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Encyclopedia > International Solidarity Movement
The neutrality of this article is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

The International Solidarity Movement (ISM) was founded in 2001 by Ghassan Andoni, a Palestinian activist; and Neta Golan, an Israeli activist. Huwaida Arraf, a Palestinian-American; and Adam Shapiro, a Jewish-American; joined the movement in the summer of 2002. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... A Trade Union (Labour union) ... is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ... Solidarity (Polish:  ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity — Niezależny SamorzÄ…dny ZwiÄ…zek Zawodowy Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the Lenin Shipyards, and originally led by Lech WaÅ‚Ä™sa. ... Ghassan Andoni (b. ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... Huwaida Arraf, born in Detroit, Michigan, is a co-founder of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM), a pro-Palestinian organization, the stated mission of which is to resist the Israeli occupation using nonviolent tactics, but which is regarded by some as condoning terrorism, a charge ISM vigorously denies. ... Adam Shapiro is a co-founder of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM), a pro-Palestinian organization, whose main mission is to resist the Israeli occupation using nonviolent tactics. ...


The organisation recruits civilians from around the world to participate in acts of non-violent protests against the Israeli military in the West Bank and previously the Gaza Strip. The group has attracted criticism, as well as praise for its methods. Nonviolence (or non-violence) can be both a political strategy or moral philosophy that rejects the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political change. ...

Contents

Goals

ISM calls the Israeli occupation of Palestinian land the main obstacle to peaceful resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The group states four goals:

  • To report the conditions under which Palestinians live and to protect them from physical violence by Israeli soldiers and settlers in alliance with Palestinian peace activists and through "creative resistance" efforts.
  • To pressure international news media to provide coverage of "the illegality and brutality of the Occupation" in an effort to change public opinion regarding Israel's non-compliance with international law and U.S. foreign aid to Israel.
  • To recruit volunteers from other nations to participate in non-violent resistance to the Israeli military occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
  • To establish divestment campaigns in the U.S. and Europe to put economic pressure on Israel in the same manner that international sanctions were applied against South Africa during the Apartheid era.

International law (also called public international law to distinguish from private international law, i. ... In finance and economics, divestment or divestiture is the reduction of some kind of asset, for either financial or social goals. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ...

Tactics

Past ISM campaigns have used the following tactics:

  • Acting as human shields to deter military operations. Some ISM volunteers object to the use of the term human shield to describe their work because, they argue, in a Palestinian context the expression more usually refers to forced use of captive Palestinians by the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) when searching Palestinian neighbourhoods.
  • Accompanying Palestinians to minimize alleged harassment by Israeli settlers or soldiers, for example ensuring that queues at Israeli checkpoints are processed efficiently and providing witnesses and intermediaries during annual olive harvests, which they say are often disrupted by settlers.
  • Removing roadblocks. These are large unmanned mounds of earth and concrete on roads throughout the West Bank, and sometimes placed at the entrances of Palestinian villages by the IDF, thereby isolating those villages' inhabitants.
  • Violating Israeli curfew orders enforced on Palestinian areas.
  • Interfering with the construction of the West Bank barrier and damaging the barrier.
  • Entering areas designated as "closed military zones" by the Israeli military. The latter is not really a 'strategy', but a prerequisite for ISM being able to conduct many of the above activities. Confronting Israeli soldiers is a constant activity of the ISM recruits.

Human shield is a military and political term describing the presence of civilians in or around combat targets to deter an enemy from attacking those targets. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces... A Caterpillar D10N bulldozer at work A bulldozer is a very powerful crawler (caterpillar tracked tractor) equipped with a blade. ... A curfew can be one of the following: An order by the government for certain persons to return home daily before a certain time. ... The barrier route as of May 2005. ...

Noteworthy ISM events

This article is about the Palestinian leader. ... Ramallah (Arabic:  ) is a Palestinian city in the West Bank of approximately 57,000 residents. ... View of The Church of the Nativity from Manger Square The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem is one of the oldest continuously operating churches in the world. ... Bethlehem (Arabic بيت لحم   house of meat; Standard Hebrew בית לחם house of bread, Bet léḥem / Bet láḥem; Tiberian Hebrew Bêṯ léḥem / Bêṯ lāḥem; Greek: Βηθλεέμ) is a city in the West Bank under Palestinian Authority considered a central hub of Palestinian cultural and tourism industries. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Beit Jala (Arabic:, (help· info), Hebrew; Gilo, possibly from Aramaic grass carpet) is a small town in Palestine. ... Leila Sansour is the founder and Chief Executive Officer of Open Bethlehem, a non-governmental foundation established to promote and protect the life and heritage of the city of Bethlehem. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rachel Corrie Rachel Corrie (April 10, 1979 – March 16, 2003) was an American member of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM) who traveled as an activist to the Gaza Strip during the Al-Aqsa Intifada. ... A Caterpillar D10N bulldozer at work A bulldozer is a very powerful crawler (caterpillar tracked tractor) equipped with a blade. ... For information on the Polish trade union, see Solidarity. ... April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (96th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Brian Avery (born 1979) is a former volunteer for the International Solidarity Movement (ISM), who was injured in the face on April 5, 2003 while working for the ISM in the West Bank town of Jenin. ... Image:APCTalha. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas Tom Hurndall (November 29, 1981 - January 13, 2004) was a British photographer and member of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM) and an activist against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories. On April 11, 2003, he was shot in the head by an Israeli Defence Force (IDF) soldier and... Brain death is defined as a complete and irreversible cessation of brain activity. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Svend Robinson Svend Johannes Robinson (born March 4, 1952) is a Canadian politician and prominent activist for gay rights. ... The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique in French) is a political party in Canada with a social democratic philosophy that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ... The Parliament of Canada (French: Parlement du Canada) is Canadas legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. ... Ghassan Andoni (b. ... The Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD) describes itself as a non-violent, direct-action group originally established to oppose and resist Israeli demolition of Palestinian houses in the Occupied Territories. ... The Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD) is a non-violent, direct-action group originally established to oppose and resist Israeli demolition of Palestinian houses in the Occupied Territories. ... American Friends Service Committee logo The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) is a Religious Society of Friends (Quaker) affiliated organization which works for social justice, peace and reconciliation, abolition of the death penalty, and human rights, and provides humanitarian relief. ...

Controversies regarding the ISM

Funding

According to the ISM's website, "International volunteers who join the ISM are responsible for paying their own way and covering all their expenses in Palestine. The ISM does not receive any funding from any state, government or association. We rely on donations from average people all over the world that support peace and the Palestinian struggle for freedom." [[3]]


However, according to an Israeli senior security government source, the International Solidarity Movement receives funds from both the Palestinian Authority and Hamas.[3] [4] The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... Hamas (Arabic: ‎; acronym: Arabic: ‎, or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement; the Arabic acronym means zeal) is a Palestinian Sunni Islamist organization that currently (since January 2006) forms the majority party of the Palestinian National Authority. ...


ISM's position on violence

The ISM's website describes the organization as a "non-violent movement". The website also says "As enshrined in international law and UN resolutions, we recognise the Palestinian right to resist Israeli violence and occupation via legitimate armed struggle. However, we believe that nonviolence can be a powerful weapon in fighting oppression and we are committed to the principles of nonviolent resistance." This has led some to question the organisation's commitment to non-violence. For example an article in the UK's Telegraph newspaper asserts that ISM is "the 'peace' group that embraces violence".[4] ISM disputes the accusations (see ISM links below). International law (also called public international law to distinguish from private international law, i. ...


According to a 2003 profile of ISM cofounder Adam Shapiro in the Jordan Star, Shapiro "justifies the Palestinian armed resistance against Israel as long as it is targeting Israeli soldiers and Jewish settlers in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Otherwise, he is not in favor of suicide bombings."[5]


ISM cofounder George Rishmawi has argued that suicide bombing is a response to the suffering caused by the Israeli occupation:

You are mistaken my friend. I am sorry to tell you this but you are. Well, When did the suicide bombing start? When did the occupation of the west Bank and Gaza started? When did the aggression against the Palestinian started?
You need to know the source of the conflict and the source of the suffering that pushes people to kill themselves and others.
I do not want to see anybody killed but we need to say that taking people's rights and freedom is the source of the problem and when this stops there should be not need for anymore killing. This is what we should advocate for it right now.[6] [7]

Various sources attribute to ISM the statement that suicide bombing is "noble".[8][9][10] This assertion appears to arise from an article entitled "Why Nonviolent Resistance is Important for the Palestinian Intifada", in which Huwaida Arraf and Adam Shapiro state:

The Geneva Conventions accept that armed resistance is legitimate for an occupied people, and there is no doubt that this right cannot be denied. But that does not mean that this right must be utilized... Hamas claims it has many men ready to be suicide bombers – we advocate that these men offer themselves as martyrs by standing on a settler road and blocking it from traffic. This is no less of a jihad. This is no less noble than carrying out a suicide operation...
The Palestinian resistance must take on a variety of characteristics, both non-violent and violent. But most importantly it must develop a strategy involving both aspects. No other successful nonviolent movement was able to achieve what it did without a concurrent violent movement – in India militants attacked British outposts and interests while Gandhi conducted his campaign, while the Black Panther Movement and its earlier incarnations existed side-by-side with the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.

Development of the Geneva Conventions from 1864 to 1949. ...

The ISM and the Mike's Place bombing

ISM has been accused of being linked to the suicide bombers that attacked the Mike's Place bar in Tel Aviv on April 30, 2003, killing three people. A suicide bombing is a bomb attack on people or property, committed by a person who knows the explosion will cause his or her own death in addition to the attacks primary purpose (see suicide, suicide weapons). ... Mikes Place is the shared name of two bars in Israel that are popular with expats, and before the rise of the second intifada, frequented by people of all religions and ethnicities, as well. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There are two primary sources behind this accusation. The first is an article that appeared in a May 2, 2003 article in the British newspaper The Guardian under the heading "Bombers posed as peace activists".[11] In a January 17, 2004 article in CNN's world edition,[12] which included parts of an interview with ISM volunteer Raphael Cohen, Cohen stated that the two bombers were among a group of about 15 people who visited an International Solidarity Movement apartment in Rafah, Gaza, on April 25, 2003. According to Cohen, after spending about 15 minutes in the apartment with the bombers, he, his colleagues and the 15 visitors (including the bombers), went to the site where Rachel Corrie was killed and placed a flower there. Following this, Cohen stated, the people "that visited us [then] went their own way." May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Rafah (Arabic: رفح Hebrew: רפיח) is a town in the Gaza Strip, on the Egyptian border, and a nearby town on the Egyptian side of the border, on the Sinai Peninsula. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... Rachel Corrie Rachel Corrie (April 10, 1979 – March 16, 2003) was an American member of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM) who traveled as an activist to the Gaza Strip during the Al-Aqsa Intifada. ...


The second source is a press release issued by the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs[13] which states "The two terrorists were careful to establish their presence in Judea and Samaria by forging links with foreign left wing activists and members of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM)". The release makes various other negative claims about ISM, but this is the only reference to the group in relation to the Mike's Place bombing. However, ISM states that the two did not contact ISM in the West Bank (Judea and Samaria) at all (see ISM press releases below).


In the wake of the bombing, the ISM issued two press releases: ISM Statement on Recent Bombings in Tel Aviv and ISM Demands Israeli Retraction and Apology Over Mike's Place Bombing.


Tom Hurndall

After the fatal shooting of ISM volunteer Tom Hurndall by an IDF soldier, IDF sources initially claimed that "at the time of his injury, Tom Hurndall was armed, wearing tiger fatigues, and shooting at an Israeli Defense Force outpost, taking cover behind a nearby building between shots." This was considerably at odds with the ISM's account, in which Hurndall was unarmed, dressed in the bright orange jacket of the International Solidarity Movement, and steering two Palestinian children away from a firing Israeli tank-mounted machine gun.[14] Tom Hurndall, 1981-2004 Thomas Tom Hurndall (November 29, 1981 - January 13, 2004) was a British photographer and member of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM) and an activist against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories. ...


Subsequently IDF Sergeant Idier Wahid Taysir, a Bedouin scout, admitted to fabricating his account of events. On 10 May 2004, Taysir's trial commenced on one charge of manslaughter in the death of Tom Hurndall, two counts of obstruction of justice, one count each of submitting false testimony, obtaining false testimony, and unbecoming behaviour. Hurndall's family are currently (August 2004) pressing for a murder charge through the Israeli courts.[15] May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


ISM statement on the killing of Tom Hurndall


In August 2005 Sgt. Taysir was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to a total of 8 years imprisonment, 7 years for the manslaughter of Hurndall and 1 year for obstruction of justice.


Militant in the Building

On March 27, 2003, Shadi Sukiya, who, according to Israel, was a senior Islamic Jihad member and participated in a number of thwarted armed attacks attacks,[16][17] was arrested in a building in Jenin where the ISM, the Red Cross, and Médecins Sans Frontières rent offices. See the Shadi Sukiya page for more details. March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shadi Sukiya is a Palestinian who was captured by the Israeli Defence Force in Jenin on March 27, 2003. ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ... It has been suggested that Anem be merged into this article or section. ... The Anarchist Black Cross was originally called the Anarchist Red Cross. The band Redd Kross was originally called Red Cross. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Médecins Sans Frontières ( (help· info)) (English: Doctors Without Borders) is a secular humanitarian-aid non-governmental organisation best known for its projects in war-torn regions and developing countries facing endemic disease. ... Shadi Sukiya is a Palestinian who was captured by the Israeli Defence Force in Jenin on March 27, 2003. ...


A poster giving his name as "ISM - TOOLS OF TERROR AND LEGITIMATE TARGETS" on the open-publishing Indymedia UK website states that ISM member Susan Barclay was deported from Israel for allegedly giving "safe house" assistance to Islamic Jihad militant Shadi Sukiya by hiding him in the ISM office in Jenin. [18]. It was subsequently pointed out that Susan Barclay was in the United States at the time of Sukiya's arrest. The Israel Defence Force and the Associated Press were later forced to issue retractions of earlier reports that firearms were found in the ISM apartment. A full account of this incident is given in an article on San Francisco Indymedia [19].


In an interview with the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Ms. Barclay "acknowledged that in organizing a non-violent February march on an Israel-imposed gate that divided eastern and western Nablus, she worked with civilian representatives from [Hamas and Islamic Jihad]", both of which are on the U.S. State Department's list of foreign terrorist organizations.[20] The daily Seattle Post-Intelligencer is the second leading newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. ...


Advice on how to enter the Gaza and the West Bank

Access to Gaza and the West Bank has been controlled by Israel, and it is Israeli policy to deny access to ISM activists. ISM volunteers can only gain access to the occupied territories by deceiving Israeli border officials. In 2003 Israel's Foreign Ministry’s Information Chief Gideon Meir pointed out precise instructions on its website on how to hoodwink Israeli border officials. "… you have to have a really good story about why you are coming, and must not mention anything about ISM or knowing, liking or planning to visit Palestinians," the website advises. "You must play it as though your visit is for other Israel-based reasons, like tourism, religion, visiting an Israeli friend, etc. So do a little research and put together a story... For example, if you say you are visiting a friend in Jerusalem, you should have the name and phone number of a real Israeli person…" Until late January of 2005 the ISM website's FAQ section had as a response to the question "On your web-site, you give advice to volunteers on how to lie to the Israeli authorities so you can get into the country and the occupied areas. Why tell lies?" the justification that "Under both Israeli and International law, we should have the right, as international observers, to visit both Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories."[21][22] The explicit advice on how to lie to Israeli officials, and the justification for doing so, have since been removed from the website, though the group's Information Pack still advises activists to "have a good story prepared about why you are coming to ISRAEL" and to "have a good story when you arrive."


Rachel Corrie

Main article: Rachel Corrie
ISM photograph of Corrie hours before her death, protesting in front of an IDF Caterpillar D9 bulldozer. Photo by Joseph Smith (ISM handout)
ISM photograph of Corrie hours before her death, protesting in front of an IDF Caterpillar D9 bulldozer. Photo by Joseph Smith (ISM handout)

Controversy surrounds the circumstances of ISM volunteer Rachel Corrie's death. She was killed as she attempted to block an Israel Defense Forces (IDF) bulldozer conducting military operations in Rafah in the Gaza Strip on March 16, 2003. An internal IDF investigation concluded that Corrie's death was an accident but ISM eyewitnesses vehemently dispute this account, contending that the bulldozer driver deliberately struck Corrie as she was protesting in plain view. The activities of the bulldozer she was blocking are also subject to disagreement - ISM claim it was preparing to demolish the home of a Palestinian pharmacist. Other accounts claimed the bulldozer was not near a house but was removing shrubbery covering an arms smuggling tunnel - according to an article in Mother Jones magazine,[23] hotly disputed by the ISM, Israeli authorities claimed that the crew's assignment was to sweep the area for booby traps planted by militants.[24] The IDF itself has never explicitly claimed that the house contained a tunnel and no tunnels or booby traps were found when the home was eventually demolished 9 months later or at any time prior to its demolition. Rachel Corrie Rachel Corrie (April 10, 1979 – March 16, 2003) was an American member of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM) who traveled as an activist to the Gaza Strip during the Al-Aqsa Intifada. ... See Rachel Corrie Copyright Used under the GFDL License. ... See Rachel Corrie Copyright Used under the GFDL License. ... An armored Caterpillar D9 bulldozer used by the IDF. Armored bulldozers are a standard tool of combat engineering battalions, and the Israeli Defence Forces has gained notoriety for their use of armored bulldozers for urban warfare in the Al-Aqsa Intifada. ... Joe Carr. ... Ism can be Interstellar medium A suffix -ism. ... Rachel Corrie Rachel Corrie (April 10, 1979 – March 16, 2003) was an American member of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM) who traveled as an activist to the Gaza Strip during the Al-Aqsa Intifada. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: ‎  , [Army] Force for the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated with the Hebrew acronym צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels military forces, comprising the Israeli Army, the Israeli Air Force and the Israeli Sea Corps. ... A Caterpillar D10N bulldozer at work A bulldozer is a very powerful crawler (caterpillar tracked tractor) equipped with a blade. ... Rafah (Arabic: رفح Hebrew: רפיח) is a town in the Gaza Strip, on the Egyptian border, and a nearby town on the Egyptian side of the border, on the Sinai Peninsula. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces...


Shortly after Corrie's death, the ISM placed photographs on a website which it claimed showed the events leading up to Corrie's death. AP, Reuters, and many Internet discussion pages reported that the photographs showed two (perhaps three) different bulldozers and inconsistent pictures of the sun's movement across the skies. The ISM then changed the site to show a more consistent group of photographs. According to Mother Jones, this incident damaged the ISM's image and its relationship with the media.


ISM and related statements about the death of Rachel Corrie

George Rishmawi of the ISM told the San Francisco Chronicle that "When Palestinians get shot by Israeli soldiers, no one is interested anymore. But if some of these foreign volunteers get shot or even killed, then the international media will sit up and take notice."[25]


ISM activist 'Joseph Smith' (actual name Joseph Carr), who was present when Corrie died, said, "The spirit that she died for is worth a life. This idea of resistance, this spirit of resisting this brutal occupying force, is worth anything. And many, many, many Palestinians give their lives for it all the time. So the life of one international, I feel, is more than worth the spirit of resisting oppression."[26]


Legal action against ISM

Huwaida Arraf and French ISM activist Angela Coppin were charged with violating a court order barring them from the area of Bidou, near Jerusalem where the Israeli West Bank barrier was under construction. According to reports in Israeli newspapers, Bidou and its environs have been the site of numerous violent attacks resulting in hospitalization of some workers constructing the barrier and some police personnel. Bidou is also the site of various protests.The two were arrested in April 2004 and ordered by the court at that time to distance themselves from the area of Bidou. Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim) (Standard) Yerushalayim or Yerushalaim Arabic commonly القـُدْس (Al-Quds); officially in Israel أورشليم القدس (Urshalim-Al-Quds) Name Meaning Hebrew: (see below), Arabic: The Holiness Government City District Jerusalem Population 724,000 (2006) Jurisdiction 123,000 dunams (123 km²) Mayor Uri Lupolianski Web Address www. ... The barrier route as of May 2005. ...


Alleged Palestinian complaints

In November 2005, articles in the Jerusalem weekly Kol HaIr and on the website of Arutz Sheva alleged that Palestinian leaders in Hebron asked for the assistance of their Jewish neighbours in expelling disruptive ISM members from the area, whom they described as anarchists. The alleged anarchists, connected to an ISM-related group working in the Tel Rumeida neighborhood of Hebron [27], were accused of exposing Palestinian children to sexual impropriety and illicit drug use. Arutz Sheva Israel National Radio is a right wing Israeli radio station. ... The mostly deserted market in the old city. ... Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ...


These claims were contested[28] by a Jewish anarchist and activist living in Jerusalem, Daniel Sieradski. Relying on information provided to him by members of the Israeli anarchist movement, Sieradski suggests that Palestinian concerns were provoked by an Israeli Jew of Arab descent, Itzik Magrefata, who is pursuing a personal vendetta against one Israeli anarchist whom he blames for the break-up of his marriage. Sieradski goes on to argue that a request for Jewish assistance by the Palestinian residents of Hebron would be unlikely. He further alleges that the incident was concocted by the right-wing Jewish leadership in Hebron, which Sieradski claims has a vested interest in barring humanitarian organizations and watchdog groups from the area, and which Magrefata is known to be affiliated with. Daniel Sieradski (b. ...


References

  1. ^ Jeremy Hardy vs the Israeli Army (documentary)
  2. ^ Activists trickle to Lebanon to protest Israel war (via Yahoo! News)
  3. ^ Joel Leyden, "Initial IDF Report: Shot Palestinian Activist May Have Fired First," Jerusalem Post, April 12, 2003.
  4. ^ [[[Media:http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2004/01/15/whurn215.xml&sSheet=/news/2004/01/15/ixhome.htmlx ]] The 'peace' group that embraces violence] (via Telegraph)
  5. ^ ISM: Support for Terrorism Reference
  6. ^ ISM: Support for Terrorism Reference
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Letters (December 21, 2004)
  9. ^ Church embraces terror backers, by Seva Brodsky
  10. ^ Duke to Host Pro-Palestinian Arab Terror Conference
  11. ^ Bombers posed as peace activists (via The Guardian)
  12. ^ Bombers visited activist group before Tel Aviv attack (via CNN)
  13. ^ Details of April 30, 2003 Tel Aviv suicide bombing (via Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
  14. ^ Solidarity With Terrorists (via Front Page Magazine)
  15. ^ tomhurndall.co.uk
  16. ^ Senior Islamic Jihad militant arrested while hiding in the offices of the International Solidarity (via Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
  17. ^ [2] (via ynet)
  18. ^ ISM Reports: Israel Refuses Bail To The Eight ISM Prisoners (via Indymedia)
  19. ^ Mother Jones Smears Rachel Corrie (via Indymedia)
  20. ^ Activist's death focuses spotlight on Mideast struggle (via Seattle Post-Intelligencer)
  21. ^ ISM FOQ
  22. ^ LGF's new low
  23. ^ The Death of Rachel Corrie
  24. ^ The Death of Rachel Corrie
  25. ^ S.F. Jewish activist held as security threat in Israel (via San Francisco Chronicle)
  26. ^ Was This House Worth Her Life?
  27. ^ The Tel Rumeida Project
  28. ^ Exposing The Fallacies of A7’s Kahanist Smear Story Against Anarchists

Yahoo! Inc. ... Telegraphy (from the Greek words tele = far away and grapho = write) is the long distance transmission of written messages without physical transport of letters, originally over wire. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... FrontPageMag. ... Yedioth Ahronoth (Hebrew: ידיעות אחרונות, meaning latest news) is a major Hebrew newspaper published in Israel. ... The Independent Media Center, also called Indymedia or the IMC, is a loose network of amateur or alternative media organizations and journalists who organize into decentralized collectives, normally around geographic locations. ... The Independent Media Center, also called Indymedia or the IMC, is a loose network of amateur or alternative media organizations and journalists who organize into decentralized collectives, normally around geographic locations. ... The daily Seattle Post-Intelligencer is the second leading newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. ... The San Francisco Chronicle, the self-described Voice of the West, is Northern Californias largest newspaper. ...

External links

  • Seattle Post-Intelligencer article about Rachel Corrie in theater
  • C. Seitz, ISM at the crossroads: the evolution of the International Solidarity Movement, Journal of Palestine Studies 22, 4 (Summer 2003), 50-62.
  • Peace Under Fire: Israel/Palestine and the International Solidarity Movement. Edited by Josie Sandercock, Radhika Sainath, Marissa McLaughlin, Hussein Khalili , Nicholas Blincoe, Huwaida Arraf and Ghassan Andoni. 2004; Verso:London
  • International Solidarity Movement (official)
  • ISM FAQ's
  • Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions
  • Jeremy Hardy v. The Israeli Army
  • The Tom Hurndall Fund - website dedicated to ISM volunteer Thomas Hurndall who died as a result of being shot by an IDF sniper
  • The Rachel Corrie memorial website - website dedicated to Rachel Corrie, who died as a result of being struck by an IDF bulldozer
  • Guardian article about Adam Shapiro, his wife Huwaida Arraf and the ISM
  • Profile of ISM founder Adam Shapiro from the Israeli Haaretz newspaper
  • NGO Monitor - (Israeli website promoting 'accountability of human rights NGOs' in Palestine) on the International Solidarity Movement.
  • International Solidarity Movement by senior Israeli columnist Nahum Barnea, original published in Yedioth Ahronoth.
  • Adam Shapiro: Recheck the facts - ISM member Adam Shapiro (often referred to as a founder of ISM) responds to "terrorist" accusations.
  • StopTheISM.com
  • Adam Shapiro Ranks As a Mideast Hero, New York Newsday article
  • Getting to the Grassroots of the Middle East conflict

  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: International Solidarity Movement (2088 words)
The ISM received extensive media coverage of its presence in Yasser Arafat's compound in Ramallah and at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.
On April 11, 2003, ISM member Thomas Hurndall was left clinically brain dead after he was shot in the head by an IDF soldier whilst protecting children from Israeli gunfire during a protest at a roadblock in the Gaza Strip.
ISM was nominated for the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize by Svend J Robinson, a former New Democratic Party of Canada Member of Parliament.
International Solidarity Movement: Support for Terrorism (5485 words)
Ghassan Andoni is one of the founders of the International Solidarity Movement.
An ISM spokesman claimed that Barclay had no way of knowing who the man was—although that would hardly justify her attempt to prevent a search of the ISM offices by an officer of the law who was searching for an identified terrorist.
For example, when Charlotte Kates, leader of New Jersey Solidarity, gave numerous interviews to the press in the summer of 2003 in which she endorsed suicide bombing, other movement leaders claimed that she was not part of the ISM, and she herself claimed to have left the ISM and joined al Awda instead.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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