FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Instruction manual (computer and video games)
Several manuals
Several manuals

An instruction manual, in the context of computer and video games, is a booklet that instructs the player on how to play the game, gives descriptions of the controls and their effects, and shows a general outline of the concepts and goals of the game. It is also common for manuals to contain a brief summary of the storyline of the game, especially in games with complex storylines, such as role playing games. Manuals can be very large, such as the hundreds of pages in the Civilization II one, or very small, such as the single sheet of double sided A5 paper included with Half-Life 2. Instruction manuals for several platforms: MechCommander (PC, 1997) A5 184 pages; Theme Park (PC, 1994) A5 80 Pages; World Cup 98 (PC, 1998) A5 8 Pages fold-out; Europa Universalis (PC, 2000) Oddly shaped 132 pages; Oni (PC, 2001) 32 pages; Premier Manager 97 (Mega Drive, 1996) 25 pages; Adidas... Instruction manuals for several platforms: MechCommander (PC, 1997) A5 184 pages; Theme Park (PC, 1994) A5 80 Pages; World Cup 98 (PC, 1998) A5 8 Pages fold-out; Europa Universalis (PC, 2000) Oddly shaped 132 pages; Oni (PC, 2001) 32 pages; Premier Manager 97 (Mega Drive, 1996) 25 pages; Adidas... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ... Computer role-playing games (CRPGs), often shortened to simply role-playing games (RPGs), are a type of video or computer game that traditionally use gameplay elements found in paper-and-pencil role-playing games. ... Sid Meiers Civilization II, a. ... ISO 216 specifies international standard (ISO) paper sizes, used in most countries in the world today. ... Half-Life 2 (HL2) is a science fiction first-person shooter computer game that is the sequel to Half-Life. ...

Contents

Personal computers

Computer games typically have larger manuals because some genres native to personal computers such as simulators or strategy games require a more in-depth explanation of the interface and game mechanics. Furthermore, instruction manuals for personal computer games tend to include installation instructions to assist a user in installing the game, but those instructions could also appear in a separated piece of paper or in a different leaflet. As some of these manuals are so large as to be cumbersome when searching for a specific section, some games include a quick reference card (usually a list of keyboard commands) on a separate sheet of paper or in the back cover of the manual.


A common use for printed manuals until the CD-ROM became the main medium for games was to use it as a copy protection device: some games required the player to find the "word x in the yth paragraph of the zth page" or to input a code found in the borders of a certain page. These mechanisms were highly unpopular, as they only affected legitimate purchasers; pirates would simply use a crack or have the codes printed on a single sheet to bypass the mechanism. While this practice has fallen out of use in recent years, CD-keys serve a similar purpose and are occasionally printed somewhere in or on the manual. The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... Copy prevention, also known as copy protection, is any technical measure designed to prevent duplication of information. ... The copyright infringement of software refers to several practices when done without the permission of the copyright holder: Creating a copy and/or selling it. ... Software cracking is the modification of software to remove protection methods: copy prevention, trial/demo version, serial number, hardware key, CD check or software annoyances like nag screens and adware. ...


Other manuals go much farther then being simple guides: some games based on historical or well developed fictional stories often include extensive information about the settings, like WWI combat simulator Flying Corps, where every campaign was thoroughly described with historical information. In some genres, this led to the aforementioned large manuals traditional with computer games. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Flying Corps is a 1996 World War I flight simulator developed by Rowan Software and published by Empire Interactive. ...


Decline of printed manuals

The trend in recent years is towards smaller manuals - sometimes just a single instruction sheet - for a number of reasons. Console games are no longer sold in large cardboard boxes; instead, since the early 2000s, DVD cases have been used (as today's major consoles use DVDs), which leave no room for a large manual. Printing is also expensive, and game publishers can save money by including a PDF of the manual on the disk (computer games) or in-game help (both computer and console games). As more "spare" buttons become available on controllers, screen resolution and an obstacle course to teach movement and target practice to teach shooting and introduce different types of weapons; in real-time strategy games, they are one or more missions that teach not only the issuing of basic commands (build, upgrade, move, harvest resources, attack) but also the uses of basic units. The 2000s are the current decade, spanning from 2000 to 2009. ... DVD (Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ... 1. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... An obstacle courses is a series of challenging physical obstacles an individual or team must navigate usually while being timed. ... Target practice refers to any exercise (often military) in which projectiles are fired at a specified target, usually to improve the aim of the person or persons firing the weapon. ... An objective or goal is a personal or organizational desired end point in development. ...


Missing manuals

While their use in computer games post-2000 is scarce, console games and older computer games are expected to have them. Games acquired in second hand markets often miss the manuals, after being kept, lost or discarded by their previous owners. As occasionally the manuals are part of the game experience, owners of games missing manuals try to find replacements in other second-hand stores or with other players or collectors. Alternatively, sites like Replacement Docs provide a large repository of fan-made and official PDF manuals to download. Those range from simple page scans (which is unpractical in longer manuals, due to larger file size and the inability to search text) to OCR-scanned and carefully assembled manuals to remain as close to the original manuals as possible. Optical character recognition, usually abbreviated to OCR, is a type of computer software designed to translate images of handwritten or typewritten text (usually captured by a scanner) into machine-editable text, or to translate pictures of characters into a standard encoding scheme representing them (e. ...


MMORPG manuals

MMORPGs in particular continue to be packaged with a comprehensive and high-quality manual. World of Warcraft and Guild Wars include instruction manuals that are 150 to 200 pages; they explain everything from in-game lore to detailed overviews of the different character classes. In general, MMORPGs have a larger variety of features in which the player can focus on while playing than normal games and often take much longer to complete. The detailed instruction booklets that accompany the games help answer any questions that players may have in order to make public relations and technical support easier once the game is released. These manuals also invite potential players to explore an aspect of the game that was previously unknown to them. More than any other genre, the community and longetivity of an MMO are important to the developers because they often charge a monthly fee for playing the game, and comprehensive instruction manuals can only add to the game's appeal. An image from World of Warcraft, one of the largest commercial MMORPGs as of 2004, based on active subscriptions. ... World of Warcraft (commonly abbreviated as WoW) is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by Blizzard Entertainment and is the fourth game in the Warcraft series, excluding expansion packs and the cancelled Warcraft Adventures: Lord of the Clans. ... Guild Wars is an episodic series of multiplayer online role-playing games created by ArenaNet, a Seattle game development studio and a subsidiary of the South Korean game publisher NCsoft. ... The abbreviation MMO can stand for any of several things: Main Mechanical Outfitting Maintenance Management Officer Maintenance Manual Organization Level (TMINS) Man-made object Marine Mammal Observer Marketing Mix Optimization Massively multiplayer online (gaming) Materials and Manufacturing Ontario Maximum Operating Mach Number Means, Motive and Opportunity Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter Minimum...


Notable manuals

  • Most games by MicroProse have extensive manuals.
  • The original release of Myst included a pamphlet which fit in the compact disc case and contained a one page setup and basic instructions for the game. The main "manual" is a booklet of blank pages for the player to take notes in. Later releases add more information on the creators and some assistance.
  • MDK's manual is presented as the diary of Professor Hawkins. ( example)
  • Grand Theft Auto III and later games in the series present their manuals as in-universe reading materials, with those of GTA III and GTA: Vice City fashioned in the form of tourist guides to cities the games are set in, GTA: San Andreas presenting its as a "local business advertising guide" (consisting predominantly of advertising of in-game products), and GTA: Liberty City Stories depicting its version as a local newspaper.
  • During the 1980s and early 1990s, most of the manuals provided by Konami of America (and their sister company, Ultra Games) for their games were written in a very humorous tone and often contradicted the original information from their Japanese counterparts (as was the case with Contra, Castlevania and Metal Gear). Konami of America only began taking a more serious approach for their manuals around the mid 1990s, when they began using translated versions of the Japanese manuals instead of writing their own. Their counterpart, Konami of Europe, often used the same manuals as Konami of America, but they also made their own (and often accurate) manuals when an American version wasn't available (as was the case with Probotector and Parodius.)
  • NHLPA Hockey 93 suggests injuring opposite players as a tactic, stating "Player injuries — it's a part of the game. Knock key opposing players out of the game with an extra hard body check". Combined with other factors (such as a high number of fights and players that bleed when injured), it forced EA to tone down several aspects of the game in order to keep both their NHL and NHLPA licenses.
  • The NES game Star Tropics has a yellowish paper written as a letter from the main character's uncle. Midway through the game the player receives a hint to get the letter wet, which reveals a secret message necessary to continue the game. This letter was easily lost, but since the secret message was always the same, the game can still be progressed as long as the player can find someone (or a website) that knows the content.
  • The PC game "The Last Resort" also came with a letter as part of its instruction manual, which contained a code which was needed to solve the game's very first puzzle. This could possibly be a direct nod to Star Tropics, but could also be a coincidence.
  • The Super NES game Home Improvement (based on the TV series of the same name) is particularly notorious for featuring a splash page that proclaims "Real men don't need instructions" as the sole content of its manual.
  • The PlayStation games Lunar: Silver Star Story Complete and its sequel Lunar 2: Eternal Blue Complete included 100 page faux-leather bound manuals that contained not only the standard manual, but art, interviews and translation notes.
  • The SNES game Earthbound is notable for not being boxed with an instruction manual, but an actual strategy guide for the game, made by the developers. This accounts for Earthbound's rather oversized packaging, in comparison to other SNES titles.
  • The manual of the game Contact for the Nintendo DS was written in the style of a blog, likely a first for the medium.
  • The CD-I game Hotel Mario included the instuction manual in the prologe. There have been many parodies of this line at Youtube

MicroProse Software, Inc. ... Myst (or MYST) is a graphic adventure computer game designed and directed by the brothers Robyn and Rand Miller. ... MDK is a third-person shooter game developed by Shiny Entertainment and released in 1997 by Interplay for the PC, Macintosh, and PlayStation. ... Download high resolution version (689x704, 121 KB)MDK term explained in the videogame manual. ... Grand Theft Auto III (sometimes abbreviated as GTA III or GTA3) is an action computer and video game developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North), published by Rockstar Games in October 2001 for the PlayStation 2 video game console, May 2002 for Windows-based personal computers, and in November 2003... Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (released in October 2002) is the fourth video game in the hit Grand Theft Auto series. ... Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas is the fifth video game in the Grand Theft Auto series. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Konami Corporation ) (TYO: 9766 NYSE: KNM SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling toys, trading cards, anime, tokusatsu, slot machines and video games. ... Founded in 1987 as a subsidiary of Konami, Ultra was a video game company created in an effort to get around Nintendos draconian licensing rules. ... Contra ) is an arcade game released in 1987 by the Konami corporation. ... Castlevania , lit. ... Metal Gear ) (commonly abbreviated to MG) is a stealth-based game designed by Hideo Kojima. ... Contra ) is an arcade game released in 1987 by the Konami corporation. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ... // The NHL series has introduced brand-new features for years. ... “NHL” redirects here. ... The National Hockey League Players Association or NHLPA is a labour union that represents the interests of the hockey players in the National Hockey League of North America. ... “NES” redirects here. ... StarTropics is a game released by Nintendo in 1990 for the Nintendo Entertainment System. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES, also known as SNES or Super Nintendo, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... Home Improvement (sometimes called Home Improvement: Power Tool Pursuit) is a video game for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System based on the hit sitcom Home Improvement. ... Home Improvement is an American television sitcom starring actor/comedian Tim Allen, which ran from 1991 to 1999. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... Lunar: Silver Star Story Complete is retitled version of Lunar The Silver Star Story which is a remake of Lunar The Silver Star a video game made by Game Arts. ... Lunar 2: Eternal Blue is the sequel to the role-playing video game Lunar: Silver Star Story Complete. ... EarthBound, released in Japan as MOTHER 2: Gyiyg no Gyakushū , lit. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... “NDS” redirects here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... CD-i or Compact Disc Interactive is the name of an interactive multimedia CD player developed and marketed by Royal Philips Electronics N.V. CD-i also refers to the multimedia Compact Disc standard utilized by the CD-i console, also known as Green Book, which was co-developed by... Hotel Mario is a puzzle game produced and developed by Philips Media resulting from a failed deal with Nintendo to make a CD-ROM enhancement of the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. ...

See also

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An example of a regular cardbox for a 1998 PC game. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Instruction manual (computer and video games) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1331 words)
An instruction manual, in the context of computer and video games, is a booklet that instructs the player on how to play the game, gives descriptions of the controls and their effects, and shows a general outline of the concepts and goals of the game.
It is also common for manuals to contain a brief summary of the storyline of the game, especially in games with complex storylines, such as role playing games.
Computer games typically have larger manuals because some genres native to personal computers such as simulators or strategy games require a more in-depth explanation of the interface and game mechanics.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m