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Encyclopedia > Iran and copyright issues
Examples of popular pirated items in Iran. The Microsoft Windows CD has a price tag of roughly $US 2.5 on it.
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Examples of popular pirated items in Iran. The Microsoft Windows CD has a price tag of roughly $US 2.5 on it.

According to Circular 38a of the U.S. Copyright Office, Iran has no official copyright relations whatsoever with the United States. Microsoft Windows is the name of several families of operating systems by Microsoft. ...


Therefore works originating in one of these countries are thus not copyrighted in the United States, regardless of the local copyright laws of these countries (see 17 USC § 104, quoted in the circular). Further so, not only are Iranian intellectual properties not protected in the U.S., but even physical properties on loan from the Iranian government to U.S. institutions are open to confiscation by law, as has been the ongoing case of Chicago's Persian heritage crisis. In short, there currently are no laws in effect that protect the intellectual or proprietary rights of anything of Iranian origin. Chicagos Persian heritage crisis (تاراج سرمايه باستانی ايران در شيکاگو in Persian) refers to a threat to seize invaluable Persian antiquities kept at the University of Chicago by the United States federal courts and also a threat to numerous other Persian antiquities kept in the Field museum in Chicago. ...


Iran however does have a set of fairly detailed legal codes to protect the proprietary and intellectual rights of works produced inside Iran [1]. These laws however do not hold outside Iran as it is not a member of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, or its extension WIPO Copyright Treaty, or WTO. The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, sometimes called the Berne Union or Berne Convention, adopted at Berne in 1986, first established the recognition of copyrights between sovereign nations. ... The WIPO Copyright Treaty, adopted by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 1996, provides additional protections for copyright deemed necessary in the modern information era. ... For other uses of the initials WTO, see WTO (disambiguation). ...


On the other hand, Iran's government actively refuses to abide by international copyright laws, endorsing the free distribution of pirated software in ubiquitous quantities.[2]


Iran however is aiming to eventually change this status, as it must in order to gain membership into the WTO. For other uses of the initials WTO, see WTO (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Iran and pirated software

Unless they are pre-installed on newly purchased computers, Microsoft products are used without a license in Iran, whether by government offices, universities, or personal users.[3] There are in fact entire shopping centers in Tehran and other cities in Iran that specialize in the wholesale of pirated, often highly specialized software. Catia for example, is a highly specialized Computer Aided Design software. It is sold in a double CD package for 5 $US in Iran. And government affiliated organizations such as the Jahad Daneshgahi sell such software at even further discounted prices across many campuses such as Tehran University. Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... CATIA (Computer Aided Three dimensional Interactive Application) (IPA pronunciation: ) is a PLM/CAD/CAM/CAE commercial software suite developed by Dassault Systemes and marketed world-wide by IBM. Features and Capabilities Commonly referred to as a 3D Product Lifecycle Management software suite, CATIA supports multiple stages of product development. ... This article is about computer-aided design. ... The University of Tehran (دانشگاه تهران in Persian), also known as Tehran University, is the oldest and largest university of Iran. ...


Two such shopping centers notorious for the large quantity sale of pirated software are Pasazh Paytakht (مجتمع کامپیوتر پایتخت) located adjacent to K. N. Toosi University of Technology, and Bazaar Reza (near Tehran University). Other centers exist in Ekbatan and Enqelab Square. The University of Tehran (دانشگاه تهران in Persian), also known as Tehran University, is the oldest and largest university of Iran. ... Ekbatan Neighborhood. ...


Copyright violations in the media

Illegal offset prints of popular college textbooks in Iran. The Springer textbook on Quantum Mechanics seen here is printed by "Jahad Daneshgahi", a government affiliated organization.
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Illegal offset prints of popular college textbooks in Iran. The Springer textbook on Quantum Mechanics seen here is printed by "Jahad Daneshgahi", a government affiliated organization.

It is not uncommon nowadays for IRIB, Iran's state run television broadcasting organization, to air edited and censored versions of Hollywood blockbusters in Persian language.[4] Some theaters however, such as Cinema Farhang in Tehran, screen the movies in the original language. None are screened with permission. Axel Springer AG is one of the largest newspaper publishing companies in Europe, claiming to have over 150 newspapers and magazines in over 30 countries, including several central and eastern european countries: Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Russia and western european countries: Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, more than 10,000... Fig. ... Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting, or IRIB, is the Iranian organization in control of radio and television. ... Persian, (local name: Fārsī or Pārsī), is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ...


As is often the case, the pirated DVD of a Hollywood film hits the stores across Iran sooner than the movie is released in theaters in the U.S. Most of these however are in-theater-handycam versions. Nevertheless, there is no shortage of pirated quality DVDs.


Copyright infringements are also prevalent in the Iranian press and other printed media. The academia for example rely almost entirely on translations of textbooks without any consenting publisher's permit. If in English, the books are unwarranted offset prints that enable students to purchase textbooks at subsidized prices.


References

  1. ^ http://www.parstimes.com/law/copyright_law.html
  2. ^ "Security fears spark Linux drive in Iran". The Age. September 21, 2004. Link: http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2004/09/21/1095651288238.html?oneclick=true
  3. ^ Ibid.
  4. ^ Example Link from IRIB-1's program schedule: Dead Man, starring Johnny Depp: [1]. Click on "Next Program" and "Previous program" to see more movie listings on IRIB-1.

The Age is a broadsheet daily newspaper, which has been published in Melbourne, Australia since 1854. ... Dead Man is a 1995 film written and directed by Jim Jarmusch. ... Johnny Depp (born John Christopher Depp II on June 9, 1963) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor, known for his affinity for strange character roles. ...

See also

According to the Constitution, the economy of Iran is to consist of three sectors: state, cooperative, and private; and is to be based on systematic and sound planning. ...

External links

  • WIPO's BERNE membership list of states
  • Pasazh Paytakht shopping center
  • WikIran article on copyright issues of Iran

 
 

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