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Encyclopedia > Insubordination

Insubordination is the act of a subordinate deliberately disobeying a lawful order. Insubordination is typically a punishable offence in hierarchical organizations which depend on people lower in the chain of command to do as they are told. The term does not cover behaviours like bad work ethics, voicing complaints, or refusing to perform an action that is not safe, ethical, or legal. However, the person may well get accused of insurbordination in such a case.

The concept of insubordination is most often associated with military organizations, as military organizations have a chain of command and lawful orders given by a commissioned officer (CO) or non commissioned officer(NCO), whose orders are expected to be carried out by the person to whom the order is given. Refusal of a military officer to obey his (civilian) superiors would also count, though in some nations the head of the government is (at least technically) also the most superior officer of the military (see for example Commander in Chief in the US). A Commander-in-Chief is the commander of a nations military forces or significant element of those forces. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

Other types of hierarchical structures, especially corporations, may also use insubordination as a reason for dismissal or censure of an employee. In litigation, a dismissal the result of a successful motion to dismiss. ... Censure is a process by which a formal reprimand is issued to an individual by an authoritative body. ...


In the military

The penalty for insubordination in military organizations can range from dishonorable discharge, incarceration for a term of years, to capital punishment. The penalty varies depending on the type of infraction, the circumstances, and the culture of the military force. In modern Western armed forces, the penalty tends to be dishonorable discharge and/or a prison term. In other circumstances such as the German or Russian armies on the Eastern Front during World War II, the penalty tended to be an immediate execution without trial. A military discharge is given when a member of the armed forces is released from their obligation to serve. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... The Eastern Front was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

In the economy

In the modern workplace in the Western world, the organizational culture is usually sufficiently relaxed and unmilitary so that the issue of insubordination rarely arises formally. The power relationships in the modern workplace are less obvious and are sometimes inverted when employees with special and essential skills are so valuable to the organization that what would be considered insubordination in other cases is overlooked or at least no overt action is taken.

There have been a number of court cases which have involved charges of insubordination from the employer with counter charges of infringement of First Amendment rights from the employee. A number of these cases have reached the U.S. Supreme Court usually involving a conflict between an institution of higher education and a faculty member. The first ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution make up the Bill of Rights. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... A faculty is a division within a university. ...


There have been a number of famous and infamous people who have committed insubordination or publicly objected to an organizational practice.

Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 - April 5, 1964), was an American general who played a prominent role in the Pacific theater of World War II. He was poised to command the invasion of Japan in November 1945 but was instead instructed to accept their surrender on September 2, 1945. ... President Truman announces that Germany had surrendered (May 8 1945) Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... The Korean War (Korean: 한국전쟁), from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, was a conflict between North Korea and South Korea. ... Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 - October 24, 1972) became the first black Major League Baseball player of the modern era in 1947. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ... A court-martial (plural courts-martial) is a military court that determines punishments for members of the military subject to military law. ... Howard Zinn (born August 24, 1922) is an American historian, social critic, playwright and political scientist. ... Albert Pike (b. ... This article is in need of attention. ... George Grosz (July 26, 1893 – July 6, 1959) was a prominent member of the Berlin Dada and New Objectivity group, known especially for his savagely caricatural drawings of Berlin life in the 1920s. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert Henry Asquith Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow... May refer to the politcal leader Eugene_V._Debs May also be in reference to a a debutante ball, a formal party undertaken by the leaving members of second-level schools in Ireland, most often in the month of August or September. ... Dr. Jeffrey Wigand was vice president of research and development at Brown & Williamson, and became known as a whistleblower when, on the CBS news program 60 Minutes, he exposed his companys practice of impact boosting — intentionally manipulating the effect of nicotine in cigarettes. ... The tobacco industry comprises those persons and companies engaged in the growth, preparation for sale, shipment, advertisement, and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products. ... Brigadier General Billy Mitchell, United States Army Air Service William L. (Billy) Mitchell (December 28, 1879 – February 19, 1936) was an American general who is regarded as the father of the U.S. Air Force. ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert Henry Asquith Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow... Aerial warfare is the use of aircraft and other flying machines for the purposes of warfare. ... Hunter Stockton Thompson (July 18, 1937 – February 20, 2005) was an American journalist and author. ... Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ... Thomas Scott This article refers to the man killed during the Red River Rebellion. ...

See also

Court cases involving insubordination: Mutiny is the act of conspiring to disobey an order that a group of similarly-situated individuals (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) is legally obliged to obey. ... A whistleblower is someone in an organization who witnesses behavior by members that is either contrary to the mission of the organization, or threatening to the public interest, and who decides to speak out publicly about it. ... A critic (derived from the ancient Greek word krites meaning a judge) is a person who offers a value judgement or an interpretation. ...

  Results from FactBites:
EdPDLaw - Defending the Insubordination Charge (774 words)
In order to defend a charge of insubordination we must first define what constitutes insubordination.
Although definitions may vary from Department to Department, a standard LEO Rule and Regulation defines Insubordination as:
Lastly, although the stressors in the Officer's personal life have not been found as grounds to dismiss a charge of insubordination, they have been used to "mitigate" or lesson the penalty imposed.
insubordination (2818 words)
There does seem to be confusion regarding when an employee must be charged under this heading of “insubordination”, or whether the charge should be under a different heading.
Insubordination may be described as resistance to or defiance of authority, disobedience, refusal or failure to obey reasonable and lawful instructions, insolence, cheekiness, rudeness, brining the employer’s name into disrepute, and rebellious or mutinous behavior resulting in an actual work stoppage.
Refusing to obey a lawful and reasonable instruction is misconduct (insubordination) and the employee must be disciplined in terms of your disciplinary procedure.
  More results at FactBites »



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