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Encyclopedia > Investment (military)

Investment is the military tactic of surrounding an enemy fortification or town with armed forces to prevent entry or escape.[1] Table of Fortification, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ...

A reconstructed section of the Alesia investment fortifications

A circumvallation is a line of fortifications, built by the attackers around the besieged fortification facing towards the fortification (to protect itself from sorties by its defenders and to enhance the blockade). The resulting fortifications are known as 'lines of circumvallation'. Reconstruction of the fortifications in the site of the Battle of Alesia. ... Reconstruction of the fortifications in the site of the Battle of Alesia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with contravallation. ... A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition, often accompanied by an assault. ... Sortie is a term for deployment of one military aircraft or a ship for the purposes of a specific mission, whether alone, or with other aircraft or vessels. ... A blockade is any effort to prevent supplies, troops, information or aid from reaching an opposing force. ...

A contravallation is a line of fortifications around the besieged fortification facing away from the fortification to protect themselves from attacks by allies of the city's defenders and to enhance the blockade of the city. Contravallation is a standard military tactic of siege used in ancient and modern warfare. ...

The Siege of Alesia took place in September 52 BC is one of the most famous investments in history. Julius Caesar in his Commentaries on the Gallic War describes his text book use of the circumvallation and contravallation to defeat the Gauls under their chieften Vercingetorix. Battle of Alesia Conflict Gallic Wars Date September 52 BC Place Alesia, near modern Alise-Sainte-Reine (France) Result Roman victory The Battle of Alesia or Siege of Alesia was a conflict fought in September 52 BC around the Gallic oppidum of Alesia, a major town centre and hill fort... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC - 50s BC - 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49... Gaius Julius Caesar [1] (Latin pronunciation ; English pronunciation ; July 12 or July 13, 100 BC or 102 BC – March 15, 44 BC), was a Roman military and political leader and one of the most influential men in classical antiquity. ... Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (Latin: ) was the name given, in ancient times, to the region of Western Europe comprising present-day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... Statue of Vercingetorix by Bartholdi, on Place de Jaude, in Clermont-Ferrand Vercingetorix (pronounced in Gaulish) died 46 BC), chieftain of the Arverni, led the Gauls in their ultimately unsuccessful war against Roman imperialism. ...

The basic objectives and tactics of an military investment have remain the same down to today. During the Second World War there were many sieges and many investments. One of the most famous sieges of the Second World War which demonstrated the tactical use of investment was the siege of Stalingrad. During the first half of the siege the Germans were unable to fully invest the city so the Soviets were able to get men and supplies into the city across the Don River. In the second half of the battle, the complete investment of Stalingrad by the Soviets, (including air space which prevented the construction by the Germans of an adequately large airbridge), eventually forced the starving Germans inside the city to surrender. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Friedrich Paulus Erich von Manstein Hermann Hoth Georgy Zhukov Vasily Chuikov Aleksandr Vasilevsky Strength German Sixth Army German Fourth Panzer Army Romanian Third Army Romanian Fourth Army Hungarian Second Army Italian Eighth Army 500,000 Germans Unknown number Reinforcements Unknown number Axis-allies Stalingrad... There are at several rivers named Don: Don River, Russia Don River, Toronto River Don, England River Don, Aberdeenshire This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


  1. ^ invest Merriam-Webste



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