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Encyclopedia > Interpersonal relationship
Close relationships

AffinityAttachmentBondingCasualCohabitationCompersion ConcubinageCourtshipDivorceDower, dowry and bride priceFriendshipFamilyHusbandInfatuationIntimacyJealousyLimerenceLoveMarriageMonogamyNonmonogamyOffice romance PassionPartnerPederastyPolygamyPlatonic lovePsychology of monogamyRelationship abuseRomanceSexualitySeparationWeddingWidowhoodWife Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links KarenWhimseyValentineMain. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Attachment in adults deals with the theory of attachment in adult romantic relationships. ... The term human bond -- or, more generally, human bonding -- refers to the process or formation of a close personal relationship, as between a parent and child, especially through frequent or constant association. ... A casual relationship is a term used to describe the physical and emotional relationship between two people who may have a sexual relationship or a near-sexual relationship without necessarily demanding or expecting a more formal relationship as a goal. ... This article is about a living arrangement. ... Compersion is a term used by practitioners of polyamory to describe the experience of taking pleasure when ones partner is with another person. ... Concubinage refers to the state of a woman or youth in an ongoing, quasi-matrimonial relationship with a man of higher social status. ... Suitor redirects here. ... Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the ending of a marriage before the death of either spouse. ... Dower (Lat. ... A dowry (also known as trousseau) is a gift of money or valuables given by the family of the bride to the family of the groom at the time of their marriage. ... Bride price also known as bride wealth or a dower is an amount of money or property paid to the parents of a woman for the right to marry their daughter. ... For other uses, see Friendship (disambiguation). ... a family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 Family is a Western term used to denote a domestic group of people, or a number of domestic groups linked through descent (demonstrated or stipulated) from a common ancestor, marriage or adoption. ... For other uses, see Husband (disambiguation). ... Infatuation is the state of being completely carried away by unreasoning passion or love; addictive love. ... Definition Intimacy is complex in that its meaning varies from relationship to relationship, and within a given relationship over time. ... Jealous redirects here. ... Look up Limerence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ... Faithfulness redirects here. ... Nonmonogamy is a blanket term covering several different types of interpersonal relationship in which some or all participants have multiple marital, sexual, and/or romantic partners. ... An office romance, work romance, or corporate affair is a romance that occurs between two people who work together in the same office, work location, or business. ... In psychology and common terminology, emotion is the language of a persons internal state of being, normally based in or tied to their internal (physical) and external (social) sensory feeling. ... Domestic partner or domestic partnership identifies the personal relationship between individuals who are living together and sharing a common domestic life together but are not joined in any type of legal partnership, marriage or civil union. ... In the past century, the term pederasty has seen a number of different uses. ... Polygamy has been a feature of human culture since earliest history. ... Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, especially in cases where one might easily assume otherwise. ... The psychology of monogamy deals with the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that commonly occur in monogamous relationships. ... Abuser redirects here. ... Romance is a general term that refers to an intimate and often sexual relationship between two people. ... This article is about sexual practices (i. ... Legal separation is a possible step towards divorce under United States law. ... Nuptial is the adjective of wedding. It is used for example in zoology to denote plumage, coloration, behavior, etc related to or occurring in the mating season. ... A widow is a woman whose spouse has died. ... For other uses, see Wife (disambiguation). ...

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In the contexts of sociology and of popular culture, the concept of interpersonal relationships involves social associations, connections, or affiliations between two or more people. Such persons may interact overtly, covertly, face-to-face; or may remain effectively unknown to each other (as in a virtual community whose members maintain anonymity and do not socialize outside of a chat-room). Sociology (from Latin: socius, companion; and the suffix -ology, the study of, from Greek λόγος, lógos, knowledge [1]) is the systematic and scientific study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social action, and culture[2]. Areas studied in sociology can range from the analysis of brief contacts between anonymous... Popular culture, sometimes abbreviated to pop culture, consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. ... Look up relationship in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Social refers to human society or its organization. ... In law, affiliation (from Latin ad-filiare, to adopt as a son) is the term to describe a partnership between two or more parties. ... For other uses, see Interaction (disambiguation). ... A chat room or chatroom is a term used primarily by mass media to describe any form of synchronous conferencing, occasionally even asynchronous conferencing. ...

Contents

Analyzing interpersonal relationships

Sometimes an observer can detect explicit interactions that define an interpersonal relationship — such as body-language or dialogue.[citation needed] Erving Goffman and his followers see any public appearance as a ritual built from a "ceremonial idiom".[1][2] For other uses, see Body language (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dialogue (disambiguation). ... Erving Goffman Erving Goffman (June 11, 1922 – November 19, 1982), was a sociologist and writer. ... A ritual is a set of actions, performed mainly for their symbolic value, which is prescribed by a religion or by the traditions of a community. ...


On the other hand, implicit interactions include standing in a shopping-line or in an emergency-room.[citation needed] Queue at US Air Force station in Iraq, for food at a birthday celebration. Queue areas are areas in which people queue (first-come, first-served), that is they wait in line for something. ... The emergency department (ED), sometimes termed the emergency room (ER), emergency ward (EW), accident & emergency (A&E) department or casualty department is a hospital or primary care department that provides initial treatment to patients with a broad spectrum of illnesses and injuries, some of which may be life-threatening and...


Human interactions often mix the explicit and implicit interaction modes.[citation needed]


An interpersonal interaction can constitute a social transaction of the form "you scratch my back, I'll scratch yours". Some transactions facilitate further interaction between the participants and some act as Interpersonal violence consists of action, interaction and transaction — without necessarily terminating the relationship. A transaction is an agreement, communication, or movement carried out between separate entities or objects. ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ...


Context has great importance in meaningfully describing any particular interaction between people. Meaning itself can result from interpersonal interactions,[citation needed] most significantly in the developmental stage of life when one interacts with peers, parents and teachers.[citation needed] Socialization transmits culture. Culture — in the light of social constructionism — forms how people construct their world and the relationships in it.[citation needed] The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... In Developmental psychology, a stage is a distinct phase in an individuals development. ... A family posing for a group photo socializes together. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... For the learning theory, see Social Constructivism (Learning Theory). ...


Analysts of interpersonal relationships (namely, any functioning humans) may view a relationship as focused (such as the sales-oriented relationship between a sales assistant and a customer) or as unfocused (as between passengers on a bus). People traveling to a football-match share a relationship — whether they support the same team or opposing teams. The significance of the relationship may not become apparent until they cheer or boo. In each case culture will tend to define the forms of both accepted and unacceptable interactions. Sales are the activities involved in providing products or services in return for money or other compensation. ...


Interpersonal relationships vary in their degree of self-disclosure, feedback, power and respect — to name but a few aspects. They vary in the extent to which culture and language define or construct them. They vary in the degree to which people can question, challenge or change relationships of relevance to themselves; and that degree of changeability itself can demonstrate power-differentials in a variety of interpersonal relationships and settings. Self-disclosure is both the conscious and unconscious act of revealing more about ourselves to others. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Feedback loop. ... Much of the recent sociological debate on power revolves around the issue of the constraining and/or enabling nature of power. ... This article is about the emotion. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Relationships vary in the degree to which both intimacy and sharing occur — implying the discovery or establishment of common ground over time. They may or may not center around things shared in common. Definition Intimacy is complex in that its meaning varies from relationship to relationship, and within a given relationship over time. ... For other uses, see Share. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The concept of relationship

Interpersonal relationships as a category may have escaped public attention until the late 20th century:

The term "relationship", as applied to personal life, came into general use only twenty or thirty years ago, as did the idea that there is a need for "intimacy" or "commitment" in personal life."[3]

If valid, this view raises questions as to what has changed — and how — to bring about the result where interpersonal relationships receive so much attention — both in academia and in popular lore.



Over 90% of all failed relationships result from a lack of honest communication and awareness.


Interpersonal relationships and other fields of study

The study of relationships beyond the merely personal involves fields such as mathematics, sociology, psychology and anthropology, to name but a few. Every branch of science — to some extent — studies relationship and occurs in the context of interpersonal relationships. (Interpersonal relationships form and maintain the culture of science and its paradigms, and often prove more influential than evidence which may contradict a theory.[citation needed]) Look up relationship in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other meanings of mathematics or uses of math and maths, see Mathematics (disambiguation) and Math (disambiguation). ... Sociology (from Latin: socius, companion; and the suffix -ology, the study of, from Greek λόγος, lógos, knowledge [1]) is the systematic and scientific study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social action, and culture[2]. Areas studied in sociology can range from the analysis of brief contacts between anonymous... Psychological science redirects here. ... Anthropology (from Greek: ἀνθρωπος, anthropos, human being; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the study of humanity. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... For other uses, see Paradigm (disambiguation). ...


Game theory, a branch of applied mathematics and economics, studies two-person interactions in decision-making. Game theory can stand distinct from the "games people play" of transactional analysis, which may relate to relationship therapy. Game theory is a branch of applied mathematics that is often used in the context of economics. ... Applied mathematics is a branch of mathematics that concerns itself with the mathematical techniques typically used in the application of mathematical knowledge to other domains. ... Face-to-face trading interactions on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor. ... Decision making is the cognitive process of selecting a course of action from among multiple alternatives. ... Transactional analysis, commonly known as TA to its adherents, is a psychoanalytic theory of psychology developed by psychiatrist Eric Berne during the late 1950s. ...


The meaning of a particular relationship depends on the definition of the situation.[citation needed] The work of the sociologist Erving Goffman — particularly in his book The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life — suggests the degree to which one manages presentation of the self in every interaction. The definition of the situation is a fundamental concept in symbolic interactionism. ... Erving Goffman Erving Goffman (June 11, 1922 – November 19, 1982), was a sociologist and writer. ... The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life is a seminal book by Erving Goffman. ...


This points to the ultimate source[citation needed] of interpersonal relationship in intrapersonal communication. What lies within[citation needed] each person and how each person communicates internally[citation needed] provides the source of meaning,[citation needed] of self-definition[citation needed] and of self-presentation in interpersonal relationships.[citation needed]Martin Buber has written eloquently on this aspect of dialogue — with oneself and with another.[citation needed] This article is in need of attention. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Martin Buber (8 February 1878 – 13 June 1965) was an Austrian-Israeli-Jewish philosopher, translator, and educator, whose work centered on theistic ideals of religious consciousness, interpersonal relations, and community. ... For other uses, see Dialogue (disambiguation). ...


Possible stages in the course of interpersonal relationships

1) Contact:

a) Perceptual: noticing how parties look at each other and their body-language.
b) Interactional cues: nodding, maintaining eye-contact, etc.
c) Invitational: encouraging the potential relationship (for example, suggesting a later meeting involving some social lubricant such as coffee)
d) Avoidance strategies: if one person discloses and the other does not: minimal response, lack of eye-contact, etc.

2) Involvement: For other uses, see Body language (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gaze aversion. ... Alcoholic beverages An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol, although in chemistry the definition of alcohol includes many other compounds. ...

a) Feelers: hints or questions (for example: asking about family)
b) Intensifying strategies: furthering the relationship (for example meeting an old friend, bringing the other to meet family, becoming more affectionate, etc.)
c) Public: parties seen in public together often (if in a romantic relationship, may involve holding hands)

3) Intimacy: parties very close; may have exchanged some sort of personal belonging or something that represents further commitment. (For example, a promise ring in a romantic relationship or a friendship-necklace identifying two people as best friends) A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal, most often winning. Strategy is differentiated from tactics or immediate actions with resources at hand by its nature of being extensively premeditated, and often practically rehearsed. ... For the change in vowel and consonant quality in Celtic languages, see Affection (linguistics). ... Definition Intimacy is complex in that its meaning varies from relationship to relationship, and within a given relationship over time. ... Personal commitment is an interaction dominated by obligations. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Best Friend may refer to: Best Friend, someone with whom one shares the strongest friendship. ...


4) Deterioration: things start to fall apart. In a romantic relationship, typically after approximately six months[citation needed], people move out of the so-called "honeymoon stage", NRE, or limerence and start to notice flaws. The way they address this determines the fate of the relationship. This article belongs in one or more categories. ... Look up Limerence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Types of interpersonal relationships

Examples of categories of personal relationships may include:

Kinship is the most basic principle of organizing individuals into social groups, roles, and categories. ... a family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 Family is a Western term used to denote a domestic group of people, or a number of domestic groups linked through descent (demonstrated or stipulated) from a common ancestor, marriage or adoption. ... Consanguinity, literally meaning common blood, describes how close a person is related to another in the sense of a family. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ... Look up affinity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An intimate relationship is a particularly close interpersonal relationship. ... Long term relationship is a common, contemporary term for intimate interpersonal relationships that may be lifelong and may or may not consist in marriage. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... Part of the ceremony of the Changing of the Guard in Whitehall, London. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ... As unregistered cohabitation Recognised in some regions Recognised prior to legalisation of same-sex marriage Netherlands (nationwide) (1998) Spain (12 of 17 communities) (1998) South Africa (nationwide) (1999) Belgium (nationwide) (2000) Canada (QC, NS and MB) (2001) Recognition debated See also Same-sex marriage Registered partnership Domestic partnership Common-law... An intimate relationship is a particularly close interpersonal relationship. ... Long term relationship is a common, contemporary term for intimate interpersonal relationships that may be lifelong and may or may not consist in marriage. ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... Concubinage is either the state of a couple living together as lovers with no obligation created by vows, legal marriage, or religious ceremony, or the state of a woman supported by a male lover who is married to, and usually living with, someone else. ... A boyfriend is a male partner in a non-marital romantic relationship, or a male friend. ... This article is about a female partner. ... Significant other Significant Other is the second studio album by Limp Bizkit, released on June 22, 1999. ... For other uses, see Husband (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wife (disambiguation). ... Scottish can refer to: Look up Scottish in Wiktionary, the free dictionary (as an adjective) things to do with Scotland (see also Scots and Scotch) (as a noun) the Scottish people. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are not legally married. ... Madame de Pompadour, the mistress of King Louis XV of France. ... Madame de Pompadour, portrait by François Boucher circa 1750 Madame de Pompadour (December 29, 1721 – April 15, 1764) was a well known courtesan and the famous mistress of King Louis XV of France. ... This article is about the term, soulmate. For the Natasha Bedingfield song, see Soulmate (song). ... A sexual partner is a person with whom one engages in sex acts. ... A casual relationship is a term used to describe the physical and emotional relationship between two people who may have a sexual relationship or a near-sexual relationship without necessarily demanding or expecting a more formal relationship as a goal. ... Look up one-night stand in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sexual behavior is a form of physical intimacy that may be directed to reproduction (one possible goal of sexual intercourse) and/or to the enjoyment of activity involving sexual gratification. ... Friends with benefits is a term used to describe the physical and emotional relationship between two unmarried people who engage in uncommitted sex acts. ... It has been suggested that Duration of sexual intercourse be merged into this article or section. ... A sexual partner is a person with whom one engages in sex acts. ... Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, especially in cases where one might easily assume otherwise. ... For other uses, see Friendship (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... Internet friendships are friendships between people who have met online, and in some cases know each other only via the Internet. ... Pen pals (or penpals or pen friends) are people who regularly write each other, in particular in the case of snail mail. ... Look up brotherhood in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Brotherhood has multiple meanings: Siblings: The relationship between male offspring, Fraternity: Sodality, or people engaged in a particular occupation; the medical fraternity Brotherhood: The feeling that men should treat one another as brothers Labor union: Union, trade union, brotherhood, an organization of employees formed to bargain with an employer Brotherhood... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An organisation (or organization — see spelling differences) is a social arrangement which pursues collective goals, which controls its own performance, and which has a boundary separating it from its environment. ... A voluntary association (also sometimes called an unincorporated association, or just an association) is a group of individuals who voluntarily enter into an agreement to form a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose. ... For other uses, see Society (disambiguation). ... Look up lodge in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A fraternal organization, sometimes also known as a fraternity, is an organization or club that represents the relationship between its members as akin to brotherhood. ... Comrade is a term meaning friend, colleague, or ally. ... A Norwegian soldier (a Corporal, armed with an MP-5) A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment to defend that country or its interests. ... A peace dove, widely known as a symbol for peace, featuring an olive branch in the doves beak. ... For other uses, see War (disambiguation). ... A profession is an occupation, vocation or career where specialized knowledge of a subject, field, or science is applied. ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ... For the River in the North-East of England, see River Team. ... A community is a social group of organisms sharing an environment, normally with shared interests. ... C.O.I., Community of Interest is a means by which network assets and or network users are segregated by some technological means for some established purpose. ... The concept of a community of practice (often abbreviated as CoP) refers to the process of social learning that occurs when people who have a common interest in some subject or problem collaborate over an extended period to share ideas, find solutions, and build innovations. ...

Factors in establishing and maintaining relationships

The discovery or establishment of common ground between individuals provides a fundamental component for enduring interpersonal relationships. Loss of common ground, which may happen over time, may tend to end interpersonal relationships.


An observer of relationships can consider the motivation of each participant in the relationship. Does X love Y — or simply love what Y does for X? And vice versa.


In a longitudinal research study, psychotherapist Emily Kensington asked one hundred couples, “What do you love most about one another?" Answers indicating little depth generally correlated with the relationship experiencing "negative" outcomes.[citation needed] According to hearts-and-kisses.com, replies such "Because she's pretty" or "he's fun" emerge as negative predictors, indicating surface attraction. Relationships can evolve from the meeting of facile needs to a stable, committed companionship, and couples that can identify their attraction to positive partner-qualities such as compassion, intelligence, and an ability and willingness to communicate effectively have "better" outcomes. Self-aware couples have a greater ability to recognize areas for potential growth, and to develop a plan to work on their relationship jointly.[4] Look up couple in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Compassion is best described as an understanding of the emotional state of another; not to be confused with empathy. ... For other uses, see Intelligence (disambiguation). ... Interpersonal communication is the process of sending and receiving information or communication with another person. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Self-consciousness. ... Personal development (also known as self-development, self-improvement or personal growth) comprises the development of the self. ...


Each relationship-type demands essential skills,[citation needed] and without these skills more "advanced" relationships cannot develop.[citation needed] Systemic coaching advocates a hierarchy of relationships,[citation needed] from friendship to global order. Expertise in each relationship-type (in this hierarchy) requires the skills of all previous relationship-types.[citation needed] (For example partnership requires friendship and teamwork skills). This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Friendship (disambiguation). ... Teamwork is the concept of people working together cooperatively, as in a sports team. ...


Interpersonal relationships through consanguinity and affinity can persist despite the absence of love, affection, or common ground. With such relationships within prohibited degrees, sexual intimacy becomes the taboo of incest. Consanguinity, literally meaning common blood, describes how close a person is related to another in the sense of a family. ... Look up affinity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Consanguinity, literally meaning common blood, describes how close a person is related to another in the sense of a family. ... This article is about cultural prohibitions in general, for other uses, see Taboo (disambiguation). ... Incest is defined as sexual intercourse between closely related persons. ...


Legal sanction reinforces and regularizes marriages and civil unions as perceived "respectable" building-blocks of society. In the United States of America, for example, the de-criminalization of homosexual sexual relations in the Supreme Court decision, Lawrence v. Texas (2003) facilitated the "mainstreaming" of gay long-term relationships, and broached the possibility of the legalization of same-sex marriages in that country. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ... As unregistered cohabitation Recognised in some regions Recognised prior to legalisation of same-sex marriage Netherlands (nationwide) (1998) Spain (12 of 17 communities) (1998) South Africa (nationwide) (1999) Belgium (nationwide) (2000) Canada (QC, NS and MB) (2001) Recognition debated See also Same-sex marriage Registered partnership Domestic partnership Common-law... This article is about the emotion. ... For other uses, see Society (disambiguation). ... Since its coinage, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ... Holding A Texas law prohibiting homosexual sodomy violated the privacy and liberty of adults, under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, to engage in private intimate conduct. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Long term relationship is a common, contemporary term for intimate interpersonal relationships that may be lifelong and may or may not consist in marriage. ... One of four newly wedded same-sex couples in a public wedding at Taiwan Pride 2006. ...


Intimate relationships often (but not always) involve an implicit or explicit agreement on monogamy — an agreement that the partners will not have sex with any third party. The extent to which society and partners may accept physical intimacy with other people varies. For example, a husband may react more favorably to his wife demonstrating physical affection with a female friend than to a similar demonstration with a male friend (see also jealousy). An intimate relationship is a particularly close interpersonal relationship. ... Faithfulness redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Duration of sexual intercourse be merged into this article or section. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jealous redirects here. ...


Friendship may involves some degree of transitivity: one may become a friend of an existing friend's friend. However, if two people have a sexual relationship with the same person, they may become competitors rather than friends. Accordingly, sexual behavior with the sexual partner of a friend may damage the friendship. See love triangle. For other uses, see Friendship (disambiguation). ... In grammar, a verb is transitive if it takes an object. ... Competition is the act of striving against others for the purpose of achieving gain, such as income, pride, amusement, or dominance. ... A love triangle refers to a romantic relationship involving three people. ...


Sexual relations between two friends may alter that relationship: either by "taking it to the next level" or by severing it. Sexual partners may also class as friends: the sexual relationship may either enhance or depreciate the friendship. Sexual behavior is a form of physical intimacy that may be directed to reproduction (one possible goal of sexual intercourse) and/or to the enjoyment of activity involving sexual gratification. ... A sexual partner is a person with whom one engages in sex acts. ... For other uses, see Friendship (disambiguation). ...


The rise of popular psychology has led to an explosion of concern about one's interpersonal relationships (often simply called: "relationships"). Intimate relationships receive particular attention in this context, but sociology recognises many other interpersonal links of greater or less duration and/or significance. The term popular psychology (frequently called pop psychology or pop psych), refers to concepts and theories about human mental life and behaviour that are purportedly based on psychology and that attain popularity amongst the general population. ... An intimate relationship is a particularly close interpersonal relationship. ... Sociology (from Latin: socius, companion; and the suffix -ology, the study of, from Greek λόγος, lógos, knowledge [1]) is the systematic and scientific study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social action, and culture[2]. Areas studied in sociology can range from the analysis of brief contacts between anonymous...


One need not always regard relationships as necessarily healthy. Unhealthy examples include abusive relationships and codependence. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Relational aggression. ... Codependence (or codependency) is a popular psychology concept popularized by Twelve-Step program advocates. ...


Some sociologists recognize[citation needed] a hierarchy of forms of activity and interpersonal relations, divided into: This article provides a list of noted sociologists and major contributors to sociology (even if they did not primarily work as sociologists): Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z... Forms of activity and interpersonal relations in sociology can be described as follows: first and most basic are animal-like behaviors, i. ...

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Action in sociology, can either mean a basic action (one that has a meaning) or a more advanced social action, one that not only has a meaning but is directed at other humans and induces a response. ... In biology, psychology and sociology social behavior is behavior directed towards, or taking place between, members of the same species. ... In sociology, social action refer to any action that takes into account actions and reactions of another individuals (real or imagined) and is modified based on those events. ... Social contact is a pair of social actions with no further consequence - i. ... Social interaction is a dynamic, changing sequence of social actions between individuals (or groups) who modify their actions and reactions due to the actions by their interaction partner(s). ... Social relation can refer to a multitude of social interactions, regulated by social norms, between two or more people, with each having a social position and performing a social role. ...

Theories concerning interpersonal relationships

Social psychology and related spheres propose several approaches to the study and fostering of interpersonal relationships, among them: The scope of social psychological research. ...

  • trust, as trust between parties can become mutual. This may lead to enduring relationships.
  • social exchange theory, which interprets relationships in terms of exchanged benefits. People will regard relationships in the light of the rewards of the relationship, as well as rewards they may potentially receive in alternate relationships.
  • systemic coaching, which analyzes relationships as expressions of a perceived human need to give and receive love. Transferences, entanglements and substitution can complicate relationships. Systemic coaching claims to offer solutions for many difficulties in relationships.
  • equity theory, which stems from a criticism of social exchange theory. Proponents argue that people care about more than just maximizing rewards: they also allegedly want fairness and equity in their relationships.
  • relational dialectics, which regards relationships not as static entities, but as continuing processes, forever changing. This approach sees constant tension in the negotiation of three main issues: autonomy vs. connection, novelty vs. predictability, and openness vs. closedness.
  • attachment styles, which analyze relationships in yet another way. Proponents of attachment styles argue that styles developed in childhood continue influential throughout adulthood, influencing the roles people adopt in relationships.

In psychology, closure may refer to the state of experiencing an emotional conclusion to a difficult life event, such as the breakdown of a close interpersonal relationship or the death of loved one. ... Trust is the belief in the good character of one party, presumed to seek to fulfill policies, ethical codes, law and their previous promises. ... In social psychology, reciprocity refers to in-kind positive or negative responses of individuals towards the actions of others. ... Social exchange theory is a social psychological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Transference is a phenomenon in psychology characterized by unconscious redirection of feelings for one person to another. ... Equity theory. ... Social exchange theory is a social psychological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Look up autonomy, autonomous in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up connection, connected, connectivity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Openness to experience is a capacity within oneself to apprehend, absorb, and appreciate the world in its multitude of aspects and dimension. ... Attachment theory is a theory (or group of theories) about the psychological concept of attachment: the tendency to seek closeness to another person and feel secure when that person is present. ... Socionics (Russian: соционика) is a model of personality based on Carl Jungs work on Psychological Types, Freuds theory of the conscious and subconscious mind, and Antoni Kępińskis theory of information metabolism. ... The term compatibility has the following meanings: In telecommunication, the capability of two or more items or components of equipment or material to exist or function in the same system or environment without mutual interference. ... Psychological Types is the sixth volume in the Princeton/Bollingen edition of the Collected Works of Carl Jung. ...

See also

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Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Main list: List of basic relationship topics

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Basic topics in relationship include: // [edit] Nature of relationships Main article: Relationship [edit] Types of relationships Friendship Family Parenthood Intimate relationship Marriage Sexual relationship [edit] History of relationships Main article: History of relationships [edit] Basic relationship concepts Attachment – Bonding – Boyfriend – Cohabitation – Divorce – Friendship – Family – Girlfriend – Jealousy – Love – Marriage – Monogamy – Open... This article is about the act of adultery. ... For the change in vowel and consonant quality in Celtic languages, see Affection (linguistics). ... Alternatives To Marriage Project (AtMP) is an American non-profit organization. ... Concubinage refers to the state of a woman or youth in an ongoing, quasi-matrimonial relationship with a man of higher social status. ... Suitor redirects here. ... Not to be confused with Pity, Sympathy, or Compassion. ... Forms of activity and interpersonal relations in sociology can be described as follows: first and most basic are animal-like behaviors, i. ... Walt Whitman (seated) and Bill Duckett. ... The term human bond -- or, more generally, human bonding -- refers to the process or formation of a close personal relationship, as between a parent and child, especially through frequent or constant association. ... Interpersonal communication is the process of sending and receiving information or communication with another person. ... Faithfulness redirects here. ... Polyamory (from poly=multiple + amor=love) is the desire, practice, or acceptance of having more than one loving, intimate relationship at a time with the full knowledge and consent of everyone involved. ... In social anthropology and sociobiology, polyandry (Greek: poly- many, andros- man) means a female forming a sexual union with more than one male. ... Polygamy has been a feature of human culture since earliest history. ... Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a social group. ... Exogamy has two related definitions, both biological and cultural. ... In relationships, a single person is one that is not married, or, more broadly, that they are not in an exclusive romantic relationship. ... Social interaction is a dynamic, changing sequence of social actions between individuals (or groups) who modify their actions and reactions due to the actions by their interaction partner(s). ... Social rejection includes both interpersonal rejection or peer rejection, and romantic rejection. ... For the Drawn Together episode, see Terms of Endearment (Drawn Together episode). ...

References

  • Anthony Lauria: "Respeto, Relajo and Inter-Personal Relations in Puerto Rico". Anthropological Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 2 (Apr., 1964), pp. 53-67 doi:10.2307/3316848

Footnotes

  1. ^ Christian Bromberger, « Paraître en public », (" To appear in public") Terrain, Numéro 15 - Paraître en public (October 1990). URL : http://terrain.revues.org/document2978.html. Retrieved 2007-06-17.
  2. ^ Erving Goffman, (1967) Interaction Ritual p.56
  3. ^ Anthony Giddens, Sociology. Cambridge: Polity, 2001, page 173. ISBN 0-7456-2311-5
  4. ^ http://www.hearts-and-kisses.com/relationshipadvice-understanding-your-motivation.html

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Erving Goffman Erving Goffman (June 11, 1922 – November 19, 1982), was a sociologist and writer. ...

External links

  • "What are friends for?" - three-part article in UK Guardian newspaper

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