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Encyclopedia > Indology

Indology refers to the academic study of the history, languages, and cultures of the Indian subcontinent, and as such a subset of Asian studies. The title page to The Historians History of the World. ... Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning to cultivate), generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


Indology may also be known as Indic studies or Indian studies, or South Asian studies, although scholars and university administrators sometimes have only partially overlapping interpretations of these terms.


Indology would not typically include the study of the contemporary economy, government, or politics of South Asia, except insofar as these sometimes express issues that are deeply embedded in South Asian history, and may be illuminated by indological methods and insights.

Contents

Overview

Indology overlaps to some extent with many other areas of study, applying their techniques to the South Asian case. These include cultural or social anthropology, cultural studies, historical linguistics, philology, textual criticism, literary history, history, philosophies and the study of the religions of South Asia, such as Vedic religion, Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Shaivism, Vaishnavism (both of which are versions of what those outside of India call "Hinduism"), Sikhism, etc., besides the indigenous forms of Judaism, Christianity and Islam in South Asia. Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Cultural anthropology, also called social anthropology or socio-cultural anthropology, is one of four commonly recognized fields of anthropology, the holistic study of humanity. ... Cultural studies is an academic discipline popular among a diverse group of scholars. ... Historical linguistics (also diachronic linguistics or comparative linguistics) is primarily the study of the ways in which languages change over time. ... Philology, etymologically, is the love of words. ... Carmina Cantabrigiensia, Manuscript C, folio 436v, 11th century Textual criticism or lower criticism is a branch of philology or bibliography that is concerned with the identification and removal of errors from texts and manuscripts. ... The history of literature is the historical development of writings in prose or poetry which attempt to provide entertainment, enlightenment, or instruction to the reader/hearer/observer, as well as the development of the literary techniques used in the communication of these pieces. ... The title page to The Historians History of the World. ... The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... The religion of the Vedic civilization is the predecessor of classical Hinduism, usually included in the term. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages) is a religious tradition that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Temple dedicated to the worship of Vishnu as Venkateswara. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ...


Finally it may include the study of South Asian sciences, arts and architecture. Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... The Bath, a painting by Mary Cassatt (1844-1926). ... Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, a master builder, from αρχι- chiefs, leader , builder, carpenter)[1] is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ...


Scholars who call themselves indologists often place special value on a thorough knowledge of the languages of India, especially the classical languages such as Sanskrit, Pāli, Prakrit, or classical Tamil, or Persian, and they consider a knowledge of one or more of these languages, coupled with a knowledge of the methods of philology, to be a prerequisite for contributing meaningfully to the indological research and a characteristic feature of indology as a field. The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Pāli is a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. ... Prakrit (also spelt Pracrit) (Sanskrit: , original, natural, artless, normal, ordinary, usual, i. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Look up Persian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Philology, etymologically, is the love of words. ...


Thus, Indology is the intellectual pursuit of all things Indic, with a focus on the interpretation of the past. Some scholars distinguish classical indology from modern indology, the former more focussed on Sanskrit and other ancient language sources, the latter making more use of contemporary language sources and sociological approaches.


The term Indology or (in German) Indologie [1] is often associated with German scholarship, and is used more commonly in departmental titles in German and continental European universities than in the anglophone academy.


History

In the wake of 18th century pioneers like Henry Thomas Colebrooke or August Wilhelm Schlegel, Indology as an academic subject emerges in the 19th century, in the context of British India, together with Asian studies in general affected by the romantic Orientalism of the time. The Royal Asiatic Society is founded in 1824, and the American Oriental Society in 1842. Henry Thomas Colebrooke (June 15, 1765 - March 18, 1837) was an English orientalist. ... August Wilhelm von Schlegel (September 8, 1767 - May 12, 1845), German poet, translator and critic, was born at Hanover, where his father, Johann Adolf Schlegel (1721_1793), was a Lutheran pastor. ... Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... For Orientalist Architecture, see Moorish Revival. ... Article 90a of the bylaws of the Royal Asiatic Society. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The American Oriental Society was chartered under the laws of Massachusetts on September 7, 1842. ...


Systematic study and editorial activity of Sanskrit literature becomes possible with the St. Petersburg Sanskrit-Wörterbuch during the 1850s to 1870s. Publication of major Hindu texts in the Sacred Books of the East begins in 1879. Otto von Bohtlingk's edition of Panini's grammar appears in 1887. Max Müller's edition of the Rigveda appears in 1890-92. In 1897, Sergey Oldenburg launched a systematic edition of key Sanskrit texts, "Bibliotheca Buddhica". Literature in Sanskrit, one of Indias two oldest languages, and the basis of several modern languages in India. ... The Sacred Books of the East is a monumental, 50-volume set of English translations of Asian religious writings, edited by Max Müller and published by the Oxford University Press between 1879 and 1910. ... Panini can refer to: Pāṇini, the 5th century BC Sanskrit grammarian Panini (sandwich), a type of Italian sandwich Panini (stickers), a brand of collectible stickers Giovanni Paolo Panini, an Italian artist This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Max Müller Friedrich Max Müller (December 6, 1823 – October 28, 1900), more commonly known as Max Müller, was a German philologist and Orientalist, one of the founders of Indian studies, who virtually created the discipline of comparative religion. ... The Rigveda (Sanskrit: , a tatpurusha compound of praise, verse and knowledge) is a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns dedicated to the gods. ... Sergey Fyodorovich Oldenburg (Russian: ; 26 September 1863 near Nerchinsk - 28 February 1934, Leningrad) was a Russian orientalist who specialized in Buddhist studies. ...


Professional literature and associations

Indologists typically attend conferences such as the American Association of Asian Studies, the American Oriental Society annual conference, the World Sanskrit Conference, and national-level meetings in the UK, Germany, India, France and elsewhere.


They may routinely read and write in journals such as Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society [2], Journal of the American Oriental Society [3], Journal asiatique [4], Bulletin de l'Ecole Français d'Extrême Orient [5], Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens [6], Indo-Iranian Journal [7], Journal of Indian Philosophy [8], Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute and others.


They may be members of such professional bodies as the American Oriental Society, the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, the Société asiatique, the Deutsche Morgenlaendische Gesellschaft and others.


Prominent Indologists

Famous Indologists include:

Max Müller Friedrich Max Müller (December 6, 1823 – October 28, 1900), more commonly known as Max Müller, was a German Orientalist, one of the founders of Indian studies, who virtually created the discipline of comparative religion. ... Fyodor Stcherbatskoy Fyodor Ippolitovich Shcherbatskoy or Stcherbatsky (1866-1942) was a Russian Indologist who laid foundations for the scholarly study of Buddhist philosophy. ... Heinrich Zimmer Heinrich Zimmer (b. ... Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane (1880-1972) was a famous Indologist and Sanskrit scholar. ... Reverend Ferdinand Kittel was a priest belonging to Basel Mission who spent most of his life in South Indian Kannada speaking region and compiled the Kannada-Kannada-English dictionary. ... Nirad C. Chaudhuri (23 November 1897 – 1 August 1999) was born in Kishorganj in the Mymensingh district of East Bengal (now in Bangladesh). ... Romila Thapar speaks at the Library of Congress Romila Thapar (born 1931) is an Indian historian whose principal area of study is Ancient India. ... Satyabrata Rai Chowdhuri (b. ...

References

Further reading

  • Heinz Bechert, Georg von Simson - Einführung in die Indologie. Stand, Methoden, Aufgaben - ISBN 3-534-05466-0.
  • Bryant, Edwin. The Quest for the origins of Vedic culture. (2001) Oxford University Press
  • Chakrabarti, Dilip: Colonial Indology, 1997, Munshiram Manoharlal: New Delhi.
  • Edmund Leach. ``Aryan Invasions Over Four Millennia. In``Culture Through Time (edited by Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney, Stanford University Press, 1990)
  • Jean Filliozat and Louis Renou - L'inde classique - ISBN B0000DLB66.
  • Gauri Viswanathan, 1989, Masks of Conquest
  • Pollock, Sheldon. Deep Orientalism?: Notes on Sanskrit and Power Beyond the Raj. In: Orientalism and the Postcolonial Predicament: Perspectives on South Asia, eds. Carol A. Breckenridge and Peter van der Veer. Philadelphia:University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.
  • Trautmann, Thomas. 1997. Aryans and British India, University of California Press, Berkeley.

See also

Dravidian studies (also Dravidology) is the academic field devoted to the Dravidian languages, literature and culture. ... The Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, abbreviated BORI, is located in Pune at the junction of Law College Road and Bhandarkar Road. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Sinology is the study of China, and things related to China, using a combination of Western and traditional Chinese methodologies, concepts, and theories. ... Indomania is often used by the historians to explain the special interest India has generated in the west. ...

External links

Institutes
Political criticism

  Results from FactBites:
 
Indology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (314 words)
Indology is a name given by indologists to the academic study of the history, languages, and cultures of South Asia.
Thus, Indology is the intellectual pursuit of all things Indic, with a focus on the interpretation of the past.
Indology would not typically include the study of the contemporary economy, government, or politics of South Asia, except insofar as these sometimes express issues that are deeply embedded in South Asian history, and may be illuminated by indological methods and insights.
Fachgebiet Indologie, Uni Marburg (1820 words)
Wilhelm Rau was the Director of the Department of Indology in Marburg from December 1957 till 1988.
Indology at the Philipps University of Marburg is represented both as a language oriented discipline (dealing with linguistics, philology, science of literature) as well as a discipline dealing with the Indian culture in general, as shown below.
Indology can be studied as a main subject (Hauptfach) or as a secondary subject (Nebenfach), and Tibetan Studies (when officially recognized) as a secondary subject.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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