FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Institut de Droit International

The Institut de droit international (Institute of International Law) is an organization devoted to the study and development of international law. International law, is the body of law that regulates the activities of entities possessing international personality. Traditionally, that meant the conduct and relationships of states. ...


It is a private body, made up of "associates", "members", and "honorary members". The members, invited by the organization, are persons who have demonstrated notable scholarly work in the area of international law, and is restricted to those who are considered relatively free of political pressure. The organisation attempts to have members broadly distributed around the world.


The organisation holds biannual congresses for the study of international law as it currently exists, and passes resolutions proposing modifications to international law. It does not comment on specific disputes.


Whilst its recommendations cover international law in its many forms, some of its resolutions particularly pertain to human rights law and peaceful dispute resolution. It is for this reason the organization received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1904. The Nobel Institute in Oslo, Norway. ...


As of 2005, the organization remains active, with a congress held in Krakow in August. It is currently headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. Its current members include, amongst other prominent lawyers and legal academics, judges of the International Criminal Court. Recent resolutions from the organization include, for example, a recommendation on immunity from prosecution for Heads of State, and the responsibility of national governments for environmental damage. Jet dEau in Geneva Geneva (French: Genève) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland, situated where Lake Geneva (known in French as Lac Léman) flows into the Rhône River. ... The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, as defined by several international agreements, most prominently the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. ...


References

  • Nobel Committee page on the 1904 Peace Prize
  • Institute website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Institut de droit international - definition of Institut de droit international in Encyclopedia (249 words)
The Institut de droit international (Institute of International Law) is an organization devoted to the study and development of international law.
The members, invited by the organization, are persons who have demonstrated notable scholarly work in the area of international law, and is restricted to those who are considered relatively free of political pressure.
The organisation holds biannual congresses for the study of international law as it currently exists, and passes resolutions proposing modifications to international law.
"International Recognition of a Unilaterally Declared Palestinian State: Legal and Policy Dilemmas" by Tal Becker (4605 words)
The refusal to accept applications for membership in such organizations as the International Telecommunications Union and the Inter-Parliamentary Union have been based, inter alia, on the fact that the Palestinian entity is ineligible for membership as a sovereign state.
The refusal to recognize the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus by the international community has been based primarily on three grounds: First, that it was established as a consequence of an illegal use of force by Turkey.
Note also UN Charter, Article 33 which formulates the general international legal duty imposed on the parties to a dispute to seek a solution by negotiation or by other agreed peaceful means.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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