An inline engine is an internal-combustion engine with cylinders aligned in one or several rows.
The term is ambiguous.
In automomotive the term 'inline' is mainly used to describe straight engines. Usually found in 4 and 6 cylinder configurations, the straight engine or inline engine is an internal-combustion engine with all cylinders aligned in one row, with no or only minimal offset. ...
In aviation the term is widely used in opposition to rotary piston engines, radial engines, straight engines, and V engines. For articles on non-piston rotary combustion engines, see also: Wankel engine Quasiturbine The rotary engine was a common type of internal combustion aircraft engine in the early years of the 20th century. ... Radial engine of a biplane. ... Usually found in 4 and 6 cylinder configurations, the straight engine or inline engine is an internal-combustion engine with all cylinders aligned in one row, with no or only minimal offset. ... A V engine is a common configuration for an internal combustion engine in which the pistons are aligned so that, if viewed along the line of the crankshaft, they appear to be in a V. Usually, two opposing pistons share one crank on the crankshaft. ...
A straight engine is considerably easier to build than an otherwise equivalent horizontally opposed or V engine because the cylinder bank can be milled from a single metal casting and it requires fewer cylinder heads and camshafts.
Inlineengines are also much smaller in volume than designs like the radial, and can be mounted in any direction.
This differs from a flat engine because it is essentially an inlineengine laid on its side.
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