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Encyclopedia > Iranian New Wave
Abbas Kiarostami and Jafar Panahi belong to the so called New wave of Persian cinema
Abbas Kiarostami and Jafar Panahi belong to the so called New wave of Persian cinema

Iranian New Wave refers to a new movement in Persian cinema. It started in 1969 after the release of The Cow directed by Darius Mehrjui. It was followed by Masoud Kimiai's Qeysar, and Khosser Tarqvaie's Calm in Front of Others. They set off a trend that was cultural, dynamic and intellectual. The Iranian viewer became discriminating, encouraging the new trend to prosper and develop. In 3-4 years, 40-50 noteworthy films were made, establishing the New Wave of Iranian cinema.[1] Image File history File links Persian_filmmakers. ... Image File history File links Persian_filmmakers. ... Abbas Kiarostami at Cannes Abbas Kiarostami (Persian: ‎ , born June 22, 1940 in Tehran), is one of the most influential and controversial post-revolutionary Iranian filmmakers and one of the most highly celebrated directors in the international film community of the last few decades. ... Jafar Panahi (born July 11, 1960 in Mianeh, Iran) is an internationally-acclaimed independent filmmaker. ... Gaav (The Cow) is a 1969 Iranian movie directed by Dariush Mehrjui, written by Gholam-Hossein Saedi based on his own play and novel, and staring Ezatolah Entezami as Masht Hasan. ... Darius Mehrjui (in Persian: داریوش مهرجویی), Director, Scriptwriter. ... Masoud Kimiai (Persian: ‎ ​) is a well known and award-wining Iranian director, screenwriter and producer. ...


The pioneers of the Iranian New Wave were directors like Forough Farrokhzad, Sohrab Shahid Saless, Bahram Beizai, and Parviz Kimiavi. They made innovative art films with highly political and philosophical tones and poetic language. Subsequent films of this type have become known as the New Iranian cinema to distinguish them from their earlier roots. The most notable figures of the Iranian New Wave are Abbas Kiarostami, Jafar Panahi, Majid Majidi, Bahram Beizai, Darius Mehrjui, Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Masoud Kimiay, Sohrab Shahid-Saless, Parviz Kimiavi, Samira Makhmalbaf, Amir Naderi, and Abolfazl Jalili. Forooghs tomb is located in Darband, Shemiran, Tehran. ... Sohrab Shahid Saless (Born 1944 Ghazvin) was an Iranian filmmaker and one of the most celebrated figures in 20th century Iranian cinema. ... Bahram Beyzayi (born 26 December 1938) is an Iranian play writer and film director. ... Parviz Kimiavi (Born 1939 Tehran) is an internationally acclaimed Iranian (Persian) film director, screenwriter, editor and one of the most prominent figure of Persian cinema of the 20th century. ... Abbas Kiarostami at Cannes Abbas Kiarostami (Persian: ‎ , born June 22, 1940 in Tehran), is one of the most influential and controversial post-revolutionary Iranian filmmakers and one of the most highly celebrated directors in the international film community of the last few decades. ... Jafar Panahi (born July 11, 1960 in Mianeh, Iran) is an internationally-acclaimed independent filmmaker. ... Majid Majidi Majid Majidi (Persian: مجید مجیدی; born 1959, Tehran, Persia (Iran)) is an Iranian film producer, director, and screenwriter. ... Bahram Beyzayi (born 26 December 1938) is an Iranian play writer and film director. ... Darius Mehrjui (in Persian: داریوش مهرجویی), Director, Scriptwriter. ... Mohsen Makhmalbaf Mohsen Makhmalbaf (in Persian:محسن مخملباف; born May 29, 1957) is a film director and writer from Iran (Persia), whose films during the last ten years were presented in international film festivals more than 1,000 times. ... Massoud Kimiay (in Persian: مسعود کیمیایی), director, screenwriter, producer, Born in 1941, Tehran, Iran. ... Sohrab Shahid Saless (1944, Ghazvin - 1998, Washington DC) was an Iranian filmmaker and one of the most celebrated figures in 20th century Iranian cinema. ... Parviz Kimiavi (Born 1939 Tehran) is an internationally acclaimed Iranian (Persian) film director, screenwriter, editor and one of the most prominent figure of Persian cinema of the 20th century. ... Image:Makhmalbaf-samira. ... Amir Naderi (in Persian: امیر نادری) Director, Screenwriter, Born in 1945, Abadan, Iran. ... Abolfazl Jalili (Born 1957, Saveh, Iran) is an internationally acclaimed Iranian film director. ...


The factors leading to the rise of the New Wave in Iran were, in part, due to the intellectual and political movements of the time. A romantic climate was developing after the 19 August 1953 coup in the sphere of arts. Alongside this, a socially committed literature took shape in the 1950s and reached a peak in the 1960s, which may consider as the golden era of contemporary Persian literature.[2] August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Persian literature (in Persian: ‎ ) spans two and a half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost. ...

Gaav 1969
Gaav 1969

Iranian New Wave films shared some characteristics with the European art films of the period, in particular Italian Neorealism. However, in her article 'Real Fictions', Rose Issa argues that Iranian films have a distinctively Iranian cinematic language Image File history File links Gaav. ... Image File history File links Gaav. ... Gaav (The Cow) is a 1969 Iranian movie directed by Dariush Mehrjui, written by Gholam-Hossein Saedi based on his own play and novel, and staring Ezatolah Entezami as Masht Hasan. ... Italian neorealism is a film movement often considered to have started in 1943 with Ossessione and ended in 1952 with Umberto D. The movement is characterized by stories set amongst the poor and working class, filmed in long takes on location, frequently using nonprofessional actors for secondary and sometimes primary...

"that champions the poetry in everyday life and the ordinary person by blurring the boundaries between fiction and reality, feature film with documentary." She also argues that this unique approach has inspired European cinema directors to emulate this style, citing Michael Winterbottom's award-winning In This World (2002) as an homage to contemporary Iranian cinema. Issa claims that "This new, humanistic aesthetic language, determined by the film-makers’ individual and national identity, rather than the forces of globalism, has a strong creative dialogue not only on homeground but with audiences around the world." [3]

Moreover, Iranian new wave films are rich in poetry and painterly images. There is a line back from modern Iranian cinema to the ancient oral Persian storytellers and poets, via the poems of Omar Khayyam.[4] Fiction (from the Latin fingere, to form, create) is storytelling of imagined events and stands in contrast to non-fiction, which makes factual claims about reality. ... Winterbottom at the Toronto International Film Festival. ... In This World DVD cover In This World is a 2002 British docu-drama directed by Michael Winterbottom. ... Tomb of Omar Khayam, Neishapur, Iran. ...


Features of New Wave Iranian film, in particular the works of legendary Abbas Kiarostami, have been classified by some as postmodern.[5] Abbas Kiarostami at Cannes Abbas Kiarostami (Persian: ‎ , born June 22, 1940 in Tehran), is one of the most influential and controversial post-revolutionary Iranian filmmakers and one of the most highly celebrated directors in the international film community of the last few decades. ... Postmodernity (also called post-modernity or the postmodern condition) is a term used by philosophers, social scientists, art critics and social critics to refer to aspects of contemporary art, culture, economics and social conditions that are the result of the unique features of late 20th century and early 21st century...


In his monumental book Close Up: Iranian Cinema, Past, Present, Future (2001) Hamid Dabashi describes modern Iranian cinema and the phenomenon of [Iranian] national cinema as a form of cultural modernity. According to Dabashi, "the visual possibility of seeing the historical person (as opposed to the eternal Qur'anic man) on screen is arguably the single most important event allowing Iranians access to modernity." Hamid Dabashi (Persian: ‎ ​) is an Iranian-born American intellectual historian, cultural and literary critic best known for his scholarship on Iran and Shia Islam. ...


While Kiarostami and Panahi represent the first and second generations of New wave filmmakers respectively, the third generation is represented by Saman Salvar, Maziar Miri, Mohsen Amiryoussefi, Asghar Farhadi and Mani Haghighi.[6][7] Abbas Kiarostami at Cannes Abbas Kiarostami (Persian: ‎ , born June 22, 1940 in Tehran), is one of the most influential and controversial post-revolutionary Iranian filmmakers and one of the most highly celebrated directors in the international film community of the last few decades. ... Jafar Panahi (born July 11, 1960 in Mianeh, Iran) is an internationally-acclaimed independent filmmaker. ... Saman Salvar (Born in 1976 Boroujerd) is an award winning Iranian (persian) filmmaker and screen writer. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mani Haghighi (Born in 1969 Tehran) is a renowned Iranian filmmaker and screen writer. ...


Notes

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ The New Wave in Iranian Cinema - From Past to Present
  3. ^ Real Fictions
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Abbas Kiarostami ? The Truth Behind Reality
  6. ^ Rising talent on Iranian Scene
  7. ^ To Kiarostami or Not To Kiarostami

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