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Encyclopedia > Ink cartridge

An ink cartridge is a replaceable component of an ink jet printer that contains the ink (and sometimes the print-head itself) that is spread on paper during printing. Ink jet printers are the most common type of computer printer; and industry and commerce also use them extensively for special-purpose applications. ... For other uses, see Ink (disambiguation). ...

Two cartridges docked into an inkjet printer
Two cartridges docked into an inkjet printer

Each ink cartridge contains one or more partitioned ink reservoirs; certain manufacturers also add electronic contacts and a chip that communicates with the printer. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1273x1123, 441 KB) Summary Ink-jet printer (model hp deskjet 845c) inside: cartridges Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ink cartridge ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1273x1123, 441 KB) Summary Ink-jet printer (model hp deskjet 845c) inside: cartridges Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ink cartridge ... An Epson inkjet printer Inkjet printers operate by propelling variably-sized droplets of liquid or molten material (ink) onto almost any medium. ...

Contents

How ink cartridges work

Main article: Inkjet printer

Thermal Inkjets: Most consumer inkjet printers, such as Canon, HP, and Lexmark (but not Epson printers) use a thermal inkjet; inside each partition of the ink reservoir is a heating element with a tiny metal plate or resistor. In response to a signal given by the printer, a tiny current flows through the metal or resistor making it warm up, and the ink immediately surrounding the heated plate is vapourised into a tiny air bubble inside the nozzle. As a consequence, the total volume of the ink exceeds that of the nozzle. An ink droplet is forced out of the cartridge nozzle onto the paper. This process takes a matter of milliseconds. An Epson inkjet printer Inkjet printers operate by propelling variably-sized droplets of liquid or molten material (ink) onto almost any medium. ... Canon Inc. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Your All willy heads, i said Your All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All willy headsYour All... A four colour Epson Stylus C45 inkjet printer Epson is one of the worlds largest manufacturers of inkjet, dot-matrix and laser printers, scanners, desktop computers, business, multimedia and home theatre projectors, point of sale docket printers and cash registers, laptops, integrated circuits, LCD components and other associated electronic... In electricity, current refers to electric current, which is the flow of electric charge. ... Rocket Nozzle A nozzle is a mechanical device designed to control the characteristics of a fluid flow as it exits from an enclosed chamber into some medium. ...


The printing depends on the smooth flow of ink, which can be hindered if the ink begins to dry at the print head, as can happen when an ink level becomes low; dried ink can be cleaned, from a cartridge print head, by gentle rubbing with isopropyl alcohol on a swab or folded paper towel. [1] Isopropyl alcohol (also isopropanol or rubbing alcohol) is a common name for propan-2-ol, a colorless, flammable chemical compound with a strong odor. ...


The ink also acts as a coolant to protect the metal-plate heating elements: when the ink supply is depleted, and printing is attempted, the heating elements in thermal cartridges often burn out, permanently damaging the print head. When the ink first begins to run thin, the cartridge should be refilled or replaced, to avoid over-heating damage to the print-head; see more at: inkjet printer. An Epson inkjet printer Inkjet printers operate by propelling variably-sized droplets of liquid or molten material (ink) onto almost any medium. ...


Piezoelectric Inkjets: All Epson printers use a piezoelectric crystal in each nozzle instead of a heating element. When current is applied, the crystal changes shape or size, forcing a droplet of ink from the nozzle. A piezoelectric inkjet allows a wider variety of inks in a much finer quality than thermal inkjets, while more economical in ink usage. Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain crystals to produce a voltage when subjected to mechanical stress. ...


Variants

  • Typically, two separate cartridges are inserted into a printer: one containing black ink and one with each of the three primary colors. Alternatively, each primary color may have a dedicated cartridge.
  • Some cartridges are specifically designed for printing photographs.
  • All printer suppliers produce their own type of ink cartridges. Cartridges for different printers may be incompatible - either physically or electrically.
  • Since replacement cartridges from the original manufacturer of the printer are often expensive, some other manufacturers produce "compatible" cartridges as inexpensive alternatives. These cartridges sometimes have more ink than the original OEM branded ink cartridges and can produce the same quality.
  • Some cartridges have incorporated the printer's head (most HP, Dell and Lexmark printers use this system). Usually, they are more expensive, but the printers are cheaper. Others don't include the printer head, but they are more economic and the printers are more expensive (for example, most Epson printers).

This article is about colors. ...

Ink cartridge pricing

Typically, ink cartridges are very expensive. Many people, therefore, use compatible ink cartridges (those made by a company other than the printer manufacturer) that can sometimes match the quality, but with possible savings. Another alternative involves modifications that allow the use of continuous ink systems that use external ink tanks. Some people choose to use aftermarket inks. They can either refill their own ink cartridge, buy aftermarket remanufactured brands, or take them to a local refiller. A Continuous Ink System (CIS) is a cost-effective replacement for ink-jet printer cartridges. ...


Consumers are often surprised at the price of replacing their printer cartridges, especially when compared with that of purchasing a brand new printer. The major printer manufacturers, Hewlett Packard, Lexmark, Dell, Canon, Epson and Brother, often break even or lose money selling printers and expect to recoup their losses by selling cartridges over the life span of the printer. Since much of the printer manufacturers' profits are made up of ink and toner cartridge sales, some of these companies have taken various actions against aftermarket cartridges.


In following with Epson in some countries, Kodak is attempting to change this business model with the pending launch of its Kodak EasyShare inkjet printers which provide individual ink cartridges at a low price. Some printing industry analysts have said that along with Epson, Kodak's new strategy and the very low ink pricing in some countries are the first sign of a collapse in ink prices that will spread worldwide [1]. Eastman Kodak Company (NYSE: EK) is a large multinational public company producing photographic equipment. ... A camera from the EasyShare series Kodak EasyShare is a sub brand of Eastman Kodak Company products identifying a consumer photography system of digital cameras, snapshot printers, printer docks ), accessories , camera docks , software , and online print services. ...


Refilled and 3rd party ink cartridges

Infusing an inkjet printer
Infusing an inkjet printer


Many consumers opt to have their cartridges refilled or purchased remanufactured cartridges from third parties to save money over buying new cartridges. This is much cheaper (as you need only buy the ink and some other small raw materials), and a whole industry has grown up around this idea. The legality of this industry was brought to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in the case of Lexmark Int'l v. Static Control Components. The Court ruled that reverse-engineering the handshaking procedure to enable compatibility did not violate the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: Western and Eastern Districts of Kentucky Western and Eastern Districts of Michigan Northern and Southern Districts of Ohio Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Tennessee... Lexmark International, Inc. ... In information technology, telecommunications, and related fields, handshaking is an automated process of negotiation that dynamically sets parameters of a communications channel established between two entities before normal communication over the channel begins. ... The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law which implements two 1996 WIPO treaties. ...


There are several qualities and types of refilling, some of them being safe and successful, while other types can ruin the printer[citation needed] and/or give bad quality prints. Options include taking empty cartridges to "refillers" or "remanufacturers" who pump in new ink and buying store-branded ink.[2].


Another option is for the consumer to refill the cartridges. Instructions for most cartridges are available on the web, as well as sources who sell "bulk ink" in pints, quarts, and even gallons. This can be extremely cost effective if the consumer is a heavy user of cartridges. One pint (473 ml) is sufficient ink to fill approximately 15 to 17 large cartridges of a typical 27 ml capacity.


Generally speaking, Brother, Canon, Dell, HP, and Lexmark cartridges are not difficult to refill, while Epson cartridges usually require the additional purchase of a chip resetter to reset the counter chip inherent in the Epson cartridges. However, since the process involves handling ink, the process can be inherently messy until experience has been acquired. This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ... HP may refer to: Handley Page Aircraft Company Harry Potter, a series of fantasy novels by British writer J. K. Rowling Hello! Project (H!P), a Japanese pop recording project Hewlett-Packard, a computer and computer peripheral company High Point, North Carolina High potency, a term used in biology, pharmacology...

Resetting Epson ink cartridge using a resetter tool
Resetting Epson ink cartridge using a resetter tool

Laser/toner cartridges sold as "compatible" are usually re-filled cartridges, although many third-party newly manufactured cartridges exist. Inkjet cartridges sold as "compatible" are newly manufactured cartridges. Inkjet cartridges sold as "Remanufactured" are cartridges that have been used at least once by a consumer and then refilled by a third party.


See also

Cartridge for the VIC 20 homecomputer In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ... Arizona Cartridge Remanufacturers Association Inc. ... An inkjet refill kit is a set of tools and a certain amount of ink used to refill ink cartridges. ... The razor and blades business model (also called the bait and hook model or the tied products model) works by selling a master product at a subsidised price, and making the profit on high margin consumables that are essential to the use of the master product. ...

Notes

  1. ^ "Hardware tips - Inkjet Problems" (cartridge components), Stone, December 2004, webpage: DStone-Inkjet.
  2. ^ PCWorld.ca - Printers: Refills or new cartridges?

External links

  • BBC Radio 4 You and Yours - Hewlett Packard accused of misleading advertising in the UK, 26 April 2007
  • Cheap Toners, Epson Ink Cartridges, Remanudactured HP Ink Cartridges, DVD-R, CD-R, Lightscribe & Dual Layer all instock with Same Day Dispatch, 09 June [[2008]
is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ink cartridge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (828 words)
An ink cartridge is a replaceable component of an ink-jet printer that contains the ink (and sometimes the print-head itself) that is spread on paper during printing.
The ink also acts as a coolant to protect the metal-plate heating elements: when the ink supply is depleted, and printing is attempted, the heating elements in thermal cartridges often burn out, permanently damaging the print head.
Typically, two separate cartridges are inserted into a printer: one containing fl ink and one with each of the three primary colors.
Replacing an Ink Cartridge (1068 words)
Even if the cartridge is refilled, the amount of ink remaining will not be recalculated by the IC chip and the amount of ink available for use will not change.
In addition to the ink used during document printing, ink is consumed during the print head cleaning operation, during the self-cleaning cycle which is performed when the printer is turned on, and during ink charging when the ink cartridge is installed in the printer.
Align the tabs on the ink cartridge so that they are resting on the tabs protruding from the base of the opened ink cartridge clamp.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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