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Encyclopedia > Ionian League

The Ionian League (also called the Panionic League) was a religious and cultural (as opposed to a political or military) confederacy comprised of 12 Ionian cities, formed as early as 800 BC. The cities were, (from south to north), Miletus, it's principal city, Myus, Priene, Ephesus, Colophon, Lebedus, Teos, Erythrae, Clazomenae and Phocaea, together with the islands of Samos and Chios. Later, Smyrna joined. Ionia (Greek Ιωνία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was an ancient region of southwestern coastal Anatolia (now in Turkey) on the Aegean Sea. ... Centuries: 10th century BC - 9th century BC - 8th century BC Decades: 850s BC 840s BC 830s BC 820s BC 810s BC - 800s BC - 790s BC 780s BC 770s BC 760s BC 750s BC Events and Trends 804 BC - Hadad-nirari IV of Assyria conquers Damascus. ... In Greek mythology, Miletus was the founder of the city described below. ... Priene (mod. ... Ephesus (Greek: Έφεσσος) was one of the great cities of the Ionian Greeks in Asia Minor, located in Lydia where the Cayster river flows into the Aegean Sea (in modern day Turkey). ... Colophon (Gr. ... Teos (or Teo), a maritime city of Ionia, on a peninsula between Chytrium and Myonnesus. ... Erythrae (mod. ... Clazomenae (modern Kelisinan), was an ancient town of Ionia and a member of the Ionian Dodecapolis (Confederation of Twelve Cities), on the Gulf of Smyrna, about 20 miles west of that city. ... Satellite photo showing location of the ancient cities of Phocaea, Cyme and Smyrna Phocaea (modern-day Foça in Turkey) was an ancient Ionian Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia. ... Samos (Greek Σαμος; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an island in southeastern Greece in the Aegean Sea, off the coast of Turkey. ... Khios, or Chios or Hios (Χίος) as most Greek English speakers know the island, is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea. ... For other meanings of Smyrna, see Smyrna (disambiguation). ...

Delegates (theoroi) of the League gathered to celebrate the Panionia, a religious festival and games (panegyris) dedicated to Poseidon Heliconius, on the north slope of Mt. Mycale, at the sanctuary of Poseidon called the Panionium. A Panegyris, also spelt Panegyry (Greek - gathering), is an Ancient Greek religious assembly. ... Andrea Doria as Neptune by Agnolo Bronzino: a potent allegory of Genoas hegemony in the Tyrrhenian Sea In Greek Mythology, Poseidon (Ποσειδῶν) was the god of the sea, known to the Romans as Neptune, and to the Etruscans as Nethuns. ... Mycale (also Mycǎlé, Mukalê, Mykale and Mycali; called Samsun Daği in modern Turkey) is a mountain on the west coast of central Anatolia in Turkey, north of the mouth of the Maeander and opposite the island of Samos. ... The Panionium (also Panionion) was, from about 800 BC, an Ionian sanctuary dedicated to Poseidon Helonicus and the meeting place of the Ionian League,1 located in Turkey, 17 km south of Kuşadasl, near Güzelçamli, on the north slope of Mt. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Ionia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1493 words)
In Greek mythology, Ion, regarded as the founder of the Ionian tribe, was the son of Creusa (daughter of Erechtheus); his father was either Creusa's husband Xuthus (according to Hesiod's Eoiae) or Apollo (according to Euripides).
The cities called Ionian in historical times were twelve in number, an arrangement copied as it was supposed from the constitution of the Ionian cities in Greece which had originally occupied the territory in the north of the Peloponnese subsequently held by the Achaeans.
The Ionian cities formed a religious and cultural (as opposed to a political or military) confederacy (see Ionian League), of which participation in the Panionic festival (Panionia) was a distinguishing characteristic.
Ancient History Sourcebook: 11th Brittanica: Delian League (5677 words)
The general affairs of the league were managed by a synod which met periodically in the temple of Apollo and Artemis at Delos, the ancient centre sanctified by the common worship of the Ionians.
The league was, therefore, specifically a free confederation of autonomous [onian cities founded as a protection against the common danger which threatened the Aegean basin, and led by Athens in virtue of her predominant naval power as exhibited in the wae against Xerxes.
The Ionians were naturally averse from prolonged warfare, and in the prosperity which must have followed the final rout of the Persians and the freeing of the Aegean from the pirates (a very important feature in the league's policy) a money contribution was only a trifling burden.
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