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Encyclopedia > Inferior cervical ganglion
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into cervical ganglia. (Discuss)
Nerve: Inferior cervical ganglion
Diagram of the cervical sympathetic. (Lower cervical ganglion labeled at bottom right.)
Plan of right sympathetic cord and splanchnic nerves. (Inferior cervical ganglion labeled at upper right.)
Latin ganglion cervicale inferius
Gray's subject #216 980

The inferior cervical ganglion (ganglion cervicale inferius) is situated between the base of the transverse process of the last cervical vertebra and the neck of the first rib, on the medial side of the costocervical artery. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... A diagram of a thoracic vertebra. ...


Its form is irregular; it is larger in size than the middle cervical ganglion, and is frequently fused with the first thoracic ganglion.


It is probably formed by the coalescence of two ganglia which correspond to the seventh and eighth cervical nerves.


It is connected to the middle cervical ganglion by two or more cords, one of which forms a loop around the subclavian artery and supplies offsets to it. This loop is named the ansa subclavia (Vieussenii). The subclavian artery is a major artery of the upper thorax that mainly supplies blood to the head and arms. ...


The ganglion sends gray rami communicantes to the seventh and eighth cervical nerves.


It gives off the inferior cardiac nerve, and offsets to bloodvessels.


Inferior cardiac nerve

See Inferior cardiac nerve

Offsets to bloodvessels

The offsets to bloodvessels form plexuses on the subclavian artery and its branches.


The plexus on the vertebral artery is continued on to the basilar, posterior cerebral, and cerebellar arteries. The vertebral arteries are branches of the subclavian arteries. ...


The plexus on the inferior thyroid artery accompanies the artery to the thyroid gland, and communicates with the recurrent and external laryngeal nerves, with the superior cardiac nerve, and with the plexus on the common carotid artery. The inferior thyroid artery passes upward, in front of the vertebral artery and Longus colli; then turns medialward behind the carotid sheath and its contents, and also behind the sympathetic trunk, the middle cervical ganglion resting upon the vessel. ... The thyroid gland and its relations In anatomy, the thyroid (IPA θaɪɹoɪd) is an endocrine gland. ... Recurrent redirects here; for the meaning of recurrent in CHR airplay, see Recurrent rotation. ... The superior cardiac nerve arises by two or more branches from the superior cervical ganglion, and occasionally receives a filament from the trunk between the first and second cervical ganglia. ... Left Common Carotid Artery- One of three arteries that originate along the aortic arch. ...


External links

Autonomic nervous system

preganglionic fibers - postganglionic fibers eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


sympathetic nervous system: sympathetic trunks (white ramus communicans, gray ramus communicans) - collateral ganglia
cavernous plexus - cervical ganglia: (superior, middle, inferior) - splanchnic nerves: (thoracic, lumbar, sacral) - ganglion impar Grays FIG. 838– The right sympathetic chain and its connections with the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic plexuses. ... The sympathetic trunk (sympathetic chain, gangliated cord) is a bundle of nerve fibers that runs from the base of the skull to the coccyx. ... The thoracic, and the first and second lumbar nerves each contribute a branch, white ramus communicans to the adjoining sympathetic ganglion. ... Each spinal nerve receives a branch, gray ramus communicans, from the adjacent ganglion of the sympathetic trunk. ... Collateral Ganglia lie between the sympathetic chain and the organ of supply. ... The cavernous plexus is situated below and medial to that part of the internal carotid artery which is placed by the side of the sella turcica in the cavernous sinus, and is formed chiefly by the medial division of the internal carotid nerve. ... The superior cervical ganglion, the largest of the cervical ganglia, is placed opposite the second and third cervical vertebræ. It is of a reddish-gray color, and usually fusiform in shape; sometimes broad and flattened, and occasionally constricted at intervals; it is believed to be formed by the coalescence of... The pelvic portion of each sympathetic trunk is situated in front of the sacrum, medial to the anterior sacral foramina. ...


internal carotid - cardiac The cardiac plexus is a plexus of nerves situated at the base of the heart that innervate the heart. ...


celiac: celiac ganglia - aorticorenal - renal - spermatic/ovarian - superior mesenteric - aortic plexus - inferior mesenteric - hepatic - splenic - gastric - pancreatic - suprarenal The solar plexus, also known as the celiac plexus or plexus cœliacus, is an autonomous cluster of nerve cells (see Plexus) in the human body behind the stomach and below the diaphragm near the celiac artery in the abdominal cavity. ... The Celiac Ganglia (semilunar ganglia) are two large irregularly shaped masses having the appearance of lymph glands and placed one on either side of the middle line in front of the crura of the diaphragm close to the suprarenal glands, that on the right side being placed behind the inferior... The upper part of each celiac ganglion is joined by the greater splanchnic nerve, while the lower part, which is segmented off and named the aorticorenal ganglion, receives the lesser splanchnic nerve and gives off the greater part of the renal plexus. ... The abdominal aortic plexus (aortic plexus) is formed by branches derived, on either side, from the celiac plexus and ganglia, and receives filaments from some of the lumbar ganglia. ... The hepatic plexus, the largest offset from the celiac plexus, receives filaments from the left vagus and right phrenic nerves. ... The superior gastric plexus (gastric or coronary plexus) accompanies the left gastric artery along the lesser curvature of the stomach, and joins with branches from the left vagus. ...


hypogastric: superior hypogastric - inferior hypogastric - vesical - prostatic - uterovaginal


parasympathetic nervous system: ciliary ganglion (short ciliary nerves) - pterygopalatine ganglion (nerve of pterygoid canal) - submandibular ganglion - otic ganglion - pelvic splanchnic It has been suggested that Parasympatholytic be merged into this article or section. ... The ciliary ganglion is small parasympathetic ganglion lying in the orbit between the optic nerve and the lateral rectus muscle that is associated with the nasociliary nerve (a branch of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve). ... The branches of the ciliary ganglion are the short ciliary nerves. ... The sphenopalatine ganglion is a parasympathetic ganglion found in the spheno-maxillary fossa. ... The nerve of the pterygoid canal (Vidian nerve), formed by the junction of the great petrosal nerve and the deep petrosal nerve in the cartilaginous substance which fills the foramen lacerum, passes forward, through the pterygoid canal, with the corresponding artery, and is joined by a small ascending sphenoidal branch... The submandibular ganglion (or submaxillary ganglion in older texts) is of small size and is fusiform in shape. ... The Otic Ganglion is a parasympathetic ganglion located immediately below the foramen ovale. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
IX. Neurology. 7b. The Cervical Portion of the Sympathetic System. Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. (1126 words)
That surrounding the external maxillary artery communicates with the submaxillary ganglion by a filament; and that accompanying the middle meningeal artery sends an offset to the otic ganglion, and a second, the external petrosal nerve, to the genicular ganglion of the facial nerve.
The inferior cervical ganglion (ganglion cervicale inferius) is situated between the base of the transverse process of the last cervical vertebra and the neck of the first rib, on the medial side of the costocervical artery.
The plexus on the inferior thyroid artery accompanies the artery to the thyroid gland, and communicates with the recurrent and external laryngeal nerves, with the superior cardiac nerve, and with the plexus on the common carotid artery.
Early American Manual Therapy (2058 words)
The bilateral symmetrical vertical ganglionated trunk of the sympathetic is connected to the spinal cord by means of the rami communicantes, which are two bands of nerves extending from the spinal nerves to the ganglia of the trunk of the sympathetic.
The cervical sympathetic trunk is characterized by the absence of the white rami communicantes.
The bilateral cervical and dorsal sympathetic trunks are practically not directly united by transverse nerve cords, the bilateral lumbar and pelvic trunks are united by numerous transverse nerve cords (and plexuses).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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