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Encyclopedia > Institute for Advanced Study
Fuld Hall
Fuld Hall

The Institute for Advanced Study, located in Princeton, New Jersey, United States, is one of the world’s leading centers for theoretical research and intellectual inquiry. The Institute exists to encourage and support fundamental scholarship – the original, often speculative, thinking that produces advances in knowledge that change the way we understand the world. It provides for the mentoring of younger scholars by Faculty, and it offers all who work there the freedom to undertake research that will make significant contributions in any of the broad range of fields in the sciences and humanities studied at the Institute. Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2064 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2064 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Nassau Street, Princetons main street. ...


The Institute is a private, independent academic institution. It was founded in 1930 by philanthropists Louis Bamberger and his sister Caroline Bamberger Fuld, and established through the vision of founding Director Abraham Flexner. Past Faculty have included Albert Einstein, who remained at the Institute until his death in 1955, and distinguished scientists and scholars such as Kurt Gödel, J. Robert Oppenheimer, George Placzek, Erwin Panofsky, Homer A. Thompson, John von Neumann, George Kennan and Hermann Weyl. Louis Bamberger was Newark, New Jerseys leading citizen from the early 1900s until his death in 1944. ... Abraham Flexner (November 13, 1866-September 21, 1959) was an American educator. ... “Einstein” redirects here. ... Kurt Gödel (IPA: ) (April 28, 1906 Brünn, Austria-Hungary (now Brno, Czech Republic) – January 14, 1978 Princeton, New Jersey) was an Austrian American mathematician and philosopher. ... J. Robert Oppenheimer, father of the atomic bomb, served as the first director of Los Alamos National Laboratory, beginning in 1943. ... George Placzek (September 26, 1905 - October 9, 1955) was a Czech physicist. ... Erwin Panofsky (1892-1968) was a German art historian and essayist often credited with the founding of the academic iconography. ... Homer Armstrong Thompson (September 7, 1906 – May 7, 2000) was a leading classical archaeologist of the twentieth century, specializing in ancient Greece. ... For other persons named John Neumann, see John Neumann (disambiguation). ... Several notable people have been named George Kennan: George Kennan (explorer) (1845-1924) George F. Kennan (born 1904), diplomat and historian; the explorers great-nephew This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl (November 9, 1885 – December 9, 1955) was a German mathematician. ...


Work at the Institute takes place in four Schools: Historical Studies, Mathematics, Natural Sciences, and Social Science. Currently, a permanent Faculty of twenty-seven eminent academics guides the work of the Schools and each year awards fellowships to some 190 visiting Members, from about one hundred universities and research institutions throughout the world. Dr. Peter Goddard is the current Director of the Institute. Image:Http://www. ...


The Institute has no formal links to other educational institutions. However, since its founding, it has enjoyed close, collaborative ties with Princeton University and other nearby institutions. The abundant natural beauty of the Institute’s 800-acre site, including the Institute Woods, farm fields, and wetlands, form a key link in a network of green spaces in central New Jersey. These lands, the majority of which have been permanently conserved, provide a tranquil environment for Institute scholars and members of the community. Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ...


The Institute is perhaps best known as the academic home of Albert Einstein, John von Neumann, and Erwin Panofsky after their immigration to the United States. There are other Institutes of Advanced Study in the U.S. and elsewhere which are based on the Princeton model. “Einstein” redirects here. ... For other persons named John Neumann, see John Neumann (disambiguation). ... Erwin Panofsky (1892-1968) was a German art historian and essayist often credited with the founding of the academic iconography. ...

Contents

The Schools

The Institute consists of a School of Historical Studies, a School of Mathematics, a School of Natural Sciences, a School of Social Science, and a newly created program in Systems Biology. There is a small permanent faculty for each school, supplemented by the visiting Members who are selected for fellowships each year. One might discern a certain ideology behind such an unusual collection of disciplines, although it is probably more accurate to say that the Institute has been distinguished more by the strong personalities that have passed through it over the years than any particular "mission statement." Systems biology is a term used very widely in the biosciences, particularly from the year 2000 onwards, and in a variety of contexts. ... A faculty is a division within a university. ... A fellow in its broadest sense is someone who is an equal or a comrade. ...


There are no degree programs or experimental facilities at the Institute, and research is funded by endowments, grants and gifts — it does not support itself with tuition or fees. Research is never contracted or directed; it is left to each individual researcher to pursue his or her own goals.


It is not part of any educational institution; however, the proximity of Princeton University (less than three miles from its science departments to the Institute complex) means that informal ties are close and a large number of collaborations have arisen over the years. (The Institute was actually housed within Princeton University—in the building since called Jones Hall, which was then Princeton's mathematics department—for 6 years, from its opening in 1933, until Fuld Hall was finished and opened in 1939. This helped start an incorrect impression that it was part of Princeton, one that has never been completely eradicated.)


History

The institute was founded in 1930 by Louis Bamberger and Caroline Bamberger Fuld with the proceeds from their department store in Newark, New Jersey. The founding of the institute was fraught with brushes against near-disaster; the Bamberger siblings pulled their money out of the stock market just before the Stock Market Crash of 1929, and their original intent was to express their gratitude to the state of New Jersey through the founding of a medical school. It was the intervention of their friend Dr. Abraham Flexner, the prominent education theorist, that convinced them to put their money in the service of more abstract research. Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Louis Bamberger was Newark, New Jerseys leading citizen from the early 1900s until his death in 1944. ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County County Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - City 67. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center in Lubbock, Texas, USA. A medical school or faculty of medicine is a tertiary educational institution or part of such an institution that teaches medicine. ... Abraham Flexner (November 13, 1866-September 21, 1959) was an American educator. ...


Though it has been rumored that the institute was founded, explicitly, to house Jewish emigrees (including Einstein) whom Princeton University refused to hire because of its institutional antisemitism, the statement is false. Even Princeton University had Jews on its faculty then, including Solomon Lefschetz in mathematics. An early letter to the trustees from the founders, Louis Bamberger and his sister, Carrie B. F. Fuld, spells out this ideal: "It is fundamental in our purpose, and our express desire, that in the appointments to the staff and faculty as well as in the admission of workers and students, no account shall be taken directly or indirectly, of race, religion, or sex" (p. 46). Though it is true that of the first appointments to the fledgling institute, two went to famous Jewish refugees from Europe: Einstein and von Neumann, none of their four colleagues in the School of Mathematics was Jewish: Oswald Veblen, James Alexander, Marston Morse, and Hermann Weyl (though Weyl was married to a Jewish woman).


Directors

Abraham Flexner (November 13, 1866-September 21, 1959) was an American educator. ... Frank Aydelotte (1880 - 1956) was a U.S. educator. ... J. Robert Oppenheimer, father of the atomic bomb, served as the first director of Los Alamos National Laboratory, beginning in 1943. ... Carl Kaysen (born March 5, 1920 in Philadelphia) is an economist and professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ... Marvin Leonard Goldberger (born 22 October 1922 in Chicago, Illinois) is a physicist and former president of the California Institute of Technology. ... Phillip Griffiths (born 1938) is a American mathematician, known for his work in the field of geometry, and in particular for the complex manifold approach to algebraic geometry. ... Image:Http://www. ...

Faculty

The Institute has been home to some of the most renowned thinkers in the world, including Albert Einstein, Kurt Gödel, Claude Shannon, T. D. Lee and C. N. Yang, J. Robert Oppenheimer, John von Neumann, Freeman J. Dyson, André Weil, Hermann Weyl, Harish-Chandra, Joan W. Scott, Frank Wilczek, Edward Witten and George F. Kennan to name just a few of the more widely known. (For more see List of faculty members at the Institute for Advanced Study.) “Einstein” redirects here. ... Kurt Gödel (IPA: ) (April 28, 1906 Brünn, Austria-Hungary (now Brno, Czech Republic) – January 14, 1978 Princeton, New Jersey) was an Austrian American mathematician and philosopher. ... Claude Shannon Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001), an American electrical engineer and mathematician, has been called the father of information theory,[1] and was the founder of practical digital circuit design theory. ... Tsung-Dao Lee (T. D. Lee, 李政道 Pinyin: Lǐ Zhèngdào) (born November 24, 1926) is a Chinese American physicist, well known for parity violation, Lee Model, particle physics, relativistic heavy ion (RHIC) physics, nontopological solitons and soliton stars. ... Zhen-Ning Franklin Yang (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born 22 September[1], 1922) is a Chinese American physicist who worked on statistical mechanics and symmetry principles. ... J. Robert Oppenheimer, father of the atomic bomb, served as the first director of Los Alamos National Laboratory, beginning in 1943. ... For other persons named John Neumann, see John Neumann (disambiguation). ... Freeman John Dyson FRS (born December 15, 1923) is an English-born American theoretical physicist and mathematician, famous for his work in quantum mechanics, solid-state physics, nuclear weapons design and policy, and for his serious theorizing in futurism and science fiction concepts, including the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. ... André Weil (May 6, 1906 - August 6, 1998) was one of the great mathematicians of the 20th century. ... Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl (November 9, 1885 – December 9, 1955) was a German mathematician. ... See Harishchandra for the character in Hindu mythology Harish-Chandra (11 October 1923-16 October 1983) was an Indian mathematician, who did fundamental work in representation theory. ... Joan Wallach Scott is an American historian of France with contributions in gender history and intellectual history. ... Frank Wilczek (born May 15, 1951) is a Nobel prize winning American physicist. ... Edward Witten (born August 26, 1951) is an American theoretical physicist and professor at the Institute for Advanced Study. ... George Frost Kennan (February 16, 1904 – March 17, 2005) was an American advisor, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as the father of containment and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War. ... The Institute for Advanced Study is a private institution in Princeton Township, New Jersey, designed to foster pure cutting-edge research by scientists in a variety of fields without the complications of teaching or funding, or the agendas of sponsorship. ...


Other Institutes for Advanced Study

There are numerous academic centres of varying status named as places for "Advanced Study" all over the world, but the Princeton-based Institute is the original institution upon which was based the other members a select consortium known as Some Institutes for Advanced Study (SIAS). The Some Institutes for Advanced Study (SIAS) consortium organizes nine institutes for advanced study founded on the same principles as the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, which is also one of the members. ...


Further reading

  • Ed Regis, Who Got Einstein's Office: Eccentricity and Genius at the Institute for Advanced Study (Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1987)
  • Björn Wittrock, Institutes for Advanced Study: Ideas, Histories, Rationales (pdf file)
  • Naomi Pasachoff, "Science's 'Intellectual Hotel': The Institute for Advanced Study," 1992 Encyclopaedia Britannica Yearbook of Science and the Future, 472-488
  • Steve Batterson, "Pursuit of Genius: Flexner, Einstein, and the Early Faculty at the Institute for Advanced Study" (A. K. Peters, Ltd., Wellesley, MA, 2006)

PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ...

External links

  • Official site
  • Memories of the IAS on MemoryWiki

Coordinates: 40°19′54″N, 74°40′04″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Institute for Advanced Study - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (881 words)
The Institute for Advanced Study is a private institution in Princeton Township, New Jersey, U.S.A. (although it is not part of Princeton University), designed to foster pure cutting-edge research by scientists in a variety of fields without the complications of teaching or funding, or the agendas of sponsorship.
The founding of the institute was fraught with brushes against near-disaster; the Bamberger siblings pulled their money out of the stock market just before the Stock Market Crash of 1929, and their original intent was to express their gratitude to the state of New Jersey through the founding of a dental school.
There are other, older institutions such as All Souls College, Oxford in the United Kingdom and the Collège de France in Paris, France which may be said to be part of the inspiration for the Princeton Institute, but these do not belong to the SIAS consortium.
Institute for Advanced Study - definition of Institute for Advanced Study in Encyclopedia (421 words)
The Institute for Advanced Study is a private institution in Princeton Township, New Jersey, designed to foster pure cutting-edge research by scientists in a variety of fields without the complications of teaching or funding, or the agendas of sponsorship.
It is not part of any educational system, however the proximity of Princeton University (three miles between its science departments and the main Institute complex) means that informal ties are close and a large number of collaborations have arisen over the years.
The institute was founded in 1930 by Louis Bamberger and Caroline Bamberger Fuld with the proceeds from their Newark department store.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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