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Encyclopedia > Iram of the Pillars

Iram of the Pillars (إرَم ذات العماد, Iram dhāt al-`imād), also called Ubar or Wabar or the City of a Thousand Pillars, is a lost city apparently on the Arabian Peninsula. In the popular imagination lost cities are real, prosperous, well-populated areas of human habitation that have fallen into terminal decline and been lost to history. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية) is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia consisting mainly of desert. ...


Ubar was mentioned in ancient records and was spoken of in folk tales as a trading center of the Rub al Khali Desert in the southern part of the Arabian peninsula. It is estimated that it lasted from about 3000 B.C to the first century A.D. It became, according to legends, fabulously wealthy from trade of the coastal regions to the population centers of the middle-east and even into Europe. The city became lost to modern history, and was thought to be only a figment of mythical tales. The Rub al Khali (الربع الخالي), or Empty Quarter, is the largest sand desert in the world, encompassing the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula, including southern Saudi Arabia, and areas of Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية) is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia consisting mainly of desert. ...


The Qur'an (e.g., Sura 89) says that Iram was a city built by the tribe of Ad, the great-grandchildren of Noah. It was a rich and decadent city, filled with wicked people who dabbled in the occult. Its king Shaddad defied the warnings of the prophet Hud, and God smote the city, driving it into the sands, never to be seen again, thus becoming a veritable Atlantis of the deserts. The ruins of the city lie buried somewhere in the sands of the Rub' al Khali. Iram (otherwise spelled Irem) became known to Western literature with the translation of The Book of One Thousand and One Nights. The , , (Arabic: recitation, also transliterated as Quran, Quran, Quran, Koran, and Alcoran), is the holy book of Islam. ... Surat Al-Fajr (Arabic: , The Dawn, Daybreak) is the 89th sura of the Quran with 30 ayat. ... Ad (Arabic عاد) was an ancient Arabian nation mentioned in the Quran as being the place where the Islamic prophet Hud (هود) was sent to by Allah to guide its people back to the righteous path of Islam. ... Noahs Ark, Französischer Meister (The French Master), Magyar Szépmüvészeti Múzeum, Budapest. ... Decadence was the name given, first by hostile critics, and then triumphantly adopted by some writers themselves, to a number of late nineteenth century fin de siècle writers associated with Symbolism or the Aesthetic movement. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mythical and perhaps historical king of lost Arabian city of Iram of the Pillars. ... Hud (Arabic هود) is a prophet in the Quran. ... For other uses, see Allah (disambiguation). ... Athanasius Kirchers map of a possible Atlantis location. ... The Rub al Khali (الربع الخالي), or Empty Quarter, is the largest sand desert in the world, encompassing the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula, including southern Saudi Arabia, and areas of Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. ... Queen Scheherazade tells her stories to King Shahryar. ...

Contents


Re-Discovery of Ubar/Iram

Recent discoveries have brought Iram out of the realm of myth into history. // The word mythology (Greek: μυθολογία, from μυθος mythos, a story or legend, and λογος logos, an account or speech) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity. ...


The first came when tablets found in the archives of Ebla were found to mention Iram by name. Ebla is not to be confused with Elba. ...


A more recent discovery occurred when archaeologists examined photographs taken of the Persian Gulf Coast from the space shuttle Challenger in 1984. These photos revealed some buried cities along the ancient frankincense trade route dating from 2800 BC and 100 BC. One, on the eastern edge of Oman in the Dhofar province, proved to be a city known as Ubar, which is usually identified with Iram. Map of the Persian Gulf. ... The Challenger breaks apart 73 seconds into its final mission, STS-51-L. Space Shuttle Challenger (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was NASAs second Space Shuttle orbiter to be put into service, after Columbia. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 100g of frankincense resin. ... (Redirected from 2800 BC) (29th century BC - 28th century BC - 27th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2775 - 2650 BC - Second Dynasty wars in Egypt 2750 BC - End of the Early Dynastic I Period, and the beginning of the Early Dynastic II... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC - 100s BC - 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC Years: 105 BC 104 BC 103 BC 102 BC 101 BC - 100 BC - 99 BC 98 BC 97 BC 96 BC 95... The Dhofar (Arabic ظفار Ẓufār) region lies in Oman, east of Yemen. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Iram of the Pillars. ...


In the early 1980s a group of researchers became interested in the history of Ubar. They used remote sensing satellite ground penetrating radar data from NASA, and identified old caravan routes and the point where they converged. Excavations uncovered a fortress which protected the caravan routes and the all-important water source, which was a large limestone cavern underneath the fortress. Evidence of wide-spread trade was also found. As the Ubarites consumed the water from underground, the water table would fall, leaving the limestone roof and walls of the cavern dry. Without the bouyant support of the water, the cavern would have been in danger of collapse. It seems to have done so some time between 300-500 AD, destroying the city and covering over the water source. After this collapse, the city perished. Ground penetrating radar works much like regular radar, using pulses of electromagnetic radiation in the microwave range and reading the reflected signal to detect subsurface structures and objects without drilling, probing or otherwise breaking the ground surface. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Look up caravan and Caravan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In 1992, the city was believed to have been rediscovered by Nicholas Clapp, an amateur archaeologist, by using the NASA data. Founded in 900 B.C. and located at one of the few watering holes, the ancient city had been an important trading post on the Incense Road, thus linking the frankincense groves of the coastal Omani Mountains to the markets of the rich cities of the north. Over the centuries the city, now called Ubar, had prospered and grown larger, until one day half of the city collapsed into a giant sinkhole and was abandoned to the sands by its citizens. Nicolas Clapp is a Los Angeles, California based film-maker, photographer and amateur archaeologist. ... Dionysius Exiguus invented Anno Domini years to date Easter. ... The Incense Road or Incense Route connected Egypt with Arabia and the Indies. ... 100g of frankincense resin. ... Devils Hole near Hawthorne, Florida Sinkholes, also known as sinks, dolines (in the Slovene language doline means valleys), and cenotes, are formed by the collapse of cave roofs and are a feature of landscapes that are based on limestone bedrock. ...


Ubar was not discovered through the use of NASA data although this did help identify possible sites. the camel trails were already known about, having been discovered by a previous expedition in 1953. The discovery of the ruins of Ubar was made almost by chance when the team [lead by Ranulph Fiennes] decided to investigate ruins at the site of Shis'r fort which had been previously identified as dating from the 16th century. These remains turned out to be what was left of the 'Atlantis of the Sands'[a name given to it by T.E. Lawrence] Ubar (or Irem/Iram).


In reality, Ubar was not the name of the city, but the name of the region. In the 2nd centiry AD Ptolemy made a map which called the area "Iobaritae", i.e. the Ubarites. The Qur'an called them "the people of 'Ad". Later legends referred to the fabulous wealth of the city and used the region name Ubar to designate it. Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; c. ... The , , (Arabic: recitation, also transliterated as Quran, Quran, Quran, Koran, and Alcoran), is the holy book of Islam. ...


In Fiction

In the realm of contemporary fiction, the city is alluded to in the tales of H. P. Lovecraft as being somewhere near The Nameless City. The legend may also have inspired the story of the 'accursed seitch' of Jacurutu in Frank Herbert's novel Children of Dune. James Rollins's recent novel Sandstorm centres around Ubar and its mysteries. H. P. Lovecraft Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American author of fantasy and horror fiction, noted for giving horror stories a science fiction framework. ... The Nameless City is a fictional place mentioned in the works of H.P. Lovecraft, most notably in the short story, The Nameless City. ... Frank Herbert (1920 - 1986) Frank Patrick Herbert (October 8, 1920 – February 11, 1986) was a critically acclaimed and commercially successful American science fiction author. ... Children of Dune Children of Dune is a science fiction novel by Frank Herbert, third in a series of six novels set in the Dune universe. ... Under the pen name James Rollins, former veterinarian Dr. Jim Czajkowski (1961 - ) writes such bestselling, action-packed adventure-thrillers as Subterranean (1999), Excavation (2000), Deep Fathom (2001), Amazonia (2002), Ice Hunt (2003), Sandstorm (2004), and Map of Bones Rollins is an amateur spelunker and a certified scuba diver. ...


See also

  • In 1992 Clapp and Sir Ranulph Fiennes led an expedition that discovered the lost city of Ubar in Oman.
  • Atlantis of the Sands: The Search for the Lost City of Ubar (1992) ISBN 0451175778

Sodom can refer to: Sodom, a Biblical city that was said to be destroyed by God for the sins of its inhabitants. ... Sir Ranulph Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, 3rd Baronet, OBE (born 7 March 1944), usually known simply as Ranulph Fiennes, is a British explorer and holder of several endurance records. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...

External links

  • Entry on Irem in Dan Clore's A Necronomicon Glossary
  • Lost City of Arabia, Nova On-line on the discovery of Ubar
  • The Search for Ubar: How Remote Sensing Helped Find a Lost City, from a NASA Website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikipedia search result (940 words)
Iram of the Pillars (Arabic: إرَم ذات العماد, Iram dhāt al-`imād), also called Irem, Ubar, Wabar, or the City of a Thousand Pillars, is a lost city apparently on the Arabian Peninsula.
The Qur'an says that Iram was a city built by the tribe of Ad, the great-grandchildren of Noah.
Iram (otherwise spelled Irem) became known to Western literature with the translation of The Book of One Thousand and One Nights.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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