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Encyclopedia > Iquitos

Iquitos

Location in Peru Coat of Arms
City Flag
Flag of Iquitos
 City nickname Capital de la Amazonía Peruana
(Capital of the Peruvian Amazon)
 Founded 1750s
 Government:  
 - Region Loreto
 - Province Maynas
 - Mayor Salomón Abenzur Araujo
 Area:  
 - Total 368,852 km²
 - Subdivisions 4 districts
 - Latitude/Longitude 3°44′ S
73°15′ W
 Population:
 - Total 400,000 approx.
 City calling code 65
 Time zone UTC/GMT-5
 Official website www.munimaynas.gob.pe

Iquitos is the largest city in the Peruvian rainforest, with a population of around 400,000. It is the capital of Loreto Region and Maynas Province. It is generally considered the most populous city in the world that cannot be reached by road. Image File history File links Created by Tuomas Carrasco - June 2005 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... The Subdivisions of Peru have changed from time to time, since the nation gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century. ... See other Peruvian regions President Robinson Rivadeneira Capital Iquitos Area 368,851. ... Map of the Peruvian provinces The provinces of Peru, known in Spanish as provincias, are the second-level administrative subdivisions of the country. ... Location in the Loreto Region Founded Capital Iquitos Area 119,859. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Districts (span: distrito, distritos) form the third level of Peruvian territorial subdivisions. ... This article is about the geographical term. ... Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... ... For alternate meanings of GMT, see GMT (disambiguation). ... See other Peruvian regions President Robinson Rivadeneira Capital Iquitos Area 368,851. ... Location in the Loreto Region Founded Capital Iquitos Area 119,859. ...


Located on the Amazon River, it is a mere 106 m (348 ft) above sea level even though it is more than 3,000 km (1,864 mi) from the mouth of the Amazon at Belem in Brazil, on the Atlantic Ocean. It is situated 125 km (78 mi) downstream of the confluence of the Ucayali and Marañón rivers, the two main headwaters of the Amazon River. Iquitos has long been a major port in the Amazon Basin. It is surrounded by three rivers: the Nanay, the Itaya, and the Amazon. This article is about the river. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Bel m is a city in the nothern part of Brazil. ... The Ucayali, which rises about 70 miles north of Lake Titicaca, is the most interesting branch of the Amazon River next to the Madeira. ... The river Marañón rises about 100 miles to the north-east of Lima, Peru. ... Amazon River basin The Amazon Basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries. ... For the Nanay people of Siberia, see Nanais. ... Itaya is a genus of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family. ...


The city can be reached only by airplane or boat, with the exception of a road to Nauta, a small town roughly 100 km (62 mi) south. Most travel within the city itself is via bus, motorcycle, or auto rickshaw (mototaxi, motocarro or motokar). Transportation to nearby towns often requires a river trip via llevo-llevo, a small public motorised boat. Nauta is a small town situated in the North of Peru, in the Peruvian Amazon roughly 100km south of the Provinces capital, Iquitos. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ...


The climate is hot and humid, with an average relative humidity of 85%. The wet season lasts from around November to May, with the river reaching its highest point in May. The river is at its lowest in October.

Contents

History

Iquitos was established as a Jesuit mission in the 1750s, and in 1864 it started to grow when the Loreto Region was created and Iquitos became its capital. It is currently the seat of a Roman Catholic Apostolic Vicariate.[1] The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... See other Peruvian regions President Robinson Rivadeneira Capital Iquitos Area 368,851. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Apostolic vicariate is a particular church of the Roman Catholic Church for non-Catholic or missionary regions and countries which do not have a diocese yet. ...


Iquitos was known for its rubber industry through the rubber boom of the first decade of the 20th century, and there are still great mansions from the 1800s, including the Iron House (Spanish: Casa de Fierro), designed by Gustave Eiffel. The boom came to an end when rubber seeds were smuggled out of the country and planted elsewhere. The 1982 movie Fitzcarraldo, about the life of rubber baron Brian Sweeney Fitzgerald, was filmed near Iquitos. This does not cite any references or sources. ... Map showing the region of the Amazon which enjoyed the rubber boom. ... La Casa de Fierro (English: the Iron House, French: La Maison de Fer), located in the city of Iquitos in the jungle of Peru, in front of the major square between Prospero and Putumayo streets, is a large iron residence built during the rubber boom at the end of the... Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (December 15, 1832 – December 27, 1923; French pronunciation in IPA, in English usually pronounced ) was a French structural engineer and architect and a specialist of metallic structures. ... For other meanings, see Fitzcarraldo (disambiguation). ...

An example of Spanish style rubber boom era architecture in Iquitos, with the Amazon in the background
An example of Spanish style rubber boom era architecture in Iquitos, with the Amazon in the background

Image File history File linksMetadata Spanish_building_Iquitos. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Spanish_building_Iquitos. ...

Economy

Iquitos has become important in the shipment of lumber from the Amazon Rainforest to the outside world, and it offers modern amenities for the residents and tourists in the area. Other industries include oil, rum and beer production. Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Lumber or Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction... Map of the Amazon rainforest ecoregions as delineated by the WWF. Yellow line encloses the Amazon rainforest. ... Synthetic motor oil For other uses, see Oil (disambiguation). ... This article is about the beverage. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ...


Education

Iquitos is home to numerous research projects that cover the studies of ecology in relation to ornithology and herpetology. Cornell University in particular owns a field station dubbed the Cornell University Esbaran Amazon Field Laboratory. Founded in July of 2001 under the direction of Dr. Eloy Rodriguez as a research facility dedicated to education, conservation, and the discovery of novel medicinal compounds from applied field chemoecology, the field laboratory strives to Survey and catalog the inventory of biological diversity found along the Yarapa River Basin while providing researchers with field experience in the broad range of disciplines necessary for this task. Another main goal is to explore potential value-added derivatives of biodiversity. This includes both tangible returns in the form of new discoveries in the biomedical and related sciences, as well as the less tangible goods such as the promotion of ecotourism and an ecological aesthetic, and the corresponding benefits to the local communities, and to participating students and researchers. Cornell redirects here. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Eloy Rodriguez (born January 7, 1947[1]) is a Mexican-American biochemist. ... Some conservation ecologists have been concerned about the Amazon rainforest. ... Tapanti National Park in Costa Rica Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of tourism which appeals to the ecologically and socially conscious. ...


Tourism

Iquitos has a growing reputation as a tourist community, especially as a jumping-off point for tours of the Amazon rainforest and the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, and trips downriver to Manaus, Brazil - the other rubber-industry city in the interior of the Amazon basin - and finally the Atlantic Ocean, which is 3,360 km (2,088 mi) away. Location in Brazil Country Region State Amazonas Founded 1669 Government  - Mayor Serafim Corrêa (PSB) Area  - City 11. ...


A boat tour of Belén is a common tourist attraction. Belén is an area of Iquitos that can be accessed by foot in the dry season but is only accessible via boat in the wet season. Many of the homes in this area are tethered to large poles and float upon the rising waters every year, and some homes float year-round. Where the waters begin there are often a few men with their boats who transport locals and tourists for a small fee.

A typical house in Belén, where many are built so they can rise and fall with the water level.
A typical house in Belén, where many are built so they can rise and fall with the water level.

There is also an open-air market in Belén (in a part that doesn't flood). This too is a common tourist attraction. Most notable is the medicine lane, "Pasaje Paquito", an entire block of the market lined with local plant (and animal) medicines, stocking everything from copaiba to chuchuwasai. Image File history File linksMetadata Belenstreet. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Belenstreet. ... Visit this site for fascinating information on healing remedies from the Amazon Rainforest of Brazil. ...


During the 1990s, homosexuals fled the repressive police in other cities of Peru to live in this frontier town. Many now live in Belén. Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... A frontier is a political and geographical term referring to areas near or beyond a boundary, or of a different nature. ...


Ayahuasca tourism has increased in Iquitos in recent years, with Westerners seeking traditional shamanic experiences using the visionary Amazonian medicinal tea. Although there are some reputable curanderos who can provide a safe context for such experiences, others do not have the specialised training or skills. As with any tourist activity, consumer discretion is advised. My mom is from iquitos, and she loved it!! she misses it. -steph Ayahuasca (Quechua, pronounced ) is any of various psychoactive infusions or decoctions prepared from the Banisteriopsis spp. ...


Iquitos is served by Crnl. FAP Francisco Secada Vignetta International Airport. Coronel FAP Francisco Secada Vignetta International Airport (IATA: IQT, ICAO: SPQT) is an airport serving Perus fifth largest city, Iquitos. ...


Universities

Iquitos has two universities: Universidad Nacional de la Amazonía Peruana, the local state university, and Universidad Particular de Iquitos, a private institution. It is also home to the Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana (IIAP), the Institute of Investigation of the Peruvian Amazon. A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ...


Sport

Colegio Nacional de Iquitos is a soccer team based in Iquitos. Colegio Nacional de Iquitos is a Peruvian football team based in the city of Iquitos which was founded in 1926. ...


Notable people from Iquitos

  • César Calvo de Araujo, Renowned writer and painter, born in Yurimaguas near Iquitos (1910-1970).
  • Stanisław Tymiński, Polish - Canadian politician and buisnessman

César Calvo de Araujo was a Peruvian writer and painter. ... Stanisław Stan Tymiński (born January 27, 1948 in Pruszków) is a Canadian businessman of Polish origin, dealing in electronics and computers, and a sometime-politician in both Poland and Canada. ...

Maps and aerial photos

Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

See also

Punchana is the capital of the Punchana District in the Maynas Province of the Loreto Region in northeastern Peru. ... See other Peruvian regions President Robinson Rivadeneira Capital Iquitos Area 368,851. ... The Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia. ...

External links


 
 

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