FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Institutional Revolutionary Party
Partido Revolucionario Institucional
PRI
Image:Pri logo.PNG
Leader Mariano Palacios Alcocer
Founded March 4, 1929 (PNR)
March 30, 1938 (PRM)
January 18, 1946 (PRI)
Headquarters 59 Avenida Insurgentes N
Mexico City
06359
Political Ideology Centrism, Social democracy, Neoliberalism
International Affiliation Socialist International
Continental Affiliation
Colours red, green
Website http://www.pri.org.mx

See also:
Politics of Mexico
Political parties in Mexico
Elections in Mexico Image File history File links Larger version File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Mariano Palacios Alcocer (born May 27, 1952)is a mexican politician and the current President of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in leap years). ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... (Spanish: Ciudad de México, México D.F. or simply México, pronounced IPA: ) is the capital city of the nation of Mexico. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The official symbol of Socialist International The Socialist International is a worldwide organization of social democratic, labor, and democratic socialist political parties. ... Red may be any of a number of similar colors at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ... Green is a color with many different shades, all within a wavelength of roughly 520–570 nm. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article lists political parties in Mexico. ... Politics of Mexico Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Mexico ...

The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. Originally, it was known as the Partido Nacional Revolucionario (PNR or National Revolutionary Party), then Partido de la Revolucion Mexicana (PRM or Party of the Mexican Revolution). The evolution of the name may have been due to the acronyms of the original names being the butt of jokes, such as PNR supposedly signifying Plutarco Necesita Robar (Plutarco Needs to Rob). Such jokes were a touchy subject in the days when plutocrats such as Luis Morones were building mansions on Cuernavaca's "Ali Baba Street". A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Hegemony (pronounced or ) (Greek: ) is the dominance of one group over other groups, with or without the threat of force, to the extent that, for instance, the dominant party can dictate the terms of trade to its advantage; more broadly, cultural perspectives become skewed to favor the dominant group. ... A plutocracy is a government system where wealth is the principal basis of power (from the Greek ploutos meaning wealth). ... Luis Napoleón Morones (1890–1946) was a Mexican union boss who served as secretary general of the Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers (Confederación Regional Obrera Mexicana, CROM) and as secretary of economy under President Plutarco Elías Calles. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Cuernavaca is the capital city of the state of Morelos in Mexico. ...


The adherents of the PRI party are known in Mexico as priistas.


The party was the result of Plutarco Elías Calles's efforts to stop the violent struggle for power between the victorious factions of the Mexican Revolution, and guarantee the peaceful if not democratic transmission of power for members of the party. Opponents, academics, and historians claim with ample evidence that elections were just a ritual to simulate the appearance of a democracy. However, most analysts agree that Lazaro Cardenas created the broad-based political alliances necessary for the PRI's long-term survival, by splitting the party into interest groups representing different facets of national political life (eg, the Confederacion Nacional Campesino, the PRI farmer's group). Cardenas' strategy with the PRM mirrored the balanced ticket approach of 1930's Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak, who created the machine politics characteristic of Chicago by balancing ethnic interests. Settling disputes and power struggles within the party structure helped prevent congressional gridlock and possible armed rebellions, but this style of dispute resolution also created a "rubber stamp" legislative apparatus. Term of office: 1 December 1924 – 30 November 1928 Preceded by: Álvaro Obregón Succeeded by: Emilio Portes Gil Date of birth: 25 September 1877 Place of birth: Guaymas, Sonora Date of death: 19 October 1945 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Schoolteacher, soldier, politician First Lady: Natalia Chacón... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution Many portions of this article are translations of excerpts from the article Revolución Mexicana in the Spanish Wikipedia. ... Lázaro Cárdenas del Río (May 21, 1895 – October 19, 1970) was President of Mexico from 1934 to 1940. ... Ticket balance is a political term used when a political candidate chooses a running mate with the goal of bringing more widespread appeal to the campaign. ... Events and trends Technology Jet engine invented Science Nuclear fission discovered by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann Pluto, the ninth planet from the Sun, is discovered by Clyde Tombaugh British biologist Arthur Tansley coins term ecosystem War, peace and politics Socialists proclaim The death of Capitalism Rise to... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook Incorporated March 4, 1837 Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area    - City 606. ... Anton Cermak Anton Cermak, in Czech Antonín ÄŒermák, (May 9, 1873 – March 6, 1933) was the mayor of Chicago, Illinois, from 1931 until his death in 1933. ... The Cook County Democratic Organization was one of the most powerful political machines in American history. ... Rubber stamp, is a political metaphor referring to an institution that has little power and rarely disagrees with more powerful organs, though usually it formally has much greater power. ...


They also claim that electoral fraud, with voter suppression and violence, was used when the political machine did not work. However, opposing parties now make the same claim against each other (PRD against Fox's PAN and PAN vs. López Obrador's PRD, for example), even though the scale of corruption is almost incomparable.[citation needed] Electoral fraud is illegal interference with the process of an election. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A political machine is an unofficial system of political organization based on patronage, the spoils system, behind-the-scenes control, and longstanding political ties within the structure of a representative democracy. ... Vicente Fox Quesada[1] (born July 2, 1942) is the current President of Mexico. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... Andrés Manuel López Obrador Andrés Manuel López Obrador (born 13 November 1953) is a Mexican politician, affiliated with the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD). ... The Party of the Democratic Revolution (in Spanish: Partido de la Revolución Democrática, PRD) is one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ...


In 1990 Peruvian-born Spanish right-wing writer Mario Vargas Llosa called the government under the PRI la dictadura perfecta ("The perfect dictatorship"). In the year 2000, the PRI lost the presidency of Mexico for the first time. This article is about the year. ... Mario Vargas Llosa (birth name: Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa) (born March 28, 1936) is a Peruvian writer who is one of Latin Americas leading novelists and essayists. ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ...


Despite being an authoritarian neo-liberal party, the PRI is a member of the Socialist International, as is the rival PRD, making Mexico one of the few nations with two major, competing parties part of the same international grouping. The term neoliberalism is used to describe a political-economic philosophy that had major implications for government policies beginning in the 1970s – and increasingly prominent since 1980 – that de-emphasizes or rejects positive government intervention in the economy, focusing instead on achieving progress and even social justice by... The official symbol of Socialist International The Socialist International is a worldwide organization of social democratic, labor, and democratic socialist political parties. ...


Profile

Three Names       One Party
4 March 1929
Plutarco Elías Calles
Founded as:
Partido Nacional
Revolucionario

(National Revolutionary
Party – PNR)
30 March 1938
Lázaro Cárdenas
PNR dissolved. New name:
Partido de la
Revolución Mexicana

(Party of the Mexican
Revolution – PRM)
18 January 1946
Manuel Ávila Camacho
PRM dissolved. New name:
Partido Revolucionario
Institucional

(Institutional Revolutionary
Party – PRI)
Evolution of the PRI logo
Enlarge
Evolution of the PRI logo

The party, under its three different names, held every major political position for six decades. Only the occasional federal deputy or senator from other parties ever got elected, and the first state governor not to originate from its ranks was not elected until 1989 (Ernesto Ruffo Appel of the PAN in Baja California). Image File history File links Larger version File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Term of office: 1 December 1924 – 30 November 1928 Preceded by: Álvaro Obregón Succeeded by: Emilio Portes Gil Date of birth: 25 September 1877 Place of birth: Guaymas, Sonora Date of death: 19 October 1945 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Schoolteacher, soldier, politician First Lady: Natalia Chacón... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in leap years). ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Term of office: November 30, 1934 – December 1, 1940 Preceded by: Abelardo L. Rodríguez Succeeded by: Manuel Ávila Camacho Date of birth: 21 May 1895 Place of birth: Jiquilpan, Michoacán Date of death: 19 October 1970 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Army General First Lady: Amalia Sol... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Term of office: 1 December 1940 – 1 December 1946 Preceded by: Lázaro Cárdenas del Río Succeeded by: Miguel Alemán Valdés Date of birth: 24 April 1897 Place of birth: Teziutlán, Puebla Date of death: 13 October 1955 Place of death: México State Profession... Image File history File links Pri-logo. ... Image File history File links Pri-logo. ... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The Senate (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores or Senado) is the upper house of Mexicos bicameral Congress. ... Ernesto Ruffo Appel Ernesto Ruffo Appel (June 25, 1952, San Diego, California, USA) is an American-born Mexican politician famous for being the first state-governor not belonging to the PRI party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional) in modern Mexico. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... Baja California (literally lower California in Spanish) is the northernmost state of Mexico. ...


The party had acquired a reputation for dishonesty, and while this was admitted (to a degree) by some of its affiliates, its supporters maintained that the role of the party was crucial in the modernization and stabilization of Mexico. The party was described by some scholars as a "state party", a term which captures both the non-competitive history and character of the party itself, and the inextricable connection between the party and the Mexican state for much of the 20th century. More satirically, the party was also described as the "Ministry for Elections" by the Zapatistas. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Zapatistas can refer to two different political movements in Mexico: During the Mexican Revolution, the Zapatistas were a fighting force based in Morelos, led by Emiliano Zapata. ...


Lázaro Cárdenas, perhaps Mexico's most-popular 20th-century president and most renowned for expropriating the oil interests of United States and European petroleum companies in the run-up to World War II, came from the ranks of the PNR. He was a person of leftist ideas who nationalized different industries and provided many social institutions which are dear to the Mexican people. Two other PRI presidents, loved by some and despised by many, Miguel de la Madrid and Carlos Salinas de Gortari privatised many outmoded industries, including banks and roads, and also negotiated NAFTA. Term of office: November 30, 1934 – December 1, 1940 Preceded by: Abelardo L. Rodríguez Succeeded by: Manuel Ávila Camacho Date of birth: 21 May 1895 Place of birth: Jiquilpan, Michoacán Date of death: 19 October 1970 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Army General First Lady: Amalia Sol... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... European redirects here. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado (born December 12, 1934) was President of Mexico, representing the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), from December 1, 1982 to December 1, 1988. ... Carlos Salinas de Gortari (born April 3, 1948) was President of Mexico from 1988 to 1994. ... Nafta or NAFTA may refer to: an acronym for the North American Free Trade Agreement an acronym for the New Zealand Australia Free Trade Agreement the town/Tokyo of Nafta, Tunisia This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


The PRI was heavily criticized for using the colors of the national flag (a tactic mirrored by the Congress Party of India utilizing spinning wheels and a cow as symbols) in its logo, something considered not unreasonable in many countries, but frowned upon in Mexico, as it implies the PRI is the "national party" of Mexico. While there has been no law passed to forbid this act, the PRI has been criticised for this. The flag of Mexico is a vertical tricolor of green, white and red with the coat of arms charged in the center of the white stripe. ... Indian National Congress (also known as the Congress Party or Congress (I), abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... A spinning wheel is a device for making thread or yarn from fibrous material such as wool or cotton. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ...


The importance of the PRI in Mexican politics should not be underestimated: many top politicians in other parties (most notably PRD's Andrés Manuel López Obrador and Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas) come from its ranks, as well as state governors (usually PRI members who left the party after losing the gubernatorial candidacy, only to be picked up by an opposing party and go on to win the election). Andrés Manuel López Obrador Andrés Manuel López Obrador (born 13 November 1953) is a Mexican politician, affiliated with the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD). ... Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano (born May 1, 1934) is a prominent Mexican politician. ...


2000 general elections

In the presidential elections of 2 July 2000, its candidate Francisco Labastida Ochoa won 36.1 % of the popular vote and was defeated by Vicente Fox. It was to the first electoral defeat of the PRI. Many considered that this event would mark the party's downfall. In the senatorial elections of the same date, the party won with 38.1%, or 51 out of 128 seats in the Senate of Mexico. Mexico held a general election on Sunday, 2 July 2000. ... Francisco Labastida Ochoa is a Mexican politician affiliated to the Partido Revolucionario Institucional, who lost the presidential election to Vicente Fox in 2000, the first opposition president in 70 years. ... Vicente Fox Quesada[1] (born July 2, 1942) is the current President of Mexico. ... Mexico held a general election on Sunday, 2 July 2000. ... The Senate (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores or Senado) is the upper house of Mexicos bicameral Congress. ...


Yet, after much restructuring, the party has been able to make an impressive recovery, winning the greatest number of seats (almost the majority) in Congress in 2003: at these elections, the party won 224 out of 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies. It also won several state governorships in the 2004 elections and the election to choose the governor of the most populous state (Estado de México in 2005). Some analysts even considered that if the party managed to stay united in nominating one single candidate for the 2006 presidential election, the PRI might have been able to recoup the presidency. However, selection of the candidate was tainted by vicious attacks from Roberto Madrazo to Arturo Montiel, former governor of the State of Mexico; Madrazo was appointed candidate after Montiel withdrew from the selection process. Madrazo then went on to lead an ineffective campaign and in the Mexican general election, 2006, he had no realistic chance of winning, with around 21% of the votes, compared to over 35% for the two leading candidates, Felipe Calderón (the PAN candidate) and Andrés Manuel López Obrador (the PRD candidate). A number of elections, both federal and local, took place in Mexico during 2003: 6 July 2003 Federal Congress Chamber of Deputies – 500 federal deputies See: 2003 Mexican general election Colima Governor, state congress, and mayors See: 2003 Colima state election Nuevo León Governor, state congress, and mayors... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The United Mexican States, or Mexico, is a federal republic, comprising 31 states. ... For other elections in Mexico during 2006, see 2006 Mexican elections For election disputes and controversies, see Mexican general election 2006 controversies A general election was held in Mexico on Sunday, 2 July 2006. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Arturo Montiel Rojas (b. ... For other elections in Mexico during 2006, see 2006 Mexican elections For election disputes and controversies, see Mexican general election 2006 controversies A general election was held in Mexico on Sunday, 2 July 2006. ... For other people named Calderón, see Calderón (disambiguation). ... Andrés Manuel López Obrador Andrés Manuel López Obrador (born 13 November 1953) is a Mexican politician, affiliated with the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD). ...


Recent history

██ PRI██ PAN ██ PRDState governments by party (as of 2005-2006)
██ PRI██ PAN ██ PRDState governments by party (as of 2005-2006)

In recent years the following have been key events in the history of the PRI: Image File history File links State_governments_by_party. ... Image File history File links State_governments_by_party. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Party of the Democratic Revolution (in Spanish: Partido de la Revolución Democrática, PRD) is one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Institutional Revolutionary Party - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1009 words)
The party was the result of Plutarco Elías Calles's efforts to stop the violent struggle for power between the victorious factions of the Mexican Revolution, and guarantee the peaceful if not democratic transmission of power for members of the party.
The party had acquired a reputation for dishonesty, and while this was admitted (to a degree) by some of its affiliates, its supporters maintained that the role of the party was crucial in the modernization and stabilization of Mexico.
The party was described by some scholars as a "state party", a term which captures both the non-competitive history and character of the party itself, and the inextricable connection between the party and the Mexican state for much of the 20th century.
Political party - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1703 words)
In parliamentary systems of government, most political parties have an elected leader who, if his or her party is elected by absolute majority, or with a relative majority within the coalition where tradition is thus, becomes head of government.
One right wing coalition party and one left wing coalition party is the most common ideological breakdown in such a system but in two-party states political parties are traditionally catch all parties which are ideologically broad and inclusive.
The emblem of socialist parties is often a red rose held in a fist.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m