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Encyclopedia > International waters
International Ownership Treaties
Antarctic Treaty System
Law of the Sea
Outer Space Treaty
Moon Treaty
International waters
Extraterrestrial real estate

The terms international waters or trans-boundary waters apply where any of the following types of bodies of water (or their drainage basins) transcend international boundaries: oceans, large marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed regional seas and estuaries, rivers, lakes, groundwater systems (aquifers), and wetlands [1]. UN and U.N. redirect here. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only continent without a native population. ... United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Opened for signature December 10, 1982 in Montego Bay (Jamaica) Entered into force November 16, 1994[1] Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications Parties 149[2] For maritime law in general see Admiralty law. ... // The Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies also known as the Outer Space Treaty (the Treaty), was opened for signature in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union (the three...  signed and ratified  only signed The Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, better known as the Moon Treaty or Moon Agreement is an international treaty that turns jurisdiction of all heavenly bodies (including the orbits around such bodies) over to the international community. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Animated map exhibiting the worlds oceanic waters. ... Marine ecosystems are part of the earths aquatic ecosystem. ... This article is about the body of water. ... An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water which has a free connection with the open sea and within which sea water mixes with fresh water. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lake (disambiguation). ... Missing main definition------ someone add if you know it please. ... An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, or permeable mixtures of unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) (see also groundwater). ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ...


Oceans and seas, waters outside of national jurisdiction are also referred to as the High Seas or Mare liberum.


Ships sailing the high seas are generally under flag state jurisdiction. In the cases of piracy or slave trade, any nation can exercise jurisdiction. This article is about maritime piracy. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Contents

International waterways

Sea areas in international rights
Sea areas in international rights

Several international treaties have established freedom of navigation on semi-enclosed seas. Image File history File links Zonmar-en. ... Image File history File links Zonmar-en. ... Freedom of the Seas is a Royal Caribbean cruise ship. ...

Other international treaties have opened up rivers, which are not traditiobaly international waterways. The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Denmark (red) / south Sweden (yellow), connected with the Oresund Bridge. ... The Danish straits are the three channels connecting the Baltic sea to the North Sea through the Kattegat and Skagerrak. ... I LOVE BORAT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Two bridges cross the Bosporus. ... Map of the Dardanelles The Dardanelles (Turkish: Çanakkale Boğazı, Greek: Δαρδανέλλια, Dardanellia), formerly known as the Hellespont (Greek: Eλλήσποντος, Hellespontos), is a narrow strait in northwestern Turkey connecting the Aegean Sea to the Sea of Marmara. ... Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Turkish Straits was a 1936 agreement that gives Turkey control over the Bosporus and the Dardanelles. ...

  • The Danube River has been internationalized so that landlocked Austria, Hungary and Czechoslovakia; and southern Germany (Germany itself is not landlocked, having access to bothe the North Sea and Baltic Sea) could have secure access to the Black Sea.

Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ...

Links and References

International Waters Agreements

Global Agreements

This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972, commonly called the London Convention or LC 72 and also abbreviated as Marine Dumping, is an agreement to control pollution of the sea by dumping and to encourage regional agreements supplementary to the Convention. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Ship Pollution is an abbreviated form of the Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973. ... United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Opened for signature December 10, 1982 in Montego Bay (Jamaica) Entered into force November 16, 1994[1] Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications Parties 153[2] The term United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS, also called simply... The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i. ... The Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty that was adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. ...

Regional Agreements

At least ten conventions are included within the Regional Seas Program of UNEP, including: Klaus Töpfer, UNEP Exec. ...

  1. the Atlantic Coast of West and Central Africa (Abidjan Convention, 1984);
  2. the North-East Pacific (Antigua Convention);
  3. the Mediterranean (Barcelona Convention);
  4. the wider Caribbean (Cartagena Convention);
  5. the South-East Pacific (Lima Convention, 1986);
  6. the South Pacific (Noumea Convention);
  7. the East African seaboard (Nairobi Convention, 1985);
  8. the Kuwait region (Kuwait Convention);
  9. the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden (Jeddah Convention).

Addressing regional freshwater issues is the 1992 Helsinki Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (UNECE/Helsinki Water Convention) “Atlantic” redirects here. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... The 1976 Barcelona Convention for Protection against Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea is a regional convention to prevent and abate pollution from ships, aircraft and land based sources in the Mediterranean Sea. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... “Pacific” redirects here. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Gulf of Aden in 1860 The Gulf of Aden (Arabic: خليج عدن; transliterated: Khalyj Adan) is located in the Indian Ocean between Yemen on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula and Somalia in Africa. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE or ECE) was established in 1947 to encourage economic cooperation among its member states. ...


Waterbody-Specific Agreements

The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... Lake Tanganyika is a large lake in central Africa (3° 20 to 8° 48 South and from 29° 5 to 31° 15 East). ...

International Waters Institutions

Freshwater Institutions

UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... The International Joint Commission is an independent binational organization established by the United States and Canada under the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909. ... The International Water Management Institute is located in Battaramulla, Sri Lanka, and is a Future Harvet Centre of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

Marine Institutions

Headquarters of the International Maritime Organisation in Lambeth, adjacent to the east end of Lambeth Bridge Headquarters building taken from the west side of the Thames Headquartered in London, U.K., the International Maritime Organization (IMO) promotes cooperation among governments and the shipping industry to improve maritime safety and to... Klaus Töpfer, UNEP Exec. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission was established by resolution 2. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

International Waters Resources on the Web

  • Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law Peace Palace Library
  • The GEF International Waters Resource Centre (GEF IWRC)
  • The Integrated Management of Transboundary Waters in Europe (TransCat)
  • The International Water Law Project
  • The International Water Resources Association (IWRA)
  • FAO
    • Ocean Atlas
    • Transboundary Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) article
    • OneFish fisheries research portal
    • Regional Fisheries Bodies of the World portal
  • The UNDP-GEF article describing international waters,[4] from which this article has been adapted.
  • UNEP freshwater thematic portal on transboundary waters
  • UNESCO thematic portals for oceans, water, coasts and small islands
  • WaterWiki: A new Wiki-based on-line knowledge map and collaboration tool for Water-practitioners in the Europe & CIS region

The Global Environment Facility (GEF), established by donor governments in 1991 to pre-empt politically more radically alternative models of conservation finance proposed at the Rio Earth Summit, helps developing countries fund projects and programs that are claimed to protect the global environment. ... Possible meanings: Faro Airport (Portugal) Federation of Astrobiology Organizations Financial Aid Office Food and Agriculture Organization This page expands a three-character combination which might be any or all of: an abbreviation, an acronym, an initialism, a word in English, or a word in another language. ... The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the largest multilateral source of grant technical assistance in the world. ... The Global Environment Facility (GEF), established by donor governments in 1991 to pre-empt politically more radically alternative models of conservation finance proposed at the Rio Earth Summit, helps developing countries fund projects and programs that are claimed to protect the global environment. ... Klaus Töpfer, UNEP Exec. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
UNDP/GEF (364 words)
Marine and freshwater systems, including surface waters and groundwater, constitute the world's water resources, which provide drinking water, sustenance, income, transportation routes and other amenities to a majority of the human population.
Much of the earth's water resources is shared by two or more countries (e.g., 261 international river basins comprise 45% of the earth's total land area; 70% of the world's 50 large marine ecosystems, where 95% of the world's fish are caught).
Within the GEF context, the term "international waters" refers to the following: oceans, large marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed seas and estuaries, in addition to rivers, lakes, groundwater systems, and wetlands with drainage basins that overlap or share borders.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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