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Encyclopedia > International Fund for Agricultural Development

The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), a specialized agency of the United Nations, was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one of the major outcomes of the 1974 World Food Conference. IFAD is dedicated to eradicating rural poverty in developing countries. Seventy-five per cent of the world’s Strategic Framework for IFAD 2007-2010: Enabling the Rural Poor to Overcome Poverty. UN and U.N. redirect here. ...



IFAD's goal is to empower poor rural women and men in developing countries to achieve higher incomes and improved food security.


IFAD will ensure that poor rural people have better access to, and the skills and organization they need to take advantage of:

  • Natural resources, especially secure access to land and water, and improved natural resource management and conservation practices
  • Improved agricultural technologies and effective production services
  • A broad range of financial services
  • Transparent and competitive markets for agricultural inputs and produce
  • Opportunities for rural off-farm employment and enterprise development
  • Local and national policy and programming processes

All of IFAD's decisions - on regional, country and thematic strategies, poverty reduction strategies, policy dialogue and development partners - are made with these principles and objectives in mind. As reflected in the strategic framework, IFAD is committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals, in particular the target to halve the proportion of hungry and extremely poor people by 2015.

Underlying these objectives is IFAD’s belief that rural poor people must be empowered to lead their own development if poverty is to be eradicated. Poor people must be able to develop and strengthen their own organizations, so they can advance their own interests and dismantle the obstacles that prevent many of them from creating better lives for themselves. They must be able to have a say in the decisions and policies that affect their lives, and they need to strengthen their bargaining power in the marketplace.

Working in partnership to eradicate rural poverty

Through loans and grants, IFAD works with governments to develop and finance programmes and projects that enable rural poor people to overcome poverty themselves.

Since starting operations in 1978, IFAD has invested US$9.5 billion in 732 programmes and projects that have reached more than 300 million rural poor people.

But this represents only part of the total investment in IFAD programmes and projects. In the past 29 years, a further US$16.1 billion in cofinancing has been contributed by partners. Governments and other financing sources in recipient countries have contributed almost US$9.0 billion, while another US$7.1 billion has been contributed by external cofinanciers, including bilateral and multilateral donors. This represents a total investment of some US$25.6 billion, and means that for every dollar IFAD invested, it was able to mobilize almost two dollars in additional resources.

IFAD tackles poverty not only as a lender, but also as an advocate for rural poor people. Its multilateral base provides a natural global platform to discuss important policy issues that influence the lives of rural poor people, as well as to draw attention to the centrality of rural development to meeting the Millennium Development Goals.

Membership in IFAD is open to any State that is a member of the United Nations or its specialized agencies or the International Atomic Energy Agency. The Governing Council is IFAD’s highest decision-making authority, with the 164 Member States each represented by a governor and alternate governor. The Council meets annually. The Executive Board, responsible for overseeing the general operations of IFAD and approving loans and grants, is composed of 18 members and 18 alternate members. The President, who serves for a four-year term (renewable once), is IFAD’s chief executive officer and chair of the Executive Board. The current President of IFAD is Lennart Båge,who was re-elected for his second four-year term in 2005.

Rural poverty country profiles

  • Rural poverty in Albania
  • Rural poverty in Angola
  • Rural poverty in Argentina
  • Rural poverty in Armenia
  • Rural poverty in Azerbaijan
  • Rural poverty in Bangladesh
  • Rural poverty in Benin
  • Rural poverty in Bhutan
  • Rural poverty in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Rural poverty in Brazil
  • Rural poverty in Burkina Faso
  • Rural poverty in Burundi
  • Rural poverty in Cambodia
  • Rural poverty in Cameroon
  • Rural poverty in Cape Verde
  • Rural poverty in China
  • Rural poverty in Comoros
  • Rural poverty in Congo
  • Rural poverty in Ecuador
  • Rural poverty in Egypt
  • Rural poverty in Eritrea
  • Rural poverty in Ethiopia
  • Rural poverty in Gambia
  • Rural poverty in Gaza and the West Bank
  • Rural poverty in Georgia
  • Rural poverty in Ghana
  • Rural poverty in Grenada
  • Rural poverty in Guatemala
  • Rural poverty in Honduras
  • Rural poverty in India
  • Rural poverty in Indonesia
  • Rural poverty in Jordan
  • Rural poverty in Kenya
  • Rural poverty in Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Rural poverty in Lesotho
  • Rural poverty in Madagascar
  • Rural poverty in Malawi
  • Rural poverty in Mali
  • Rural poverty in Mauritius
  • Rural poverty in Moldova
  • Rural poverty in Mongolia
  • Rural poverty in Morocco
  • Rural poverty in Mozambique
  • Rural poverty in Nepal
  • Rural poverty in Nicaragua
  • Rural poverty in Niger
  • Rural poverty in Nigeria
  • Rural poverty in Pakistan
  • Rural poverty in Peru
  • Rural poverty in the Philippines
  • Rural poverty in the Republic of Macedonia
  • Rural poverty in Rwanda
  • Rural poverty in Senegal
  • Rural poverty in Somalia
  • Rural poverty in Sri Lanka
  • Rural poverty in the Sudan
  • Rural poverty in Syria
  • Rural poverty in Swaziland
  • Rural poverty in Tanzania, United Republic of
  • Rural poverty in Tonga
  • Rural poverty in Tunisia
  • Rural poverty in Turkey
  • Rural poverty in Uganda
  • Rural poverty in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
  • Rural poverty in Viet Nam
  • Rural poverty in Yemen
  • Rural poverty in Zambia

External links

  • IFAD website
  • Rural Poverty Portal powered by IFAD

See Also

United Nations Portal

  Results from FactBites:
AllRefer.com - International Fund for Agricultural Development, UN (United Nations) - Encyclopedia (232 words)
International Fund for Agricultural Development(IFAD), specialized agency of the United Nations with headquarters in Rome, Italy.
IFAD grew out of the 1974 World Food Conference; it was established in 1977 and is comprised of 161 member nations.
As of 2001, IFAD had financed almost 600 projects in 115 countries, committing nearly $7.4 billion in grants and loans.
Encyclopedia: International Development Association (566 words)
The International Development Association (IDA) was created on September 24, 1960, is a UN specialized agency.
It is responsible for providing long-term interest-free loans to the poorest of developing countries on terms more lenient than those of the World Bank proper, and forms part of the World Bank Group based in Washington, D.C. September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years).
Developing capacity, for example, by retrofitting projects with HIV/AIDS activities, drafting an HIV/AIDS impact assessment module as part of the standard environmental and health assessment of projects, incorporating HIV/AIDS into “heavily indebted poor country” (HIPC) and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) packages, and developing sector-specific guidelines for addressing HIV/AIDS in transport, agriculture, education, and mining.
  More results at FactBites »



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