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Encyclopedia > Industrial Workers of the World
IWW
Industrial Workers of the World
Founded 1905
Members 2,000/900 (2006)
100,000 (1923)
Country International
Office location Cincinnati, Ohio
Website www.iww.org

The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies) is an international union currently headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. At its peak in 1923 the organization claimed some 100,000 members in good standing, and could marshal the support of perhaps 300,000 workers. Its membership declined dramatically after a 1924 split brought on by internal conflict and government repression. Today it is actively organizing and numbers about 2,000 members worldwide, of whom less than half (approximately 900) are in good standing (that is, have paid their dues for the past two months). IWW membership does not require that one work in a represented workplace, nor does it exclude membership in another labor union. IWW Universal Label File links The following pages link to this file: Industrial Workers of the World User:LockeShocke/Why did Socialism fail in early 20th century America Socialism in the United States ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... Cincinnati redirects here. ... The Lawrence textile strike (1912), with soldiers surrounding peaceful demonstrators A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions, forming a cartel of labour. ... Cincinnati redirects here. ...


The IWW contends that all workers should be united within a single union as a class and that the wage system should be abolished. They may be best known for the Wobbly Shop model of workplace democracy, in which workers elect recallable delegates, and other norms of grassroots democracy (self-management) are implemented. A wage is a compensation which workers receive in exchange for their labor. ... Workplace democracy is the application of democracy in all its forms (including voting systems, debates, democratic structuring, due process, adversarial process, systems of appeal, and so on) to the workplace. ... Grassroots democracy is a tendency towards designing political processes where as much decision-making authority as practical is shifted to the organizations lowest geographic level of organization. ... Poster for the Movimiento Nacional de Empresas Recuperadas (MNER), at a worker-recovered print shop, Chilavert Artes Gráficas in Buenos Aires, Argentina Worker self-management (or autogestion) is a form of workplace decision-making in which the employees themselves agree on choices (for issues like customer care, general production...

Contents

History of the IWW 1905-1950

Founding

The IWW was founded in Chicago in June 1905 at a convention of two hundred socialists, anarchists, and radical trade unionists from all over the United States (mainly the Western Federation of Miners) who were opposed to the policies of the American Federation of Labor (AFL). When Bill Haywood used a board to gavel to order the first convention of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), he announced, this is the Continental Congress of the working class. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Religious socialism Key Issues People and organizations Related subjects Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Anarchist redirects here. ... Western Federation of Miners famous flyer entitled Is Colorado in America? The Western Federation of Miners (WFM) was a radical labor union that gained a reputation for militancy in the mine fields of the western United States. ... The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was one of the first federations of labor unions in the United States. ...

An injury to one is an injury to all.
An injury to one is an injury to all.

The convention, which took place on June 27, 1905, in Chicago, was then referred to as the "Industrial Congress" or the "Industrial Union Convention"—it would later be known as the First Annual Convention of the IWW. It is considered one of the most important events in the history of industrial unionism and of the American labor movement in general. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ...


The IWW's first organizers included Big Bill Haywood, Daniel De Leon, Eugene V. Debs, Thomas J Hagerty, Lucy Parsons, Mary Harris Jones (commonly known as "Mother Jones"), William Trautmann, Vincent Saint John, Ralph Chaplin, and many others. William Dudley Big Bill Haywood (February 4, 1869–May 18, 1928) was a prominent figure in American radical unionism as a leader in the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) and later as a founding member of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). ... Daniel de Leon Daniel De Leon (December 14, 1852 – May 11, 1914) was a Curaçao-born American socialist and Syndicalism-influenced trade unionist of Jewish origin. ... Eugene Victor Debs (November 5, 1855 – October 20, 1926) was an American labor and political leader, one of the founders of the International Labor Union, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), and five-time Socialist Party of America candidate for President of the United States. ... Father Hagerty created the wheel of fortune which linked all like industries together. ... Lucy Parsons Lucy Parsons (1853-March 7, 1942) was an American radical labor organizer, anarchist and is remembered as a powerful orator. ... Mary Harris Jones (August 1, 1837 – November 30, 1930), better known as Mother Jones, was a prominent American labor and community organizer, and Wobbly. ... William E. Trautmann was founding General-Secretary of the US Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) and one of six people who initially laid plans for the organization in 1904. ... Vincent Saint John (1876 – 1929) was an American Labor leader and a prominent Wobbly. ... Ralph Chaplin (1887—1961) became a labor activist, when at the age of seven, he saw a worker shot dead during the Pullman strike in Chicago, Illinois. ...


The IWW's goal was to promote worker solidarity in the revolutionary struggle to overthrow the employing class; its motto was "an injury to one is an injury to all," which improved upon the 19th century Knights of Labor's creed, "an injury to one is the concern of all." In particular, the IWW was organized because of the belief among many unionists, socialists, anarchists and radicals that the AFL not only had failed to effectively organize the U.S. working class, as only about 5% of all workers belonged to unions in 1905, but also was organizing according to narrow craft principles which divided groups of workers. The Wobblies believed that all workers should organize as a class, a philosophy which is still reflected in the Preamble to the current IWW Constitution: This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Knights of Labor seal The Knights of Labor, also known as Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor, was founded by seven Philadelp tailors in 1869, led by Uriah S. Stephens. ...

The working class and the employing class have nothing in common. There can be no peace so long as hunger and want are found among millions of the working people and the few, who make up the employing class, have all the good things of life. Between these two classes a struggle must go on until the workers of the world organize as a class, take possession of the means of production, abolish the wage system, and live in harmony with the Earth. ... Instead of the conservative motto, 'A fair day's wage for a fair day's work', we must inscribe on our banner the revolutionary watchword, 'Abolition of the wage system.' It is the historic mission of the working class to do away with capitalism.[1]

The first IWW charter in Canada, Vancouver Industrial Mixed Union no.322, May 5, 1906.
The first IWW charter in Canada, Vancouver Industrial Mixed Union no.322, May 5, 1906.

The Wobblies differed from other union movements of the time by its promotion of industrial unionism, as opposed to the craft unionism of the American Federation of Labor. The IWW emphasized rank-and-file organization, as opposed to empowering leaders who would bargain with employers on behalf of workers. This manifested itself in the early IWW's consistent refusal to sign contracts, which they felt would restrict the only true power that workers possessed: the power to strike. Though never developed in any detail, Wobblies envisioned the general strike as the means by which the wage system would be overthrown and a new economic system ushered in, one which emphasized people over profit, cooperation over competition. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 464 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1114 × 1440 pixel, file size: 292 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) First IWW charter in Canada, 1906 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 464 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1114 × 1440 pixel, file size: 292 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) First IWW charter in Canada, 1906 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Industrial unionism is a labor union organizing method through which all workers in the same industry are organized into the same union — regardless of skill or trade — thus giving workers in one industry, or in all industries, more leverage in bargaining and in strike situations. ... by Leon CunninghamCraft unionism refers to an approach to union organizing in the United States and elsewhere that seeks to unify workers in a particular industry along the lines of the particular craft or trade that they work in. ... The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was one of the first federations of labor unions in the United States. ... Rank-and-file refers to the ordinary members of an organisation, excluding the officers or managers. ...


One of the IWW's most important contributions to the labor movement and broader push towards social justice was that, when founded, it was the only American union to welcome all workers including women, immigrants, and African Americans into the same organization. Indeed, many of its early members were immigrants, and some, like Carlo Tresca, Joe Hill and Mary Jones, rose to prominence in the leadership. Finns formed a sizeable portion of the immigrant IWW membership. "Conceivably, the number of Finns belonging to the I.W.W. was somewhere between five and ten thousand."[2] The Finnish-language newspaper of the IWW, Industrialisti, published out of Duluth, Minnesota, was the union's only daily paper. At its peak, it ran 10,000 copies per issue. Another Finnish-language Wobbly publication was the monthly Tie Vapauteen ("Road to Freedom"). Also of note was the Finnish IWW educational institute, the Work People's College in Duluth, and the Finnish Labour Temple in Port Arthur, Ontario which served as the IWW Canadian administration for several years. One example of the union's commitment to equality was Local 8, a longshoremen's branch in Philadelphia, one of the largest ports in the nation in the WWI era. Led by the African American Ben Fletcher, Local 8 had over 5,000 members, the majority of whom were African American, along with more than a thousand immigrants (primarily Lithuanians and Poles), Irish Americans, and numerous others. Carlo Tresca (1879-1943) was a skilled labour agitator. ... Joe Hill, born Joel Emmanuel Hägglund, and also known as Joseph Hillström (October 7, 1879 - November 19, 1915) was an American labor activist and member of the Industrial Workers of the World, better known as the Wobblies. ... Template:Languaklkkkhytgf Finnish ( , or suomen kieli) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland (91. ... Industrialisti was the official daily newspaper of the Industrial Workers of the World. ... Location in St. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... Tie Vapauteen, (The Road to Freedom), was a Finnish-American monthly magazine published by Finnish members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) from 1919 to 1937. ... A Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church folk school founded, September 1903, in Minneapolis, Minnesota served as a predecesor for Work Peoples College. ... Finnish Labour Temple circa 1910 The Finnish Labour Temple (also reffered to as the Big Finn Hall) in Thunder Bay, Ontario located on 314 Bay Street in the Finnish quarter, is a Finnish-Canadian cultural and community centre and a local landmark. ... Nickname: Motto: Superior by nature Location of Thunder Bay, Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Region Northwestern Ontario District Thunder Bay District CMA Thunder Bay Settled 1679 as Fort Caministigoyan See histories of Port Arthur and Fort William Amalgamation 1 January 1970 Government [1][2]  - Type Municipal Government  - Mayor Lynn... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The IWW was condemned by politicians and the press, who saw them as a threat to the market systems as well as an effort to monopolize labor at a time when efforts to monopolize industries were being fought as anti-market. Factory owners would employ means both non-violent (sending in Salvation Army bands to drown out speakers) and violent to disrupt their meetings. Members were often arrested and sometimes killed for making public speeches, but this persecution only inspired further militancy. Shield of The Salvation Army The Salvation Army is a non-military evangelical Christian organisation. ...


Political action or direct action?

Like many leftist organizations of the era, the IWW soon split over policy. In 1908 a group led by Daniel DeLeon argued that political action through DeLeon's Socialist Labor Party was the best way to attain the IWW's goals. The other faction, led by Vincent Saint John, William Trautmann, and Big Bill Haywood, believed that direct action in the form of strikes, propaganda, and boycotts was more likely to accomplish sustainable gains for working people; they were opposed to arbitration and to political affiliation. Haywood's faction prevailed, and De Leon and his supporters left the organization. The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) is a union of wage workers which was formed in Chicago in 1905 as a response to disappointment by militant unionists with the conservative American Federation of Labor (AFL). ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Daniel De Leon (December 14, 1852 – May 11, 1914) was born in Curaçao. ... The Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP) is the oldest socialist political party in the United States and the second oldest socialist party in the world. ... 1967 Chinese propaganda poster from the Cultural Revolution. ... Look up Boycott in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Organizing

A Wobbly membership card, or "red card"
A Wobbly membership card, or "red card"

The IWW first attracted attention in Goldfield, Nevada in 1906 and during the strike of the Pressed Steel Car Company[3] at McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania in 1909. Further fame was gained later that year, when they took their stand on free speech. The town of Spokane, Washington had outlawed street meetings, and arrested Elizabeth Gurley Flynn,[4] a Wobbly organizer, for breaking this ordinance. The response was simple but effective: when a fellow member was arrested for speaking, large numbers of people descended on the location and invited the authorities to arrest all of them, until it became too expensive for the town. In Spokane, over 500 people went to jail and four people died. The tactic of fighting for free speech to popularize the cause and preserve the right to organize openly was used effectively in Fresno, Aberdeen, and other locations. In San Diego, although there was no particular organizing campaign at stake, vigilantes supported by local officials and powerful businessmen mounted a particularly brutal counter-offensive. Its mine ~~~ Industrial Workers of the World File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Its mine ~~~ Industrial Workers of the World File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Location of Goldfield in Nevada. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... McKees Rocks, also known as The Rocks, is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, along the west bank of the Ohio River, adjoining Pittsburgh. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: Location of Spokane in Spokane County and Washington Coordinates: , Country United States State Washington County Spokane Government  - Mayor Dennis P. Hession Area  - City  58. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Elizabeth Gurley Flynn (1890-1964) was born in Concord, New Hampshire on 7 August, 1890. ... The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) engaged in free speech fights during the period from approximately 1907 to 1916. ... Fresno redirects here. ... Tribute to Kurt Cobain in Aberdeen, installed by the Kurt Cobain Memorial Committee. ... San Diego redirects here. ... By the beginning of the 20th-century, two decades of confrontation between working people and their employers had caused suspicion and animosity both within, and against the working class. ...

1914 IWW demonstration in New York City
1914 IWW demonstration in New York City

By 1912 the organization had around 50,000 members, concentrated in the Northwest, among dock workers, agricultural workers in the central states, and in textile and mining areas. The IWW was involved in over 150 strikes, including those in the Lawrence textile strike (1912), the Paterson silk strike (1913) and the Mesabi range (1916). They were also involved in what came to be known as the Wheatland Hop Riot August 3, 1913 Image File history File links IWW_demonstration_NY_1914. ... Image File history File links IWW_demonstration_NY_1914. ... Massachusetts militiamen with fixed bayonets surround a parade of peaceful strikers Flyer distributed in Lawrence, September 1912 The Lawrence textile strike was a strike of immigrant workers in Lawrence, Massachusetts in 1912 led by the Industrial Workers of the World. ... The Paterson silk strike of 1913 was a strike of the silk mill workers in Paterson, New Jersey. ... The Mesabi Range, also known as the Mesabi Iron Range, is a vast deposit of iron ore in northern Minnesota, and the chief deposit of iron ore in the United States. ... The Wheatland Hop Riot was one of the most important and well-known events in California labor history. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Between 1915 and 1917, the IWW's Agricultural Workers Organization (AWO) organized hundreds of thousands of migratory farm workers throughout the midwest and western United States, often signing up and organizing members in the field, in railyards and in hobo jungles. During this time, the IWW became synonymous with the hobo; migratory farmworkers could scarcely afford any other means of transportation to get to the next jobsite. Railroad boxcars, called "side door coaches" by the hobos, were frequently plastered with silent agitators from the IWW. Workers often won better working conditions by using direct action at the point of production, and striking "on the job" (consciously and collectively slowing their work). As a result of Wobbly organizing, conditions for migratory farm workers improved enormously. Many organizations have used stickers to publicize their philosophy or cause. ...


Building on the success of the AWO, the IWW's Lumber Workers Industrial Union (LWIU) used similar tactics to organize lumberjacks and other timber workers, both in the Deep South and the Pacific Northwest of the United States and Canada, between 1917 and 1924. The IWW lumber strike of 1917 led to the eight-hour day and vastly improved working conditions in the Pacific Northwest. Even though mid-century historians would give credit to the US Government and "forward thinking lumber magnates" for agreeing to such reforms, an IWW strike forced these concessions[5] Lumberjacks in Oregon, c. ...


From 1913 through the mid-1930s, the IWW's Marine Transport Workers Industrial Union, proved a force to be reckoned with and competed with AFL unions for ascendance in the industry. Given the union's commitment to international solidarity, its efforts and success in the field come as no surprise. As mentioned above, Local 8 was led by Ben Fletcher, who organized predominantly African-American longshoremen on the Philadelphia and Baltimore waterfronts, but other leaders included the Swiss immigrant Waler Nef, Jack Walsh, E.F. Doree, and the Spanish sailor Manuel Rey. The IWW also had a presence among waterfront workers in Boston, New York City, New Orleans, Houston, San Diego, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Eureka, Portland, Tacoma, Seattle, Vancouver as well as in ports in the Caribbean, Mexico, South America, Australia, New Zealand, Germany and other nations. IWW members played a role in the 1934 San Francisco general strike and the other organizing efforts by rank-and-filers within the International Longshoremen's Association up and down the West Coast. Boston redirects here. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... NOLA redirects here. ... Houston redirects here. ... San Diego redirects here. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Motto: Eureka! - (I have found it!) Eureka shown within Humboldt County in the State of California Coordinates: , Country State County Humboldt Founded May 13, 1850 (settlement) Incorporated April 18, 1856 (town) Re-incorporated February 19, 1874 (city) Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Virginia Bass  - City manager David Tyson Area  - Total... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country State County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City  62. ... Seattle redirects here. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... The 1934 West Coast Longshore Strike lasted eighty-three days, triggered a strike by sailors and a four-day general strike in San Francisco, and led to the unionization of all of the West Coast ports of the United States. ... The International Longshoremens Association is a labor union representing longshore workers along the East Coast of the United States and Canada, the Gulf Coast, the Great Lakes, Puerto Rico, and inland waterways. ...


Wobblies also played a role in the sit-down strikes and other organizing efforts by the United Auto Workers in the 1930s, particularly in Detroit, though they never established a strong union presence there. The United Auto Workers (UAW), headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, officially the United Automobile, Aerospace & Agricultural Implement Workers of America International Union, is one of the largest labor unions in North America, The UAW has approximately 540,000 active members and over 500,000 retired members in the United States, Canada...


Where the IWW did win strikes, such as at Lawrence, they often found it hard to hold onto their gains. The IWW of 1912 disdained collective bargaining agreements and preached instead the need for constant struggle against the boss on the shop floor. It proved difficult, however, to maintain that sort of revolutionary elán against employers; In Lawrence, the IWW lost nearly all of its membership in the years after the strike, as the employers wore down their employees' resistance and eliminated many of the strongest union supporters. The Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) is the contract between the NHL and the NHLPA that defines the structure of procedural, financial, and disciplinary relationships between the NHL, its teams, and its players. ...


Government repression

Joseph J. Ettor, who had been arrested in 1912, giving a speech to barbers on strike
Joseph J. Ettor, who had been arrested in 1912, giving a speech to barbers on strike

The IWW's efforts were met with violent reactions from all levels of government, from company management and their agents, and groups of citizens functioning as vigilantes. In 1914, Joe Hill (Joel Hägglund) was accused of murder and, despite only circumstantial evidence, was executed by the state of Utah in 1915. On 5 November 1916 at Everett, Washington a group of deputized businessmen led by Sheriff Donald McRae attacked Wobblies on the steamer VERONA, killing at least five union members (six more were never accounted for and probably were lost in Puget Sound). Two members of the police force - one a regular officer and another a deputized citizen from the National Guard Reserve - were killed, probably by "friendly fire".[6][7] There were reports that the deputies had fortified their courage with alcohol. Image File history File links Ettor_IWW_barbers_strike. ... Image File history File links Ettor_IWW_barbers_strike. ... Joseph J. Ettor (1886- ) served as one of the leaders of an American labor party named the Industrial Workers of the World which conducted its first great Eastern strike involving some 35,000 workers in 1912 at Lawrence, Massachusetts. ... Labor spies may be referred to as spies, operatives, agents, agents provocateurs, saboteurs, infiltrators, informants, spotters, special police, or detectives. ... For other persons named Joe Hill, see Joe Hill (disambiguation). ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... County Snohomish Government  - Mayor Ray Stephanson Area  - City 123. ... A news headline on the massacre. ...


Many IWW members opposed United States participation in World War I. The organization passed a resolution against the war at its convention in November of 1916.[8] This echoed the view, expressed at the IWW's founding convention, that war represents struggles among capitalists in which the rich become richer, and the working poor all too often die at the hands of other workers. “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


An IWW newspaper, the Industrial Worker, wrote just before the U.S. declaration of war: "Capitalists of America, we will fight against you, not for you! There is not a power in the world that can make the working class fight if they refuse." Yet when a declaration of war was passed by the U.S. Congress in April of 1917, the IWW's general secrtary-treasurer Bill Haywood became determined that the organization should adopt a low profile in order to avoid perceived threats to its existence. The printing of anti-war stickers was discontinued, stockpiles of existing anti-war documents were put into storage, and anti-war propagandizing ceased as official union policy. After much debate on the General Executive Board, with Haywood advocating a low profile and GEB member Frank Little championing continued agitation, Ralph Chaplin brokered a compromise agreement. A statement was issued that denounced the war, but IWW members were advised to channel their opposition through the legal mechanisms of conscription. They were advised to register for the draft, marking their claims for exemption "IWW, opposed to war."[9] The Industrial Worker, the voice of revolutionary labor, is the newspaper of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), a radical syndicalist labor union. ... Frank Little (1879-1917) joined the radical union the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) in 1906. ...


In spite of the IWW moderating its vocal opposition, the mainstream press and the U.S. Government were able to turn public opinion against the IWW. Frank Little, the IWW's most outspoken war opponent, was lynched in Butte, Montana in August of 1917, just four months after war had been declared. Uptown Butte 1942 view of the city Butte is a city in Silver Bow County, Montana and is the county seat. ...

Ralph Chaplin created the image of a black cat in a fighting stance, the IWW's symbol of sabotage.
Ralph Chaplin created the image of a black cat in a fighting stance, the IWW's symbol of sabotage.

The government used World War I as an opportunity to crush the IWW. In September 1917, U.S. Department of Justice agents made simultaneous raids on forty-eight IWW meeting halls across the country. In 1917, one hundred and sixty-five IWW leaders were arrested for conspiring to hinder the draft, encourage desertion, and intimidate others in connection with labor disputes, under the new Espionage Act; one hundred and one went on trial before Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis in 1918. Image File history File links Sabcat2. ... Image File history File links Sabcat2. ... Ralph Chaplin (1887—1961) became a labor activist, when at the age of seven, he saw a worker shot dead during the Pullman strike in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Black cat (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sabotage (disambiguation). ... The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... The Espionage Act was passed by the 65th United States Congress on June 15, 1917, during World War I. This act made it a crime, punishable by a $10,000 fine and 20 years in jail, for a person to convey false reports or false statements with intent to interfere... Kenesaw Mountain Landis Kenesaw Mountain Landis (November 20, 1866 – November 25, 1944) was an American jurist who served as a federal judge from 1905 to 1922, and subsequently as the first commissioner of Major League Baseball. ...

Wikisource has original text related to this article:

They were all convicted — even those who had not been members of the union for years — and given prison terms of up to twenty years. Sentenced to prison by Judge Landis and released on bail, Haywood fled to the Soviet Union where he remained until his death. Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ...


In his 1918 book "The Land That Time Forgot," Edgar Rice Burroughs presented an IWW member as a particularly despicable villain and traitor. A wave of such incitement led to vigilante mobs attacking the IWW in many places, and after the war the repression continued. In Centralia, Washington on November 11, 1919, IWW member and army veteran Wesley Everest was turned over to the lynch mob by jail guards, had his teeth smashed with a rifle butt, was castrated, lynched three times in three separate locations, and then his corpse was riddled with bullets before it was disposed of in an unmarked grave.[10] The official coroner's report listed the victim's cause of death as "suicide." Edgar Rice Burroughs Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 – March 19, 1950) was an American author, best known for his creation of the jungle hero Tarzan, although he also produced works in many genres. ... Centralia is a city in Lewis County, Washington, United States. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Wesley Everest (1890—November 11, 1919) was a member of the Industrial Workers of the World and a World War I veteran. ...


Members of the IWW were prosecuted under various State and federal laws and the 1920 Palmer Raids singled out the foreign-born members of the organization. By the mid-1920s membership was already declining due to government repression and it decreased again substantially during a contentious organizational schism in 1924 when the organization split between the "Westerners" and the "Easterners" over a number of issues, including the role of the General Administration (often oversimplified as a struggle between "centralists" and "decentralists") and attempts by the Communist Party to dominate the organization. By 1930 membership was down to around 10,000. Alexander Mitchell Palmer The Palmer Raids were a series of controversial raids by the U.S. Justice and Immigration Departments from 1919 to 1921 on suspected radical leftists in the United States. ...


One result of the Palmer Raids was the confiscation of Joe Hill's ashes, among other items taken from IWW offices. These ashes were recovered under the Freedom of Information Act in the late 1980s.


Activity after World War II

1950-2000

Part of a series on

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The Labour Movement
New Unionism · Proletariat
Social Movement Unionism
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Child labor · Eight-hour day
Occupational safety and health
Collective bargaining
Trade Unions
Trade unions by country
Trade union federations
International comparisons
ITUC · WFTU · IWA
Strike Actions
Chronological list of strikes
General strike · Sympathy strike
Sitdown strike · Work-to-rule
Trade Unionists
Joe Hill · Dita Indah Sari
Walter Reuther
Sonja Davies · Eugene V. Debs
A. J. Cook · Shirley Carr

more names Image File history File links Syndicalism. ... The labour movement or labor movement is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and political governments, in particular through the implementation of specific laws governing labor relations. ... New Unionism is a term which has been used twice in the history of the labour movement, both times involving moves to broaden the union agenda. ... The proletariat (from Latin proles, offspring) is a term used to identify a lower social class; a member of such a class is proletarian. ... Social Movement Unionism is a trend of theory and practice in contemporary trade unionism. ... Syndicalism refers to a set of ideas, movements, and tendencies which share the avowed aim of transforming capitalist society through action by the working class on the industrial front. ... Religious socialism Key Issues People and organizations Related subjects Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Timeline of organized labor history 1790s - 1800s - 1810s - 1820s - 1830s - 1840s - 1850s - 1860s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s - 1900s - 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1797 (United States) Profit sharing originated at Albert Gallatins glass works in New Geneva, Pennsylvania. ... Labor rights or workers rights are a group of legal rights and claimed human rights having to do with labor relations between workers and their employers, usually obtained under labor and employment law. ... A twelve year old American uneducated child laborer, Furman Owens, who stated Yes I want to learn but cant when I work all the time. ... The 8-hour day movement or 40-hour week movement (a. ... Occupational safety and health (OSH) is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. ... A Collective agreement is a labor contract between an employer and one or more unions. ... The Lawrence textile strike (1912), with soldiers surrounding peaceful demonstrators A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions, forming a cartel of labour. ... This is a list of trade unions and union federations by country. ... This is a list of federations of trade unions. ... The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) is the worlds largest trade union federation. ... The World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) was established in the wake of the Second World War to bring together trade unions across the world in a single international organization, much like the United Nations. ... The International Workers Association (IWA) (Spanish: AIT - Asociación Internacional de los Trabajadores, and in German: IAA-Internationale ArbeiterInnen Assoziation) is an international anarcho-syndicalist federation of various labour unions from different countries. ... Strike action, often simply called a strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal by employees to perform work. ... The following is a list of deliberate absence from work related to specific working conditions (strikes) or due to general unhappiness with the political order (general strikes). ... A general strike is a strike action by an entire labour force in a city, region or country. ... A sympathy strike is a labour strike that is initiated by workers in one industry and supported by workers in a separate but related industry. ... A sitdown strike is a form of civil disobedience in which an organized group of workers, usually employed at a factory or other centralized location, take possession of the workplace by sitting down at their stations, effectively preventing their employers from replacing them with scab labor or, in some cases... Work-to-rule is a job action in which employees do no more than the minimum required by the rules of a workplace, and follow safety or other regulations to the letter in order to cause a slowdown. ... The Lawrence textile strike (1912), with soldiers surrounding peaceful demonstrators A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions, forming a cartel of labour. ... For other persons named Joe Hill, see Joe Hill (disambiguation). ... Dita Indah Sari is an Indonesian trade union and socialist activist. ... Walter Philip Reuther (September 1, 1907 – May 10, 1970) was an American labor union leader, who made the United Automobile Workers a major force not only in the auto industry but also in the Democratic party]] in the mid 20th century. ... Marching On is the second volume of Sonja Davies autobiography Sonja Davies, ONZ (November 11, 1923 – 12 June 2005) was a New Zealand trade unionist, peace campaigner, and Member of Parliament. ... Eugene Victor Debs (November 5, 1855 – October 20, 1926) was an American labor and political leader, one of the founders of the International Labor Union, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), and five-time Socialist Party of America candidate for President of the United States. ... Arthur James Cook (1883 - 1931), known as A. J. Cook, was a British coal miner and trade union leader. ... Shirley G.E. Carr is a Canadian union leader who was the the first woman president of Canadas largest labour organization, the Canadian Labour Congress. ...

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The Wobblies continued to organize workers and were a major presence in the metal shops of Cleveland, Ohio until the 1950s. After the passage of the Taft-Hartley Act in 1950 by the US Government, which called for the removal of communist union leadership, the IWW experienced a loss of membership as differences of opinion occurred over how to respond to the challenge. The Cleveland IWW metal and machine workers wound up leaving the union, resulting in a major decline in membership once again. In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is a measure of the work done by human beings and is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ... Labor history (or labour history) is a broad field of study concerned with the development of the labor movement and the working class. ... A Boeing employee speaks at a trade union rally The field of industrial relations looks at the relationship between management and workers, particularly groups of workers represented by a union. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Labor-Management Relations Act, commonly known as the Taft-Hartley Act, is a United States federal law that greatly restricts the activities and power of labor unions. ...


The IWW membership fell to its lowest level in the 1950s, but the 1960s Civil Rights Movement, anti-war protests, and various university student movements brought new life to the IWW, albeit with many fewer new members than the great organizing drives of the early part of the 20th Century. Historically, the civil rights movement was a concentrated period of time around the world of approximately one generation (1960-1980) wherein there was much worldwide civil unrest and popular rebellion. ...


From the 1960s to the 1980s, the IWW had various small organizing drives. Membership included a number of cooperatively owned and collectively run enterprises especially in the printing industry: Red & Black (Detroit), Lakeside (Madison, Wisconsin), and Harbinger (Columbia, South Carolina). The University Cellar, a non-profit campus bookstore formed by University of Michigan students, was for several years the largest organized IWW shop with about 100 workers. In the 1960s, Rebel Worker was published in Chicago by the surrealists Franklin and Penelope Rosemont. One edition was published in London with Charles Radcliffe who went on to become involved with the Situationist International. By the 1980s, the "Rebel Worker" was being published as an official organ again, from the IWW's headquarters in Chicago, and the New York area was publishing a newsletter as well; a record album of Wobbly music, "Rebel Voices", was also released. For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Max Ernst. ... Franklin Rosemont (born October 2, 1943) was co founder of the Surrealist Movement in the United States. ... Penelope Rosemont (born 1942 Chicago, Illinois). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Charles Jeremy St John Radcliffe is a descendant of Nell Gwynne. ... The Situationist International (SI) was a small group of international political and artistic agitators with roots in Marxism, Lettrism and the early 20th century European artistic and political avant-gardes. ...

IWW flags at a 2007 rally in Seattle.
IWW flags at a 2007 rally in Seattle.

In the 1990s, the IWW was involved in many labor struggles and free speech fights, including Redwood Summer, and the picketing of the Neptune Jade in the port of Oakland in late 1997. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Seattle redirects here. ... The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) engaged in free speech fights during the period from approximately 1907 to 1916. ...


IWW organizing drives in recent years have included a major campaign to organize Borders Books in 1996, a strike at the Lincoln Park Mini Mall in Seattle that same year, organizing drives at Wherehouse Music, Keystone Job Corps, the community organization ACORN, various homeless and youth centers in Portland, Oregon, sex industry workers, and recycling shops in Berkeley, California. IWW members have been active in the building trades, marine transport, ship yards, high tech industries, hotels and restaurants, public interest organizations, schools and universities, recycling centers, railroads, bike messengers, and lumber yards. Borders Books and Music (NYSE: BGP) is a North American chain of bookstores, with some branches overseas. ... Wherehouse Music is a music retailer in the United States. ... For other uses, see Acorn (disambiguation). ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in Northern California, in the United States. ...


The IWW has stepped in several times to help the rank and file in mainstream unions, including saw mill workers in Fort Bragg in California in 1989, concession stand workers in the San Francisco Bay Area in the late 1990s, and most recently at shipyards along the Mississippi River. Pudding Creek Trestle Aerial view of the southern section of Fort Bragg and the mouth of the Noyo River. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ...


2000-Present

In the early 2000s the IWW organized Stonemountain and Daughter Fabrics, a fabric/seamstress shop in Berkeley. The shop has remained under contract with the IWW to this day.


In 2004, an IWW union was organized in a New York City Starbucks. In 2006, the IWW continued efforts at Starbucks by organizing several Chicago area shops.[11] New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of Starbuck, see Starbuck. ... For other uses of Starbuck, see Starbuck. ...


In September of 2004, IWW-organized short haul truck drivers in Stockton, California walked off their jobs and went on a strike. Nearly all demands were met. Despite early victories in Stockton, the truck driver union ceased to exist in mid-2005. Nickname: Motto: Stocktons Great, Take A Look! Location in San Joaquin County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County San Joaquin Incorporated 1850 Government  - Mayor Edward J. Chavez  - City Manager J. Gordon Palmer, Jr. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


In Chicago the IWW began an effort to organize bicycle messengers with some success. Bicycle messenger in Atlanta doing a track stand. ...


Between 2003 and 2006, the IWW organized unions at food co-operatives in Seattle, Washington and Pittsburgh, PA. The IWW represents administrative and maintenance workers under contract in Seattle, while the union in Pittsburgh lost 22-21 in an NLRB election, only to have the results invalidated in late 2006, based on management's behavior before the election.


The city of Berkeley's recycling is picked up, sorted, processed and sent out all through two different IWW organized enterprises.


In New York City, the IWW has been organizing immigrant foodstuffs workers since 2005. That summer, workers from Handyfat Trading joined the IWW, and were soon followed by workers from four more warehouses.[12] Workers at these warehouses made gains such as receiving the minimum wage and being paid overtime. In May 2007, the warehouse workers came together with the Starbucks Workers Union to form The Food and Allied Workers Union IU 460/640. Since then, new shops have been organized and the union continues to grow.


Besides IWW's traditional practice of organizing industrially, the Union has been open to new methods such as organizing geographically: for instance, seeking to organize retail workers in a certain business district, as in Philadelphia. For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ...


The union has also participated in such worker-related issues as protesting involvement in the war in Iraq, opposing sweatshops and supporting a boycott of Coca Cola for that company's alleged support of the suppression of workers rights in Colombia. The Coca-Cola Company (NYSE: KO) is one of the largest manufacturers, distributors and marketers of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups in the world. ... Criticism of Coca-Cola has come from many sources for various reasons. ...


In 2006 the IWW moved its headquarters to Cincinnati, Ohio. Cincinnati redirects here. ...


Also in 2006, the IWW Bay Area Branch organized the Landmark Shattuck Cinemas. The Union has been negotiating for a contract and hopes to gain one through workplace democracy and organizing directly and taking action when necessary.


Current membership is about 2000 (about 900 in good standing), with most members in the United States, but many also located in Australia, Canada, Ireland, and the United Kingdom.


The IWW outside the US

The IWW in Australia

Australia encountered the IWW tradition early. In part this was due to the local De Leonist SLP following the industrial turn of the US SLP. The SLP formed an IWW Club in Sydney in October 1907. Members of other socialist groups also joined it, and the special relationship with the SLP soon proved to be a problem. The 1908 split between the Chicago and Detroit factions in the United States was echoed by internal unrest in the Australian IWW from late 1908, resulting in the formation of a pro-Chicago local in Adelaide in May 1911 and another in Sydney six months later. By mid 1913 the "Chicago" IWW was flourishing and the SLP-associated pro-Detroit IWW Club in decline.[13] In 1916 the "Detroit" IWW in Australia followed the lead of the US body and renamed itself the Workers' International Industrial Union.[14] Developed by Daniel De Leon, Marxism-Deleonism is a form of Marxism. ... The Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP) is the oldest socialist political party in the United States and the second oldest socialist party in the world. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ...


The early Australian IWW used a number of tactics from the US, including free speech fights. However, there early appeared significant differences of practice between the Australian IWW and its US parent; the Australian IWW tended to co-operate where possible with existing unions rather than forming its own, and in contrast with the US body took an extremely open and forthright stand against involvement in World War One. The IWW cooperated with many other unions, encouraging industrial unionism and militancy. In particular, the IWW's strategies had a large effect on the Australasian Meat Industry Employees Union. The AMIEU established closed shops and workers councils and effectively regulated management behaviour towards the end of the 1910s. The Australasian Meat Industry Employees Union, better known as the Meatworkers Union, is an Australian trade union, registered with the AIRC and affilitated to the ACTU. The AMIEU was formed in 1906 as the Federated Butchers Union, and changed its name to the AMIEU in 1912. ...

Anti-conscription poster, 1916

The IWW was well known for opposing the First World War from 1914 onwards, and in many ways was at the front of the anti-conscription fight. A narrow majority Australians voted against conscription in a very bitter hard-fought referendum in October 1916, and then again in December 1917, Australia being the only belligerent in World War One without conscription. In very significant part this was due to the agitation of the IWW, a group which probably never had as many as 500 members in Australia at its peak. The IWW founded the Anti-Conscription League (ACL) in which IWW members worked with the broader labour and peace movement, and also carried on an aggressive propaganda campaign in its own name; leading to the imprisonment of Tom Barker (1887-1970) the editor of the IWW paper Direct Action, sentenced to twelve months in March 1916. A series of arson attacks on commercial properties in Sydney was widely attributed to the IWW campaign to have Tom Barker released. He was indeed released in August 1916, but twelve mostly prominent IWW activists, the so-called Sydney Twelve were arrested in NSW in September 1916 for arson and other offences. (Their trial and eventual imprisonment would become a cause celebre of the Australian labour movement on the basis that there was no convincing evidence that any of them had been involved in the arson attacks.) A number of other scandals were associated with the IWW, a five pound note forgery scandal, the so-called Tottenham tragedy in which the murder of a police officer was blamed on the IWW, and above all the IWW was blamed for the defeat of the October 1916 conscription referendum. In December 1916 the Commonwealth government lead by Labour Party renegade Billy Hughes declared the IWW an illegal organization under the Unlawful Associations Act. Eighty six IWW members immediately defied the law and were sentenced to six months imprisonment, this was certainly a high percentage of the Australian IWW's active membership but it is not known how high. Direct Action was suppressed, its circulation was at its peak of something over 12,000.[15] During the war over 100 IWW members Australia-wide were sentenced to imprisonment on political charges,[16] including the veteran activist and icon of the labour, socialist and anarchist movements Monty Miller. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (501x860, 63 KB) Summary Poster published by the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) in Australia against conscription in 1916. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (501x860, 63 KB) Summary Poster published by the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) in Australia against conscription in 1916. ... Conscription in Australia, or mandatory military service also known as National Service, has a controversial history dating back to the first years of nationhood. ... The Sydney Twelve were members of the Industrial Workers of the World arrested on September 23, 1916 in Sydney, Australia, and charged with treason under an archaic law known as the Treason Felony Act (1848), arson, sedition and forgery. ... The Sydney Twelve were members of the Industrial Workers of the World arrested on September 23, 1916 in Sydney, Australia, and charged with treason under an archaic law known as the Treason Felony Act (1848), arson, sedition and forgery. ... For other persons named Billy Hughes, see Billy Hughes (disambiguation). ... This is a piece of Federal legislation in Australia. ... Montague Monty David Miller, probably born 1839 in Van Diemens Land, was a political campaigner in Western Australia. ...


The IWW continued illegally operating with the aim of freeing its class war prisoners and briefly fused with two other radical tendencies–from the old Socialist parties and Trades Halls– to form a larval communist party at the suggestion of the militant revolutionist and Council Communist Adela Pankhurst. The IWW however left the CPA shortly after its formation, taking with it the bulk of militant industrial worker members. Council communism was a radical Left movement originating in Germany and the Netherlands in the 1920s. ... Adela Pankhurst (1885-1961) was recruited during World War I as an organiser for the Womens Peace Army in Melbourne by Vida Goldstein. ... The Communist Party of Australia was founded in 1920 and dissolved in 1991. ...


By the 1930s the IWW in Australia had declined significantly, and took part in unemployed workers movements which were led largely by the now Stalinised CPA. The poet Harry Hooton became involved with it around this time. In 1939 the Australian IWW had four members, according to surveillance by government authorities, and these members were consistently opposed to the second world war. (See files in National Archives of Australia) After the Second World War the IWW would become one of the influences on the Sydney Libertarians who were in turn a significant cultural and political influence Harry Hooton (9 October 1908 - 1961) was an Australian poet. ... The Sydney Push was a predominantly left-wing intellectual sub-culture in Sydney from the late 1940s to the early 70s. ...


Today the IWW still exists in Australia, in larger numbers than the 1940s, but due to the nature of the Australian industrial relations system, it is unlikely to win union representation in any workplaces in the immediate future. More significant is its continuing place in the mythology of the militant end of the Australian labour movement.[17] As an extreme example of the integration of ex-IWW militants into the mainstream labour movement one might instance the career of Donald Grant, one of the Sydney Twelve sentenced to fifteen years imprisonment for conspiracy to commit arson and other crimes. Released unbowed from prison in August 1920 he would soon break with the IWW over its anti-political stand, standing for the NSW Parliament for the Industrial Socialist Labour Party unsuccessfully in 1922 and then in 1925 for the mainstream Australian Labor Party (ALP) also unsuccessfully. But this reconciliation with the ALP and the electoral system did not prevent him being imprisoned again in 1927 for street demonstrations supporting Sacco and Vanzetti. He would eventually represent the ALP in the NSW Legislative Council in 1931-1940 and the Australian Senate 1943-1956[18] No other member of the Australian IWW actually entered Parliament but Grants career is emblematic in the sense that the ex-IWW militants by and large remained in the broader labour movement, bringing some greater or lesser part of their heritage with them. Donald Grant (1888 - June 9, 1970) was a leader of the Industrial Workers of the World in Sydney, Australia, a member of the Sydney Twelve charged with conspiracy in 1916, and later a member of the Australian Labor Party who was elected to Sydney City Council, appointed to the New... The Sydney Twelve were members of the Industrial Workers of the World arrested on September 23, 1916 in Sydney, Australia, and charged with treason under an archaic law known as the Treason Felony Act (1848), arson, sedition and forgery. ... ALP redirects here. ... Bartolomeo Vanzetti (left) and Nicola Sacco in handcuffs. ...


"Bump Me Into Parliament"[19] is the most notable Australian IWW song, and is still current. It was written by ship's fireman William "Bill" Casey, later Secretary of the Seaman's Union in Queensland.[20]


The IWW in the UK

Although much smaller than their North American counterparts, the BIROC (British Isles Regional Organising Committee) reported in 2006 that there were nearly 200 members in the UK and Ireland. Numbers have been steadily increasing since the late 1990s, and in the year 2005-2006 numbers leapt up by around 25% and continue to climb.[citation needed] As of late 2007 there are around 350 members (approximately 250 of whom are in good standing).


Having been present in the UK in various guises since 1906, the IWW was present to varying extents in many of the struggles in the early decades of the twentieth century, including the UK General Strike of 1926 and the dockers' strike of 1947. During the decade after World War II the IWW had two active branches, in London and Glasgow. These soon died off, before a modest resurgence in North-West England during the 1970s. More recently, IWW members were involved in the Liverpool dockers' strike that took place between 1995 and 1998, and numerous other events and struggles throughout the 1990s and 2000s, including the successful unionising of several workplaces, such as support workers for the Scottish Socialist Party. Between 2001 and 2003, there was a marked increase in UK membership, with the creation of the Hull GMB. During this time the Hull branch had 27 members of good standing, being at that time the largest branch outside of the US. In 2005, the IWW's centenary year, a stone was laid in a forest in Wales commemorating the centenary, and the death of US IWW and Earth First! activist Judi Bari. 2006 saw the IWW formally registered by the UK government as a recognised trade union. The Subsidised Mineowner - Poor Beggar! from the Trade Union Unity Magazine (1925) Foraging for coal in the strike Tyldesley miners outside the Miners Hall during the strike The UK General Strike of 1926 lasted nine days, from 3 May 1926 to 12 May 1926, and was called by the General... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... British non-derogative slang for a dock worker, i. ... The Scottish Socialist Party (SSP) (Scottish Gaelic: ) is a radical left-wing Scottish political party which campaigns on a socialist economic platform and for Scottish independence. ... This article is about the country. ... The symbol of Earth First!: a Monkey wrench and stone hammer Earth First! is a radical environmentalist organization[1] that emerged in the USA, in the great southwestern desert during the spring of 1980. ... Judi Bari, March 3, 1995, by Xiang Xing Zhou, San Francisco Daily Journal. ... The Lawrence textile strike (1912), with soldiers surrounding peaceful demonstrators A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions, forming a cartel of labour. ...


The IWW has launched a website[21] and has branches in a number of major cities and several organizing groups around the UK alongside two growing industrial networks for health and education workers. The largest branches are found in Glasgow, Leicester, London and the West Midlands conurbation (largely Birmingham). The IWW publishes a magazine aimed at the British and Irish members, Bread and Roses, a national industrial newsletter for health workers and a specific bulletin for workers in the National Blood Service. In 2007 it launched a campaign alongside the anti-capitalist group No Sweat which attempts to replicate some of the successes of the US IWW's organising drives amongst Starbucks workers. In the same year its healthworkers' network launched a national campaign against cuts in the National Blood Service, which is ongoing. This article discusses Leicester in England. ... The West Midlands conurbation is the name given to the large conurbation that includes the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton, in the English West Midlands. ... This article is about the British city. ... For the band, see Bread and Roses (band). ... The National Blood Service is the organisation for England and North Wales which collects blood (and other tissue) tests, process’s, and supplies all the hospitals in England and North Wales. ... No Sweat is a campaigning organisation based in London, England, which fights for the rights of sweatshop labourers, not only in developing countries but also in Britain - for example in Londons East End, in the borough of Tower Hamlets. ... For other uses of Starbuck, see Starbuck. ...


In 2007, IWW branches in Glasgow and Dumfries were a key driving force in a successful campaign to prevent the closure of one of Glasgow University's campuses, in Crichton, Dumfriesshire.[22] The campaign united IWW members, other unions, students and the local community to build a powerful coalition. Its success, coupled with the ongoing Blood Service campaign, has raised the IWW's profile significantly since early 2007. For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... This article is on the Scottish town. ... The University of Glasgow is the largest of the three universities in Glasgow, Scotland. ...


The IWW currently has no formal workplace contracts in the UK.


The IWW in Canada

The IWW was active in Canada from a very early point in the organization's history, especially in Western Canada, primarily in British Columbia. The union was active in organizing large swaths of the lumber and mining industry along the coast of BC, and Vancouver Island. The wobblies also had relatively close links with the Socialist Party of Canada.[23]


Arthur "Slim" Evans, organizer in the Relief Camp Workers' Union and the On-to-Ottawa Trek was a wobbly. Arthur Slim Evans, c. ... The Relief Camp Workers Union (RCWU) was the union into which the inmates of the Canadian government relief camps were organized in the early 1930s. ... The On-to-Ottawa Trek was a 1935 social movement of unemployed men protesting the dismal conditions in federal relief camps scattered in remote areas across Western Canada. ...


Today the IWW remains active in the country with numerous branches active in Vancouver, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Ottawa and Toronto. The largest branch is currently in Edmonton.


The IWW in Germany

A Regional Organizing Committee has recently been formed for the German speaking countries of Europe. They maintain a website[24] with many translated IWW documents and 15 city contacts as of January '08.


Folk music and protest songs

Songs to Fan the Flames of Discontent: The "Little Red Songbook"
Songs to Fan the Flames of Discontent: The "Little Red Songbook"

One Wobbly characteristic since their inception has been a penchant for song. To counteract management sending in the Salvation Army band to cover up the Wobbly speakers, Joe Hill wrote parodies of Christian hymns so that union members could sing along with the Salvation Army band, but with their own purposes (for example, "In the Sweet By and By" became "There'll Be Pie in the Sky When You Die (That's a Lie)"). From that start in exigency, Wobbly song writing became legendary. The IWW collected its official songs in the Little Red Songbook and continues to update this book to the present time. In the 1960s, the American folk music revival in the United States brought a renewed interest in the songs of Joe Hill and other Wobblies, and seminal folk revival figures such as Pete Seeger and Woody Guthrie had a pro-Wobbly tone, while some were members of the IWW. Among the protest songs in the book are "Hallelujah, I'm a Bum" (This song was never popular among members, and removed after appearing in only the first edition), "Union Maid", and "I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night". Perhaps the best known IWW song is "Solidarity Forever". The songs have been performed by dozens of artists, and Utah Phillips has performed the songs in concert and on recordings for decades. Other prominent I.W.W. song writers include Ralph Chaplin who authored "Solidarity Forever", and Leslie Fish. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 435 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (485 × 668 pixel, file size: 319 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The permission for use of this work has been archived in the Wikimedia OTRS system. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 435 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (485 × 668 pixel, file size: 319 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The permission for use of this work has been archived in the Wikimedia OTRS system. ... Shield of The Salvation Army The Salvation Army is a non-military evangelical Christian organisation. ... For other persons named Joe Hill, see Joe Hill (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... For other uses, see Hymn (disambiguation). ... The Preacher and the Slave is a song written by Joe Hill in 1911. ... Since the founding of the International Workers of the World, also known as the IWW, songs have played a big part in spreading the message of the One Big Union. ... The American folk music revival was a phenomenon in the United States in the 1950s to mid-1960s. ... Peter Seeger (born May 3, 1919), better known as Pete Seeger, is a folk singer, political activist, and a key figure in the mid-20th century American folk music revival. ... Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912–October 3, 1967) was a prolific American songwriter and folk musician. ... A protest song is a song which protests perceived problems in society. ... Hallelujah, Im a Bum is an American folk song extolling the virtues of being a tramp. ... Union Maid is a union song written by Woody Guthrie in response to a request for a union song from a female point of view. ... Solidarity Forever, written by Ralph Chaplin in 1915, is perhaps the most famous union anthem. ... Utah Phillips showing his membership card from the Industrial Workers of the World Bruce Utah Phillips (b. ... Ralph Chaplin (1887—1961) became a labor activist, when at the age of seven, he saw a worker shot dead during the Pullman strike in Chicago, Illinois. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The Finnish I.W.W. community produced several folk singers, poets and song writers, the most famous being Matti Valentine Huhta (better known as T-Bone Slim), who penned "The Popular Wobbly" and "The Mysteries of a Hobo's Life." Hiski Salomaa, whose songs were composed entirely in Finnish (and Finglish), remains a widely recognized early folk musician in his native Finland as well as in sections of the Midwest United States, Northern Ontario, and other areas of North America with high concentrations of Finns. Salomaa, who was a tailor by trade, has been referred to as the Finnish Woody Guthrie. Arthur Kylander, who worked as a lumberjack, is a lesser known, but important Finnish I.W.W. folk musician. Kylander's lyrics range from the difficulties of the immigrant labourer's experience to more humorous themes. Arguably, the wanderer, a recurring theme in Finnish folklore dating back to pre-Christian oral tradition (as with Lemminkäinen in the Kalevala), translated quite easily to the music of Huhta, Salomaa, and Kylander; all of whom have songs about the trials and tribulations of the hobo. Matti Valentine Huhta (c. ... Hiski Salomaa, born Hiskias Möttö (born May 17, 1891 in Kangasniemi, Finland; died July 7, 1957 in New York City, USA) was a Finnish-American folk singer and song writer. ... The term Finglish was introduced by professor Martti Nisonen in 1920s in Hancock, Michigan to describe a linguistic phenomenon he encountered in America. ... Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912–October 3, 1967) was a prolific American songwriter and folk musician. ... Arthur Arkadius Kylander (February 16, 1892-1968) was Finnish-American folk musician, singer, song-writer, mandolinist and member of the Industrial Workers of the World. ... In Finnish mythology, Lemminkäinen is a god of magic, or else a sorceror who could sing the sand into pearls. Lemminkäinen is good looking, yellow wavy haired, and young. ... The Kalevala is an epic poem which the Finn Elias Lönnrot compiled from Finnish and Karelian folklore in the 19th century. ...


IWW lingo

The origin of the name "Wobbly" is uncertain. Many believe it refers to a tool known as a "wobble saw". One often repeated anecdote suggests that a Chinese restaurant owner in Vancouver would extend credit to IWW members and, unable to pronounce the "W", would ask if they were a member of the "I Wobble Wobble,"[25][26] although other possible explanations for the name have been suggested.[27] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


For more information on the term Wobblies, an examination of "International" Workers of the World, and other IWW-related slang, see Wobbly lingo. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Notable members

IWW demonstration
IWW demonstration

Notable members of the Industrial Workers of the World have included Lucy Parsons; Helen Keller;[28] Joe Hill; Ralph Chaplin; Ricardo Flores Magon; James P. Cannon; James Connolly; Jim Larkin; Paul Mattick; Big Bill Haywood; Eugene Debs; Elizabeth Gurley Flynn; Sam Dolgoff, Monty Miller; Indian Nationalist Lala Hardayal; Frank Little; ACLU founder Roger Nash Baldwin; Harry Bridges; Buddhist beat poet Gary Snyder; Australian poets Harry Hooton and Lesbia Harford; anthropologist David Graeber; graphic artist Carlos Cortez; counterculture icon Kenneth Rexroth; Surrealist Franklin Rosemont; Rosie Kane and Carolyn Leckie, former Members of the Scottish Parliament; Judi Bari; folk musicians Utah Phillips and David Rovics; mixed martial arts fighter Jeff Monson; Finnish folk music legend Hiski Salomaa; U.S. Green Party politician James M. Branum; Catholic Workers Dorothy Day and Ammon Hennacy; nuclear engineer Susanna Johnson. The former lieutenant governor of Colorado, David C. Coates was a labor militant, and was present at the founding convention,[29] although it is unknown if he became a member. It has long been rumored, but not yet proven, that baseball legend Honus Wagner was also a Wobbly. Senator Joe McCarthy accused Edward R. Murrow of having been an IWW member. The organization's most famous current member is Noam Chomsky. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 589 pixelsFull resolution (1098 × 809 pixel, file size: 340 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Something from the eekives. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 589 pixelsFull resolution (1098 × 809 pixel, file size: 340 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Something from the eekives. ... Lucy Parsons Lucy Parsons (1853-March 7, 1942) was an American radical labor organizer, anarchist and is remembered as a powerful orator. ... Helen Adams Keller (June 27, 1880 – June 1, 1968) was a deafblind American author, activist and lecturer. ... For other persons named Joe Hill, see Joe Hill (disambiguation). ... Ralph Chaplin (1887—1961) became a labor activist, when at the age of seven, he saw a worker shot dead during the Pullman strike in Chicago, Illinois. ... Ricardo Flores Magón (September 16, 1874–November 21, 1922) was born on Mexican Independence Day, in San Antonio Eloxochitlan, Oaxaca, Mexico. ... James Cannon in Moscow (1922) James Patrick Cannon (1890-1974) was an American Communist and Trotskyist leader. ... For the Olympic athlete, see James Connolly (athlete) James Connolly James Connolly (June 5, 1868 - May 12, 1916) was an Irish nationalist and socialist leader. ... Statue of James Larkin on OConnell Street James (Big Jim) Larkin (1874-1947), an Irish trade union leader and socialist activist was born in Liverpool, England on 28 January 1874, of Irish parents. ... Paul Mattick (13. ... William Dudley Big Bill Haywood (February 4, 1869–May 18, 1928) was a prominent figure in American radical unionism as a leader in the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) and later as a founding member of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). ... May refer to the politcal leader Eugene_V._Debs May also be in reference to a a debutante ball, a formal party undertaken by the leaving members of second-level schools in Ireland, most often in the month of August or September. ... Elizabeth Gurley Flynn (1890-1964) was born in Concord, New Hampshire on 7 August, 1890. ... Sam Dolgoff (1902-1990) was an American anarchist and anarcho-syndicalist. ... Montague Monty David Miller, probably born 1839 in Van Diemens Land, was a political campaigner in Western Australia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Lala Hardayal was an Indian freedom fighter. ... Frank Little (1879-1917) was an American labor leader. ... Roger Nash Baldwin (January 21, 1884 – August 26, 1981) was one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). ... Harry Bridges (July 28, 1901 – March 30, 1990) was an influential American labor leader in the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU), a union of longshore and warehouse workers on the West Coast, Hawaii and Alaska which he helped form and led for over forty years. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... The term beat generation was introduced by Jack Kerouac in approximately 1948 to describe his social circle to the novelist John Clellon Holmes (who published an early novel about the beat generation, titled Go, in 1952, along with a manifesto of sorts in the New York Times Magazine: This is... Young Gary Snyder, on one of his early book covers Gary Snyder (born May 8, 1930) is an American poet (originally, often associated with the Beat Generation), essayist, lecturer, and environmental activist. ... Harry Hooton (9 October 1908 - 1961) was an Australian poet. ... Lesbia Harford (9 April 1891 – 5 July 1927) was an Australian poet. ... David Graeber David Graeber is an anarchist and anthropologist. ... Carlos Cortez (August 13, 1923 – Janurary 19, 2005) was a poet, graphic artist, photographer, muralist and political activist, active for six decades in the Industrial Workers of the World. ... Kenneth Rexroth (December 22, 1905 – June 6, 1982) was an American poet, translator and critical essayist. ... Franklin Rosemont (born October 2, 1943) was co founder of the Surrealist Movement in the United States. ... Rosie Kane Rosie Kane (born Rosemary Kane on June 5, 1961 in Glasgow) is a member of the Scottish Parliament for Glasgow. ... Carolyn Leckie Carolyn Leckie is a member of the Scottish Parliament for central Scotland. ... Judi Bari, March 3, 1995, by Xiang Xing Zhou, San Francisco Daily Journal. ... Utah Phillips showing his membership card from the Industrial Workers of the World Bruce Utah Phillips (b. ... David Rovics sings at the A16 rally in Washington DC in early 2005. ... For the fighting styles that combine different arts, see hybrid martial arts. ... Jeffrey Jeff The Snowman Monson (born January 18, 1973) is a mixed martial arts fighter from Olympia, Washington and an anarchist. ... Folk song redirects here. ... Hiski Salomaa, born Hiskias Möttö (born May 17, 1891 in Kangasniemi, Finland; died July 7, 1957 in New York City, USA) was a Finnish-American folk singer and song writer. ... This article is about the American political party, Green Party. ... The Catholic Worker Movement is a Catholic organization founded by the Servant of God Dorothy Day and Peter Maurin in 1933. ... This image has an uncertain copyright status and is pending deletion. ... Ammon Hennacy Ammon Hennacy (July 24, 1893 - January 14, 1970) was an American pacifist, Christian anarchist, vegetarian, social activist, member of the Catholic Worker Movement and a Wobbly, and was known for establishing the Joe Hill House of Hospitality in Salt Lake City, Utah and never paying taxes. ... Nuclear engineering is the practical application of the principles of nuclear physics and the interaction between radiation and matter. ... David C. Coates was a Pueblo businessman,[1] a radical, a lieutenant governor of Colorado, secretary of Colorados State Federation of Labor, and a friend to Big Bill Haywood. ... When Bill Haywood used a board to gavel to order the first convention of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), he announced, this is the Continental Congress of the working class. ... Johannes Peter Honus Wagner (February 24, 1874 - December 6, 1955), nicknamed The Flying Dutchman due to his superb speed and German heritage, was an American Major League Baseball shortstop who played in the NL from 1897 to 1917. ... Joseph McCarthy This article is about the American politician. ... Edward R. Ed Murrow (April 25, 1908 – April 27, 1965) was an American journalist and media figure. ... Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, political activist, author, and lecturer. ...


See also

Organized Labour Portal

Image File history File links Syndicalism. ... When Bill Haywood used a board to gavel to order the first convention of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), he announced, this is the Continental Congress of the working class. ... Industrial unionism is a labor union organizing method through which all workers in the same industry are organized into the same union — regardless of skill or trade — thus giving workers in one industry, or in all industries, more leverage in bargaining and in strike situations. ... For the actual trade union, see One Big Union (Canada). ... The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) engaged in free speech fights during the period from approximately 1907 to 1916. ... A general strike is a strike action by an entire labour force in a city, region or country. ... William Dudley Big Bill Haywood (February 4, 1869–May 18, 1928) was a prominent figure in American radical unionism as a leader in the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) and later as a founding member of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). ... The Starbucks Workers Union is part of IU 660 - the retail workers division of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). ... A labor federation is a group of unions or labor organizations that are in some sense coordinated. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Anarcho-syndicalism is a branch of anarchism which focuses on the labour movement. ... // Era Overview At the end of the Civil War, the United States was still bitterly divided. ... The American Protective League was a World War I-era private organization that worked in conjunction with the Bureau of Investigation to propagandize a pro-war message and to harass and intimidate anti-war citizens and organizations. ... The Socialist Party USA (SP USA) is one of the heirs to the Socialist Party of America of Eugene V. Debs and Norman Thomas. ... Industrial Democracy is an economic arrangement which involves workers making decisions, sharing responsibility and authority in the workplace. ... Religious socialism Key Issues People and organizations Related subjects Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Workplace democracy is the application of democracy in all its forms (including voting systems, debates, democratic structuring, due process, adversarial process, systems of appeal, and so on) to the workplace. ... Many organizations have used stickers to publicize their philosophy or cause. ... For other uses, see Black cat (disambiguation). ... A union organizer (sometimes spelled organiser) is one type of employee or elected official of a trade union. ...

References

  1. ^ Preamble & Constitution of the Industrial Workers of the World, as amended through 1 January 2005.
  2. ^ Finnish-American Workmen's Associations Auvo Kostiainen
  3. ^ Short history of Pressed Steel Car Company
  4. ^ Spokane - Thumbnail History at SpokaneHistory.org
  5. ^ (1986) One Big Union. 
  6. ^ "Although the exact circumstances are unknown, it is thought that both deputies were struck by friendly fire." Deputy Sheriff Jefferson F. Beard at the Officer Down Memorial Page.
  7. ^ "Although the exact circumstances are unknown, it is thought that both deputies were struck by friendly fire." Deputy Sheriff Charles O. Curtiss at the Officer Down Memorial Page.
  8. ^ Peter Carlson, Roughneck: The Life and Times of Big Bill Haywood (1983), pages 241.
  9. ^ Peter Carlson, Roughneck: The Life and Times of Big Bill Haywood (1983), pp. 242-244.
  10. ^ See: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=5855116
  11. ^ Philip Dawdy, A Union Shop on Every Block, Seattle Weekly, 7 December 2005 (accessed 24 September 2006).
  12. ^ Caitlin Esch, Wobblies Organize Brooklyn Warehouses, Brooklyn Rail, April 2007.
  13. ^ Turner, Industrial Labour and Politics: The Dynamics of the Labour Movement in Eastern Australia 1900-1921, p56-58 p64-66, Australian National University Press, Canberra, 1965
  14. ^ Turner, Industrial Labour and Politics: The Dynamics of the Labour Movement in Eastern Australia 1900-1921, p 150, Australian National University Press, Canberra, 1965
  15. ^ Turner, Ian (1965). Industrial Labour and Politics: The Dynamics of the Labour Movement in Eastern Australia 1900-1921. Canberra: Australian National University Press. 
  16. ^ Oliver, Bobbie (1995). War and Peace in Western Australia: The Social and Political Impact of the Great War 1914-1926. Western Australia: University of Western Australia Press, page 81. ISBN 1-875560-57-2. 
  17. ^ "Flowers For the Rebels Faded" Workers' Online Issue 102, Accessed 12 November 2007, [1]
  18. ^ Australian National Dictionary of Biography [2], accessed 16 November 2007, print publication details: Frank Farrell, 'Grant, Donald McLennan (1888 - 1970)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9, Melbourne University Press, 1983, pp 75-76 ,
  19. ^ Bump me into Parliament
  20. ^ Turner, Ian (1965). Industrial Labour and Politics: The Dynamics of the Labour Movement in Eastern Australia 1900-1921. Canberra: Australian National University Press. 
  21. ^ Industrial Workers of the world | iww.org.uk
  22. ^ Crichton Campus « IWW Scotland
  23. ^ Canadian Socialist History Project
  24. ^ wobblies - internationale gewerkschaft» industrial workers of the world im deutschsprachigen raum
  25. ^ Mark Leier, Where the Fraser River Flows: The Industrial Workers of the World in British Columbia. Vancouver: New Star Books, 1990, 35, 54 n 8.
  26. ^ Stewart Bird and Deborah Shaffer (directors), "The Wobblies" (1979).
  27. ^[citation needed]
  28. ^ Why I Became an IWW
  29. ^ Roughneck: The Life and Times of Big Bill Haywood, Peter Carlson, 1983, pp. 78.

Further reading

Archives

  • Industrial Workers of the World Collection predominantly, 1950s-1970s at the Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs.
  • Documents, Essays and Analysis for a History of the Industrial Workers of the World. Online archive at the Marxists Internet Archive. Retrieved April 16, 2005.

is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Books

  • [1969] The Founding Convention of the IWW - Proceedings. New York: Merit Publishers, 616 pages. Library of Congress Catalog Number 70-85538. 
  • Flank, Lenny [2007]. IWW: A Documentary History. St Petersburg, Florida: Red and Black Publishers, 279 pages. ISBN 979-0-9781813-5-1. 
  • Brissenden, Paul F. [1919] (1920. Reprinted by Russell & Russell, New York, 1957.). The IWW: A Study of American Syndicalism, 2nd edition, New York: Columbia University Press, 438 pages. 
  • Dubofsky, Melvyn [2000]. We Shall Be All: A History of the Industrial Workers of the World. University of Illinois Press, 288 pages Abridged. ISBN 0-252-06905-6. 
  • [1964] (1988) in Kornbluh, Joyce L., ed.: Rebel Voices: An IWW Anthology, Reprinted by Charles H. Kerr Co., Chicago, with new introduction and essays, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, illustrated, 419 pages. ISBN 0-88286-237-5. 
  • McClelland, John, Jr. [1987]. Wobbly War: The Centralia Story (hardcover), Washington State Historical Society. ISBN 0-917048-62-8. 
  • Moran, William [2002]. Belles of New England: The Women of the Textile Mills and the Families Whose Wealth They Wove (hardcover), St. Martin's Press, 320 pages. ISBN 0-312-30183-9. 
  • in Buhle, Paul and Nicole Schulman, ed.: Wobblies: A Graphic History of the Industrial Workers of the World. Verso, 305 pages. ISBN 1-84467-525-4. 
  • St. John, Vincent [1917]. The I. W. W.: Its History, Structure & Methods. I. W. W. Publishing Bureau. Retrieved on 2006-03-06. 
  • Thompson, Fred [1955]. The I. W. W.: Its First Fifty Years. Chicago: IWW. 
  • Rosemont, Franklin; Charles Radcliffe [2005]. Dancin' in the Streets: Anarchists, IWWs, Surrealists, Situationists and Provos in the 1960s as Recorded in the Pages of Rebel Worker and Heatwave. Charles H. Kerr. ISBN 0-88286-301-0. 
  • Rosen, Ellen Doree [2004]. A Wobbly Life: IWW Organizer E. F. Doree, Introduction by Melvyn Dubofsky, Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press, 256 pages (includes bibliographical references and index). ISBN 0-8143-3203-X. 
  • Green, Archie [1993]. Wobblies, Pile Butts, and Other Heroes. University of Illinois Press, 534 pages. ISBN 0-252-01963-6. 
  • A large part of the trilogy U.S.A., which is considered the major work of John Dos Passos and which comprises The 42nd Parallel (1930), 1919 (1932), and The Big Money (1936), is devoted to a vivid and highly sympathetic description of the struggles waged by the IWW.
  • Green, Archie, and David Roediger, Franklin Rosemont, and Salvatore Salerno, eds. [2007]. The Big Red Songbook. Charles H. Kerr, 538 pages. ISBN 0-88286-277-4

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A trilogy is a set of three works of art, usually literature or film, that are connected and can be seen as a single work, as well as three individual ones. ... The U.S.A. Trilogy is the major work of American writer John Dos Passos. ... John Roderigo Dos Passos (January 14, 1896 — September 28, 1970) was an American novelist and artist. ... The U.S.A. Trilogy is the major work of American writer John Dos Passos. ... The U.S.A. Trilogy is the major work of American writer John Dos Passos. ... The U.S.A. Trilogy is the major work of American writer John Dos Passos. ...

Documentary films

  • The Wobblies. Directed by Stewart Bird, Deborah Shaffer, 1979. DVD 2006 NTSC English 90 minutes. (Includes interviews with 19 elderly Wobblies)
  • An Injury to One. A Film by Travis Wilkerson, 2003 First Run Icarus Films. English 53 minutes. Chronicles the 1917 unsolved murder of Wobbly organizer Frank Little in Butte, Montana, during a strike by 16,000 miners against the Anaconda Copper Company. The film connects "corporate domination to government repression, local repression to national repression, labor history to environmental history, popular culture to the history of class struggle," according to one review [3] .
  • The Ghost of Hangman's Bridge. A feature film — currently in pre-post development stages — about the state of Washington's Centralia Massacre, by Ursula Richards-Coppola, anticipated release 2009. For more information: http://www.ghostofhangmansbridge.com

The Centralia Massacre was a violent and bloody incident that occurred in the town of Centralia, Washington, on November 11, 1919, during a parade celebrating the first anniversary of Armistice Day. ...

External links

A Peoples History of the United States, 2003 hardcover edition A Peoples History of the United States is a nonfiction book by American historian and political scientist Howard Zinn, in which he seeks to present American history through the eyes of groups he says are rarely heard in... Monthly Review is a socialist magazine published in New York City. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Constitution of the Industrial Workers of the World, 1908 (5273 words)
The annual convention of the Industrial Workers of the World shall be held on the third Monday in September of each year at such place as may be determined by previous convention.
The convention of the Industrial Workers of the World is the
"Whereas, The primary object of the Industrial Workers of the World is to unite the workers on the industrial battlefield; and
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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