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Encyclopedia > Integrated Taxonomic Information System

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) is a partnership designed to provide consistent and reliable information on the taxonomy of biological species. ITIS was originally formed in 1996 as an interagency group within the U.S. federal government, involving agencies from the Department of Commerce to the Smithsonian Institution. It has now become an international body, with Canadian and Mexican government agencies participating. The primary focus of ITIS is North American species, but many groups are worldwide and ITIS continues to collaborate with other international agencies to increase its global coverage. Look up taxonomy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The United States Department of Commerce is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...

Contents

Reference database

ITIS provides an automated reference database of scientific and common names for species. As of April 2007, it contains over 540,000 scientific names, synonyms, and common names for terrestrial, marine, and freshwater taxa from all biological kingdoms (animals, plants, fungi, and microbes). While the system does focus on North American species, it also includes many species not found in North America, especially among birds, fishes, amphibians, mammals, many reptiles, and several invertebrate animal groups. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


ITIS couples each scientific name with a stable and unique taxonomic serial number TSN as the “common denominator” for accessing information on such issues as invasive species, declining amphibians, migratory birds, fishery stocks, pollinators, agricultural pests, and emerging diseases. It presents the names in a standard classification that contains author, date, distributional, and bibliographic information related to the names. In addition, common names are available through ITIS in the major official languages of the Americas (English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese). The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Catalogue of life

ITIS and its international partner, Species 2000, cooperate to annually produce the Catalogue of Life, a checklist and index of the world’s species. The Catalogue of Life goal is to complete the global checklist of 1.8 million species by 2011. As of March 2007, the Catalogue of Life has reached one million species - a major milestone in its quest to complete the first up-to-date comprehensive catalogue of all living organisms [1]. ITIS and the Catalogue of Life are core to the Encyclopedia of Life initiative announced May 2007. Catalogue of Life Logo Source [1] The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life is planned to become a comprehensive catalogue of all known species of organisms on Earth by the year 2011. ... Catalogue of Life Logo Source [1] The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life is planned to become a comprehensive catalogue of all known species of organisms on Earth by the year 2011. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Catalogue of Life Logo Source [1] The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life is planned to become a comprehensive catalogue of all known species of organisms on Earth by the year 2011. ... Catalogue of Life Logo Source [1] The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life is planned to become a comprehensive catalogue of all known species of organisms on Earth by the year 2011. ... The Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) is the proposed name for a collaborative bio-encyclopedia, written by experts[1][2], which aims to build an encyclopedia of separate articles for all known species, including video, sound, images, graphics, and text. ...


Legacy database

Of the 432,000+ (April 2007) scientific names in the current database, approximately 210,000 were inherited from the database formerly maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The newer material has been checked to higher standards of taxonomic credibility, and over half of the original material has been checked and improved to the same standard. Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) manages the acquisition, ingest processing, quality control and long-term preservation of oceanographic data. ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ...


For further background on ITIS and for information to help interpret what can be found therein, please see the ITIS' Data Development History and Data Quality page [2], and the Glossary of Terms Used in ITIS [3].


Standards

Biological taxonomy is not fixed, and opinions about the correct status of taxa at all levels, and their correct placement, are constantly revised as a result of new research. Many aspects of classification will always remain a matter of scientific judgement. The ITIS database is updated to take account of new research as it becomes available, and the information it yields is likely to represent a fair consensus of modern taxonomic opinion.


Records within ITIS include information about how far it has been possible to check and verify them. Its information should be checked against other sources where these are available, and against the primary research scientific literature where possible. Scientific literature is the totality of publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the sciences and social sciences. ...


Member agencies

The United States Department of Agriculture (also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA) is a United States Federal Executive Department (or Cabinet Department). ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ... EPA redirects here. ... The National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) is a program of the United States Geological Surveys Biological Informatics Office. ... The Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food, also referred to as Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for policies governing agriculture production, farming income, research and development, inspection, and the regulation of animals and plants. ... NatureServe is a non-profit environmental conservation organization. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Taxonomic Information Systems (TIS) (262 words)
One of the main benefits of integrated information systems is to expand considerably the use and re-use of biological or taxonomic data by broadening the community of users outside the traditional and limited circle of systematists.
To accomplish this there is need to research and experiment in the creative application of emerging information technologies and in their integration as a foundation for progress and scientific advance.
The studies is developing a Canadian Taxonomic Information System (CTIS) which will position the Centre as a key player in the research and development of large scale biological information systems, nationally and internationally.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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