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Encyclopedia > International Opium Convention
Opium article from The Daily Picayune, February 24, 1912, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Opium article from The Daily Picayune, February 24, 1912, New Orleans, Louisiana.

The International Opium Convention, signed at The Hague on January 23, 1912, was the first international drug control treaty. The United States convened a 13-nation conference of the International Opium Commission in 1909 in Shanghai, China in response to increasing criticism of the opium trade. The treaty was signed by Germany, the United States, China, France, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, Persia, Portugal, Russia, and Siam. The Convention provided that "The contracting Powers shall use their best endeavours to control, or to cause to be controlled, all persons manufacturing, importing, selling, distributing, and exporting morphine, cocaine, and their respective salts, as well as the buildings in which these persons carry an such industry or trade." This article is about the city in the Netherlands; there is also a region known as (the) Hague in France. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Alternate meanings: See Shanghai (disambiguation) Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: shàng hǎi; Shanghainese IPA: /zɑ̃ hɛ/) is Chinas largest city and is situated on the banks of the Chang Jiang delta. ... Opium is a narcotic drug which is obtained from the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy . ... The Great Wall of China, stretching over 6,700 km, was erected beginning in the 3rd century BC to guard the north from raids by men on horses. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Great Britain - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... The Italian Republic or Italy (Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a country in southern Europe. ... Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377,835 km² 0. ... Persian art is conscious of a great past, and monumental in many respects. ... The Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. ... The Kingdom of Thailand is a country in southeast Asia, bordering Laos and Cambodia to the east, the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia to the south, and the Andaman Sea and Myanmar to the west. ...


A revised International Opium Convention was signed on February 19, 1925, which went into effect on September 25, 1928[1] (http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1309/is_2_35/ai_54157834). It introduced a statistical control system to be supervised by a Permanent Central Opium Board, a body of the League of Nations. The Convention was superseded in 1961 by the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. ... The League of Nations was an international organisation founded after the First World War with its constitution being approved by the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year - i. ... Governments of opium-producing Parties are required to purchase and take physical possession of such crops as soon as possible after harvest to prevent diversion into the illicit market. ...


Reference


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International Opium Convention 1912 (2423 words)
These signatures shall be affixed to the convention by means of a "Protocolo of signature by Powers, not represented at the conference" to be added after the signatures of the Powers represented, the date of each singature being mentioned.
The present convention shall come into force three months after the date mentioned in the notification by the Government of the Netherlands, referred to in the las paragraph of the preceding article.
With regard to the laws, regulations, or other measures contemplated by the present convention, it is agreed that the Bills or drafts required for this purpose shall be prepared not later than six months after the entry into force of the convention.
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