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Encyclopedia > Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais

The National Institute for Space Research (INPE) is a search unit of the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT), whose main goals lie in fostering scientific research and technological applications and in qualifying personnel in the fields of Space and Atmospheric Sciences and Applications and Space Engineering and Space Technology. While INPE is the civilian research center for aerospace activities, the Brazilian General Command for Aerospace Technology is the research military arm. Image File history File links Inpe1. ... Satellite navigation Space technology is a term that is often treated as a category. ... Main entrance The Brazilian Aerospace Technical Center (Centro Técnico Aerospacial - CTA) is the national military research center for aviation and space flight of the Federative Republic of Brazil and subordinated to the Brazilian Air Force. ...


History

On August 3, 1961, the Brazilian President Jânio Quadros signed a decree which created the Organizing Group for the National Commission on Space Activities (COGNAE). This group would give rise to the current National Institute for Space Research. Jânio da Silva Quadros (January 25, 1917—February 16, 1992) was a Brazilian politician who was briefly President of Brazil in 1961. ...


COGNAE, which soon became known as CNAE, started its activities by stimulating, coordinating and supporting studies on the space related area, besides breeding a team of skilled researchers and establishing cooperation with leading nations on the space area.


Initially, the research program was developed its laboratories in São José dos Campos - still the main campus today - and it was closely related with studies in the field of space and atmospheric sciences. These studies included ionosphere sounding in the upper atmosphere through devices placed on the ground and mainly through scientific rocket payloads launched from Barreira do Inferno, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. Nickname: Capital of the Valley, Capital of the Airplane Motto: Aura Terraque Generosa Location in Sao Paulo State and Brazil Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State São Paulo Mayor Eduardo Cury (PSDB) Area    - City 1,099. ... Relationship of the atmosphere and ionosphere The ionosphere is the part of the atmosphere that is ionized by solar radiation. ... Via Costeira, Natal. ...


On April 22, 1971, the Institute for Space Research (INPE) was created, subordinated to the National Research Council (CNPq). INPE would be the main civilian executive organ for space research development in accordance with the directives of the Brazilian Commission for Space Activities (COBAE), an advisory organ of the Republic Presidency.


Until the mid-seventies, these were the main projects carried out by INPE included the usage of meteorological, communications and earth observation satellites. This motivated other projects such as:

  • MESA - reception and interpretation of meteorological satellite images;
  • SERE - use of satellite remote sensing technique and aircraft earth resources monitoring
  • SACI - that improved the educational system through broadcating, using a geostationary communications satellite.

INPE entered a new era when the Brazilian government approved the Complete Brazilian Space Mission (MECB) at the end of 1970's. The institute, besides research and applications, started the development of the space technology for specific needs, essential for a a country of continental dimensions with immense and almost inhabitated areas.


On March 15, 1985, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT) was created and INPE became part of it as an independent organ of the Direct Administration.


During the 1980's, INPE started developing priority programs such as:

  • Complete Brazilian Space Mission (MECB);
  • China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS);
  • Amazon Research Program (AMZ);
  • the Center for Weather Forecast and Climatic Studies (CPTEC).

It also kept track of other countries' research on the space area, facilitating collaboration and partnership with them. During this period it also established its Integration and Tests Laboratory (LIT) which develops highly specialized activities essential to the Brazilian's Space Program. Amazonian redirects here, for other uses see Amazonian (disambiguation) The Amazon Basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries. ...


In the 1990's, the first Brazilian satellite (SCD-1) was launched.


In 1998, the second Brazilian satellite (SCD-2) was successfully launched, performing even better than the first one. CBERS-1 and the Scientific Satellite SACI-1 will be the next ones to be launched at an early date.


Due to the recognition of INPE in terms of space technology, Brazil was invited to participate, together with 16 other countries, in the construction of the International Space Station (ISS) , one of the biggest investments on the space area in the world today. International Space Station insignia ISS Statistics Crew: 3 As of July 21, 2006 Perigee: 352. ...


See also

The Brazilian Space Agency (Agência Espacial Brasileira) is the civilian authority in Brazil that is in charge of the countrys burgeoning space programme. ... The Brazilian General Command for Aerospace Technology (Comando-Geral de Tecnologia Aerospacial - CTA) is the national military research center for aviation and space flight of the Federative Republic of Brazil and subordinated to the Brazilian Air Force. ... The Aeronautics Technological Institute (Instituto Tecnólogico de Aeronáutica - ITA) is a federal public academic institution located in São José dos Campos, Brazil. ... Marcos César Pontes (born March 11, 1963) became the first Brazilian and the first Lusophone to go into space when he launched towards the International Space Station aboard Soyuz TMA-8 on March 30, 2006. ...

External link

  • Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - INPE

 
 

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