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Encyclopedia > Intendant

New France was governed by three rulers: the governor, the bishop and the intendant, all appointed by the King, and sent from France. The intendant was responsible for finance, economic development, and the administration of justice (law and order). He also presided over the Conseil souverain. Because of his extensive powers, there were often disputes over jurisdiction between the governor and the intendant.

The first intendant of New France was Jean Talon, appointed in 1665 when the colony became a royal province of France. It was Talon who took the first census of the colony in 1666.

Name Term Sovereign
Jean Talon 1665-1668 Louis XIV
Claude de Bouteroue d'Aubigny 1668-1670
Jean Talon 1669-1675
Jacques Duchesneau de la Doussinière et d'Ambault 1675-1682
Jacques de Meulles 1682-1686
Jean Bochart de Champigny, sieur de Noroy de Verneuil 1686-1702
François de Beauharnois de La Chaussaye, baron de Beauville 1702-1705
Jacques Raudot co-intendant 1705-1711
Antoine-Denis Raudot co-intendant 1705-1710
Michel Bégon de la Picardière 1712-1726
Louis XV
Claude-Thomas Dupuy 1726-1728
Gilles Hocquart 1729-1748
François Bigot 1748-1760
  • Intendants' names are recorded as given in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography.
  • Adapted from Chronologie des intendants de la Nouvelle-France, 1665-1710 (http://cca.qc.ca/adhemar/chroninten.stm)

  Results from FactBites:
intendant: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (1810 words)
The authority of the intendants was severely shaken in the provincial revolts of 1788.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Intendants were chosen from the "noblesse de robe" (or administrative noblity) or the upper-bourgeoisie.
After 1680, Intendants in France have a permanent position in a set region (or "généralité"); their official title is "intendant de justice, police et finances, commissaire départi dans les généralités du royaume pour l'exécution des ordres du roi".
Intendant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1486 words)
Intendants were royal civil servants in France under the ancien régime.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Intendants were chosen from the "noblesse de robe" (or administrative nobility) or the upper-bourgeoisie.
During the Fronde in 1648, the members of parlement of the "Chambre Saint-Louis" demanded the suppression of the Intendants; Mazarin and Anne of Austria gave in to these demands (except in the case of border provinces threatened by Spanish or Imperial attack).
  More results at FactBites »



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