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Encyclopedia > Inferior alveolar nerve

The inferior alveolar nerve is a branch of the mandibular nerve, which is itself the third branch (V3) of the fifth cranial nerve, the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V). The inferior alveolar nerve enters the mandible (lower jaw) via the mandibular foramen, located on the medial surface of the mandible. The inferior alveolar nerve is located in the mandibular canal within the mandible, where it supplies the mandibular (lower) teeth with sensory branches. Anteriorly, the nerve gives off the mental nerve at about the level of the premolars, which exits the mandible via the mental foramen (supplying sensory branches to the chin and lower lip). The inferior alveolar nerve continues to innervate the mandibular canines and incisors The mandibular nerve is the third branch (V3) of the trigeminal nerve. ... Cranial nerves are nerves which start directly from the brainstem instead of the spinal cord. ... The trigeminal nerve is the fifth (V) cranial nerve, and carries sensory information from most of the face, as well as motor supply to the muscles of mastication (the muscles enabling chewing), tensor tympani (in the middle ear) and other muscles in the floor of the mouth, such as the... The mandible (inferior maxillary bone) (together with the maxilla) is the largest and strongest bone of the face. ... In anatomy, a foramen is any opening. ... (See also sense) A sensory system is a part of the nervous system that consists of sensory receptors, neural pathways, and those parts of the brain responsible for processing the information. ... In zootomy, several terms are used to describe the location of organs and other structures in the body of bilateral animals. ... Chin may refer to: In the human anatomy, the chin is the lowermost part of the face. ... A womans lips with various kinds of lipstick applied. ...


The inferior alveolar nerve is a common target for anesthesia during dental procedures involving the mandibular teeth. Administration of anesthesia near the mandibular foramen causes blockage of the inferior alveolar nerve and the nearby lingual nerve (supplying the tongue). This is why the freezing of the lower jaw during dental procedures causes the patient to lose sensation in their teeth (inferior alveolar nerve block), their lower lip and chin (mental nerve block), and their tongue (lingual nerve block). For the song (Anesthesia) Pulling Teeth by Metallica, go here. ... X-rays can reveal if a person has cavities Dentistry is the practical application of knowledge of dental science (the science of placement, arrangement, function of teeth and their supporting bones and soft tissues) to human beings. ... Many animals have longer and more flexible tongues than humans. ...

Major nerves (also see Peripheral nervous system)

Cranial nerves: I olfactory | II optic | III oculomotor | IV trochlear | V trigeminal (V1 ophthalmic - supraorbital, V2 maxillary - sphenopalatine ganglion, V3 mandibular - auriculotemporal - buccal - inferior alveolar ) | VI abducens | VII facial | VIII vestibulocochlear (cochlear, vestibular) | IX glossopharyngeal | X vagus (recurrent laryngeal, Alderman's nerve) | XI accessory | XII hypoglossal Nerves (yellow)    Nerves redirects here. ... The peripheral nervous system or PNS, is part of the nervous system,and I have no clue what it does. ... Cranial nerves are nerves that emerge from the brainstem instead of the spinal cord. ... The olfactory nerve is the first of twelve cranial nerves. ... The optic nerve is the nerve that transmits visual information from the retina to the brain. ... The oculomotor nerve () is the third of twelve paired cranial nerves. ... The fourth of twelve cranial nerves, the trochlear nerve controls the function of the superior oblique muscle, which rotates the eye towards the nose and also moves the eye downward. ... The trigeminal nerve is the fifth (V) cranial nerve, and carries sensory information from most of the face, as well as motor supply to the muscles of mastication (the muscles enabling chewing), tensor tympani (in the middle ear) and other muscles in the floor of the mouth, such as the... The Ophthalmic nerve is one of the three branches of the trigeminal nerve, one of the cranial nerves. ... The supraorbital nerve arises from the orbit by the supraorbital foramen and supplies the upper eyelid and forehead integuments. ... The Maxillary nerve is one of the three branches of the trigeminal nerve, one of the cranial nerves. ... The sphenopalatine ganglion is a parasympathetic ganglion found in the spheno-maxillary fossa. ... The mandibular nerve is the third branch (V3) of the trigeminal nerve. ... The auriculotemporal nerve is a branch of the mandibular nerve (Viii) and supplies motor fibres to the temporomandibular joint and parasympathetic fibres to the parotid glands. ... A branch of the mandibular nerve (which is itself a branch of the trigeminal nerve), the buccal nerve transmits sensory information from skin over the buccal membrane (in general, the cheek) and from the second and third molar teeth. ... The sixth out of twelve cranial nerves, the abducens nerve controls the lateral rectus muscle - this means that the action of this nerve controls each eyes ability to look laterally (away from the midline). ... Grays Fig. ... The vestibulocochlear nerve is the eighth of twelve cranial nerves and also known as the auditory nerve. ... The Cochlear nerve (n. ... The Vestibular nerve is one of the two branches of the Vestibulocochlear nerve (the cochlear nerve is the other. ... The glossopharyngeal nerve is the ninth of twelve cranial nerves. ... The vagus nerve is tenth of twelve paired cranial nerves and is the only nerve that starts in the brainstem (somewhere in the medulla oblongata) and extends all the way down past the head, right down to the abdomen. ... The recurrent laryngeal nerve is a branch of the vagus nerve (the tenth cranial nerve) which supplies motor function and sensation to the larynx (voice box). ... The Auricular branch of the tenth cranial or vagus nerve is often termed the Aldermans nerve. ... The accessory nerve is the eleventh of twelve cranial nerves. ... The hypoglossal nerve is the twelfth cranial nerve. ...


Spinal nerves C2-C5: greater occipital, lesser occipital, greater auricular, lesser auricular, phrenic The term spinal nerve generally refers to the mixed spinal nerve, which is formed from the dorsal and ventral roots that come out of the spinal cord. ... The greater occipital nerve is a spinal nerve arising between the first and second cervical vertebrae, along with the lesser occipital nerve. ... The lesser occipital nerve is a spinal nerve arising between the first and second cervical vertebrae, along with the greater occipital nerve. ... The greater auricular nerve originates from the cervical plexus, composed of branches of spinal nerves C2 and C3. ... The lesser auricular nerve originates from the cervical plexus, composed of branches of spinal nerves C2 and C3. ... The phrenic nerve arises from spinal nerves C3, C4 and C5. ...


Spinal nerves C5-T1 (brachial plexus) --- before forming cords (dorsal scapular, long thoracic, suprascapular) --- lateral cord (musculocutaneous, median) --- posterior cord (axillary, radial) --- medial cord (median, ulnar) The term spinal nerve generally refers to the mixed spinal nerve, which is formed from the dorsal and ventral roots that come out of the spinal cord. ... The brachial plexus is an arrangement of nerve fibres (a plexus) running from the spine (vertebrae C5-T1), through the neck, the axilla (armpit region), and into the arm. ... The dorsal scapular nerve arises from the brachial plexus, specifically from spinal nerves C4 and C5. ... The long thoracic nerve supplies motor innervation to the serratus anterior muscle. ... The Nervus suprascapularis (Suprascapular nerve) is a nerve of the plexus brachialis. ... The Lateral cord is a division of the brachial plexus. ... The major end branch of the lateral cord, courses inferiorly within the anterior arm, supplying motor fibers to the arm muscles that flex the forearm (the biceps brachii and brachialis). ... Diagram from Grays anatomy, depicting the peripheral nerves of the upper extremity, amongst others the median nerve The median nerve is a nerve that runs down the arm and forearm. ... The Posterior cord is a division of the brachial plexus. ... The axillary nerve is a nerve of the human body, that comes off the posterior cord of the brachial plexus at the level of the axilla (armpit) and carriers nerve fibers from C5 and C6. ... The radial nerve is a nerve in the human body, that supplies the arm, the forearm and the hand. ... The Medial cord is a division of the brachial plexus. ... Diagram from Grays anatomy, depicting the peripheral nerves of the upper extremity, amongst others the median nerve The median nerve is a nerve that runs down the arm and forearm. ... The ulnar nerve is a nerve that in humans runs down the arm and forearm, and into the hand. ...


Spinal nerves T2-S5: intercostal | sacral plexus | sciatic (tibial, common peroneal) | pudendal The term spinal nerve generally refers to the mixed spinal nerve, which is formed from the dorsal and ventral roots that come out of the spinal cord. ... The thoracic spinal nerves T3 through T12. ... In human anatomy, the Sacral plexus refers to the nerve plexus emerging from the sacral vertebrae (S1-S4), and which provides nerves for the pelvis and lower limbs. ... The sciatic nerve is a large nerve that runs down the lower limb. ... The Tibial Nerve The tibial nerve passes through the popliteal fossa to pass below the arch of soleus. ... The Common peroneal nerve is a branch of the Sciatic nerve. ... The pudendal nerve is responsible for orgasm, urination, and defecation in both sexes. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
IX. Neurology. 5e. The Trigeminal Nerve. Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. (5634 words)
The ciliary ganglion is connected with the ophthalmic nerve; the sphenopalatine ganglion with the maxillary nerve; and the otic and submaxillary ganglia with the mandibular nerve.
Nerves of the orbit, and the ciliary ganglion.
dorsal nucleus or inferior salivatory nucleus of the medulla.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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