International Peace Bureau is an international organization whose goal is to coordinate the peace activities of various organizations in many countries. An international organization (also called intergovernmental organization) is an organization of international scope or character. ...
It was founded in 1891 in Berne, Switzerland. The Peace Bureau was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1910. 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Location within Switzerland The city of Berne (Bernese German BÃ¤rn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna , from the Celtic Berna Gap, referring to the geology of where the city is situated), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after... The Nobel Peace Prize (where Nobel is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable) is one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ...
Fredrik Bajer (April 21, 1837 - January 22, 1922) was a Danish writer, teacher, and pacifist politician who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1908. ... Élie Ducommun (February 19, 1833-December 7, 1906) was a winner of the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize, which he shared with Charles Albert Gobat. ... Charles Albert Gobat (May 21, 1843 - March 16, 1914) was a Swiss lawyer, educational administrator, and politician who jointly received the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize with Ãlie Ducommun for their leadership of the Permanent International Peace Bureau. ... Henri La Fontaine, (22 April 1854 â 14 May 1943) was a Belgian international lawyer and president of the International Peace Bureau from 1907 to 1943 who received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1913. ...
According to Nobel's will, the Peace Prize should be awarded "to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between the nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses".
The Peace Prize is awarded annually in Oslo, the capital of Norway, unlike the prizes in economics, physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, and literature, which are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden.
In the case of the Peace Prize, controversial winners include former warmongers and former terrorists whom the Committee may select for exceptional concessions in the attempt to achieve peace.
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