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Encyclopedia > Insectary plants
Elderberry in Bloom
Elderberry in Bloom
Hover Fly
Hover Fly

Insectary plants is a term used by the organics farming movement to describe plants that attract insects. As such, beneficial insectary plants are intentionally introduced into an ecosystem to increase pollen resources and nectar resources required by the natural enemies of unfriendly, harmful or unwanted insect pests. Beyond an effective natural control of pests, the friendly insects/pests also assist in pollenation. The plants also are beneficial to an organic sustainable garden and organic kitchens. Elderberry bloom Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 07:06, 15 Feb 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Elderberry bloom Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 07:06, 15 Feb 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... An ecosystem, a contraction of ecological and system, refers to the collection of components and processes that comprise, and govern the behavior of, some defined subset of the biosphere. ...

The "friendly insects/pests" include ladybugs, lizards, spiders, toads, bees, ground beetles, hover flies, humming birds and parasitic wasps. Beneficial insects are as much as ten times more abundant in the insectary plantings area. Mortality of scale insects (caused by natural enemies) can be double with insectary plantings. In addition, a diversity of insectary plants can increase the population of beneficial insects such that these levels can be sustained even when the insectary plants are removed or die off. Subfamilies Chilocorinae Coccidulinae Coccinellinae Epilachninae Scymininae Sticholotidinae etc. ... Families Many, see text. ... Diversity 111 families, 40,000 species Suborders Mesothelae Mygalomorphae Araneomorphae  See Table of Families Wikispecies has information related to: Spiders A South American Argiope Spiders are predatory invertebrate animals with two body segments, eight legs, no chewing mouth parts and no wings. ... Families At least 9, see article. ... Families Andrenidae Apidae Colletidae Halictidae Megachilidae Melittidae Stenotritidae Bee collecting pollen Bees (a monophyletic lineage within the superfamily Apoidea, presently classified by the unranked taxon name Anthophila) are flying insects, closely related to wasps and ants. ... Genera Many genera; see text. ... Genera Many, see text. ... The term parasitic wasp refers to a large, artificial assemblage of Hymenopteran superfamilies which are primarily parasitoids of other animals, mostly other arthropods. ...

For maximum benefit in the garden, insectary plants can be grown alongside desired garden plants that do not have this benefit. The insects attracted to the insectary plants will also help the other nearby garden plants.

Many members of the Apiaceae (formerly known as Umbelliferae) family are excellent insectary plants. Fennel, angelica, coriander (cilantro), dill, and wild carrot all provide in great number the tiny flowers required by parasitic wasps. Various clovers, yarrow, and rue also attract parasitic and predatory insects. Low-growing plants, such as thyme, rosemary, or mint, provide shelter for ground beetles and other beneficial insects. Composite flowers (daisy and chamomile) and mints (spearmint, peppermint, or catnip) will attract predatory wasps, hover flies, and robber flies. The wasps will catch caterpillars and grubs to feed their young, while the predatory and parasitic flies attack many kinds of insects, including leafhoppers and caterpillars. Binomial name Foeniculum vulgare Mill. ... Species About 50 species; see text Angelica is a genus of about 50 species of tall biennial and perennial herbs in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, reaching as far North as Iceland and Lapland. ... Binomial name Coriandrum sativum L. Percentages are relative to US RDI values for adults. ... Binomial name Anethum graveolens L. Dried Dill-umbel Dill (Anethum graveolens) is a short-lived annual herb, native to southwest and central Asia. ... Binomial name Daucus carota Species Daucus carota Wild carrot or Queen Annes lace, Daucus carota, is the ancestor of the domesticated carrot of Europe, widely introduced in North America. ... For the town, see Clover, South Carolina. ... Binomial name Achillea millefolium L. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is a flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, native to the Northern Hemisphere. ... Species Between 8-40 species, including: Ruta angustifolia - Egyptian Rue Ruta chalepensis - Fringed Rue Ruta corsica - Corsican Rue Ruta graveolens - Common Rue Ruta montana - Mountain Rue Rue (Ruta) is a genus of strongly scented evergreen subshrubs 20-60 cm tall, in the family Rutaceae, native to the Mediterranean region, Macaronesia... Species About 350 species, including: Thymus adamovicii Thymus bracteosus Thymus broussonetii Thymus caespititius Thymus camphoratus Thymus capitatus Thymus capitellatus Thymus carnosus Thymus cephalotus Thymus cherlerioides Thymus ciliatus Thymus cilicicus Thymus cimicinus Thymus comosus Thymus comptus Thymus doerfleri Thymus glabrescens Thymus herba-barona Thymus hirsutus Thymus hyemalis Thymus integer Thymus lanuginosus... Binomial name Rosmarinus officinalis L. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves. ... MiNT (MiNT is Now TOS) is an alternative operating system (OS) kernel for the Atari ST computer and its successors which is free software. ... Genera (see article, hundreds) in 14 Subfamilies The ground beetles are a large family (Carabidae) of common and widespread beetles. ... Daisy may mean: Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: daisy Flowering plants Daisy family, a general name for all species in the family Asteraceae. ... Chamomile flowers The name Chamomile or Camomile is ambiguous and can refer to several distinct species. ... Binomial name Mentha spicata Crantz Spearmint (Mentha spicata, syn ) is a species of mint native to central and southern Europe, where it grows in wet soils. ... Binomial name Mentha × piperita L. Peppermint (Mentha × piperita) is a (usually) sterile hybrid mint, a cross between watermint (Mentha aquatica) and spearmint (Mentha spicata). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Nepeta. ... Families See text. ... This article is about insect larvae. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...

Other insectary plants include: mustard (Brassica juncea), phacelia (Phacelia tanacetifolia), buckwheat (Fagopyrum esceulentum), marigold (Tagetes patula), elderberry (sambucus mexicana), and Korean licorice mint (Agastache rugosa). For the plant and spice of the same name, see the article on mustard. ... Species Many, see List of Phacelia Species Phacelia is a genus in the family Boraginaceae of about 150 species of herbs, native of Western North America (the most), Eastern U.S.A. and South America. ... Binomial name Fagopyrum esculentum Common Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) is a plant in the genus Fagopyrum (sometimes merged into genus Polygonum) in the family Polygonaceae. ... Species About 20, see text : also numerous garden hybrids and cultivars The marigolds, genus Calendula L., are a genus of about 20 species of annual or perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region and Macaronesia. ... Species About 50, including: Tagetes erecta Tagetes filifolia Tagetes lacera Tagetes lucida Tagetes minuta Tagetes patula Tagetes tenuifolia as well as numerous hybrids Tagetes lucida Tagetes is a genus of about 50 species of annual or perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family (Asteraceae). ... Species See text. ...

See also

Predatory Polistes wasp looking for bollworms or other caterpillars on a cotton plant Biological control of pests and diseases is a method of controlling pests and diseases in agriculture that relies on natural predation rather than introduced chemicals. ... Companion planting in gardening and agriculture is planting of different crops in close physical proximity. ... Beneficial weeds are various plants not necessarily considered domesticated, but which nonetheless have some companion plant effect, or else are edible, including a great many wildflowers, but also including many weeds which people are wont to generically kill or poison, without realizing the benefit of that plant. ...

External links

  • Natural Pest Control See: tables
  • http://www.agroecology.org/cases/insectaryplants.htm case study



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