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Encyclopedia > Ingrid Washinawatok

Ingrid Washinawatok El-Issa (also known as O'Peqtaw-Metamoh and Flying Eagle Woman) was born in 1957. She was an internationally-known member of the Menominee Nation of upper Wisconsin, assassinated by FARC guerrillas in Colombia in 1999. At the time of her death she was forty-one years old, a wife and mother of a 14-year-old son. Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Menominee are a nation of Native Americans living in Wisconsin. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42°30N to 47°3N  - Longitude 86°49W to 92°54W Population  Ranked... The FARC-EPs flag The Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia – Ejército del Pueblo (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – Peoples Army, or FARC-EP) is a militant and revolutionary guerrilla group established in 1964-1966 as the military wing of the Colombian Communist Party, and is Colombias... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

Washinawatok was the Chair of the NGO Committee on the United Nations International Decade of the World's Indigenous Peoples, delegate for the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, NGO representative in consultative status to the UN for the International Indian Treaty Council, and a member of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations. The Working Group on Indigenous Populations (WGIP) is a subsidiary body within the structure of the United Nations. ...

Born July 31, 1957, ingrid Washinawatok was an award-winning lecturer who spoke worldwide on behalf of the rights of Indigenous Peoples. She co-produced the film documentary, Warrior. She was the recipient of numerous awards from the Native American, Asian American, Hispanic American, and African American communities. July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

"Ingrid was known as a tireless defender of the rights of Indigenous peoples," said Mary Robinson, then UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. [1] The purpose of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights involves the promotion and protection of human rights worldwide through direct contact with individual governments and the provision of technical assistance where appropriate. ...

The Menominee Nation honored her with a full warrior’s funeral, and she received a memorial in the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, in New York City. Altar The Cathedral of St. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ...


Kidnap and assassination

Ingrid Washinawatok and two Hawaiian activists, Lahe’ena’e Gay and Terence Freitas, were asked by the U'wa People of Arauca Province, Colombia, to help set up a school to protect their culture and language, and to help them to defend their lands against oil exploration by Occidental Petroleum. On February 25, 1999, while traveling with the U’was, the three activists were kidnapped by guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). A week later Washinawatok and her colleagues were found murdered, their bodies dumped across the river in Venezuela. [2] The Uwa people (also known as the Tunebo people) are an indigenous people living in the cloudforests of northeast Colombia. ... Occidental Petroleum Corporation (Oxy) NYSE: OXY is an international petroleum exploration and development company headquartered in the Westwood district of Los Angeles. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia–Ejército del Pueblo or FARC-EP (Spanish for Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia–Peoples Army) is Colombias oldest and largest guerrilla group, established in 1964-1966 as the military wing of the Colombian Communist Party. ...

After initial denials, the FARC stated that "Commander Gildardo of the FARC's 10th Front found that strangers had entered the U'wa Indian region and did not have authorization from the guerrillas. He improvised an investigation, captured and executed them without consulting his superiors." [2]

In 2003, Nelson Vargas Rueda was extradited to the USA for prosecution in the case. He was the first FARC member ever extradited to the USA. [3] However, the case was dismissed when two witnesses failed to appear. [4]


"Sovereignty is that wafting thread securing the components that make a society. Without that wafting thread, you cannot make a rug. Without that wafting thread, all you have are unjoined, isolated components of a society. Sovereignty runs through the vertical strands and secures the entire pattern. That is the fabric of Native Society." — Ingrid Washinawatok [5]

Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ...


  1. ^ Press Release, National Council of Churches, 1999.
  2. ^ a b The New York Times, 11 March 1999.
  3. ^ The New York Times, 15 October 2006.
  4. ^ Honolulu Star Bulletin, 8 July 2004.
  5. ^ Workers World, 25 March 1999.


A Tribute to Ingrid Washinawatok El-Issa, AICS, 1999.

About Ingrid Washinawatok, National Council of Churches, 1999.

Ingrid Washinawatok, 1957-1999, by Gloria La Riva, 1999.



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