... Art depicting two men in a Persian Garden Persian Gardens refers to a tradition and style of garden design which originated in Persia, modernday Iran. ... This article is about Performance art. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Figurines playing stringed instruments, excavated at Susa, 3rd millennium BC. Iran National Museum. ... The cinema of Iran (or Persian cinema) is a flourishing film industry with a long history. ... Arthur Upham Pope (1881-1969), was an American archaeologist and historian of Persian art. ... Oxford University Press (OUP) is a highly-respected publishing house and a department of the University of Oxford in England. ... Arthur Upham Pope (1881-1969), was an American archaeologist and historian of Persian art. ... NY redirects here. ... Arthur Upham Pope (1881-1969), was an American archaeologist and historian of Persian art. ... Laleh Bakhtiar is an Iranian-American Muslim author and translator. ... Pope and Ackerman are both buried here, in Isfahan. ... Oxford University Press (OUP) is a highly-respected publishing house and a department of the University of Oxford in England. ... Arthur Upham Pope (1881-1969), was an American archaeologist and historian of Persian art. ... Mohammad Karim Pirnia was a prominent architectural historian and architect. ... Mohammad Karim Pirnia was a prominent architectural historian and architect. ... Arthur Upham Pope (1881-1969), was an American archaeologist and historian of Persian art. ... Arthur Upham Pope (1881-1969), was an American archaeologist and historian of Persian art. ... Arthur Upham Pope (1881-1969), was an American archaeologist and historian of Persian art. ...

See also

In recent years, Irans construction market has been thriving due to an increase in national and international investment to the extent that it is now the largest in the Middle East region. ... Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, a master builder, from αρχι- chiefs, leader , builder, carpenter)[1] is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Mughal architecture is the distinctive style of Islamic, Persian and Indian architecture, developed by the Mughal Empire in India in the 16th century. ... ARCNET (also CamelCased as ARCnet, an acronym from Attached Resource Computer NETwork) is a local area network (LAN) protocol, similar in purpose to Ethernet or Token Ring. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Iran Cultural Heritage, Handcrafts and Tourism Organization (سازمان میراث فرهنگي، صنايع دستي و گردشگري) is an educational and research institution overseeing numerous associated museum complexes throughout Iran. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Architecture of Iran
  • Memaran, a Persian language online Architecture magazine
  • Watch "Isfahan the Movie" on QuickTime Player to see example of Isfahan architecture.
  • Iranian Architecture and Urbanism News Agency
  • Short videos about the pre-Islamic Iranian architecture
  • 360 degree views:
    • Five 360 degree views of Takht-e Soleiman historical site
    • 360 degree view of Naqsh-e Jahan Square
    • Three 360 degree views of Chogha Zanbil, Iran's largest ziggurat
    • Two 360 degree views of Soltaniyeh Dome
    • Six 360 degree views of Yazd
    • 360 degree view of Pasargad
    • Six 360 degree views of Persepolis
    • 360 degree view of Arg-e Rayen citadel
    • Ten 360 views of Arg-e Bam
    • Dozens of 360 views of Central Asian architecture
  • Iranian Architecture Today, A Bridge Between East and West

  Results from FactBites:
 
Iranian Architecture Today, A Bridge Between East and West (4027 words)
In architecture, cultural progress is not synonymous with the number of buildings constructed or the changes in tastes and trends that are always manifest among the younger generation of architects.
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IRANIAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE, (3822 words)
Color was an important part of the architecture of this period, and the surfaces of the buildings were covered with ceramic tiles in glowing blue, green, yellow, and red.
The best-known Iranian miniature painter was Bihzad, the greatest artist of the end of the Mongol and the beginning of the Safavid periods.
Paintings of conventional Iranian themes in brilliant colors on lacquer boxes and book covers became a handicraft industry in the 19th century, and the lacquerware was exported in large quantities to western Europe.
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