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Encyclopedia > Input method editor
Operation of a typical Japanese romaji based IME.
Operation of a typical Japanese romaji based IME.

An input method editor (IME) is a program or operating system component that allows computer users to enter characters and symbols not found on their keyboard. This, for instance, allows the user of a Western keyboard to input Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Indic characters. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 434 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (562 × 776 pixel, file size: 18 KB, MIME type: image/png) This image illustrates the operation of a typical IME used for Japanese text entry. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 434 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (562 × 776 pixel, file size: 18 KB, MIME type: image/png) This image illustrates the operation of a typical IME used for Japanese text entry. ... Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Romaji ローマ字 The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ... // An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer. ... A standard Hebrew keyboard showing both Hebrew and English (QWERTY) letters. ... The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas used in South Asia and Southeast Asia. ...


It is also called an input method environment.

Contents

Terms

The term IME originated in the Microsoft Windows operating system. Other operating systems may have a different name for the same idea, for example: Windows redirects here. ...

  • in Mac OS, it is called an input method;
  • in MS-DOS, it is called an input method (Chinese) or an FEP (Japanese);
  • in the X Window System, it is generally called an input method (and the specific built-in implementation of X11’s input method support is called XIM, short for X input method; however, support for input methods are also provided by input method modules in various other parts of the system including GTK+ and Qt).

Although originally coined for CJK computing, the term is now sometimes used generically to refer to a program to support the input of any language. To illustrate, in the X Window System, the facility to allow the input of Latin characters with diacritics is also called an input method. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is a short how to for using the input method on Apples Macintosh operating system. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... A Front End Processor (FEP) is a program or operating system component that allows computer users to enter complex characters and symbols (such as Japanese, Chinese, Tibetan and Korean characters), using a standard Western keyboard. ... “X11” redirects here. ... GTK+, or the GIMP Toolkit, is one of the two most popular widget toolkits for the X Window System for creating graphical user interfaces. ... For other uses, see Qt. ... CJK is a collective term for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, which comprise the main East Asian languages. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world, the standard script of the English language and most of the languages of western and central Europe, and of those areas settled by Europeans. ... Example of a letter with a diacritic A diacritical mark or diacritic, also called an accent, is a small sign added to a letter to alter pronunciation or to distinguish between similar words. ...


Relationship between the input method and input method editor

While the term input method editor was originally used only by Microsoft Windows, its use has now gained acceptance in other operating systems, especially when it is important to distinguish between the input method itself, the editing functionality of the program or operating system component providing the input method, and the general support of input methods in an operating system. This term has, for example, gained general acceptance on the GNU/Linux operating system; it is also used on the Mac OS. This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ...

  • The term input method generally refers to a particular way to use the keyboard to input a particular language, for example the Cangjie method, the pinyin method, or the use of dead keys.
  • On the other hand, the term input method editor generally refers to the actual program that allows an input method to be used (for example MS New Pinyin, PRIME, or SCIM), or the actual editing area that allows the user to do the input. It can also refer to a character palette, which allows any Unicode character to be input individually.

The Cangjie method (倉頡輸入法, 仓颉输入法)—originally spelt Changjei method—is a system by which Chinese characters may be entered into the computer. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Pinyin. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Combining character. ... Prime can refer to: Prime element Prime ideal Prime lens Prime number Prime rate Prime Television, a television network in Australia Prime, a cable channel in Canada Prime, the ′ mark Prime, a ribose structure Prime computer Prime, a liturgical office (service or ceremony) Prime, a comics character the point... The logo for SCIM The Smart Common Input Method platform (SCIM), is an input method platform supporting more than thirty languages (CJK and many European languages) for POSIX-style operating systems including Linux and BSD. SCIM is a development platform to make Input Method (IM) developer life easier. ...

See also

Since the Chinese language uses a logographic script — that is, a script where one or two characters corresponds roughly to one word or meaning — there are vastly more characters, or glyphs, than there are keys on a standard computer keyboard. ... In relation to the Japanese language and computers many adaptation issues arise, some unique to Japanese and others common to languages which have a very large number of characters. ... Japanese input methods are the methods used to input Japanese characters on a computer. ... Computers represent the Korean language in a variety of ways. ... This is intended as a non-exhaustive list of input methods for UNIX platforms. ... A standard Hebrew keyboard showing both Hebrew and English (QWERTY) letters. ... The term Alt codes is used to refer to a number of Unicode input methods that allow characters to be entered by typing a characters code point in concert with the Alt key. ... ATOK is a Japanese input method editor (IME) produced by JustSystems, a Japanese software company. ... For ABCs overnight news program, see World News Now. ...

Input methods for handheld devices

  • Multi-tap – Hit the key for the letter you want until it comes up, then wait or proceed with a different key.
  • T9 – Type the key for every letter once, then type Next until the right word comes up.
  • iTap – T9, with word autocomplete.
  • LetterWise – "Hit the key with the letter you want, if it doesn't come up, hit Next until it does."

A standard modern telephone keypad, as used for text messaging. ... T9, which stands for Text on 9 keys, is a predictive text technology for mobile phones, developed by Tegic Communications. ... iTap is a predictive text technology for mobile phones, developed by Motorola. ... Autocomplete is a feature provided by many source code text editors, word processors, and web browsers. ... LetterWise is the simplest known text entry system. ...

References

External links

  • BhashaIndia, the Microsoft portal for Indic languages, which has Indic IME for download.
Tutorials
  • What is an Input Method Editor and how do I use it?, a Microsoft article about Windows XP Input Method Editor.
  • Enabling International Support in Windows XP/Server 2003 Family, a Microsoft tutorial on how to install input methods on Windows XP.
  • IME Tutorial, tutorial on how to use Microsoft Global IME for pre-Windows 2000 systems.

  Results from FactBites:
 
FAQ - Fonts and Keyboards (0 words)
Sometimes they are called simply "input methods." Depending on what particular method they use for enabling the use to input their choices and select particular characters, IME's often have particular names.
When the syllable is to be converted to the correct Chinese character for input, the input method presents the user with a palette of characters having that pronunciation, from which to make the appropriate selection by keyboard (or mouse) action.
So if the input method supports disyllabic or polysyllabic input, storing up romanized input for more than one syllable at a time before it is converted to Chinese characters, then the number of possible choices corresponding to that pronuncation is greatly reduced, and input can often be made much more efficient.
Contents editor and method of editing contents using the same invention (451 words)
In a method of editing contents of a plurality of items on a single display, it is drawn, on the display, a first image including a plurality of input sections each of which is associated with one of the items and includes a text box.
When one of the items is selected, a input user interface associated with the selected one of the items and including a text box is provided, such that an appearance thereof is identical with one of the input sections corresponding to the selected one of the items.
The input user interface is displayed in such a state that the input user interface is superposed on the one of the input sections.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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