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Encyclopedia > Interleukin

Interleukins are a group of cytokines that were first seen to be expressed by white blood cells (leukocytes, hence the -leukin) as a means of communication (inter-). The name is sort of a relic though; it has since been found that interleukins are produced by a wide variety of bodily cells. The function of the immune system depends in a large part on interleukins, and rare deficiencies of a number of them have been described, all featuring autoimmune diseases or immune deficiency. interleukins are part of the immune system. Cytokines are small protein molecules that regulate communication among immune system cells and between immune cells and those of other tissue types. ... White blood cells (a. ... White Blood Cells is also the name of a White Stripes album. ... The immune system is the system of specialized cells and organs that protect an organism from outside biological influences. ... A rare disease has such a cow prevalence in a population that a doctor in a busy general practice would not expect to see more than one case a year. ... Autoimmune diseases arise from an overactive immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body. ... In medicine, immune deficiency (or immunodeficiency) is a state where the immune system is incapable of defending the organism from infectious disease. ...


A list of interleukins with function:

Interleukins edit

IL-1 | IL-2 | IL-3 | IL-4 | IL-5 | IL-6 | IL-7 | IL-8 | IL-9 | IL-10 | IL-11 | Induces Treg Function IL-12 | IL-13 | IL-14 | IL-15 | IL-16 | IL-17 | IL-18 | IL-19 | IL-20 | IL-21 | IL-22 | IL-23 | IL-24 | IL-25 Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is secreted by the macrophages, monocytes and dendritic cells. ... A macrophage of a mouse stretching its arms to engulf two particles, possibly pathogens Macrophages (Greek: big eaters, makros = long, phagein = eat) are white blood cells, more specifically phagocytes, acting in the nonspecific defense as well as the specific defense system of vertebrate animals. ... Acute phase proteins are a class of proteins that are synthetized in the liver in response to inflammation. ... Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an interleukin, a type of biological response modifier, a substance that can improve the bodys natural response to disease. ... T cells are a subset of lymphocytes that play a large role in the immune response. ... Immunotherapy is a form of medical treatment based upon the concept of modulating the immune system to achieve a therapeutic goal. ... Interleukin-3 (IL-3) is an interleukin, a type of biological signal (cytokine) that can improve the bodys natural response to disease as part of the immune system. ... T cells are a subset of lymphocytes that play a large role in the immune response. ... Interleukin-4, abreviated IL-4, is a lymphokine that stimulates the proliferation of activated B-cells, T-cells, and differentiation of CD4+T-cells into Th2 cells, among other effects. ... B cells are lymphocytes that play a large role in the humoral immune response (as opposed to the cell-mediated immune response). ... T cells are a subset of lymphocytes that play a large role in the immune response. ... Mast cells A mast cell (or mastocyte) is a resident cell of connective tissue that contains many granules rich in histamine and heparin. ... This article needs cleanup. ... IL-5 is an interleukin produced by T helper-2 cells and mast cells. ... B cells are lymphocytes that play a large role in the humoral immune response (as opposed to the cell-mediated immune response). ... Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine secreted by T cells and macrophages to stimulate immune response to trauma, especially burns or other tissue damage leading to inflammation. ... A macrophage of a mouse stretching its arms to engulf two particles, possibly pathogens Macrophages (Greek: big eaters, makros = long, phagein = eat) are white blood cells, more specifically phagocytes, acting in the nonspecific defense as well as the specific defense system of vertebrate animals. ... Acute phase proteins are a class of proteins that are synthetized in the liver in response to inflammation. ... Hematopoietic growth factor capable of stimulating the proliferation of lymphoid progenitors. ... Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a chemokine produced by macrophages and other cell types such as epithelial cells. ... Chemotaxis is the phenomenon in which bodily cells, bacteria, and other single-cell or multicellular organisms direct their movements according to certain chemicals in their environment. ... Interleukin 9 (IL-9) is a cytokine produced by T-cells and specifically by CD4+ helper cells. ... Mast cells A mast cell (or mastocyte) is a resident cell of connective tissue that contains many granules rich in histamine and heparin. ... Interleukin-10 (IL-10 or IL10), also known as human cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF), is an anti-inflammatory cytokine, capable of inhibiting synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines like IFN-gamma, IL-2, IL-3, TNFα and GM-CSF by cells such as macrophages and Th1 cells. ... Acute phase proteins are a class of proteins that are synthetized in the liver in response to inflammation. ... Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is an interleukin that are naturally produced by macrophages and human B-lymphoblastoid cells (NC-37)in response to antigenic stimulation. ... Natural killer cells (NK) are a type of lymphocyte (a white blood cell) and a component of nonspecific immune defense. ... Interleukin 13 (IL-13) is a cytokine secreted by many cell types, but especially T helper type 2 (Th2) cells, that is an important mediator of allergic inflammation and disease. ... Cytokines are small protein molecules that are the core of communication between immune system cells, and even between immune system cells and cells belonging to other tissue types. ... Interferons (IFNs) are natural proteins produced by the cells of the immune systems of most animals in response to challenges by foreign agents such as viruses, bacteria, parasites and tumor cells. ... Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is secreted by the macrophages, monocytes and dendritic cells. ... Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an interleukin, a type of biological response modifier, a substance that can improve the bodys natural response to disease. ... Interleukin-3 (IL-3) is an interleukin, a type of biological signal (cytokine) that can improve the bodys natural response to disease as part of the immune system. ... Interleukin-4, abreviated IL-4, is a lymphokine that stimulates the proliferation of activated B-cells, T-cells, and differentiation of CD4+T-cells into Th2 cells, among other effects. ... IL-5 is an interleukin produced by T helper-2 cells and mast cells. ... Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine secreted by T cells and macrophages to stimulate immune response to trauma, especially burns or other tissue damage leading to inflammation. ... Hematopoietic growth factor capable of stimulating the proliferation of lymphoid progenitors. ... Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a chemokine produced by macrophages and other cell types such as epithelial cells. ... Interleukin 9 (IL-9) is a cytokine produced by T-cells and specifically by CD4+ helper cells. ... Interleukin-10 (IL-10 or IL10), also known as human cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF), is an anti-inflammatory cytokine, capable of inhibiting synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines like IFN-gamma, IL-2, IL-3, TNFα and GM-CSF by cells such as macrophages and Th1 cells. ... Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is an interleukin that are naturally produced by macrophages and human B-lymphoblastoid cells (NC-37)in response to antigenic stimulation. ... Interleukin 13 (IL-13) is a cytokine secreted by many cell types, but especially T helper type 2 (Th2) cells, that is an important mediator of allergic inflammation and disease. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Interleukin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (221 words)
Interleukins are a group of cytokines that were first seen to be expressed by white blood cells (leukocytes, hence the -leukin) as a means of communication (inter-).
The name is sort of a relic though; it has since been found that interleukins are produced by a wide variety of bodily cells.
The function of the immune system depends in a large part on interleukins, and rare deficiencies of a number of them have been described, all featuring autoimmune diseases or immune deficiency.
Interleukin 18 is a primary mediator of the inflammation associated with dextran sulphate sodium induced colitis: ... (455 words)
Interleukin 18 is a primary mediator of the inflammation associated with dextran sulphate sodium induced colitis: blocking interleukin 18 attenuates intestinal damage -- Sivakumar et al.
Interleukin 18 is a primary mediator of the inflammation associated with dextran sulphate sodium induced colitis: blocking interleukin 18 attenuates intestinal damage
Interleukin 1 and interleukin 18 as mediators of inflammation and the aging process
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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