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Encyclopedia > Internet pornography

Internet pornography is pornography that is distributed via the Internet, primarily via websites, peer-to-peer file sharing, or Usenet newsgroups. While pornography had been traded over the Internet since the 1980s, it was the invention of the World Wide Web in 1991 as well as the opening of the Internet to the general public around the same time that led to an explosion in online pornography. Porn redirects here. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... A peer-to-peer (or P2P) computer network is a network that relies on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively few servers. ... File sharing is the activity of making files available to other users for download over the Internet, but also over smaller networks. ... Usenet (USEr NETwork) is a global, decentralized, distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP architecture of the same name. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (commonly shortened to the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


Like videotapes and DVDs, the Internet has proven popular for distributing pornography because it allows people to view pornography (essentially) anonymously in the comfort and privacy of their homes. It also allows access to pornography by people whose access is otherwise restricted for legal or social reasons. Bottom view of VHS videotape cassette with magnetic tape exposed Videotape is a means of recording images and sound onto magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...

An example of a pornographic website

Contents

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

History and methods of distribution

While pornography had seen limited distribution over the Internet in the 1980s, it was not until the Internet became more accessible to the general public that Internet pornography became a widespread phenomenon. The earliest online distribution of pornography consisted mainly of Internet users uploading scanned photos from adult magazines to Usenet newsgroups. This type of distribution was generally free (apart from fees for Internet access), and provided a great deal of anonymity. The anonymity made it safe and easy to ignore copyright restrictions, as well as protecting the identity of uploaders and downloaders. Around this timeframe, pornography was also distributed via pornographic Bulletin Board Systems such as Rusty n Edie's. These BBSes could charge users for access, leading to the first commercial online pornography (though not "internet pornography," since BBSes were not accessed via the internet). Pornographic magazines, sometimes known as adult magazines or sex magazines are magazines that contain content of a sexual nature, typically regarded as pornography. ... A newsgroup is a repository usually within the Usenet system, for messages posted from many users at different locations. ... Not to be confused with copywriting. ... “BBS” redirects here. ... A typical ASCII advertisement for Rusty n Edies BBS. Rusty n Edies BBS (Rusty-N-Edies) was a bulletin board system founded on May 11, 1987 by the two SysOps, Russ Hardenburgh and Edwina Hardenburgh, of Boardman, Ohio. ...


The invention of the World Wide Web spurred both commercial and non-commercial distribution of pornography. The rise of pornography websites offering photos, video clips and streaming media including live webcam access allowed greater access to pornography. WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (commonly shortened to the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ... Streaming media is multimedia that is continuously received by, and normally displayed to, the end-user while it is being delivered by the provider. ... A typical webcam A web camera (or webcam) is a real-time camera (usually, though not always, a video camera) whose images can be accessed using the World Wide Web, instant messaging, or a PC video calling application. ...


Free vs. commercial

On the Web, there are both commercial and free pornography sites. The bandwidth usage of a pornography site is relatively high, and the income a free site can earn through advertising may not be sufficient to cover the costs of that bandwidth. One recent entry into the free pornography website market are Thumbnail gallery post sites. These are free websites that post links to commercial sites, providing a sampling of the commercial site in the form of thumbnail images, or in the form of Free Hosted Galleries—samplings of full-sized content provided and hosted by the commercial sites to promote their site. Some free websites primarily serve as portals by keeping up-to-date indexes of these smaller sampler sites. When a user purchases a subscription to a commercial site after clicking through from a free thumbnail gallery site, the commercial site makes a payment to the owner of the free site. There are several forms of sites delivering adult content[1]. A Thumbnail Gallery Post (abbreviated TGP) is a common type of ad-driven website that provides links to free Internet pornography. ... The ThumbsPlus image file manager showing folder tree in the upper left and 12 thumbnail-size images to the right. ... Free Hosted Galleries are pages of sample content (usually pornography) that are provided at no charge to Thumbnail Gallery Post (TGP) websites. ... For information regarding portals on Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Portal. ...


TGP

Most common form of adult content is actually a categorized list (more often it's a table) of small pictures (so called "thumbs") linked to galleries. These sites are called a TGP (Thumbnailed Gallery Post), as a rule, these sites sort thumbs by category and type of content available on a linked gallery. Actually TGP is a site that contains table of thumbs that lead to galleries that provide adult content in a form of pictures, but because of significantly increased bandwidth of internet users, many of galleries provide materials in a form of video. Sites containing thumbs that lead to galleries with video content are actually called MGP(Movie Gallery Post). The main benefit of TGP/MGP is that surfer can get first impression of a content provided by gallery without actually visiting it. The most abusive form of TGP is a so called CJ, that contains links that mislead surfer to sites he or she actually didn't wish to see. A Thumbnail Gallery Post (abbreviated TGP) is a common type of ad-driven website that provides links to free Internet pornography. ... A Thumbnail Gallery Post (abbreviated TGP) is a common type of ad-driven website that provides links to free Internet pornography. ... A Thumbnail Gallery Post (abbreviated TGP) is a common type of ad-driven website that provides links to free Internet pornography. ... A Thumbnail Gallery Post (abbreviated TGP) is a common type of ad-driven website that provides links to free Internet pornography. ... A Thumbnail Gallery Post (abbreviated TGP) is a common type of ad-driven website that provides links to free Internet pornography. ...


LinkLists

It seems that it was the first web form of free adult content providers, because of low bandwidth requirements, linklists unlike TGP/MGP sites do not list a huge amount of pictures. LinkList is a (frequently)categorised web list of links to so called "freesites*", but unlike TGP links are provided in a form of text, not thumbs. It's still a question which form is more descriptive to a surfer, but many webmasters trends that thumb for is more productive, and simplifies searching. On the other hand, LinkLists have large amount of unique text, so that helps them to improve their positions in search engine's listings. A Thumbnail Gallery Post (abbreviated TGP) is a common type of ad-driven website that provides links to free Internet pornography. ... A Thumbnail Gallery Post (abbreviated TGP) is a common type of ad-driven website that provides links to free Internet pornography. ...


TopLists

Actually TopLists are the same LinkLists, but internal ranking of freesites is based on incoming traffic from that freesites. Except that, freesites designed for TopLists have much more galleries.


Another free source of pornography on the Internet are the Usenet newsgroups that were the first home to such material. Newsgroups tend to be poorly organized and flooded with content that is off-topic or spam. Commercial software and websites are available that allow browsing the images or videos on newsgroups, sometimes with galleries of thumbnail images. Usenet (USEr NETwork) is a global, decentralized, distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP architecture of the same name. ... A contribution is on-topic if it is within the bounds of the current discussion, article, etc. ... This article is about electronic spam. ...


Peer-to-peer

Peer-to-peer file sharing networks provide another form of free access to pornography. While such networks have been associated largely with the illegal sharing of copyrighted music and movies, the sharing of pornography has also been a popular use for file sharing. Many commercial sites have recognized this trend and have begun distributing free samples of their content on peer-to-peer networks. A peer-to-peer (or P2P) computer network is a network that relies on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively few servers. ...


Empornium was one of the first BitTorrent web sites founded on the sharing of pornographic media files. In July 2006, as a result of the TargetPoint buyout of Empornium, a splinter group of administrators launched Cheggit. [2] This article is about the protocol. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Internet pornography formats

Image files

Image files, particularly of the JPEG format, are one of the most common formats for distributing pornography. Images may be either scanned into the computer from photographs or magazines, produced with a digital camera, or a frame from a video. JPG redirects here. ... In film, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture. ...


Video files and streaming video

Video files formats such as MPEG, WMV, and QuickTime have been used to distribute pornographic video clips. More recently VCD and DVD image files allow distribution of whole VCDs and DVDs. Many commercial porn sites exist that allow one to view pornographic streaming video. Recently (mid-2006), some Internet pornography sites have begun offering High Definition Video content in WMV HD format. The is a working group of ISO/IEC charged with the development of video and audio encoding standards. ... Windows Media Video (WMV) is a generic name for the set of video codec technologies developed by Microsoft. ... QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... VCD redirects here. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into High-definition television. ... Windows Media Video High Definition (WMV HD) is the marketing name for high definition videos encoded using Microsoft Windows Media Video 9 codecs. ...


Since mid-2006, advertising-supported free pornographic video hosting service websites based on the YouTube concept have appeared. Referred to as Porn 2.0, these sites generally use Flash technology to distribute videos that were uploaded by users; these include user-generated content as well as scenes from commercial porn movies and advertising clips from pornographic websites. Major contenders are PornoTube and YouPorn; in September 2007 Alexa's list contained the latter as the highest-ranked pornography website, belonging to the top-50 websites overall. A video hosting service allows individuals to upload video clips to an Internet website. ... YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. ... Porn 2. ... Adobe Flash, or simply Flash, refers to both the Adobe Flash Player, and to the Adobe Flash Professional multimedia authoring program. ... User-generated content (UGC), also known as Consumer Generated Media or User-created Content (UCC) [1], refers to various kinds of media content that are produced by end-users, (as opposed to traditional media producers such as professional writers, publishers, journalists, licensed broadcasters and production companies). ... PornoTube logo. ... YouPorn is a free pornographic video sharing website. ... Alexa Internet, Inc. ...


Webcams

Another format of adult content that emerged with the advent of the Internet is live webcams. It is unique as compared to images and movies in that it did not exist before the Internet, and there is no offline equivalent. Webcam content can generally be divided into two categories: group shows offered to members of an adult paysite, and 1-on-1 private sessions usually sold on a pay-per-view basis. Currently the most popular video format for streaming live webcams is Flash Video FLV. A web camera (or webcam) is a real time camera whose images can be accessed using the World Wide Web, instant messaging, or a PC video calling application. ... FLV (Flash Video) is a proprietary file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player (formerly known as Macromedia Flash Player) version 6, 7, 8, or 9. ...


Other formats

Other formats include text and audio files. While pornographic and erotic stories, distributed as text files, web pages, and via message boards and newsgroups, have been semi-popular, audio porn, via formats like MP3 and FLV, have seen only very limited distribution. Audio porn can include recordings of people having sex or reading erotic stories. Pornographic magazines are available in Zinio format, which provides a reader program to enable access. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Plain text. ... For other uses, see MP3 (disambiguation). ... FLV (Flash Video) is a proprietary file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player (formerly known as Macromedia Flash Player) version 6, 7, 8, or 9. ... Zinio is a company providing digital magazine distribution. ...


Legal status

A standard legal warning to minors seen on most adult websites

Since the Internet is an international network and there are currently no international laws regulating pornography, each country deals with Internet pornography differently. Generally, in the United States, if the act depicted in the pornographic content is legal in the jurisdiction that it is being distributed from then the distributor of such content would not be in violation of the law regardless of whether it is accessible in countries where it is illegal. This does not apply to those who access the pornography, however, as they could still be prosecuted under local laws in their country. Due to enforcement problems in anti-pornography laws over the Internet, countries that prohibit or heavily restrict access to pornography have taken other approaches to limit access by their citizens, such as employing content filters. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Image File history File links A screenshot of the warning page from XXX.com. ... Image File history File links A screenshot of the warning page from XXX.com. ... Due to the international nature of the Internet, Internet pornography carries with it special www. ...


Many activists and politicians have expressed concern over the easy availability of Internet pornography, especially by minors. This has led to a variety of attempts to restrict children's access to Internet pornography such as the 1996 Communications Decency Act in the United States. Some companies use an Adult Verification System (AVS) to deny access to pornography by minors. However, most Adult Verification Systems charge fees that are substantially higher than the actual costs of any verification they do (for example, in excess of $10/month) and are really part of a revenue collection scheme where sites encourage users to sign up for an AVS system, and get a percentage of the proceeds in return. The Communications Decency Act (CDA) was arguably the first attempt by the United States Congress to regulate pornographic material on the Internet, in response to public concerns in 1996. ... An Adult Verification System is a computing system used by a website to confirm that the user attempting to access their website is of the age required (usually by law) to view the websites content, which could include sex, nudity, violence or profanity. ...


Most employers have distinct policies against the accessing of any kind of online pornographic material from company computers, in addition to which some have also installed comprehensive filters and logging software in their local computer networks. Policy violations can result in employee reprimands or termination. Computer networks may be classified according to the network layer at which they operate according to some basic reference models that are considered to be standards in the industry such as the seven layer OSI reference model and the four layer Internet Protocol Suite model. ...


One area of Internet pornography that has been the target of the strongest efforts at curtailment is child pornography. Because of this, most Internet pornography websites based in the U.S. have a notice on their front page that they comply with 18 USC Section 2257, which requires the keeping of records regarding the age of the people depicted in photographs, along with displaying the Name of the company record keeper. Some site operators outside the U.S. have begun to include this compliance statement on their websites as well. Child pornography refers to pornographic material depicting children. ... ...


Porn-blocking Web filters

A variety of content-control software is available to block pornography and other classifications of material from particular computers or (usually company-owned) networks. Commercially available Web filters include Bess, Net Nanny, SeeNoEvil, and others. Various work-arounds and bypasses are available for these products; Peacefire is one of the more notable clearinghouses for such countermeasures. DansGuardian blocking whitehouse. ... Bess is a brand of content-control software made by Secure Computing Corporation, which acquired maker N2H2 in 2003; it is usually used in libraries and schools. ... Peacefire. ...


One laptop per child project

On July 20, 2007, Reuters reported on a minor scandal when the News Agency of Nigeria claimed that several units of XO-1 seen by its reporters had been used to navigate pornographic websites. In response, the OLPC program decided upon the inclusion of mandatory filtering on future models[3] is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Porn redirects here. ...


See also

Porn redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ Article 'Adult on Web' - Jun. 5, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-07-28.
  2. ^ Targetpoint, Empornium saga. Retrieved on 2007-09-26.
  3. ^ Pupils browse porn on donated laptops.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Straight Dope: How much of all Internet traffic is pornography?
  • Internet Porn Wiki Comprehensive Guide to Internet Porn Actors and Sites
  • "Purveyors of porn scramble to keep up with Internet", USA Today, <http://www.usatoday.com/tech/techinvestor/industry/2007-06-05-internet-porn_N.htm>

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pornography has its benefits - On Line Opinion - 29/9/2006 (1039 words)
If we were to stop for a moment and take the time to properly assess the community impact of internet pornography, it would soon become clear that internet pornography is not the height of evil which do-gooder parliamentarians and parental groups profess.
Professor D’amato explains that the Internet is now the predominant way in which people access pornography, noting that purveyors of internet pornography in the US earn an annual income exceeding the total of the major media networks in the country.
According to Professor D’amato, the four US states with the lowest internet access had the highest increase in rape incidents (53 per cent increase) between 1980 and 2004, whereas the four states with the highest internet access, experienced the largest decrease in rape incidents (27 per cent decrease).
Internet Porn: Worse Than Crack? (844 words)
Internet pornography is the new crack cocaine, leading to addiction, misogyny, pedophilia, boob jobs and erectile dysfunction, according to clinicians and researchers testifying before a Senate committee Thursday.
Pornography addicts have a more difficult time recovering from their addiction than cocaine addicts, since coke users can get the drug out of their system, but pornographic images stay in the brain forever, Layden said.
The internet is dangerous because it removes the inefficiency in the delivery of pornography, making porn much more ubiquitous than in the days when guys in trench coats would sell nudie postcards, Satinover said.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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