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Encyclopedia > Intaglio (printmaking)
Intaglio printing. The top line is the paper, to which a slightly raised layer of ink adheres; the matrix is beneath
Intaglio printing. The top line is the paper, to which a slightly raised layer of ink adheres; the matrix is beneath

This article is part of the series on the
History of printing Intaglio is a printmaking technique in which the image is incised into a surface. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The history of printing begins with attempts to streamline communication of commerce, law, religion and culture. ...

Technologies
Phaistos Disc 1850-1400 BCE
Woodblock printing 200 CE
Movable type 1050
Intaglio 1430s
Printing press 1439
Lithography 1796
Offset press by 1800s
Chromolithography 1837
Rotary press 1843
Flexography 1890s
Screen-printing 1907
Dye-sublimation 1957
Photocopier 1960s
Laser printer 1969
Dot matrix printer 1970
Thermal printer
Inkjet printer 1976
Digital press 1993
3D printing
v  d  e

Intaglio (pronounced in-TAL-yo, IPA: [ɪn'tælɪəʊ]) is a family of printmaking techniques in which the image is incised into a surface, known as the matrix or plate. Normally, copper or zinc plates are used as a surface, and the incisions are created by etching, engraving, drypoint, aquatint or mezzotint. Collographs may also be printed as intaglio plates. To print an intaglio plate ink is applied to the surface and then rubbed with tarlatan cloth to remove most of the excess. The final smooth wipe is often done with newspaper or old public phone book pages, leaving ink only in the incisions. A damp piece of paper is placed on top and the plate and paper are run through a printing press that, through pressure, transfers the ink from the recesses of the plate to the paper. The Phaistos Disc (Phaistos Disk, Phaestos Disc) is a curious archaeological find, likely dating to the middle or late Minoan Bronze Age. ... Yuan Dynasty woodblock edition of a Chinese play For the use of the technique in art, see Woodcut on the technique, and Old master print for the history in Europe and woodblock printing in Japan. ... For the weblog software, see Movable Type. ... The printing press is a mechanical device for printing many copies of a text on rectangular sheets of paper. ... Lithography is a method for printing on a smooth surface. ... Offset printing is a widely used printing technique where the inked image is transferred (or offset) from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface. ... Folding Card, The Old Woman Who Lived in A Shoe, 6 April 1883. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A flexographic printing plate. ... Screen-printing, also known as silkscreening or serigraphy, is a printmaking technique that creates a sharp-edged single-color image using a stencil and a porous fabric. ... Samsung SPP-2040 working. ... A small, much-used Xerox copier in a high school library. ... 1993 Apple LaserWriter Pro 630 laser printer A laser printer is a common type of computer printer that rapidly produces high quality text and graphics on plain paper. ... A dot matrix printer or impact matrix printer refers to a type of computer printer with a print head that runs back and forth on the page and prints by impact, striking an ink-soaked cloth ribbon against the paper, much like a typewriter. ... A thermal printer (or direct thermal printer) produces a printed image by selectively heating coated thermochromic paper, or thermal paper as it is commonly known, when the paper passes over the thermal print head. ... An Epson inkjet printer Inkjet printers are a type of computer printer that operates by propelling tiny droplets of liquid ink onto paper. ... Digital printing is the reproduction of digital images on physical surface, such as common or photographic paper, film, cloth, plastic, etc. ... Three-dimensional printing is a method of converting a virtual 3D model into a physical object. ... Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... Christ Preaching, known as The Hundred Guilder print; etching c1648 by Rembrandt Etching is the process of using strong acid to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio in the metal (the original process - in modern manufacturing other chemicals may be used... Hercules fighting the Centaurs , engraving by Sebald Beham Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... Drypoint is a printmaking technique of the intaglio family, in which an image is incised into a plate by scratching the surface with a hard, sharp metal (or diamond) point. ... Aquatint is an intaglio printmaking technique. ... Mezzotint is a printing process of the intaglio family, in which the surface of a metal plate is roughened evenly; the image is then brought out by smoothing the surface, creating the image by working from dark to light. ... This article is not about calligraphy. ... Tarlatan is a starched, open-weave fabric, much like cheese cloth. ...


Intaglio techniques are often combined on a plate. For example Rembrandt's prints are referred to as "etchings" for convenience, but very often they have engraving and drypoint work as well, and sometimes no actual etching at all. This article is about the Dutch artist. ... Drypoint is a printmaking technique of the intaglio family, in which an image is incised into a plate by scratching the surface with a hard, sharp metal (or diamond) point. ...


Apart from intaglio, the other traditional families, or groups of printmaking techniques are: Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper. ...

  • Relief prints, including woodcut, where the matrix is cut away to leave the image-making part on the original surface. The matrix is then just inked and printed; not wiped as described above.
  • Planographic, including lithography, where the image rests on the surface of the matrix, which can therefore often be re-used.
  • Other families have developed, especially in the twentieth century - see printmaking.
  • Both intaglio and relief, as well as planographic printing processes, print a reversed image (a mirror-image of the matrix), which must be allowed for in the composition, especially if it includes text.

A relief print is an image created by a printmaking process, such as woodcut, where the areas of the matrix (plate or block) that are to show printed black (typically) are on the original surface; the parts of the matrix that are to be blank (white) having been cut themselves... Four horsemen of the Apocalypse by Albrecht Dürer Ukiyo-e woodcut, Ishiyama Moon by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1889) Woodcut is a relief printing artistic technique in printmaking in which an image is carved into the surface of a block of wood, with the printing parts remaining level with the surface... Planographic printing means printing from a flat surface, as opposed to a raised surface (as with relief printing) or incised surface (as with intaglio printing). ... Lithography is a method for printing on a smooth surface. ... Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper. ...

Quick notes on intaglio/gravure

  • Depressions are cut into the printing plate.
  • Recesses are filled with ink. (In drypoint, a raised burr on either side of the depression holds the ink). [For relief printing methods such as woodcut or linocut, the opposite is true. For these techniques the non-recessed part of the print is inked.]
  • Paper is placed over the top of the printing plate.
  • The press roller presses paper down into the recesses of the printing plate so that the paper comes into contact with the ink held there.
  • Plates are usually made from copper or zinc.
  • Formerly used extensively for high quality magazines, fabrics and wall papers.
  • Common uses still include some postage stamps and U.S. paper currency, at one time used for all mass-printed materials including bank notes, stock certificates, etc.

Brief history

See old master print for the history of engraving to 1830, The term Old Master Print is used to describe works of art produced by a printing process within the Western tradition (European or New World). ...


See also line engraving, mostly on nineteenth-century engraving, This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Intaglio engraving, as a method of making prints, was invented in Germany by the 1430s, well after the woodcut print. Engraving had been used by goldsmiths to decorate metalwork, including armour, musical instruments and religious objects since ancient times, and the niello technique, which involved rubbing an alloy into the lines to give a contrasting colour, also goes back to late antiquity. It has been suggested that goldsmiths began to print impressions of their work to record the design, and that printmaking developed from that. Four horsemen of the Apocalypse by Albrecht Dürer Ukiyo-e woodcut, Ishiyama Moon by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1889) Woodcut is a relief printing artistic technique in printmaking in which an image is carved into the surface of a block of wood, with the printing parts remaining level with the surface... A goldsmith creating a new ring A goldsmith is a metalworker who specializes in working with precious metals, usually to make jewelry. ... „Minden Cross“ in Niello technique, appr. ...


Martin Schongauer was one of the earliest known artists to exploit the copper-engraving technique, and Albrecht Dürer is one of the most famous intaglio artists. Italian and Netherlandish engraving began slightly after the Germans, but were well developed by 1500. Drypoint and etching were also German inventions of the fifteenth century, probably by the Housebook Master and Daniel Hopfer respectively. The golden age of artists engraving was 1450-1550, after which the technique lost ground to etching as a medium for artists, although engravings continued to be produced in huge numbers until after the invention of photography. Today intaglio engraving is largely used for currency, banknotes, passports and occasionally for high-value postage stamps. The appearance of engraving is sometimes mimicked for items such as wedding invitations by producing an embossment around lettering printed by another process (such as lithography or offset) to suggest the edges of an engraving plate. Drypoint is a printmaking technique of the intaglio family, in which an image is incised into a plate by scratching the surface with a hard, sharp metal (or diamond) point. ... Pair of Lovers - C. 1480, a painting thought to be by the dry point engraver identified as the Master of the Housebook Master of the Housebook and Master of the Amsterdam Cabinet are two appellations used for an engraver and painter working in South Germany in the last quarter of... Daniel Hopfer: Gib Frid - three old women beating a devil on the ground. ... Photography [fÓ™tÉ‘grÓ™fi:],[foÊŠtÉ‘grÓ™fi:] is the process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or electronic sensor. ...


See also

Look up intaglio in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Diagram of rotogravure process Rotogravure (gravure for short) is a type of intaglio printing process, in that it involves engraving the image onto an image carrier. ... Hercules fighting the Centaurs , engraving by Sebald Beham Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... Viscosity printing is a hand printmaking technique that involves all three of the basic printmaking processes -- relief printmaking, intaglio printmaking, and planographic printmaking. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Intaglio Printmaking (1082 words)
In part one of this article the basic printmaking techniques relief printing and intaglio printing were discussed and the relief techniques woodcut, wood engraving and linocut were introduced.
This second part is about the intaglio printmaking techniques - engraving, drypoint, etching, aquatint, stipple, mezzotint.
Engraving is the oldest and most common of the intaglio techniques.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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