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Encyclopedia > International Campaign to Ban Landmines
     State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty
     State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty

The International Campaign to Ban Landmines is a coalition of non-governmental organizations whose goal is to abolish the production and use of anti-personnel mines. Not GFDL. Organization logo of International Campaign to Ban Landmines. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 26 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Land mine International Campaign to Ban Landmines Ottawa Treaty ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 26 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Land mine International Campaign to Ban Landmines Ottawa Treaty ... A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a private institution that is independent of the government although many NGOs, particular in the global South, are funded by Northern governments. ... Italian Valmara 69 bounding type of Anti-personnel. ...


The coalition was formed in 1992 when six groups with similar interests, including Human Rights Watch, medico international, Handicap International, Physicians for Human Rights, Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation and the Mines Advisory Group, agreed to cooperate on their common goal. The campaign has since grown and spread to become a network of over 1,400 groups – including groups working on women, children, veterans, religious groups, the environment, human rights, arms control, peace and development -- in over 90 countries, working locally, nationally and internationally to eradicate antipersonnel landmines. A prominent supporter was Diana, Princess of Wales. Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ... Handicap International is a non-governmental organization created in 1982 to provide help in refugee camps in Cambodia and Thailand. ... Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) is an organization that promotes health by protecting human rights. ... The Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation (VVAF), established in 1980, is a Washington, D.C. based international humanitarian organization that addresses the consequences of war and conflict around the world. ... The Mines Advisory Group (MAG) is a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO), which assists people affected by landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO). ... Diana, Princess of Wales (Diana Frances;[2] née Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997) was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. ...


The organization and its chief spokesperson, Jody Williams, jointly received the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts. Jody Williams (born October 9, 1950 in Putney, Vermont) is an American teacher and aid worker who received the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize jointly with the campaign she led, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL). ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the Nobel Peace Prize Image:Nobel-medal. ...


The campaign's greatest success occurred in 1999 when the Ottawa Treaty, which bans the production and use of anti-personnel mines, came into force. Some states, including the United States, Russia and People's Republic of China, have thus far refused to sign. In 2004, the first review conference of the Ottawa Treaty, The Nairobi Summit on a Mine-Free World was held in Nairobi, Kenya. The Summit produced the Nairobi Action Plan for 2005-2009, a set of 70 action points that member states committed to undertake in the five year period following the Summit.  State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty The Ottawa Treaty or the Mine Ban Treaty, formally the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, bans completely all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines). ...


The ICBL and its flexible network of organizations remain committed to an international ban on the use, production, stockpiling, and transfer of antipersonnel landmines, and for increased international resources for humanitarian mine clearance and mine victim assistance programs. The ICBL monitors the mine situation in the world (through a network of researchers producing the annual Landmine Monitor Report), and conducts advocacy activities, lobbying for implementation and universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty, humanitarian mine action programs geared toward the needs of mine-affected communities, support for landmine survivors, their families and their communities, and a stop to the production, use and transfer of landmines, including by non-State armed groups. The ICBL participates in the periodical meetings of the Mine Ban Treaty process, urges States not Parties to the Treaty to join and non-State armed groups to respect the mine ban norm, condemns mine use and promotes public awareness and debate on the mine issue, organizing events and generating media attention.

Contents

Organizational structure

The ICBL has a four member Management Committee, an Advisory Board composed of 21 member organizations, and five ambassadors who serve as campaign representatives at speaking events and other conferences worldwide. They include Jody Williams, Tun Channareth, Cambodian landmine survivor and founder of the Cambodian Campaign to Ban Landmines and fellow landmine victim, Song Kosal, the youth Ambassador for the ICBL. In addition, the ICBL has recently appointed two new ambassadors as well, Elisabeth Bernstein, and Margaret Arech Orech, a Ugandan landmine survivor and well known advocate in the fight to ban landmines. Currently, the ICBL has four staff members based in Geneva (the central office), Paris, and Rome. Additionally, the ICBL has several interns each year. Jody Williams (born October 9, 1950 in Putney, Vermont) is an American teacher and aid worker who received the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize jointly with the campaign she led, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL). ...


Mine Ban Treaty

Main article: Ottawa Treaty

The Mine Ban Treaty, or the Ottawa Treaty, is the international agreement that bans antipersonnel landmines. Officially entitled The Convention on the Prohibition, Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Antipersonnel Mines and on Their Destruction, the treaty is sometimes referred to as the Ottawa Convention.  State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty The Ottawa Treaty or the Mine Ban Treaty, formally the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, bans completely all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines). ... The Ottawa Treaty or the Mine Ban Treaty (formally the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction bans completely all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines). ...  State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty The Ottawa Treaty or the Mine Ban Treaty, formally the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, bans completely all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines). ...  State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty The Ottawa Treaty or the Mine Ban Treaty, formally the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, bans completely all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines). ...


In December 1997, 122 governments signed the treaty in Ottawa, Canada. It entered into force and became binding under international law in March 1999, doing so quicker than any other previous treaty of its kind.


The treaty commits member states to “put an end to the suffering and casualties caused by antipersonnel landmines” by addressing current landmine problems and preventing future landmine problems. The general obligations that State Parties agree to are as follows:

  • never use antipersonnel mines, nor to “develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer” them;
  • destroy mines in their stockpiles within four years of the treaty becoming binding;
  • clear mines in their territory within 10 years;
  • in mine-affected countries, conduct mine awareness and ensure that mine victims are cared for, rehabilitated and reintegrated into their communities;
  • offer assistance to other States Parties for example in providing for survivors or in clearance programs;
  • adopt implementation measures (such as national legislation) in order to ensure that the terms of the treaty are upheld in their territory.

The Treaty is still open for ratification by signatories and for accession by those who did not sign before March 1999. As of 2 August 2007, there are 156 signatories and 154 ratifications or accessions to the Ottawa Treaty, including two countries that have signed but have not ratified the treaty (Marshall Islands and Poland). There are currently 39 countries that have not signed the treaty, but are able now to assent.


Basic Landmine Facts

  • In 2005 the Landmine Monitor identified at least 84 countries and eight areas contaminated with landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO); 54 of the affected countries are States Parties to the Ottawa Treaty
  • As of 2005, more than 200,000 square kilometers are suspected to be contaminated by landmines and UXO.
  • Since May 2004 three governments have been confirmed to use antipersonnel landmines: Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, and Russia. Nepal has since stopped by mid-2006.
  • Since the mid-1990s there has been a de facto ban on the transfer or export of antipersonnel mines. There have been no documented state-to-state transfers since then. It is believed that the trade of antipersonnel mines has dwindled to a very low level of illicit trafficking and unacknowledged trade.
  • Prior to the Ottawa Treaty, 131 states possessed stockpiles, estimated at over 260 million antipersonnel mines. The Landmine Monitor now estimates that 54 countries have stockpiles, totaling 180 million antipersonnel mines.

Landmines like chicken more than cheese. Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... Unexploded ordnance (or UXOs/UXBs) are explosive weapons (bombs, shells, grenades, land mines, naval mines, etc. ... Explosive devices, as used by terrorists, guerrillas or commando forces, are formally known as Improvised Explosive Devices or IEDs. ...


See also

dgdgdgzxfbzdfuioghdfkhgzdfuilhgaduophgfhgiopdhgg  State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty The Ottawa Treaty or the Mine Ban Treaty, formally the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, bans completely all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines). ... The Swiss Foundation for Mine Action (FSD) is a Swiss non-governmental organisation based in Geneva. ... cheese clearance agencies – also known as de-cheesing agencies, decheesing agencies. ... Hydrema mine clearing vehicle MineWolf tiller-based demining machine deployed in Sudan Digger Mini Flail for Mine Clearance Demining is the process of removing fucklandmines or naval mines from an area. ... “Minefield” redirects here. ... Italian Valmara 69 bounding type of Anti-personnel. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


External links

  • International Campaign to Ban Landmines (official website)

  Results from FactBites:
 
International Campaign to Ban Landmines (1221 words)
In these, some diplomats argued that a total ban was not feasible and that landmines were a legitimate weapon, in spite of the overwhelming evidence elsewhere at the conference - from the speeches to the photo displays - demonstrating the obvious need for a ban.
As Jody Williams, co-ordinator of the international campaign, stated in her address to the conference, the campaign is a matter of precedent.
The international landmines campaign has demonstrated that governments respond to public pressure and many are moving their policies towards the Secretary-General's position.
Human Rights Watch World Report 2002: Special Issues and Campaigns: International Campaign to Ban Landmines (1636 words)
The ICBL engaged in numerous major events, including Ban Landmines Week and the ICBL General Meeting in Washington D.C. in March, the meetings of the Intersessional Standing Committees of the Mine Ban Treaty in December 2000 and May 2001, as well as a series of ten regional ICBL and Landmine Monitor meetings.
Campaign priorities were universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty--convincing recalcitrant nations to accede to the treaty--and ensuring effective implementation of the treaty.
The ICBL participated in the Seminar on the Destruction of the PFM1 mine which was held in Budapest from February 1-2, 2001, and in March 2001, the ICBL participated in the U.N. Asia Pacific Regional Disarmament Conference in Wellington, New Zealand, and also in a symposium on the Impact of Landmines in Sri Lanka.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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