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Encyclopedia > Intermediate school

Middle school and junior high school cover a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education and serve as a bridge between them. The terms are used in different ways in different countries. Primary or elementary education consist of the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... High School also refers to the highest form of classical riding, High School Dressage. ...

Contents

Asia

In Japan, junior high schools are called chū gakkō (中学校, literally, middle school), and cover years seven through nine. Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377,835 km² 0. ...


Taiwanese middle schools (3-year) were originally called junior high school, or chuzhong (初級中學, 初中). However, in August 1968, they were renamed to middle schools, or guozhong (國民中學, 國中) when they become free of charge and compulsory. Private middle school nowadays are still called chuzhong. Taiwanese middle schools are attended normally by those older than twelve. Accompanied with the switch from junior high to middle school was the cancelation of entrance examination needed to enter senior high school. Taiwan is mostly mountainous in the east, but gradually transitions to gently sloping plains in the west (satellite photo by NASA). ...


United Kingdom and Europe

In the United Kingdom, some English Local Education Authorities introduced Middle Schools to cover either Years 4 to 7 (ages 8–12) or Years 5 to 8 (ages 9–13) . However, these arrangements have generally been dropped because the standardisation enforced by the English National Curriculum. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Education in England may differ from the system used elsewhere in the United Kingdom. ...


North America

In the United States, middle schools generally include grades 6 to 8 (although they can include just 7 and 8) while junior high schools include grades 7 and 8 or 7 through 9. Many junior highs are generally built like high schools, whereas the middle school concept often involves "pods", or periods, whereby grade levels are separated and subdivided into different areas, and students change only between five or so classrooms. This is meant as a hybrid, to ease the transition from elementary school to high school for students. Sometimes they are called Intermediate schools, and sometimes intermediate schools go before middle school, and sometimes middle school goes before junior high school. The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America, the States, or (archaically) Columbia—is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii). ... Japanese high school students in uniform High school, or Secondary school, is the last segment of compulsory education in Australia, Canada, China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Singapore and the United States. ... Pod can refer to: The seed-case of a flowering plant, particularly of the pea family Leguminosae, and most often of the edible pea. ... Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to direct ones zeal at; hence a student is one who directs zeal at a subject. ... Categories: Stub | Education ... This article is about a biological term. ... In telecommunication, a transition is the change from one signal state to another signal state. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ...


In Canada, education is managed by each province. Middle schools typically span grades six to eight. Junior high school may include grades seven through nine, or eight through 10. In Ontario, some schools, known as senior public schools, focus on just grades seven and eight. Quebec has its own distinct system divided in école primaire (6 years) and école secondaire (5 years, followed by the Quebec-specific institution of CEGEP, and then university). Canada is a sovereign state in northern North America, the northern-most country in the world, and the second largest in total area. ... This article describes the Canadian province. ... CÉGEP (Collège denseignement général et professionnel - College of General and Vocational Education, pronounced say-jep [fr/en] or see-jip [en]) is a type of educational institution in Quebec. ...


Further reading

  • Arnold, J. "Needed: A Realistic Perspective of the Early Adolescent Learner." CLEARINGHOUSE 54:4 (1980).
  • Beane, J. "Dance to the Music of Time: The Future of Middle Level Education." THE EARLY ADOLESCENT MAGAZINE 2 (September 1987):18–26.
  • Beane, J. A MIDDLE SCHOOL CURRICULUM: FROM RHETORIC TO REALITY. Columbus, Ohio: National Middle School Association, 1990a.
  • Beane, J. AFFECT IN THE CURRICULUM: TOWARD DEMOCRACY, DIGNITY, AND DIVERSITY. New York: Teachers College Press, 1990b.
  • Cross Keys Middle School. A PLACE OF OUR OWN. Florissant, Missouri: Florissant Public Schools, 1990.
  • Jennings, W., and Nathan, J. "Startling/Disturbing Research on School Program Effectiveness." PHI DELTA KAPPAN 59 (1977): 568–572.

See also

In education in the United States, secondary education usually covers grades 6 or 7 through twelve. ... The Canadian education system is a diverse one that differs from province to province. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pulaski Intermediate School Home Page (883 words)
Adults who wish to enter the school at anytime must report to the main office, sign in, and receive a visitor badge to continue to the classroom wings.
During the school year, the talents of every parent, guardian, and support person will be needed to help provide a successful school year for all of our kids.
The mission of Casimir Pulaski Intermediate school is to promote the optimal growth of each student through a standards-based, integrated curriculum incorporating differentiated instruction in partnership with the family and community.
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