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Encyclopedia > International Master

The title International Master is awarded to outstanding chess players by the world chess organization FIDE. The title is open to both men and women. Instituted in 1950, it is a lifetime title, in chess literature usually abbreviated as IM. FIDE also awards the lower title of FIDE master (FM) and the higher title of Grandmaster (GM). Many countries claim to have invented the chess game in some incipient form. ... The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world. ... FIDE Master (FM) is a title awarded by the world chess governing body, Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE). ... The five original grandmasters of chess, from left to right: Lasker (seated), Alekhine, Capablanca, Marshall, Tarrasch (seated) The title International Grandmaster is awarded to world-class chess masters by the world chess organization FIDE. Apart from World Champion, Grandmaster is the highest title a chess player can attain. ...


Normally three favorable results (norms) in international tournaments involving other IMs and Grandmasters are required before FIDE will confer the title on a player. IMs usually have an ELO rating between 2400 and 2500. Sometimes though, there may be a very strong IM who has not yet become a Grandmaster, over the rating of 2500. The ELO rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in two-player games such as chess and Go. ...


The IM title can also be awarded for a few specific performances. For example, under current rules the runner up at the World Junior Championship will be awarded the IM title if he or she does not already have it. Current regulations may be found in the FIDE handbook [1].


After becoming an IM, most professional players set their next goal as becoming a GM, although not all will accomplish this. It is also possible to become a Grandmaster without ever having been an International Master. Larry Christiansen of the United States (1977), Boris Gelfand of Israel (1988), and Classical World Champion Vladimir Kramnik of Russia all became Grandmasters without ever having been an IM. However, the more usual path is to first become an IM, then move on to the GM level. Larry Christiansen (b. ... Boris Gelfand (born 24 June 1968) is a chess grandmaster. ... Vladimir Kramnik Vladimir Kramnik (Владимир Крамник), born June 25, 1975, is a Russian chess player. ...


International Master titles are also awarded to correspondence chess players, and composers and solvers of chess problems (see chess problem#Titles). Correspondence chess is chess played by some sort of long-distance correspondence, usually through a Correspondence Chess Server or e-mail or the postal system. ... Excelsior by Sam Loyd. ... Excelsior by Sam Loyd. ...


An International Master is usually in the top 0.25% of all tournament players at the time he or she receives the title. [2] The July 2005 FIDE rating list records over 2500 players holding the IM title.


External links

  • World Chess Federation FIDE official site

  Results from FactBites:
 
International Master - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (328 words)
The title International Master is awarded to outstanding chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
International Master titles are also awarded to correspondence chess players, and composers and solvers of chess problems (see chess problem#Titles).
An International Master is usually in the top 0.25% of all tournament players at the time he or she receives the title.
International Grandmaster - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (555 words)
The title International Grandmaster is awarded to world-class chess masters by the world chess organization FIDE.
It is awarded for a level of skill between that of a FIDE Master and an International Master.
International Grandmaster titles are also awarded to correspondence chess players, and composers and solvers of chess problems.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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