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Encyclopedia > Installation art

Installation art uses sculptural materials and other media to modify the way we experience a particular space. Installation art is not necessarily confined to gallery spaces and can be any material intervention in everyday public or private spaces.

Installation art incorporates almost any media to create an experience in a particular environment. Materials used in contemporary installation art range from everyday and natural materials to new media such as video, sound, performance, computers and the internet. Some installations are site-specific in that they are designed to only exist in the space for which they were created. New Media is the marriage of mediated communications technologies with digital computers. ... For other uses, see Video (disambiguation). ... Sound is a disturbance of mechanical energy that propagates through matter as a wave. ... Buskers perform in San Francisco A performance, in performing arts, generally comprises an event in which one group of people (the performer or performers) behave in a particular way for another group of people (the audience). ... The tower of a personal computer. ... Nef pour quatorze reines by Rose-Marie Goulet, a memorial to the École Polytechnique Massacre, featuring sculptural elements integrated into a specially landscaped site Site-specific art is artwork created to exist in a certain place. ...



This genre of contemporary art came to prominence in the 1970s. Many trace the roots of this form of art to earlier artists such as Marcel Duchamp and his use of the readymade or to Kurt Schwitters' Merz art objects, rather than more traditional craft based sculpture. The intention of the artist is paramount in much later installation art whose roots lie in the conceptual art of the 1960s. This again is a departure from traditional sculpture which places its focus on form. Early non-Western installation art includes events staged by the Gutai group in Japan starting in 1954, which influenced American installation pioneers like Allan Kaprow. A genre [], (French: kind or sort from Greek: γένος (genos)) is a loose set of criteria for a category of literary composition; the term is also used for any other form of art or utterance. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Marcel Duchamp (pronounced ) (July 28, 1887 – October 2, 1968) was a French artist (he became an American citizen in 1955) whose work and ideas had considerable influence on the development of post-World War II Western art, and whose advice to modern art collectors helped shape the tastes of the... Found art, or more commonly and less confusingly, Found Object (French: objet trouvé) is a term used to describe art created from common objects not normally considered to be artistic (also assemblage). ... Kurt Schwitters (June 20, 1887 - January 8, 1948) was a German painter who was born in Hannover, Germany. ... For other uses, see Craft (disambiguation). ... Sculptor redirects here. ... Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs (1965) Conceptual art is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The Gutai group (also spelled Gutaï or Gutaj, but in every case pronounced to rhyme with to tie) was an artistic movement and association of artists founded (according to most sources) by Jiro Yoshihara in Japan in 1954. ... Allan Kaprow (August 23, 1927 - April 5, 2006) helped to develop the Environment and Happening in the late 1950s and 1960s, as well as their theory. ...

Installation as nomenclature for a specific form of art came into use fairly recently; its first use as documented by the OED was in 1969. It was coined in this context in reference to a form of art that had arguably existed since prehistory but was not regarded as a discrete category until the mid-twentieth century. Allan Kaprow used the term “Environment” in 1958 (Kaprow 6) to describe his transformed indoor spaces; this later joined such terms as “project art” and “temporary art.” Allan Kaprow (August 23, 1927 - April 5, 2006) helped to develop the Environment and Happening in the late 1950s and 1960s, as well as their theory. ...

Essentially, installation/environmental art takes into account the viewer’s entire sensory experience, rather than floating framed points of focus on a “neutral” wall or displaying isolated objects (literally) on a pedestal. This leaves space and time as its only dimensional constants. This implies dissolution of the line between art and life; Kaprow noted that “if we bypass ‘art’ and take nature itself as a model or point of departure, we may be able to devise a different kind of art… out of the sensory stuff of ordinary life” (Kaprow 12). This article is about the idea of space. ... Look up time in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

The conscious act of artistically addressing all the senses with regard to the viewer’s experience in totality made a resounding debut in 1849 when Richard Wagner conceived of a Gesamtkunstwerk, or an operatic work for the stage that drew inspiration from ancient Greek theater in its inclusion of all the major art forms: painting, writing, music, etc. (Britannica) In devising operatic works to commandeer the audience’s senses, Wagner left nothing unobserved: architecture, ambience, and even the audience itself were considered and manipulated in order to achieve a state of total artistic immersion. Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Greek theatre or Greek Drama came into its own between 600 and 200 BC in the ancient city of Athens. ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ... “Write” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... This article is about building architecture. ... For other uses, see Audience (disambiguation). ...

In “Art and Objecthood,” Michael Fried derisively labels art that acknowledges the viewer as “theatrical” (Fried 45). There is a strong parallel between installation and theater: both play to a viewer who is expected to be at once immersed in the sensory/narrative experience that surrounds him and maintain a degree of self-identity as a viewer. The traditional theatergoer does not forget that he has come in from outside to sit and take in a created experience; a trademark of installation art has been the curious and eager viewer, still aware that he is in an exhibition setting and tentatively exploring the novel universe of the installation. A number of institutions focusing on Installation art were created from the 1980s onwards, suggesting the need for Installation to be seen as a separate discipline. These included the Mattress Factory, Pittsburgh and the Museum of Installation, London, among others. Michael Fried was a soldier in the U.S. Army. ... In psychology and the cognitive sciences, perception is the process of acquiring, interpreting, selecting, and organizing sensory information. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

The artist and critic Ilya Kabakov mentions this essential phenomenon in the introduction to his lectures “On the “Total” Installation:” “[One] is simultaneously both a ‘victim’ and a viewer, who on the one hand surveys and evaluates the installation, and on the other, follows those associations, recollections which arise in him[;] he is overcome by the intense atmosphere of the total illusion” (Kabakov 256). Here installation art bestows an unprecedented importance on the observer’s inclusion in that which he observes. The expectations and social habits that the viewer takes with him into the space of the installation will remain with him as he enters, to be either applied or negated once he has taken in the new environment. What is common to nearly all installation art is a consideration of the experience in toto and the problems it may present, namely the constant conflict between disinterested criticism and sympathetic involvement. Television and video offer immersive experiences, but their unrelenting control over the rhythm of passing time and the arrangement of images precludes an intimately personal viewing experience (Kabakov 257). Ultimately, the only things a viewer can be assured of when experiencing the work are his own thoughts and preconceptions and the basic rules of space and time. All else may be molded by the artist’s hands. It has been suggested that Kabakov be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Video (disambiguation). ... Rhythm (Greek = flow, or in Modern Greek, style) is the variation of the length and accentuation of a series of sounds or other events. ...

The central importance of the subjective point of view when experiencing installation art, points toward a disregard for traditional Platonic image theory. In effect, the entire installation adopts the character of the simulacrum or flawed statue: it neglects any ideal form in favor of optimizing its direct appearance to the observer. Installation art operates fully within the realm of sensory perception, in a sense “installing” the viewer into an artificial system with an appeal to his subjective perception as its ultimate goal. The sensory buzz and awareness associated with a conscious mind is often called subjective experience. ... Platonic idealism is the theory that the substantive reality around us is only a reflection of a higher truth. ... Simulacrum (plural: simulacra), from the Latin simulare, to make like, to put on an appearance of, originally meaning a material object representing something (such as a cult image representing a deity, or a painted still-life of a bowl of fruit). ...

Interactive installations

Interactive installation is a branch off the installation arts category. Usually, an interactive installation will often involve the audience acting on it or the piece responding to the user’s activity. There are several kinds of interactive installations produced, these include web-based installations, gallery based installations, digital based installations, electronic based installations, etc. Interactive installations are mostly seen from the 1990s, when artists are more interested in the participation of the audiences where the meaning of the installation is generated. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: test page If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. ... For other uses, see Digital (disambiguation). ... This article is about the engineering discipline. ...

With the improvement of technology over the years, artists are more able to explore out of the boundaries that were never be able to explore by artists in the past. The media used are more experimental and bold; they are also usually cross media and may involve sensors, which plays on the reaction to the audiences’ movement when looking at the installations. By using virtual Reality as a medium, immersive art is probably the most deeply interactive form of art. At the turn of a new century, there is a trend of interactive installations using video, film, sound and sculpture. By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... For other uses, see Video (disambiguation). ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Sound is a disturbance of mechanical energy that propagates through matter as a wave. ... Sculptor redirects here. ...

Contemporary installation artists

Vito Hannibal Acconci (born January 24, 1940) is a New York-based architect, landscape architect, and installation artist. ... Gustavo Aguerre, born 1953 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, artist, curator, writer, theatre designer. ... Artur Barrio is an artist who works and lives in Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... °Antwerp 1946 Belgian installation-artist The Antwerp artist Guillaume Bijl has been especially known for his Installation art. ... Christian Boltanski is a French photographer, sculptor and installation artist (although he refers to himself as a painter, with regard to his concerns in all media). ... Janet Cardiff (born 1957) is a Canadian installation artist. ... Marco Casagrande (born May 7, 1971 in Turku, Finland) is a Finnish architect, writer and professor of architecture. ... Jake Chapman (born 1966) and Dinos Chapman (born 1962) are brothers and British artists who work almost exclusively in collaboration with each other. ... Judy Chicago (born Judy Cohen on July 20, 1939) is a feminist artist, author, and educator. ... Christo and Jeanne-Claude. ... Disinformation vs Strange Attractor perform National Grid, live at Cargo, Hoxton, London, 17 Feb 2005 // Disinformation is a highly experimental electronic music and sound art project, which (since 1995) pioneered the use of electromagnetic (radio) noise from live mains electricity, lightning, laboratory equipment, industrial, metro, railway and IT hardware, geomagnetic... Mark Divo born 1966 in Luxemburg. ... The Weather Project at the Tate Modern, London, 2003 Ólafur Elíasson (born 1967 in Copenhagen, Denmark) is an Icelandic artist, arguably most famous (at least in the UK) for his Weather Project exhibition at the Tate Modern, London, in 2003. ... Shahram Entekhabiis an Iranian-born artist and architect whose work has been the subject of many exhibitions all over the world, currently living and working across London, Berlin and Tehran. ... ingrid Falk, born 1960 in Sweden. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Bernhard Gál (born 1971) is an Austrian composer and artist. ... [1] french wikipedia article Valéry Grancher (born 1967 April 22 in Toulon, Var, France) is a French Internet-based artist, performer, theorist, curator and lecturer. ... Ann Hamilton (born June 22, 1956, Lima, Ohio) is a contemporary American artist best known for her installations, and use of textiles and sculptures. ... Robert Irwin may be Robert Irwin (artist) Robert Graham Irwin, writer Robert Irwin (real estate author) This is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Mark Jenkins is a well-known American artist who creates sculptures and street installations using packing tape. ... It has been suggested that Kabakov be merged into this article or section. ... Jonathon Keats (born October 2, 1971) is an American conceptual artist known for creating large-scale thought experiments. ... Edward Kienholzs art is his indictment of what he saw as the hypocrisy and immorality of contemporary life. ... I Shop, Therefore I Am Barbara Kruger (b. ... Matthieu Laurette (born 1970 in Villeneuve Saint Georges, France) is a media and conceptual contemporary French artist who works in a variety of media, from TV and video to installation and public interventions. ... Lennie Lee, Young British Artist, was born March 4, 1958 in Johannesberg, South Africa. ... Detail of Riverlines installed in the lobby of the Hearst Tower (New York City) Richard Long (born June 2, 1945) is an English sculptor, photographer and painter, one of the best known British land artists. ... Mary Lucier (born 1944, in Bucyrus, Ohio) is an American artist who has worked in many mediums including sculpture, photography, and performance. ... David Mach (born 18 March 1956) is a Scottish sculptor and installation artist. ... John K. Melvin John K. Melvin (born May 9, 1976 in Oakland, California) is a site-specific conceptual artist and installation artist. ... Orlando Mohorovic (born 1950 in Labin) is a Croatian artist. ... Cornelia Parker (born 1956) is a British sculptor and installation artist. ... Liz Phillips (b. ... Maria Reidelbach is a Manhattan-based installation artist and an authority on various aspects of popular culture and fine arts, evident in her art projects, books and exhibitions. ... For the Lehigh University metallurgy professor and US Congressman from Pennsylvania, see Donald L. Ritter. ... David Rokeby (born 1960 in Tillsonburg, Ontario) is an artist who has been making works of electronic, video and installation art since 1982. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Patrice Stellest (born May 23. ... Satellite view of Roden Crater, the site of an earthwork in progress by James Turrell outside Flagstaff, Arizona. ... Bill Viola (born America, 1951) is a contemporary video artist. ... Bank Violettes Untitled (Church), 2005 (courtesy the Frank Cohen Collection, Manchester) Banks Violette (born 1973, Ithaca, New York) is an artist based in New York. ... Matej Andraz Vogrincic (b. ... Wela (Elisabeth Wierzbicka) painter and sculptor, was born in Kracow in 1964. ...


  • Bishop, Claire. Installation Art a Critical History. London: Tate, 2005.
  • Coulter-Smith, Graham. Deconstructing Installation Art. Online resource
  • de Oliveira, Nicolas and Oxley, Nicola. 'Installation art', London: Thames & Hudson and Smithsonian Institute, 1994.
  • de Oliveira, Nicolas and Oxley, Nicola, 'Installation art in the New Millennium: Empire of the Senses', London: Thames & Hudson, 2003.
  • Fried, Michael. “Art and Objecthood.” In Art and Objecthood: Essays and Reviews. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
  • “Installation [Environment].” Grove Art Encyclopedia. 2006. Grove Art Online. 30 January 2006 [1].
  • “Installation.” Oxford English Dictionary. 2006. Oxford English Dictionary Online. 30 January 2006 [2].
  • “Install, v.” Oxford English Dictionary. 2006. Oxford English Dictionary Online. 30 January 2006 [3].
  • Kabakov, Ilya. On the “Total” Installation. Ostfildern, Germany: Cantz, 1995, 243-260.
  • Kaprow, Allan. “Notes on the Creation of a Total Art.” In Essays on the Blurring of Art and Life, ed. Jeff Kelley. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1958.
  • "opera." Britannica Student Encyclopedia. 2006. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 15 Feb. 2006 [4].
  • Reiss, Julie H. From Margin to Center: The Spaces of Installation Art. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999.
  • Rosenthal, Mark. Understanding Installation Art: From Duchamp to Holzer. Munich: Prestel Verlag, 2003.

See also

Composition with Fruit, Guitar and Glass. ... Art intervention as a performance artist, with eyes closed, sits motionless for long periods balanced on an uncomfortable railing in Montmartre, Paris, France An art intervention is an interaction with a previously existing artwork, audience or venue/space. ... Fountain by Marcel Duchamp. ... Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs (1965) Conceptual art is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns. ... The term environmental sculpture is variously defined. ... Interactive art is a form of art that involves the spectator in some way. ... Fountain by Marcel Duchamp. ... Dejeuner sur lHerbe by Pablo Picasso At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892 The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893 I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911 Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917 Campbells Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two... Neo-conceptual art describes art practices that derive from the conceptual art movement of the 1960s and 70s. ... This article is about Performance art. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Installation art. ... Video installation is a contemporary art method that combines video technology with installation art. ... Sound sculpture is one term for the multimedia artform where, as the name suggests, sculpture produces sound or, less often, the reverse. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The event is named after its Saturday night ritual, the burning of a wooden effigy. ...

External links

Contemporary installation organizations and museums
Installation art

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