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Encyclopedia > Iranian Crown Jewels

The Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels, also called the Imperial Crown Jewels of Persia, is the by far largest, most dazzling and valuable jewel collection in the world. The collection is comprised of a set of crowns and thrones, some 30 tiaras, numerous aigrettes, jewel-studded swords and shields, a vast amount of precious loose gems, including one of the largest collections of emeralds and rubies in the world and other items collected by the Iranian/Persian monarchs the Shahs of Iran (Persia) during the 2,500 year existence of the Iranian monarchy. Most of the items in the collection were however acquired by the Safavid shahs who ruled Iran 1502 - 1736 AD. A crown is a symbolic form of headgear worn by a monarch or by a god, for whom the crown is traditionally one of the symbols of power and legitimacy (See Regalia for a broader treatment). ... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau (Irān - Land of the Aryans[1]) and beyond. ... Places where monarchies maintain rule appear in blue. ...


When the Afghans in 1719 AD brutally raided and pillaged Isfahan, which was the capital of Iran during the Safavid reign and had a reputation of being the most beautiful city in the world, the city was laid in ruins and most of the crown jewels vanished with the invadors. In 1729 the legendary and heroic Persian king, Nader Shah Afshar, regained Iran from the Afghans. In 1738 Nader Shah launched a campaign against Kandahar, Kabul and India. It is widely believed that the main reason that the Iranian emperor decided to take this route and end up in Delhi was because of his burning desire to regain the lost treasures of Persia which by now mostly had been dispersed throughout India and ended up at the court of the Moghul emperor as well as in the courts of numerous maharajas. Once Nader had obtained all that he came for, he withdrew from India and returned to Iran with several heavily jewel-encrusted thrones, large chests filled to the brim with diamonds, emeralds, rubies, sapphires and other precious gems. He also conquered the Koh-i-Noor diamond, which is the largest cut diamond in the world. The Koh-i-noor (Persian: کوہ نور Urdu: کوہ نور Hindi: कोहिनूर Mountain of Light; also spelled Kohinoor, Koh-i-Noor or Koh-i-Nur) is a 105 carat (21. ...


The crown jewels were last used by the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Iranian empress Farah Pahlavi and other members of the Iranian Imperial family on official ceremonies and state visits. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (Persian: ‎) (October 16, 1919, Tehran – July 27, 1980, Cairo), styled His Imperial Majesty, and holding the imperial titles of Shāhanshāh (King of Kings) and Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans), was the monarchial ruler of Iran from September 16, 1941 until the Iranian...


So valuable are the Iranian crown jewels that they back the Iranian currency as a reserve. For centuries they were kept locked up out of the sight of the public. It was only during the reign of the last Shah of Iran that the crown jewels were put on display at the vaults of the Central Bank of Iran. It was also the last Shah of Iran, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who decreed that the jewels would be the property of the Iranian state and not the Imperial family.


When the Iranian revolution toppled the 2500 year old monarchy in 1979, there were many rumors about that the Iranian treasures had been stolen by revolutionaries and sold in Europe and the U.S.A. - Although some smaller items had indeed been stolen and smuggled across Iran's borders, the bulk of the collection remained intact. This also became evident when the revolutionary regime under the presidency of Hashemi Rafsanjani reopened the permanent exhibition of the Iranian crown jewels to the public in the 1990's. The smugglers of the stolen items were caught in Pakistan and the stolen items were confiscated by Pakistani authorities. Iran has pleaded with Pakistan to return the stolen items to Iran, but til this day no items have been returned.

"The imperial crown of the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran - The last imperial dynasty to rule Iran. The crown is studded with 3,380 diamonds, totalling 1,144 cts, of which the largest is a brilliant-cut yellow diamond of 60 cts. Of the 5 emeralds, totalling 200 cts., the largest is approximately 100 cts. The largest sapphire is 20 cts. "
"The imperial crown of the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran - The last imperial dynasty to rule Iran. The crown is studded with 3,380 diamonds, totalling 1,144 cts, of which the largest is a brilliant-cut yellow diamond of 60 cts. Of the 5 emeralds, totalling 200 cts., the largest is approximately 100 cts. The largest sapphire is 20 cts. "
"The coronation crown worn by empress Farah of Iran on the coronation in 1967"
"The coronation crown worn by empress Farah of Iran on the coronation in 1967"
"The Imperial Kiani Crown of Iran was the official crown of the Qajar dynasty which ruled Iran between 1796–1925. The crown stands 32 cm / 12.5 inches high, and is 19.5 cm /7.5 inches wide. It features some 1800 small fine pearls, 300 emeralds and 1800 rubies, and numerous diamonds."
"Sword and epaulets of Nader Shah Afshar of Iran(1688 - 1747 AD). The epaulets are studded with the finest of diamonds. The Iranian crown jewels house one of the largest collections of emeralds in the world. "
"Sword and epaulets of Nader Shah Afshar of Iran(1688 - 1747 AD). The epaulets are studded with the finest of diamonds. The Iranian crown jewels house one of the largest collections of emeralds in the world. "
"The Naderi throne stands 225 cm tall (7.5 ft.) and is studded with 26,733 jewels in a base of gold. This throne was used at the coronation of the two Pahlavi shahs in 1926 and 1967. It got its name from Nader Shah who ruled Iran 1736 - 1747 AD."
"The imperial sword, was last worn by the Shah of Iran at his coronation in 1967. The whole handle, hilt and scabbard of the sword is encrusted with some 3000 precious gem stones, including large emeralds, rubies, diamonds and spinels. The sword measures 103 cm. "
"The imperial sword, was last worn by the Shah of Iran at his coronation in 1967. The whole handle, hilt and scabbard of the sword is encrusted with some 3000 precious gem stones, including large emeralds, rubies, diamonds and spinels. The sword measures 103 cm. "
"The empress tiara worn on many occasions by empress Farah of Iran"
"The empress tiara worn on many occasions by empress Farah of Iran"
"The impressive coronation necklace of the Iranian empress, featuring huge emeralds, diamonds, rare yellow diamonds and the finest pearls"
"The impressive coronation necklace of the Iranian empress, featuring huge emeralds, diamonds, rare yellow diamonds and the finest pearls"
"The 15 meter long blue-green velvet cape of the Iranian empress was worn on the coronation in Tehran 1967. It's densly studded with thousands of diamonds, rubies, emeralds, pearls and other precious gems."
"The 15 meter long blue-green velvet cape of the Iranian empress was worn on the coronation in Tehran 1967. It's densly studded with thousands of diamonds, rubies, emeralds, pearls and other precious gems."
"The jewel studded imperial globe of the Iranian crown jewels stands 110 cm tall (44 inches) and has a diameter of 45 cm. (18 inches) It's studded with more than 51,000 precious gems. The seas and oceans are shown with emeralds while the countries are mostly displayed in rubies and spinels. Iran, Britain, France, and parts of South Asia are shown in diamonds. The base is constructed of wood, covered with a layer of gold. Approximately 35 kilograms (75 pounds) of pure gold is used in the globe. "
"Jewel-studded pitcher. Fully covered with emeralds, rubies diamonds and pearls. Probably used for serving wine."
"Jewel-studded pitcher. Fully covered with emeralds, rubies diamonds and pearls. Probably used for serving wine."
"One of approximately 30 tiaras belonging to the Iranian crown jewel collection"
"One of approximately 30 tiaras belonging to the Iranian crown jewel collection"
"Dish cover. One of the European travellers / explorers who had the oppotunity to visit the imperial court of the Shah's of Iran (Persian) in the 16th century, described in his writings that he managed to count up awards 4000 dishes - plates, food covers, pitchers, and cups, etc., that all were studded with the finest of precious jewels, and yet he didn't have the chance to see them all..."
"Dish cover. One of the European travellers / explorers who had the oppotunity to visit the imperial court of the Shah's of Iran (Persian) in the 16th century, described in his writings that he managed to count up awards 4000 dishes - plates, food covers, pitchers, and cups, etc., that all were studded with the finest of precious jewels, and yet he didn't have the chance to see them all..."
"The Darya-i-Noor diamond is one of the world largest diamonds and definitely one of the absolutely rarest because of its unusual pink color. It weighs 182 carats (36.4 g)and its colour is a pale pink which is one of the rarest to be found in diamonds. It's Persian name 'Darya-ye Noor' translates into English as the 'Sea of Light'"
"The Imperial Coronation Belt - The belt itself is woven of gold and is 119 cm. (46 in.) long. The emerald in the buckle weighs 175 cts and is surrounded with numerous fine diamonds. Not much is known about the history of the belt other than that it dates back to at least the 17th century AD. Both Reza Shah and Mohammad Reza Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty wore the belt on their coronations."
"The Imperial Coronation Belt - The belt itself is woven of gold and is 119 cm. (46 in.) long. The emerald in the buckle weighs 175 cts and is surrounded with numerous fine diamonds. Not much is known about the history of the belt other than that it dates back to at least the 17th century AD. Both Reza Shah and Mohammad Reza Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty wore the belt on their coronations."
"Treasure chest filled with precious pearls from the Persian gulf. The chest is emameled with intricate Qajar period Persian paintings and floral patterns"
The Sun Throne in Golestan Palace, Iran - One of several thrones of the Persian courts, of which the most famous one is the legendary Peacock Throne
The Sun Throne in Golestan Palace, Iran - One of several thrones of the Persian courts, of which the most famous one is the legendary Peacock Throne

Though Iran is now an Islamic Republic, the monarchy having been overthrown in 1979, the Imperial Crown Jewels are still on display in the Iranian Central Bank in Tehran. The set includes Image File history File links Crown_-_Pahlavi_Crown_8a_-_edited. ... Image File history File links Crown_-_Pahlavi_Crown_8a_-_edited. ... Image File history File links Imperial_Empress_Crown. ... Image File history File links Imperial_Empress_Crown. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (433x631, 472 KB)Old Iranian postcards and magazines. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (433x631, 472 KB)Old Iranian postcards and magazines. ... Image File history File links Nader_Shah_Jewels_3_-_edited. ... Image File history File links Nader_Shah_Jewels_3_-_edited. ... Image File history File links Coronation1g. ... Image File history File links Coronation1g. ... Image File history File links Sword_-_Coronation_3k. ... Image File history File links Sword_-_Coronation_3k. ... Image File history File links Tiara_-_Empress_Tiara_7. ... Image File history File links Tiara_-_Empress_Tiara_7. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (581x800, 848 KB)Old Iranian post cards and magazines. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (581x800, 848 KB)Old Iranian post cards and magazines. ... Image File history File links Coronation_Cape_of_Empress_4. ... Image File history File links Coronation_Cape_of_Empress_4. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (400x736, 480 KB)Old Iranian postcards and magazines. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (400x736, 480 KB)Old Iranian postcards and magazines. ... Image File history File links Pitcher_2. ... Image File history File links Pitcher_2. ... Image File history File links Tiara_-_Princess_Fatemeh_1b. ... Image File history File links Tiara_-_Princess_Fatemeh_1b. ... Image File history File links Dish_Cover_1_-_edited. ... Image File history File links Dish_Cover_1_-_edited. ... Image File history File links Darya-e_Noor_Diamond_of_Iran. ... Image File history File links Darya-e_Noor_Diamond_of_Iran. ... Image File history File links Coronation_belt_2. ... Image File history File links Coronation_belt_2. ... Image File history File links Chest1_-_edited. ... Image File history File links Chest1_-_edited. ... Image File history File links Peacock_Throne. ... Image File history File links Peacock_Throne. ... An Islamic republic in its modern context has come to mean several different things, some contradictory to others. ... For the Smashing Pumpkins song, see 1979 (song). ... Tehran (IPA: ; Persian: تهران, Middle Persian: طھران, also transliterated as Teheran or Tehrān), population (as of 2005) 7,314,000 (metropolitan: 12,151,000), and a land area of 658 square kilometers (254 sq mi), is the capital city of Iran (Persia) and the center of Tehran Province. ...

  • Jewel-studded globe
  • The Pahlavi Crown
  • Darya-e Noor diamond
  • Kiani Crown
  • Emerald and Diamond Tiara
  • The Royal Sword
  • The Noor-ol-Ain Tiara
  • Empress Farah's tiara
  • The Empress's Crown
  • Emerald & Diamond Necklace
  • The Sword of Fath-Ali Shah Qajar
  • The Naderi Throne
  • The Peacock Throne
  • The Royal Mace of Iran
  • Diamond & Platinum Necklace
  • Sapphire & Diamond Brooch
  • Nader Shah's Sword
  • Turquoise Swords and Epaulets
  • Nader Shah's Shield
  • Emerald Beads and Necklace
  • Rings and loose stones of emerald
  • Emerald Brooch and Necklace

The Pahlavi coronation. ... ... The Kiani Crown (see also Kayani) was the traditional coronation crown in the Iranian Crown Jewels which was used during the Qajar dynasty (1796–1925). ... The Peacock Throne, called Takht-e-Tavous (Persian: تخت طائوس) in Persian, is the name originally of a Mughal throne, later used to describe the thrones of the Persian emperors from Nader Shah Afshari to Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. ... The Royal Mace of Iran is not a scepter, as many would naturally assume. ... This, according to legend, is Nader Shahs All Conquering Sword though the inscription on the blade attributes it to Fathali Shah. ...

External links

  • Treasury of National Jewels of Iran
Crowns
European & World Crowns

Crown of Bavaria | Crown of Christian IV (Denmark) | Crown of Christian V (Denmark) | Crown of Charlemagne (France) | Crown of Empress Eugenie (France) | Crown of Frederick I (Prussia) | Crown of Louis XV (France) | Crown of Napoleon (France) | Crown of Norway | Crown of Elisabeta (Romania) | Crown of Maria (Romania) | Crown of Wilhelm II (Prussia) | Crown of St. Stephen (Hungary) | Crown of St. Wenceslas (Czech lands) | Crown of the Polish Kingdom (Poland) | Kiani Crown (Persia) | Imperial Crown of Austria | Imperial Crown of Brazil | Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire | Imperial Crown of Mexico | Imperial Crown of Russia | Iron Crown of Lombardy | Monomakh's Cap (Muscovy) | Royal Crown of Serbia | Royal Crown of Spain | Steel Crown of Romania | Pahlavi Crown (Iran) | Papal Tiara Image File history File links Imperial Crown of Austria License:from German language version of Wikipedia. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... The Danish Crown Jewels are kept at Rosenborg Castle. ... The Crown of Charlemagne was the ancient coronation crown of Kings of France. ... The consort crown of Empress Eugénie of France The Crown of Empress Eugénie was the consort crown of Eugénie de Montijo, the empress consort of Emperor Napoleon III of France. ... The Crown of Frederick I was made by the Court Jewellers for King Frederick I of Prussia in 1701, who was crowned in Königsberg. ... The Crown of Louis XV is the sole surviving crown from the French ancien regime among the French Crown Jewels. ... Coronation crown of Napoleon I sometimes called the Charlemagne Crown after the original crown of that name destroyed during the French Revolution. ... The Crown of Norway is the crown of the King of Norway and was made in Stockholm in 1818 by goldsmith Olof Wihlborg. ... The Crown of Queen Elisabeta was made at the Arsenalul Armatei from gold. ... The Crown of Queen Maria Queen Maria in 1922 This crown is made of gold. ... Hohenzollern crown of Wilhelm II as King of Prussia The Crown of Wilhelm II, also known as the Hohenzollern Crown, is the 1888 crown made for Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany in his role as King of Prussia. ... The Holy Crown of Hungary, also known as the Crown of St. ... Crown of Saint Wenceslas is the part of Czech crown jewels (also called Czech treasure) made in 1347. ... Hilt of Szczerbiec Only survived original part of Polish Crown Jewels from times of Piast dynasty is ceremonial sword - Szczerbiec. ... The Kiani Crown (see also Kayani) was the traditional coronation crown in the Iranian Crown Jewels which was used during the Qajar dynasty (1796–1925). ... Crown of the Austrian Empire The Crown of the Empire of Austria (de: Österreichische Kaiserkrone or Krone des Kaisertums Österreich) was originally the personal crown of emperor Rudolf II. It is therefore also known as the Crown of Rudolf II, or the Crown of the Austrian Empire. ... The Imperial Crown of Brazil (Crown of Dom Pedro II) is currently kept on display at the Brazilian Imperial Museum in the city of Petrópolis Emperor Pedro II, wearing several elements of the regalia, and crowned with the Imperial Crown of Brazil, here portrayed arriving to deliver the Speech... Etching of the Crown of the Holy Roman Empire by Johann Adam Delsenbach The Imperial Crown (in German: Reichskrone), is the crown of the Kings and Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire since the Late Middle Ages. ... The Imperial Crown of Mexico was the crown created for Emperor Maximalian of the Second Mexican Empire, who reigned from 1864-67. ... The Imperial Crown of Russia is the crown that was used to crown Emperors of Russia until the abolition of the monarchy in 1917. ... The Iron Crown of Lombardy (Corona Ferrea) is both a reliquary and one of the most ancient royal insignia of Europe. ... Monomakhs Cap (Шапка Мономаха in Russian) is one of the symbols of Russian autocracy, the crown of Russian grand princes and tsars. ... Serbian Royal Regalia. ... The actual Spanish royal crown, known as crown of Alphonso of Spain, is the symbol of Spanish monarchy and was used in proclamation ceremonies since 18th century. ... The Steel Crown Portrait of H.M. King Ferdinand I wearing The Steel Crown in The Coronation of King Ferdinand I and Queen Maria in 1922 The Steel Crown of King Carol I of Romania is made at the Arsenalul Armatei in Bucharest from the steel of a gun captured... The Pahlavi coronation. ... The Papal Tiara, also known as the Triple Tiara, or in Latin as the Triregnum, and in Italian as the Triregno, is the three-tiered jewelled papal crown, supposedly of Byzantine and Persian origin, that is a symbol of the Roman Catholic papacy. ...


English, Scottish & British Crowns (by chronology)

Crown of Scotland | St. Edward's Crown | Crown of Mary of Modena | State Crown of George I | Crown of Frederick, Prince of Wales | Coronation Crown of George IV | Crown of Queen Adelaide | Imperial State Crown | Small diamond crown of Queen Victoria | Crown of Queen Alexandra | Crown of George, Prince of Wales | Crown of Queen Mary | Imperial Crown of India | Crown of Queen Elizabeth | Crown of Charles, Prince of Wales The Crown of Scotland, first worn by King James V in 1540. ... St. ... The Crown of Mary of Modena was the consort crown of Mary of Modena, Queen Consort of King James II of England (who was also James II of Ireland and James VII of Scotland). ... When George I became King of Great Britain and King of Ireland in 1714 it was decided to replace the previous state crown (ie, the crown worn to open parliament) first created for King Charles II in the 1660s by a new crown, as the old one was judged weak... The Crown of Frederick, Prince of Wales is a crown manufactured in 1728 for Frederick, Prince of Wales, Heir Apparent of King George II of England. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The Crown of Queen Adelaide was the consort crown of Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, wife and Queen consort of King William IV of the United Kingdom. ... The Imperial State Crown is one of the British Crown Jewels. ... Queen Victoria, wearing her small diamond crown in 1887. ... Queen Alexandra wearing her crown, minus its arches, as a circlet, circa her coronation in 1902 The Crown of Queen Alexandra was the consort crown of Alexandra of Denmark, the Queen Consort of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. ... The Crown of George, Prince of Wales, manufactured in 1901-1902, is a single-arched silver-gilt crown made for the then Prince of Wales (the future King George V) to wear at the coronation of his father, King Edward VII. It was worn by Georges son, Edward, Prince... Queen Mary, in a 1935 Silver Jubilee picture, wearing her crown, minus its arches, as a circlet. ... Artists painting of the Imperial Crown of India eThe Imperial Crown of India is housed with but not part of the British Crown Jewels. ... The Crown of Queen Elizabeth is the platinum crown manufactured for, and worn by, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the queen consort of King George VI of the United Kingdom at their coronation in Westminster Abbey in 1937. ... Crown of Charles, Prince of Wales The Crown of Charles, Prince of Wales was the crown used by Charles, Prince of Wales at his investiture as Prince of Wales in 1969. ...


See also: Coronation | Crown Jewels | Heir Apparent | Heir Presumptive | King | Monarchy | Queen | Regalia | Royal Family
Crown Jewels The Crown of Serbia

Austrian Crown Jewels | British Crown Jewels | Bavarian Crown Jewels | Bohemian Crown Jewels | Danish Crown Regalia | Dutch Royal Regalia | French Crown Jewels | German Crown Jewels | Greek Crown Jewels | Hungarian Crown Jewels | Imperial Regalia of the Holy Roman Empire | Iranian Crown Jewels | Honours of Scotland | Honours of Wales | Irish Crown Jewels | Imperial Regalia of Japan | Nigerian Royal Regalia | Norwegian Royal Regalia | Polish Crown Jewels | Portuguese Crown Jewels | Prussian Crown Jewels | Romanian Crown Jewels | Russian Crown Jewels | Serbian Crown Jewels | Spanish Crown Jewels | Swedish Royal Regalia | Thai Royal Regalia| The coronation of Empress Farah, of Iran in 1967. ... Crown jewels are jewels or artifacts that in a way represent the reigning royal family of their country of origina. ... Contrasting with heir presumptive, an heir apparent is one who cannot be prevented from inheriting by the birth of any other person. ... An Heir Presumptive (capitalised) is the person provisionally scheduled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honor, but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an Heir Apparent or of a new Heir Presumptive with a better claim to the throne. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Places where monarchies maintain rule appear in blue. ... A queen regnant is a female monarch who possesses all the monarchal powers that a king would have without regard to gender. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Members of the British royal family A royal family is the extended family of a monarch. ... Image File history File links Srpske_Regalije. ... The collective term Austrian Crown Jewels or insignia (German: Insignien und Kleinodien) denotes the regalia and vestments worn by the Holy Roman emperor, and later the Austrian emperor, during the coronation ceremony and at various other state functions. ... Coronation Chair and Regalia of England The collective term Crown Jewels denotes the regalia and vestments worn by the sovereign of the United Kingdom during the coronation ceremony and at various other state functions. ... In 1806, as part of his wholescale re-ordering of the map of Europe, Napoleon I of France upgraded the independent German duchy of Bavaria to full kingdom status. ... The Bohemian Crown Jewels include St. ... The Danish Crown Jewels are kept at Rosenborg Castle. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Crown Jewels of France, on display at the Louvre The French Crown Jewels were the crowns, orbs, diadems and jewels that were the symbol of royalty and which were worn by many Kings and Queens of France. ... The word German Crown Jewels can mean a variety of things. ... The royal crown of King Otto of Greece When Otto of Bavaria became King of Greece in 1832 he brought with him some Wittelsbach crown jewels, a crown, orb and sceptre which he declared to be the Crown Jewels of Greece. ... St. ... The Imperial Regalia, or crown jewels (in German Reichskleinodien, Reichsinsignien, or Reichsschatz) are the regalia of the Emperors and Kings of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The Honours of Scotland, also known as the Scottish regalia and the Scottish crown jewels, dating from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, are the oldest set of Crown Jewels in the British Isles. ... Coronet of 1969 The Honours of the Principality of Wales are the Crown Jewels used at the investiture of Princes of Wales. ... The so-called Irish Crown Jewels were heavily-jewelled insignia of the Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick. ... A representation of the Imperial Regalia of Japan. ... Nigeria is a federal union. ... The crown jewels, or royal regalia, of Norway include nine regalias: The kings crown, the kings sceptre, the kings orb, the queens crown, the queens sceptre, the queens orb, the crown of the crown prince, the sword and the anointing horn. ... Hilt of Szczerbiec Only survived original part of Polish Crown Jewels from times of Piast dynasty is ceremonial sword - Szczerbiec. ... The Prussian Crown Jewels is a set of crowns, sceptres and orbs used to crown Kings of Prussia. ... The Romanian Crown Jewels consist of three crowns: the Steel Crown, the Crown of Queen Elisabeta and the Crown of Queen Maria; two scepters: the Scepter of Ferdinand I and the Scepter of Carol II; swords and jewlery belonging to the Kings and Queens of Romania. ... The Imperial Crown of Russia is the crown that was used to crown Emperors of Russia until the abolition of the monarchy in 1917. ... Serbian Royal Regalia. ...


 
 

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