FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > International Humanist and Ethical Union

Founded in Amsterdam in 1952, International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the sole world umbrella organisation [1] embracing Humanist, atheist, rationalist, secular, skeptic, Ethical Culture, freethought and similar organisations world-wide. The IHEU represents the views of over three million Humanists organized in over 100 national organizations in 40 countries. [2] [3] The majority of these people are in the Third World. Julian Huxley (the first director of UNESCO), presided over the founding Congress of the IHEU. Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 743,905 (1 April 2006) Demonym Amsterdammer Coordinates Website www. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... This article is not about continental rationalism. ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... Skepticism (Commonwealth spelling: Scepticism) can mean: Philosophical skepticism - a philosophical position in which people choose to critically examine whether the knowledge and perceptions that they have are actually true, and whether or not one can ever be said to have absolutely true knowledge; or Scientific skepticism - a scientific, or practical... The Ethical Culture Movement is a non-sectarian, ethico-religious and educational movement. ... Freethought is a philosophical doctrine that holds that beliefs should be formed on the basis of science and logical principles and not be comprised by authority, tradition or any other dogmatic or otherwise fallacious belief system that restricts logical reasoning. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... Sir Julian Sorell Huxley, FRS (June 22, 1887 – February 14, 1975) was a English biologist, author, Humanist and internationalist, known for his popularisations of science in books and lectures. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


The IHEU promotes the teaching of comparative religion, and encourages interreligious dialogue. Comparative religion is a field of religious studies that analyzes interpretive differences of common themes and ideas among the worlds religions. ...


The IHEU's vision is one of a Humanist world; a world in which the human rights of minorities are respected and everyone is able to live a life of dignity. The mission of IHEU is to build and represent the global Humanist movement that defends human rights and promotes Humanist values world-wide. IHEU sponsors the triennial World Humanist Congress and publishes International Humanist News. This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ...


In 2002 the IHEU General Assembly unanimously adopted [4] the Amsterdam Declaration 2002 which represents the official defining statement of World Humanism [5]. The Happy Human is the official symbol of IHEU. The Amsterdam Declaration 2002 is a statement of the fundamental principles of modern Humanism passed unanimously by the General Assembly of the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) at the 50th anniversary World Humanist Congress in 2002. ... The Happy Human For the non-theistic humanistic life stance in a broader sense, please see Humanism (life stance). ...

Contents

[edit]

Minimum Statement

All member organisations and individual members are required by IHEU bylaw 5.1 [6] to accept the IHEU Minimum statement on Humanism:


"Humanism is a democratic and ethical life stance, which affirms that human beings have the right and responsibility to give meaning and shape to their own lives. It stands for the building of a more humane society through an ethic based on human and other natural values in the spirit of reason and free inquiry through human capabilities. It is not theistic, and it does not accept supernatural views of reality.


Apart from the need to ensure that member organisations are bona fide Humanist (or like-minded) organisations, Humanism rejects dogma, and imposes no creed upon its adherents [7]. In law, good faith (in Latin, bona fides) is the mental and moral state of honest, even if objectively unfounded, conviction as to the truth or falsehood of a proposition or body of opinion, or as to the rectitude or depravity of a line of conduct. ... Dogma (the plural is either dogmata or dogmas) is belief or doctrine held by a religion, ideology or any kind of organization to be authoritative and not to be disputed or doubted. ...

[edit]

Humanist identity

To promote and unify Humanist identity, prominent members of the IHEU have endorsed the following statements on Humanist identity[8]:

  1. All Humanists, nationally and internationally, should always use the one word Humanism as the name of Humanism: no added adjective, and the initial letter capital;
  2. All Humanists, nationally and internationally, should use a clear, recognisable and uniform symbol on their publications and elsewhere: our Humanist symbol the Happy Human
  3. All Humanists, nationally and internationally, should seek to establish recognition of the fact that Humanism is a life stance.

Capitalization of Humanist is the normal usage within IHEU, and is recommended usage for member organisations, though some member organisations do not follow the IHEU recommendation. For example, the Council for Secular Humanism continues to use a lowercase h, and the adjective secular. The Happy Human For the non-theistic humanistic life stance in a broader sense, please see Humanism (life stance). ... A life stance or lifestance is a persons relation with what he or she accepts as of ultimate importance, the commitments and presuppositions of this, and the theory and practice of working it out in living. ... The Council for Secular Humanism (originally the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism, or CODESH) regards itself as the only exclusively secular humanist organization in the USA. In 1980 CODESH issued A Secular Humanist Declaration. ...

[edit]

Strategic Aims

The long term strategic aims of IHEU are:

  • To promote Humanism as a non-theistic life stance throughout the world.
  • To represent Humanism within the international community and organisations.
  • To defend human rights and the rights of Humanists.
  • To develop organised Humanism in every part of the world.
  • To build a strong and effective global organisation.
[edit]

This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... A life stance or lifestance is a persons relation with what he or she accepts as of ultimate importance, the commitments and presuppositions of this, and the theory and practice of working it out in living. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ...

Strategy

IHEU will:

  • promote the identity of Humanism including the name and symbol of Humanism
  • promote the Amsterdam Declaration 2002 on Humanism.
  • promote Freedom of religion and belief
  • focus on achieving separation of religion and state throughout the world
  • focus on activities that can only be undertaken by a global organisation
  • work closely with our many member organisations
  • support our members in their campaigns and activities
  • bring our members together at conferences and in regional groups
  • help establish IHEYO as the world Humanism youth organisation.
  • use strategic alliances to pursue our aims
[edit]

This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... The Amsterdam Declaration 2002 is a statement of the fundamental principles of modern Humanism passed unanimously by the General Assembly of the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) at the 50th anniversary World Humanist Congress in 2002. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... It has been suggested that Religious toleration be merged into this article or section. ... The separation of church and state is a political doctrine which states that the institutions of the state or national government should be kept separate from those of religious institutions. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ...

Activities

Based in London, IHEU is an international NGO with Special Consultative Status with the United Nations, General Consultative Status at UNICEF and the Council of Europe, and maintains operational relations with UNESCO. A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a non-profit group or association that acts outside of institutionalized political structures and pursues matters of interest to its members by lobbying, persuasion, or direct action. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... UNICEF Logo The United Nations Childrens Fund or UNICEF (Arabic: ; French: ; Spanish: ) was established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946. ... The Palace of Europe in Strasbourg European Flag: used by the Council of Europe and by the European Union The Council of Europe (French: Conseil de lEurope , German: Europarat /ˌɔɪ.ˈro. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


IHEU also has offices in New York City at 777 UN Plaza, which also houses the IHEU-Appignani Center for Bioethics. Nickname: Big Apple Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ...


Core IHEU activities are:

  1. International conferences: to bring Humanists together and inspire them
  2. Campaigns: to promote and defend human rights and Humanist values
  3. Representation at international and regional bodies: to further Humanist goals
  4. Growth and Development: to support Humanist groups in developing countries
  5. Organisational Development: developing the youth movement, a women’s network, membership and support

The IHEU endorses Darwin Day, HumanLight and Human Rights Day as official days of Humanist celebration. Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Darwin Day is the anniversary of the birthday of Charles Darwin on February 12, 1809. ... Official HumanLight logo Celebrant-created logo featuring alternate compounding. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-12-10, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ...

[edit]

IHEU Chairmen and Presidents

[edit]

Chairman

  • Jaap van Praag (1952-1975).
  • Mihailo Marković, Howard Radest and Piet Thones (the first Troika, 1975)

The Troika system was maintained for 21 years, until 1996. Those who served as Co-Chairmen were: Troika (Russian: тройка, meaning threesome) is a committee consisting of three members. ...

  • Piet Thones (1975-1979)
  • Mihailo Marković (1975-1985)
  • Howard B Radest (1975-1986)
  • Bert Schwarz (1979-1986)
  • Svetozar Stojanovic (1985-1987)
  • Rob Tielman (1986-1996)
  • Paul Kurtz (1986-1994)
  • Levi Fragell (1987-1990)
  • Kari Vigeland (1990-1993)
  • Jane Wynne Willson (1993-1996)
  • Vern Bullough (1995-1996)
[edit]

Mihailo Marković Mihailo Marković (born 24 February 1927, Belgrade) is a Serbian philosopher. ... Paul Kurtz (born February 12, 1926 in Newark, New Jersey) is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University at Buffalo (SUNY), but is best known for prominent role in the American skeptical community. ... Vern L. Bullough is an American historian and sexologist. ...

President

  • Rob Tielman (1996-1998)
  • Levi Fragell (1998–2003)
  • Roy Brown (2003-2006) and is currently Chair of IHEU’s Committee for Growth and Development
  • Sonja Eggerickx (2006-current)
[edit]

Roy W Brown, British-born human rights activist, is currently president of IHEU, the International Humanist and Ethical Union. ...

IHEU Awards

[edit]

International Humanist Award

[edit]

Barry Commoner (born May 28, 1917) was an American biologist and college professor. ... Harold John Blackham (31 March 1903 - ) is a leading British humanist and writer on philosophical and historical subjects. ... Atheist Centre is an institution founded by Goparaju Ramachandra Rao (aka Gora)(1902-1975) and Saraswathi Gora (1912) to initiate social change in rural Andhra Pradesh based on the ideology of Gandhism and Atheism. ... Andrei Sakharov, 1943 Dr. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Russian: , May 21, 1921 – December 14, 1989), was an eminent Soviet nuclear physicist, dissident and human rights activist. ... The Nobel Peace Prize (where Nobel is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable) is one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Alexander Dubček. ... Euthanasia (from Greek: ευθανασία -ευ, eu, good, θανατος, thanatos, death) is the practice of terminating the life of a person or an animal because they are perceived as living an intolerable life, in a painless or minimally painful way either by lethal injection, drug overdose, or by the withdrawal of life support. ... Paul Kurtz (born February 12, 1926 in Newark, New Jersey) is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University at Buffalo (SUNY), but is best known for prominent role in the American skeptical community. ... Amartya Sen Dr. Amartya Kumar Sen CH (Hon) (Bengali: Ômorto Kumar Shen) (born 3 November 1933 in Santiniketan, India), is an economist and a winner of the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences (sometimes referred to informally as the Nobel Prize for Economics) in 1998, for his work on... The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences (Swe. ...

Distinguished Humanist Service Award

  • 1998: Corliss Lamont; Indumati Parikh; Mathilde Krim
  • 1990: Jean Jacques Amy
  • 1992: Indumati Parikh; Vern Bullough; Nettie Klein {also volunteer IHEU secretary general (1982-1996)}
  • 1996: Jim Herrick; James Dilloway
  • 1999: Abe Solomon; Paul Postma
  • 2002: Phil Ward
  • 2005: Barbara Smoker; Marius Dées de Sterio +11. oct. 2006
[edit]

Corliss Lamont (March 28, 1902 – April 26, 1995), was a humanist philosopher and civil liberties advocate. ... Vern L. Bullough is an American historian and sexologist. ... Jim Herrick (1944 - ) is a humanist and secularist of the United Kingdom. ... Barbara Smoker Barbara Smoker (born 1923) is a British humanist activist and freethought advocate. ...

Other Awards

[edit]

Harold John Blackham (31 March 1903 - ) is a leading British humanist and writer on philosophical and historical subjects. ... Betty Friedan, 1960 Betty Friedan (February 4, 1921 – February 4, 2006) was an American feminist, activist and writer. ... Herbert A. Hauptman Dr. Hauptman is a world renowned mathematician who pioneered and developed a mathematical method that has changed the whole field of chemistry and opened a new era in research in determination of molecular structures of crystallized materials. ... Steve Allen on the cover of Steve Allen on the Bible, Religion, and Morality Stephen Valentine Patrick William Allen (December 26, 1921 – October 30, 2000) was an American musician, comedian, and writer who was instrumental in innovating the concept of the television talk show. ... Yelena Georgiyevna Bonner (Russian language: Елена Георгиевна Боннэр, born February 15, 1923) is a human rights activist in the former Soviet Union and wife of late Andrei Sakharov. ... Taslima Nasrin Taslima Nasrin (Bangla: তসলিমা নাসরিন), also known as Taslima Nasreen, (born 25 August 1962 in Mymensingh, Bangladesh) is a Bengali Bangladeshi physician, writer, feminist human rights activist and secular humanist. ...

International Law

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights endorses international human rights for Freedom of Religion and Belief. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Universal Declaration of Human Rights The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (also UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/217, December 10, 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris), outlining the organizations view on the human... It has been suggested that Religious toleration be merged into this article or section. ...


In international law the freedom of religion and belief is also protected by Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). This protection extends to those professing belief in no religion which includes Humanist, Atheist, Rationalist and Agnostic beliefs. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is a United Nations treaty based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, created in 1966 and entered into force on 23 March 1976. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... This article is not about continental rationalism. ... The term agnosticism and the related agnostic were coined by Thomas Henry Huxley in 1869. ...


Also relevant are the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CROC), the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief (Religion Declaration) and the International Labour Organisation Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention 1958. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international convention setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of children. ...


Thus, in countries where these international laws apply, the question of whether or not Humanism is a religion is no longer so relevant, as it is clearly a belief (or "life stance", as preferred by the IHEU) and Humanist rights are now protected by the same international laws that protect freedom of religion, or other non-theistic beliefs. Note, however, that the relevant international laws currently have no force in U.S. domestic law.

[edit]

References

  • Celebrate Darwin Day! Official endorsement from IHEU
  • Human Rights Day Official endorsement from IHEU
  • HumanLight Celebration Official endorsement from IHEU
  • Human Rights Brief No. 3 Assessment of international law pertaining to freedom of religion and belief from Australian Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission.
  • Profile of Levi Fragell former president of the IHEU, who encouraged the teaching of comparative religion
  • IHEU listing of all member organisations
  • Humanism With A Capital H by Harvey Lebrun of the American Humanist Association
  • Humanism is Eight Letters, No More Endorsed by Harold John Blackham, Levi Fragell, Corliss Lamont, Harry Stopes-Roe and Rob Tielman of the IHEU
  • IHEU Officials
  • IHEU Presidents
  • IHEU Awards
[edit]

Comparative religion is a field of religious studies that analyzes interpretive differences of common themes and ideas among the worlds religions. ... The American Humanist Association (AHA) is a American Humanist group serving secular Humanism, but tending to favor Humanism as defined by the world body for Humanism, the IHEU. Founded in 1941, the AHA has served its members by initiating social reforms and other programs. ... Harold John Blackham (31 March 1903 - ) is a leading British humanist and writer on philosophical and historical subjects. ... Corliss Lamont (March 28, 1902 – April 26, 1995), was a humanist philosopher and civil liberties advocate. ... The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the world umbrella organization for humanist, ethical culture, rationalist, secular, and freethought groups. ...

External link

  • The IHEU web site

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m