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Encyclopedia > Ion (dialogue)
This article is part of the series:
The Dialogues of Plato
Socratic Dialogues : Socrates,

the Virtues, the Sophists Image File history File links Plato-raphael. ... Socrates (Greek: Σωκράτης, invariably anglicized as , Sǒcratēs; 470–399 BCE) was an ancient Greek philosopher who is widely credited for laying the foundation for Western philosophy. ... Virtue (Latin virtus; Greek ) is moral excellence of a man or a woman. ... Sophism was originally a term for the techniques taught by a highly respected group of philosophy and rhetoric teachers in ancient Greece. ...

Hippias Minor
First Alcibiades
LysisHippias MajorIon
The great dialogues : theory of forms,

politics, death, dialectic, love. Hippias Minor (or On Lying) is one of Platos early dialogues, written while the author was still young, although the exact date has not been established. ... The First Alcibiades or Alcibiades I is a dialogue featuring Alcibiades in conversation with Socrates, ascribed to Plato, but his authorship is doubtful, though probably written by someone within a century or two of Platos other works. ... Euthyphro is one of Platos known early dialogues. ... Laches, a Socratic Dialogue, concerns the topic of courage. ... The Charmides (Greek: ) is a dialogue of Plato, discussing the nature and utility of temperance. ... Lysis is one of the socratic dialogues written by Plato and discusses the nature of friendship. ... Hippias Major (or What is Beauty) is one of the dialogues of Plato. ... Protagoras is the title of one of Platos dialogues. ... Euthydemus (Euthydemos), written 380 BCE, is dialogue by Plato which satirizes the logical fallacies of the Sophists. ... Gorgias refers to the last dialogue that Plato wrote before leaving Athens. ... The Menexenus is a Socratic dialogue of Plato, traditionally included in the seventh tetralogy along with the Greater and Lesser Hippias and the Ion. ... Meno is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato. ... Critias, a dialogue of Platos, speaks about a variety of subjects. ... (The) Apology (of Socrates) is Platos version of the speech given by Socrates as he defends himself against the charges of being a man who corrupted the young, did not believe in the gods, and created new deities. Apology here has its earlier meaning (now usually expressed by the... The Crito (IPA [kriːtɔːn]; in English usually [ˈkɹiːtɘʊː]) is a well-known dialogue by the ancient Greek philosopher, Plato, between Socrates and his follower the rich Athenian Crito (or Criton), regarding the source and nature of political obligation. ... Cratylus (Κρατυλος) is the name of a dialogue by Plato, written in approximately 360 BC. In the dialogue, Socrates is asked by two men, Cratylus and Hermogenes, to advise them whether names are conventional or natural, that is, whether language is a system of arbitrary signs or whether words have an... It has been suggested that The Forms be merged into this article or section. ...

PhaedoThe Symposium
The RepublicPhaedrus
The late dialogues :

Criticism of the theory of forms, The Phaedo (pronounced FEE-doh) is the fourth and last dialogue detailing the final days of Socrates and contains the death scene. ... A fresco taken from the north wall of the Tomb of the Diver featuring an image of a symposium The Symposium is a Socratic dialogue by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, student of Socrates, focusing on Eros (love) and its place in the philosophic path. ... The Republic (Greek ) is an influential work of philosophy and political theory by the Greek philosopher Plato, written in approximately 390 BC. It is written in the format of a Socratic dialogue. ... Platos Phaedrus is a dialogue between Socrates and Phaedrus. ...

cosmology, politics, metaphysics

The SophistPhilebus
The StatesmanTimaeus
Of doubtful authenticity
Second Alcibiades – The Rivals
Theages – Epinomis – Minos

Plato's Ion aims to give an account of poetry in dialogue form. Socrates and Ion discuss poetic inspiration, with particular attention to the question of whether poetry is an art or skill, or whether it is composed in fits of divine inspiration. The resulting critique of poetry is a less complex version of the critique of imitation Plato would later present in the Republic. The Theætetus is a dialogue by Plato. ... Parmenides is one of the dialogues of Plato. ... The Sophist (Greek: Σοφιστής) is one of the late Dialogues of Plato, which was written much more lately than the Parmenides and the Theaetetus, probably in 360 BC.After he criticized his own Theory of Forms in the Parmenides, Plato proceeds in the Sophist with a new conception of the Forms... Philebus is among the last of the late Socratic dialogues of the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. ... The Statesman, or Politikos in Greek and Politicus in Latin, is a four part dialogue contained within the work of Plato. ... Timaeus is a theoretical treatise of Plato in the form of a Socratic dialogue, written circa 360 B.C. The work puts forward speculation on the nature of the physical world. ... The Laws is Platos last and longest dialogue. ... The Second Alcibiades or Alcibiades II is a dialogue ascribed to Plato, featring Alcibiades conversing with Socrates, but there is a general consensus amongst scholars that this text is spurious, though again probably written by someone within a century or two of Platos other works. ... The Epinomis is a dialogue in the style of Plato, but today considered spurious by most scholars. ... The Clitophon, a dialogue generally ascribed to Plato, is significant for focusing on Socrates role as an exhorter of other people to engage in philosophic inquiry. ... For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ... The Chinese poem Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain by Emperor Gaozong. ... Socrates (Greek: Σωκράτης, invariably anglicized as , Sǒcratēs; 470–399 BCE) was an ancient Greek philosopher who is widely credited for laying the foundation for Western philosophy. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state or country that is led by people whose political power is based on principles that are not beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ...

The work is what would today be called "literary criticism," and a criticism of literary criticism itself. Plato presents the almost iconic image of the raving, mad and divine poet inspired by the muse. In the dialogue, this figure is played by Ion, who is a rhapsode, or a professional performer of poetry in ancient Greece and (by his own account) a celebrated and eminent performer: at one point he claims that he deserves to be "crowned by the Homeridae" for his promotion of Homer. In the course of Socrates's conversation with him, Ion comes to admit that poetry is not a distinct skill like fishing or medicine. In fact, the poet has no distinct object of knowledge; even when he speaks about fishing or medicine, he speaks from the authority of fishermen or doctors. In saying that poetry is not a distinctive area of expertise, Socrates reveals his absence of interest in the form of the poem. As in the Republic, he is solely concerned with its content. Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... In Greek mythology, the Muses (Greek Μουσαι, Mousai : from a root meaning mountain) are nine goddesses who embody the right evocation of myth, inspired through remembered and improvised song and traditional music and dances. ... In classical antiquity, a rhapsode was a professional reciter of poetry, especially the epics of Homer, but also the wisdom-verse of Hesiod and the satires of Archilochus, among others. ... The Homeridae were a family, clan or professional lineage claiming descent from the legendary Greek epic poet Homer. ... Homer (Greek HómÄ“ros) was a legendary early Greek poet and rhapsode traditionally credited with the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey, commonly assumed to have lived in the 8th century BC. However, exact placement of these dates is unsure. ...

The dialogue offers the striking metaphor of poetic inspiration as a kind of magnetism (PP Ion533d). Socrates asks us to imagine a series of magnets suspended from a height. At the top is the divine voice. When the poet is inspired, he allows the divine voice to speak through him; he becomes its mouthpiece. As a performer of Homeric poetry, Ion is yet a third magnet who allows Homer to speak through him. Anyone who comes within this magnetic field of inspiration may compose poetry, recite it, or talk about it. The literary critic as an audience of poetry thus becomes inspired in the writing of literary criticism. Therefore, literary criticism is not simply a piecing together of a text for the purposes of making a structured and solely rational interpretation of it. Plato would like to claim that there is something divine, non-objective, and non-reductive about poetry and the arts related to it (literary criticism). The Perseus Project is a digital library project of Tufts University that assembles digital collections of humanities resources. ...

See also

Wikisource has original text related to this article:

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ... Socrates (Greek: Σωκράτης, invariably anglicized as , Sǒcratēs; 470–399 BCE) was an ancient Greek philosopher who is widely credited for laying the foundation for Western philosophy. ... Aristotles Poetics aims to give an account of poetry. ...

External links

  • PP Ion530a (entire text in Greek and English, trans. by W.R.M Lamb)
Dialogues of Plato

  Results from FactBites:
PLATO - ION - 360 BC - FULL TEXT - IN ONE COMPLETE WEBPAGE PART - Translated by Benjamin Jowett (1817-1893) - ... (3505 words)
O that we were wise, Ion, and that you could truly call us so; but you rhapsodes and actors, and the poets whose verses you sing, are wise; whereas I am a common man, who only speak the truth.
And you, Ion, when the name of Homer is mentioned have plenty to say, and have nothing to say of others.
Why, yes, Ion, because you may possibly have a knowledge of the art of the general as well as of the rhapsode; and you may also have a knowledge of horsemanship as well as of the lyre: and then you would know when horses were well or ill managed.
Ion (disambiguation) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (188 words)
Ion (comics), in fiction, otherwise known as the Green Lantern Kyle Rayner, a DC Comics superhero.
Ion (dialogue), a dialogue by Plato, between Socrates and Ion, a reciter of epic poems.
Ion (play), a play by Euripedes on the relationship between humans and the gods, in which Ion is instead the son of Apollo.
  More results at FactBites »



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