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Encyclopedia > Intelligence community
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The Intelligence Community of the United States is an organization of several executive branch agencies within the federal government that are responsible for foreign and domestic intelligence, military planning, and espionage. The Intelligence Community was established by Executive Order 12333, enacted on December 4, 1981 by President Ronald Reagan. US Intelligence Community Logo. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article describes the government of the United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search Intelligence has several different meanings: Intelligence (trait) is the ability to solve problems Animal intelligence Artificial intelligence Intelligence (journal), a scientific journal dealing with intelligence and psychometrics Intelligence (information gathering), often including espionage Business intelligence Criminal intelligence Military intelligence This is a disambiguation page, a list... A military or military force (n. ... Espionage is the practice of obtaining secrets (spying) from rivals or enemies for military, political, or economic advantage. ... Jump to: navigation, search An executive order is an edict issued by a member of the executive branch of a government, usually the head of that branch. ... Jump to: navigation, search December 4 is the 338th day (339th on leap years) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search The President of the United States (often abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search Ronald Wilson Reagan, GCB, (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ...

Contents


Purpose

The Intelligence Community was established to provide a direct method for the United States' disparate intelligence agencies to share data, coordinate activities and eliminate redundancy. Executive Order 12333 charges the Intelligence Community with six primary objectives:

  • Collection of information needed by the President, the National Security Council, the Secretaries of State and Defense, and other Executive Branch officials for the performance of their duties and responsibilities;
  • Production and dissemination of intelligence;
  • Collection of information concerning, and the conduct of activities to protect against, intelligence activities directed against the U.S., international terrorist and/or narcotics activities, and other hostile activities directed against the U.S. by foreign powers, organizations, persons and their agents;
  • Special activities;
  • Administrative and support activities within the US and abroad necessary for the performance of authorized activities; and
  • Such other intelligence activities as the President may direct from time to time.

The structure of the Intelligence Community was altered significantly by the passage of intelligence reform legislation in December 2004. In place of the Director of Central Intelligence a new position has been created, that of Director of National Intelligence. The occupant of this position has oversight over the entire intelligence community, and has enhanced budgetary control over intelligence agencies that are nominally under the authority of the Secretary of Defense. In addition, the posts of ADCI Collection, ADCI Analysis, and Executive Director for Intelligence Community Affairs have all been subsumed within the new Office of the Director of National Intelligence. The National Security Council (NSC) of the United States is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Seal of the United States Department of State The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ... Jump to: navigation, search Seal of the United States Department of Defense The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense, concerned with the armed services and The Secretary is appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate, and is a... Look up terrorist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word for stupor, originally referred to a variety of substances that induced sleep (such state is narcosis). ...


The CIA director now controls only a single agency.


Organization

The Intelligence Community reports to the United States Director of National Intelligence (DNI), who is the President's senior intelligence advisor. The DNI reports directly to the National Security Council and the President of the United States. Before April 21, 2005, the Community was headed by the Director of Central Intelligence, who was also the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Jump to: navigation, search Seal of the United States Director of National Intelligence The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) is a United States cabinet-level official coordinating all 15 components of the Intelligence Community, and is the principal intelligence adviser to the president and the statutory intelligence advisor to the... The National Security Council (NSC) of the United States is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials. ... Jump to: navigation, search The President of the United States (often abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the United States, the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) serves as the head of both the Intelligence Community and the Central Intelligence Agency. ... Jump to: navigation, search See CIA leak grand jury investigation The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ...


Pre-reorganization Management

Prior to the creation of the DNI, day-to-day management of the Intelligence Community was performed by the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence for Community Management, who was assisted by four direct subordinates:

  • The Assistant DCI for Collection (ADCI/C);
  • the Assistant DCI for Analysis and Production (ADCI/AP);
  • the Senior Acquisition Executive (SAE); and
  • the Executive Director for Intelligence Community Affairs (ExDir/ICA).

Member agencies

The Intelligence Community currently consists of fifteen agencies and offices throughout several departments of the executive branch:

There is also a National Intelligence Council. Jump to: navigation, search See CIA leak grand jury investigation The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... The National Clandestine Service (NCS) is the American national authority for coordinating U.S. human intelligence (HUMINT) services. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated as DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... Air Intelligence Agency (AIA), an agency of the United States Air Force, with headquarters at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, was activated Oct. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Army intelligence logo. ... // Overview The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), designated in 1986 as a United States Department of Defense combat support intelligence agency was established in 1961. ... The Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA) is the military intelligence arm of the United States Marine Corps. ... NGA seal The U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is a United States government agency responsible for the tasking (collection), exploitation (analysis), and dissemination (distribution) of Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT). ... Jump to: navigation, search The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) is a department of the United States Department of Defense (DoD) which designs, builds and operates the reconnaissance satellites of the United States government. ... Jump to: navigation, search NSA seal The National Security Agency / Central Security Service (NSA/CSS) is a United States government agency responsible for both the collection and analysis of message communications, and for the security of government communications against similar agencies elsewhere. ... The Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) was established in the United States Navy in 1882 in the wake of the American Civil War. ... Justice Department redirects here. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting Americas people from harm and its property from damage. ... Jump to: navigation, search The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ... The Bureau of Intelligence and Research (or INR) is a small bureau in the U.S. State Department tasked with analyzing information for the State Department. ... The United States Department of the Treasury is a Cabinet department, a treasury, of the United States government established by an Act of U.S. Congress in 1789 to manage the revenue of the United States government. ... The National Intelligence Council (NIC) is the center for midterm and long-term strategic thinking within the United States Intelligence Community (IC). ...


Legislative oversight

The Intelligence Community is overseen by the U.S. House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. The U.S. House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence is a committee of the United States House of Representatives, currently chaired by Peter Hoekstra. ... The United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence is a select committee of the United States Senate dedicated to overseeing the American Intelligence Community—the agencies and bureaus of the U.S. federal government who provide information and analysis for leaders of the executive and legislative branches. ...


External links

  • Official website
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intelligence_Community"

  Results from FactBites:
 
UNITED STATES INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY - WHO WE ARE (614 words)
The intelligence offices/agencies, however, participate in Intelligence Community activities and serve to support the other efforts of their departments.
The State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) is one of the smaller components of the Intelligence Community but is widely recognized for the high quality of its analysis.
INR is strictly an analytical agency; diplomatic reporting from embassies, though highly useful to intelligence analysts, is not considered an intelligence function (nor is it budgeted as one).
Israeli Intelligence Community - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (921 words)
The Israeli Intelligence Community (Hebrew: קהילת המודיעין הישראלית) is the designation given to the complex of organizations responsible for intelligence collection, dissemination, and research for the State of Israel.
Parliamentary supervision over the Intelligence Community is undertaken by the Subcommittee for Intelligence and Secret Services, a subcommittee of the Security and Foreign Affairs Committee, which supervises the entire Israeli Security Forces.
Aman: its jurisdiction is to consist primarily of "military intelligence" - alerting the political leadership and the security arms to the possibility of war and estimating the means of the enemy, and identifying prospective targets during a war or a limited military conflict.
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