Encyclopedia > International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) was established in 1902 by eight northern European nations. ICES today has nineteen member nations from both Europe and North America. In the early years the aim of ICES as a scientific organisation was to work on practical fisheries problem and serve as a multidisciplinary forum including all disciplines related to marine sciences.
ICES today is a modern intergovernmental organisation that promotes marine research in the North Atlantic.
Rozwadowski, Helen M. (2002). The Sea Knows No Boundaries. A Century of Marine Science under ICES. ISBN0295982594 448pp.
The Council shall be concerned with the Atlantic Ocean and its adjacent seas and primarily concerned with the North Atlantic.
The Council, delegates and experts the General Secretary and other officials shall enjoy in the territories of the Contracting Parties such privileges and immunities, necessary for the fulfilment of their functions, as may be agreed between the Council and the Government of the Contracting Party concerned.
Protocol to the Convention for the InternationalCouncil for the Exploration of the Sea
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