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Encyclopedia > International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
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Wanted poster for the ICTR
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The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is a court under the auspices of the United Nations for the prosecution of offenses committed in Rwanda during the genocide which occurred there during April, 1994, commencing on April 6. Download high resolution version (580x773, 112 KB)Wanted poster for fugitives wanted for the Rwandan Genocide made by the US Government for the Rewards for Justice program to assist the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. ... Download high resolution version (580x773, 112 KB)Wanted poster for fugitives wanted for the Rwandan Genocide made by the US Government for the Rewards for Justice program to assist the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. ... Jump to: navigation, search The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945. ... Jump to: navigation, search The skulls of victims show gashes and signs of violence The Rwandan Genocide was the slaughter of an estimated 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus by a group of Hutu extremists known as Interahamwe during a period of 100 days in 1994. ... Jump to: navigation, search April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Jump to: navigation, search April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ...


It was created on November 8, 1994 by the Security Council of the United Nations in order to judge those people responsible for the acts of genocide and other serious violations of the international law performed in the territory of Rwanda, or by Rwandan citizens in nearby states, between January 1 and December 31, 1994. Jump to: navigation, search November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Jump to: navigation, search Look up Genocide on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Genocide is the systematic killing of substantial numbers of people on the basis of ethnicity, religion, political opinion, social status or other particularity. ... Jump to: navigation, search January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... Jump to: navigation, search December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...


It was set up by the UN Security Council following the resolutions: A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ... A United Nations Security Council Resolution is voted on by the fifteen members of the UN Security Council. ...

By Resolution 977 on February 22, 1995 , the Security Council decided that the seat of the Tribunal would be located in Arusha, Tanzania. (s:UN_Security Council Resolution 977) Jump to: navigation, search November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Jump to: navigation, search February 22 is the 53rd day of every year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of the Arusha Region Arusha is a city and region in northern Tanzania. ...

Contents


Trial against "hate media"

The trial against "hate media" began on October 23, 2000. It is charged with the prosecution of the media which encouraged the genocide of 1994. Jump to: navigation, search October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the year 2000. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...


On August 19, 2003, at the tribunal in Arusha, life sentences were requested for Ferdinand Nahimana, and Jean Bosco Barayagwiza, persons in charge for the Radio Télévision Libre de Mille Collines, as well as Hassan Ngeze, director and editor of the Kangur newspaper. They are charged with genocide, incitement to genocide, and crimes against humanity, before and during the period of the genocides of 1994. On 3 December 2003, the court found all three defendants guilty and sentenced Nahimana and Ngeze to life imprisonment and Barayagwiza to imprisonment for 35 years. The case is currently on appeal. Jump to: navigation, search August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Radio Télévision Libre de Mille Collines (RTLM) was a Rwandan radio station which broadcast from 8 July 1993 to 31 July 1994. ... Jump to: navigation, search Hassan Ngeze (born 1962) is a Rwandan journalist, best known for his Hutu Ten Commandments, which fomented anti-Tutsi feeling among Rwandan Hutus prior to the Rwandan Genocide. ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Membership

The Tribunal consists of 16 Judges in four "chambers" - three to hear trials, and one to hear appeals. In addition, there are 9 ad litem judges, making 25 in all. At present, all 9 ad litem judges are assigned to Chambers II and III. There is an additional pool of 9 further ad litem judges who may be called on in the case of a judge being absent. Ad litem is a term used in law to refer to a party appointed by a court to act in a lawsuit on behalf of another party – for instance, a child or an incapacitated adult – who is deemed incapable of representing themselves. ...


The column denoted by # indicates the order of precedence. An order of precedence is a sequential hierarchy of nominal importance of people; it is used by many organizations and governments. ...


Trial Chamber I

# Judge Country of Origin Status
1. Erik Møse Norway President ICTR, Presiding Judge, Trial Chamber I
10. Jai Ram Reddy Fiji member
11. Sergei Alekseevich Egorov Russia member


Jump to: navigation, search Judge Erik Møse of Norway is the President of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). ... Jai Ram Reddy (born 1937) is an Indo-Fijian statesman, who has had a distinguished career in both the legislative and judicial branches of the Fijian government. ...


Trial Chamber II

# Judge Country of Origin Status
4. William Sekule Tanzania Presiding Judge, Trial Chamber II
9. Arlette Ramaroson Madagascar member
16. Joseph Asoka Nihal De Silva Sri Lanka member
17. Solomy Balungi Bossa Uganda ad litem
19. Lee Gacugia Muthoga Kenya ad litem
21. Emile Francis Short Ghana ad litem
23. Taghrid Hikmet Jordan ad litem
24. Seon Ki Park South Korea ad litem



Trial Chamber III

# Judge Country of Origin Status
2. Andrésia Vaz Senegal Presiding Judge, Trial Chamber III
14. Khalida Rachid Khan Pakistan member
15. Charles Michael Dennis Byron Saint Kitts and Nevis member
18. Flavia Lattanzi Italy ad litem
22. Florence Rita Arrey Cameroon ad litem
24. Karin Hökborg Sweden ad litem
25. Gberdao Gustave Kam Burkina Faso ad litem


This article needs to be wikified. ...


Appeals Chamber

# Judge Country of Origin Status
3. Theodor Meron United States Presiding Judge, Appeals Chamber
5. Mohamed Shahabuddeen Guyana member
6. Florence Mumba Zambia member
7. Mehmet Güney Turkey member
8. Fausto Pocar Italy member
12. Wolfgang Schomburg Germany member
13. Inés Mónica Weinberg de Roca Argentina member

Theodor Meron (b. ... Judge Fausto Pocar (born 1939) is an Italian jurist. ... Justice Inés Mónica Weinberg de Roca Inés Mónica Weinberg de Roca (née Inés Mónica Weinberg) is an Argentinian Trial Chamber Judge at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. ...

Office of the Prosecutor

The Office of the Prosecutor is divided into two Sections:

  • The Investigation Section is responsible for collecting evidence implicating individuals in crimes committed in Rwanda in 1994.
  • The Prosecution Section is responsible for prosecuting all cases before the Tribunal.

Hassan Bubacar Jallow of the Gambia is the current Prosecutor of the ICTR. He has previously served as the Gambia's Attorney-General and Minister of Justice from 1984 to 1994, and subsequently as a Judge of Supreme Court of the Gambia from 1998 to 2002. He was appointed by the Security Council on September 15, 2003 to replace Carla del Ponte. Jump to: navigation, search September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Procuror of the ICTY Carla del Ponte Carla Del Ponte (born February 9, 1947) is currently a Chief UN War Crimes Prosecutor. ...


The Registry

The Registry is responsible for the overall administration and management of the ICTR. It also performs other legal functions assigned to it by the Tribunal’s Rules of Procedure and Evidence, and is the Tribunal’s channel of communication.


The Registry is headed by the Registrar, who is the Representative of the UN Secretary-General. Adama Dieng of Senegal is the present Registrar. He was took office in March, 2001. The United Nations Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal divisions of the United Nations. ...


See also

Jump to: navigation, search The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, as defined by several international agreements, most prominently the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. ... Jump to: navigation, search The skulls of victims show gashes and signs of violence The Rwandan Genocide was the slaughter of an estimated 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus by a group of Hutu extremists known as Interahamwe during a period of 100 days in 1994. ... Movie poster for Hotel Rwanda Hotel Rwanda is a 2004 drama film directed by Terry George. ...

External links

  • Official site of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
  • Human Rights Watch Report, "Genocide in Rwanda"

  Results from FactBites:
 
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (521 words)
The purpose of this measure is to contribute to the process of national reconciliation in Rwanda and to the maintenance of peace in the region.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was established for the prosecution of persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994.
ICTR accepts interns on a limited basis depending on the specific needs of work units at the ICTR, Arusha/Kagali/the Hague, and their capacity to effectively support and supervise the interns and subject also to availability of office space.
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Rules of Procedure and Evidence, U.N. Doc. ITR/3/REV.1 (1995), entered into ... (9320 words)
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Rules of Procedure and Evidence, U.N. Doc.
The transfer of the accused to the seat of the Tribunal, or to such other place as the Bureau may decide, after consultation with the Prosecutor and the Registrar, shall be arranged between the State authorities concerned.
Upon his transfer to the Tribunal, the accused shall be detained in facilities provided by the host country or by another country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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