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Encyclopedia > Inuvik, Northwest Territories

Inuvik, formerly Inuvvik (place of man), is a town in the Northwest Territories of Canada and is the administrative centre for the Inuvik Region. Motto: none Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tłįchǫ [1] Government - Commissioner Tony Whitford - Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 - Senate seats 1 Confederation 1870... The Inuvik Region is one of five administrative regions in the Northwest Territories. ...


The population as of 2004 was 3,450, but the last two census counts show wide fluctuations due to economic conditions: 2,894 in 2001 and 3,296 in 1996. The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ...

Our Lady of Victories Church in Inuvik
Our Lady of Victories Church in Inuvik

Contents

From [1], PD image from NOAA File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... From [1], PD image from NOAA File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

History

Inuvik was conceived in 1953 as a replacement administrative centre for the hamlet of Aklavik on the west of the Mackenzie Delta, as the latter was prone to flooding and had no room for expansion. Initially called "New Aklavik", it was renamed to Inuvik (meaning "Place of Man" in Inuvialuktun) in 1958 because of the confusion surrounding the Aklavik/New Aklavik split. Aklavik (Barren-ground grizzly place) is a community located 68°13 North latitude and 135°00 West longitude in the territory of Northwest Territories, Canada, with a population of 748 as of the 2000 census. ... Mackenzie Delta is a territorial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Inuvialuktun is a word routinely used to describe the variety of the language of the Inuit spoken in the northern Northwest Territories by a band of Canadian Inuit who call themselves Inuvialuit. ...


Inuvik achieved village status in 1967 and became a full town in 1970 with an elected mayor and council. In 1979, with the completion of the Dempster Highway, Inuvik became a part of Canada's highway system, and simultaneously the most northerly town to which one could drive in the summer months (an ice road through the Mackenzie River delta connects the town to Tuktoyaktuk, on the coast of the Arctic Ocean, in the winter). 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Dempster Highway also known as Yukon Highway 5 and Northwest Territories Highway 8 is a highway that connects the Klondike Highway in the Yukon Territory of Canada to Inuvik, Northwest Territories on the Mackenzie River delta. ... Approximate extent of the Mackenzie River watershed The Mackenzie River (French: Fleuve Mackenzie) originates in Great Slave Lake, in the Northwest Territories, and flows north into the Arctic Ocean. ... Tuktoyaktuk or Tuktoyuktuk formerly Port Brabant is a small Inuvialuit community located in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ...


Between 1971 and 1990, the town's economy was supported by the local Canadian Forces Station (a naval station that maintained part of the DEW Line) and by petrochemical companies exploring the Mackenzie Valley and the Beaufort Sea for petroleum. This all collapsed in 1990 for a variety of reasons including disappearing government subsidies, local resistance to petroleum exploration, and low international oil prices. 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the combined armed forces of Canada. ... A rough map of the three warning lines The Distant Early Warning Line, also known as the DEW Line or Early Warning Line, was a system of radar stations in the far northern Arctic region of Canada, with additional stations along the North Coast and Aleutian Islands of Alaska, in... Approximate area of the Beaufort Sea, and the disputed waters The Beaufort Sea is a large body of water north of The Northwest Territories, the Yukon, and Alaska and west of Canadas arctic islands that is a part of the Arctic Ocean. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ...


Geography

Location 
East Channel of the Mackenzie Delta, approximately 100 km from the Arctic Ocean and approximately 200 km north of the Arctic Circle.
Coordinates 
68 degrees 19 minutes north latitude, 133 degrees 29 minutes west longitude. (Sources conflict very slightly on coordinates.)
Unusual Features 
Due to its location, this town experiences an average of 56 days of continuous sunlight every summer and 30 days of polar night every winter.

Access is via the Dempster Highway for the majority of the year. The highway is closed during the time of freeze-up (roughly late-October to mid-December), for ice to form and allow ice bridges, and thaw (roughly mid-May to mid-June) to allow the ferry to run. At these times, there is air access only. When the Mackenzie River flows there is a commercial barge service from Hay River, on the Great Slave Lake, to the communities and the whole of the western arctic, including the north coast of Alaska. World map showing the Arctic Circle in red A sign along the Dalton Highway marking the location of the Arctic Circle The Arctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. ... See the section Popular culture below for novels and other popular culture related to the Midnight Sun. ... The polar night is the night lasting more than 24 hours, usually inside the polar circles. ... The Dempster Highway also known as Yukon Highway 5 and Northwest Territories Highway 8 is a highway that connects the Klondike Highway in the Yukon Territory of Canada to Inuvik, Northwest Territories on the Mackenzie River delta. ... Ice bridges are temporary bridges formed by using frozen rivers and lake surfaces. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, ca. ... Approximate extent of the Mackenzie River watershed The Mackenzie River (French: Fleuve Mackenzie) originates in Great Slave Lake, in the Northwest Territories, and flows north into the Arctic Ocean. ... Hay River on Great Slave Lake Hay River connection to the Arctic Ocean Hay River is a community on the south shore of Great Slave Lake, in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Mackenzie River drainage basin showing Great Slave Lakes position in the Western Canadian Arctic Great Slave Lake (French: Grand lac des Esclaves) is the second largest lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada (behind Great Bear Lake), the deepest lake in North America at 614 meters (2,015 ft. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ...


One distinct feature of Inuvik are the "utilidors" -- above-ground utility conduits carrying water and sewer -- which are covered by corrugated steel. They run throughout town connecting most buildings, and as a result there are many small bridges and underpasses. Permafrost disallows the burying of such pipes in the ground. Utilidors are above-ground enclosed utility conduits that are used in larger communities in the northern polar region where permafrost does not allow the normal practice of burying water and sewer pipes underground. ... In geology, permafrost or permafrost soil is a thermal condition where ground material stays at or below 0°C for two or more years. ...


Another feature is an Inukshuk placed outside the Mackenzie Hotel, which was rebuilt in 2006. An inukshuk on the flag of Nunavut An inukshuk (Inuktitut: inuksuk / ᐃᓄᒃᓱᒃ, plural inuksuit / ᐃᓄᒃᓱᐃᑦ) is a stone landmark used as a milestone or directional marker by the Inuit of the Canadian Arctic. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Demographics

Population
3,450 in 2004
Breakdown
non-native, 60%; Inuit (Inuvialuit), 25%; Dene/Métis, 15%

2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ... The Inuvialuit (Inuit language: real human beings) are Inuit people who live in the western Canadian Arctic region. ... The Dene are a group of First Nations that live in the Arctic regions of Canada. ... The Métis (pronounced MAY tee, IPA: , in French or , in Michif ), also historically known as Bois Brule, Countryborn, or Black Scots, are one of three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ...

Tourism

Famous Attractions

Igloo Church
Igloo Church

Inuvik's Our Lady of Victory Roman Catholic Church, often called Igloo Church, is a famous landmark in the region. It is the most-photographed building in the town. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...


Annual Events of Note

The Great Northern Arts Festival has been held annually for 10 days in the middle of July since 1989. The Festival hosts artists from across the Circumpolar World with additional artists occasionally coming from as far away as the Orkney Islands, the Yucatan, and Australia. Local visitors and world travellers alike attend this annual event each year; many returning as repeat guests and volunteers.


Great Northern Arts Society Website


Inuvik celebrates Muskrat Jamboree each year in late March or early April. Most events are held on the Mackenzie River. Several community groups operate concessions in tents, preparing hot soup, bannock, coffee and tea and other warm refreshments. The 50th anniversary is this year, 2007.


Facilities

A new hospital opened early 2003, providing service to an area extending from Sachs Harbour on Banks Island, to Ulukhaktok on Victoria Island, and from Paulatuk into the Sahtu region including Norman Wells, Tulit'a, Deline, Fort Good Hope, and Colville Lake. Sachs Harbour is a small community on the southwestern coast of Banks Island, in Canadas Northwest Territories. ... Banks Island, Northwest Territories. ... , Looking at Ulukhaktok from the bluffs that give the community its name. ... Victoria Island, NWT and Nunavut. ... Paulatuk is a town in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... The Sahtu are a Dene people living in the vicinity of Great Bear Lake (Sahtu, the source of their name), Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Norman Wells is a community in the Mackenzie Valley area of the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... Tulita, meaning where the rivers meet, formerly known as Fort Norman, is a hamlet of c 450 people in the Northwest Territories. ... Great Bear Lake, NWT, Canada Deline (formerly known as Fort Franklin until 1 June 1993) is a community on the western shore of Great Bear Lake, in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Fort Good Hope is a community in the Northwest Territories in Canada. ... The aboriginal village of Colville Lake in the Northwest Territories, Canada, is located on a lake of the same name, and is northeast of Norman Wells. ...


Another facility, called the Inuvik Family Centre, was recently completed, at a cost of 8.5 million dollars in construction.


It contains a very modern pool, gym, squash court, hot tub, sauna, steam room, space for community meetings and a very twisting 2-storey waterslide.


Popular drinking establishments include The Mad Trapper (named after Albert Johnson "Mad Trapper of Rat River") and Frosty's. There is also "Shivers", which is part of the new Mackenzie hotel. Albert Johnson (alias, name unknown), known as the Mad Trapper of Rat Creek, was a lone hermit accused of criminal activity whose actions eventually sparked off a huge manhunt in the Northwest Territories in Canada. ...


The town is served by a community newspaper called The Inuvik Drum.


References

See also

Inuvik (Mike Zubko) is a public aerodrome in the Northwest Territories and the community is 6. ... Inuvik/Shell Lake Water Aerodrome is located 5 nautical miles south-southeast of Inuvik, Northwest Territories and is open from June until September. ...

External links

Coordinates: 68°21′42″N, 133°43′50″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Inuvik, Northwest Territories - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (566 words)
Inuvik is a small town in the Northwest Territories of Canada.
Inuvik was conceived in 1953 as a replacement administrative centre for the hamlet of Aklavik on the west of the Mackenzie Delta as the latter was prone to flooding and had no room for expansion.
Inuvik achieved village status in 1967 and became a full town in 1970 with an elected mayor and council.
Northwest Territories - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1673 words)
In 1876, the District of Keewatin, at the centre of the territory, was separated from it.
Quebec was also extended, in 1898, and Yukon was made a separate territory in the same year to deal with the Klondike Gold Rush, and remove the NWT government from administering the sudden boom of population, economic activity and influx of non-Canadians.
The reduced Northwest Territories was not represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1907 until 1947 when the electoral district of Yukon—Mackenzie River was created.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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