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Encyclopedia > Inorganic compound

Traditionally, inorganic compounds are considered to be of mineral, not biological, origin. Complementarily, most organic compounds are traditionally viewed as being of biological origin. Over the past century, the precise classification of inorganic vs organic compounds has become less important to scientists, primarily because the majority of known compounds are synthetic and not of natural origin. Furthermore most compounds considered the purview of modern inorganic chemistry contain organic ligands. The fields of organometallic chemistry and bioinorganic chemistry explicitly focus on the areas between the fields of organic, biological, and inorganic chemistry. In chemistry, a ligand is an atom, ion, or molecule (see also: functional group) that generally donates one or more of its electrons through a coordinate covalent bond to, or shares its electrons through a covalent bond with, one or more central atoms or ions (these ligands act as a... n-butyllithium, an organometallic compound. ... Bioinorganic Chemistry is a specialized field that spans the chemistry of metal-containing molecules. ...


Inorganic compounds can be formally defined with reference to what they are not - organic compounds. Organic compounds contain carbon, although some traditional exceptions exist (see below). Inorganic compounds therefore include the remainder. When considering inorganic chemistry and life, it is useful to recall that many species in nature are not compounds per se but are ions. Sodium, chloride, and phosphate ions are essential for life as are some inorganic molecules such as carbonic acid, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, water and oxygen. Aside from these simple ions and molecules, virtually all species covered by bioinorganic chemistry are organic since they contain C-H bonds. Benzene is the simplest of the arenes, a family of organic compounds An organic compound is any member of a large class of chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon and hydrogen; therefore, carbides, carbonates, carbon oxides and elementary carbon are not organic (see below for more on the definition controversy... An electrostatic potential map of the nitrate ion (NO3−). Areas coloured red are lower in energy than areas colored yellow robert ford An ion is an atom or group of atoms which have lost or gained one or more electrons, making them negatively or positively charged. ... General Name, Symbol, Number sodium, Na, 11 Chemical series alkali metals Group, Period, Block 1, 3, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 22. ... The chloride ion is formed when the element chlorine picks up one electron to form an anion (negatively-charged ion) Cl−. The salts of hydrochloric acid HCl contain chloride ions and can also be called chlorides. ... Above is a ball-and-stick model of the inorganic hydrogenphosphate anion (HPO42−). Colour coding: P (orange); O (red); H (white). ... An electrostatic potential map of the nitrate ion (NO3−). Areas coloured red are lower in energy than areas colored yellow robert ford An ion is an atom or group of atoms which have lost or gained one or more electrons, making them negatively or positively charged. ... Carbonic acid (ancient name acid of air or aerial acid) has the formula H2CO3. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nitrogen, N, 7 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 15, 2, p Appearance colorless gas Standard atomic weight 14. ... Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... General Name, Symbol, Number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals, chalcogens Group, Period, Block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless (gas) very pale blue (liquid) Standard atomic weight 15. ...

Contents

Inorganic carbon compounds

Many compounds that contain carbon are considered inorganic; for example, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonates, cyanides, cyanates, and thyocyanates. In general however, workers in these areas are not concerned about such strict definitions. Carbon monoxide, with the chemical formula CO, is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. ... Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. ... In organic chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid. ... The cyanide ion, CN−. From the top: 1. ... The cyanate ion is an anion consisting of one oxygen atom, one carbon atom, and one nitrogen atom (OCN−), in that order, and possesses 1 unit of negative charge, borne mainly by the nitrogen atom. ... The structure and bonding of the thiocyanate ion Thiocyanate (also known as sulphocyanate or thiocyanide) is both an anion, [SCN]−, and, in organic chemistry, a functional group, RSCN. Compounds containing the thiocyanate anion include sodium thiocyanate (NaSCN), potassium thiocyanate (KSCN), and mercury(II) thiocyanate (Hg(SCN)2). ...


Coordination chemistry

A large class of compounds discussed in inorganic chemistry textbooks are coordination compounds. Examples range from species that are strictly inorganic, such as [Co(NH3)6]Cl3, to organometallic compounds such as Fe(C5H5)2 and extending to bioinorganic compounds, such as the hydrogenase enzymes. And the son of Isaac Newton is the one who invented that thing. complex In chemistry, a complex is a structure composed of a central metal atom or ion, generally a cation, surrounded by a number of negatively charged ions or neutral molecules possessing lone pairs. ... Cobalt(III) hexammine chloride is the chemical compound with the formula [Co(NH3)6]Cl3. ... Ferrocene is the chemical compound with the formula Fe(C5H5)2. ... A hydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyses the reversible oxidation of molecular hydrogen (H2). ...


Minerology

Minerals are mainly oxides and sulfides, which are strictly inorganic. In fact, most of the earth and the universe is inorganic (free of C-H containins species). Although the components of the earth's crust are well elucidated, the processes of mineralization and the composition of the deep mantle remain active areas of investigation, which are mainly covered in geology-oriented venues.Do you know that minerology is one of the rich resourses of china? Minerals are natural compounds formed through geological processes. ... An oxide is a chemical compound containing an oxygen atom and other elements. ... Formally, sulfide is the dianion, S2−, which exists in strongly alkaline aqueous solutions formed from H2S or alkali metal salts such as Li2S, Na2S, and K2S. Sulfide is exceptionally basic and, with a pKa > 14, it does not exist in appreciable concentrations even in highly alkaline water. ... Earth cutaway from core to exosphere. ...


Inorganic compounds and materials science

Major classes of inorganic compound are studied and developed by chemists trained in materials science. Species of interest tend to be polymeric (non-molecular) and refractory, and often such materials are of commercial interest. In general these inorganic compounds are classified based on their bulk properties, not their composition or structure: The Materials Science Tetrahedron, which often also includes Characterization at the center Materials science is an interdisciplinary field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of science and engineering. ... The term refractory can refer to multiple things: A refractory clergyman is one who refused to swear an oath to the French Revolution-era French state under the Civil Constitution of the Clergy. ...

And thats structure is an inorganic compound An alloy is a combination, either in solution or compound, of two or more elements, at least one of which is a metal, and where the resultant material has metallic properties. ... For other uses, see Brass (disambiguation). ... Assorted ancient Bronze castings found as part of a cache, probably intended for recycling. ... The 630 foot high, stainless-clad (type 304L) Gateway Arch defines St. ... A semiconductor is a solid whose electrical conductivity is in between that of a metal and that of an insulator, and can be controlled over a wide range, either permanently or dynamically. ... It has been suggested that Silicons ranking be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the chemical compound. ... Superconductivity is a phenomenon occurring in certain materials at low temperatures, characterised by the complete absence of electrical resistance and the damping of the interior magnetic field (the Meissner effect. ... Yttrium barium copper oxide, often abbreviated YBCO, is a chemical compound with the formula YBa2Cu3O7. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Inorganic compound - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (323 words)
Although the number of inorganic compounds is huge, it is indeed overshadowed by the number of organic compoundscompounds which contain carbon and hydrogen bonded to each other, which comprise the vast majority of all compounds known.
At the same time, many inorganic compounds exist in organisms, and are essential to life: sodium chloride (common salt), carbonic acid, phosphate ions and many more.
Carbon compounds are sometimes erroneously considered to be all organic; many compounds that contain carbon, however, are defined as strictly inorganic: carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonates, to name but a few.
IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (915 words)
Ideally, every inorganic compound should have a name from which an unambiguous formula can be determined.
Compounds with a positive ion (cation), the name of the compound is simply the cation's name (usually the same as the element's), followed by the anion.
Hydrates are ionic compounds that have absorbed water.
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