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Encyclopedia > International Biosphere Reserve

A Biosphere Reserve is an international conservation designation for reserves designated by UNESCO under the MaB (Man and the Biosphere) Programme.


Biosphere Reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal / marine ecosystems, where, through appropriate zoning and management, the conservation of ecosystems and their biodiversity are combined with the sustainable use of natural resources for the benefit of local communities. This includes relevant research, monitoring, education and training. All the above are tools for implementing Agenda 21, the Convention on Biological Diversity and other international agreements.


The areas all have multiple functions. The zoning includes a core area, a buffer zone and an outer transition area. The outer boundary is always flexible.


There are (in October 2004) 459 Biosphere Reserves in 97 countries.


For a full list of all Biosphere Reserves in the world, see:


See also: List of Conservation topics


External links

  • Biosphere Reserves in a nutshell -- http://www.unesco.org/mab/nutshell.htm

  Results from FactBites:
 
NGO Landscapes | Planeta (2406 words)
I suggest that the biosphere reserve model encourages the creation of 'NGO landscapes,' in which local cultural and political structures are replaced by NGO structures.
Thus, the 1974 biosphere reserve model was designed to encompass a large circular area divided into a series of concentric zones--nuclear zone, multiple use zone, buffer zone--each having different ecological functions, uses, and management structures (Goodier and Jeffers 1981).
A review of biosphere reserves created between 1974 and 1983 revealed that the research conducted at reserves was of an academic nature and did not address the source of environmental problems.
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