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Encyclopedia > Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
Venue Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Corporate sponsor none
First race 1911
First IndyCar race 1996
Distance 500 miles
Number of laps 200
Previous names International 500-Mile Sweepstakes (1911–1915)

International 300-Mile Sweepstakes (1916) Indianapolis Motor Speedway, located in Speedway, Indiana (a separate town completely surrounded by Indianapolis) in the United States, is the second-oldest surviving automobile racing track in the world (after the Milwaukee Mile), having existed since 1909, and the original Speedway, the first racing facility historically to incorporate the word. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The IndyCar Series is the premier series of the Indy Racing League. ...


Liberty Sweepstakes (1919)


International 500-Mile Sweepstakes (1920–1941, 1946–1979)

The Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, often shortened to Indianapolis 500 or Indy 500, and historically known simply as "The 500," is an American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana. The event lends its name to the IndyCar class of formula, or open-wheel, race cars that have competed in it. Indy 500 may refer to: The Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, a famous automobile race held since 1911 Indy 500 (video game), a 1978 Atari 2600 console game Indianapolis 500: The Simulation, a 1989 PC, Amiga and Macintosh racing game Indy 500 (arcade game), a 1995 Sega arcade game Indy 500... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Car redirects here. ... Juuso Pykälistö driving a Peugeot 206 World Rally Car at the 2003 Swedish rally Racing cars redirects here. ... This article is about the holiday in the United States. ... Indianapolis Motor Speedway, located in Speedway, Indiana (a separate town completely surrounded by Indianapolis) in the United States, is the second-oldest surviving automobile racing track in the world (after the Milwaukee Mile), having existed since 1909, and the original Speedway, the first racing facility historically to incorporate the word. ... Nickname: Home of the 500 Location in the state of Indiana Coordinates: County Marion Government  - Town Council Area  - City  4. ... The IndyCar Series is the premier series of the Indy Racing League. ... Formula racing is a form of motorsport where the type of automobiles used is regulated by a formula. ... Modern Formula One Renault 1993 Indy Car Open wheel car is a term for cars, usually purpose built racecars, with the wheels located outside the cars main body, as distinct from cars which have their wheels below the body or fenders, in the manner of most street cars, stock...


The event, billed as "The Greatest Spectacle in Racing", is one of the oldest and richest motorsport events, and one of the three most important motor racing events in existence, with one of the largest attendances, and radio and television audiences, of any single-day sporting event worldwide. While the official attendance is not disclosed by Speedway management, news media estimate attendance in excess of 270,000[1]. Auto racing (also known as automobile racing or autosport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... The Triple Crown of motorsport traditionally comprises the Monaco Grand Prix, the Indianapolis 500 and the 24 hours of Le Mans. ...


The race has been broadcast live on radio by the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network since 1952. It was televised live from 1949-1950 on WFBM-TV. From 1965-1985, ABC Sports broadcast the race via tape delay. Since 1986, ABC has televised the race live flag-to-flag (although live coverage is blacked out in the Indianapolis market). In 2007, the race was first broadcast in HD. Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network is a broadcast radio network (acutally, more properly a radio syndication arrangement) by which the annual Indianapolis 500 atomobile race is broadcast on radio stations covering most of North America. ... WRTV, RTV6, is the ABC television affiliate in Indianapolis, Indiana. ... [1] ABC Sports is a division of ABC, responsible for the televising of many sports events on the network. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The Indianapolis, IN, Metropolitan Statistical Area is the 33rd largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States. ... The 91st Indianapolis 500 is scheduled to be run on Sunday, May 27, 2007 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. ... High-definition television (HDTV) is a digital television broadcasting system with greater resolution than traditional television systems (NTSC, SECAM, PAL). ...


The 92nd running is scheduled for Sunday May 25, 2008. It will mark the 63rd consecutive year of uninterrupted occurrence. The 92nd Indianapolis 500 is tentatively scheduled to be run on Sunday, May 25, 2008 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

The early years

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway complex was built in 1909 as a gravel-and-tar track and hosted a smattering of small events before the promoters decided to focus on just one major event. The track was then paved with 3.2 million bricks, urged by principal owner Carl G. Fisher after several deaths related to the unsteady racing surface. The creation of a 500 mile (805 km) race allowed the track to rapidly acquire a privileged status for automobile races. The first "500" was held at the Speedway on Memorial Day, May 30, 1911, with Ray Harroun piloting a Marmon "Wasp" — outfitted with his invention, the rear-view mirror — to victory. 80,200 spectators paid $1 admission, and an annual tradition had been established. Many considered Harroun to be a hazard during the race, as he was the only driver in the race driving without a riding mechanic, who checked the oil pressure and let the driver know when traffic was coming. Indianapolis Motor Speedway, located in Speedway, Indiana (a separate town completely surrounded by Indianapolis) in the United States, is the second-oldest surviving automobile racing track in the world (after the Milwaukee Mile), having existed since 1909, and the original Speedway, the first racing facility historically to incorporate the word. ... Carl Graham Fisher (1874-1938) of Indiana, an American automotive and real estate entrepreneur. ... Cover of Speed Age magazine, claiming to show the start of first Indianapolis 500 race; the event depicted was in fact the start of a 5-mile race on August 19, 1909. ... This article is about the holiday in the United States. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ray Harroun (January 12, 1879 - January 19, 1968) was an American racecar driver. ... Marmon 48 from 1914 ad Marmon was an automobile brand name manufactured by Nordyke Marmon & Company of Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, from 1902 through 1933, and a brand of Texas-made premium trucks from 1963 through 1997. ... The rear-view mirror of a Mazda 626. ...

Wikisource has original text related to this article:

Although the first race was won by an American driver at the wheel of an American car, European makers such as the Italian Fiat or French Peugeot companies soon developed their own vehicles to try to win the event, which they did from 1913 to 1919. However, after World War I, the native drivers and manufacturers regained their dominance of the race, with the engineer Harry Arminius Miller setting himself up as the most competitive of the post-war builders. His technical developments allowed him to be indirectly connected to a history of success that would last into the mid-1970s. Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... For other uses, see Fiat (disambiguation). ... Peugeot is a major French car brand, part of PSA Peugeot Citroën. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Harry Arminius Miller (1875-1943) was an American mechanic who ran a race car shop that built and repaired race cars for the Indianapolis 500 race. ...


Miller and Offenhauser

In the early 1920s, Miller built his own 3.0 litre (183 in³) engine, inspired by the Peugeot Grand Prix engine which had been serviced in his shop by Fred Offenhauser in 1914, installing it in Jimmy Murphy's Duesenberg and allowing him to win the 1922 edition of the race. Miller then created his own automobiles, which shared the 'Miller' designation, which, in turn, were powered by supercharged versions of his 2.0 and 1.5 liter (122 and 91 in³) engine single-seaters, winning four more races for the engine up to 1929 (two of them, 1926 and 1928, in Miller chassis). The engines then won another seven races until 1938 (again two of them, 1930 and 1932, in Miller-designated chassis), then ran at first with stock-type motors before later being adjusted to the international 3.0 liter formula. Grand Prix motor racing has its roots in organised automobile racing that began in France as far back as 1894. ... Fred Offenhauser (1888-1973), was an automotive engineer and mechanic who designed the Offenhauser racing engine, nicknamed the Offy, which dominated competition in the Indianapolis 500 race for decades. ... James Anthony (Jimmy) Murphy (1894–1924) was a race car driver who was the American Racing Champion in 1922 and 1924. ... 1931 Duesenberg J Duesenberg was a United States-based luxury automobile company active in various forms from 1913 to 1937, most famous for their extremely high-quality, record-breakingly fast roadsters. ...


However, in 1935, Miller's former employees, Fred Offenhauser and Leo Goosen, had already achieved their first win with the soon-to-become famous 4-cylinder Offenhauser or "Offy" engine. This motor was forever connected with the Brickyard's history with a to-date record total of 27 wins, in both naturally-aspirated and supercharged form, and winning a likewise record-holding 18 consecutive years between 1947 and 1964. Offenhauser was a Formula One engine manufacturer from 1950 through 1960 for the Indianapolis 500. ...


Race name

The race was originally advertised as the "International 500-Mile Sweepstakes Race" from 1911-1916. However, from the start the race was known as the Indianapolis 500 or, more simply as the "500."


In 1919, the race was referred to as the "Liberty Sweepstakes" following WWI. From 1920-1980, the race reverted to the "International Sweepstakes" name, or slight variations such as "International Sweepstakes Race, Distance 500 Miles." Following WWII, the race was commonly recognized as "The 500", The 500-Mile Race," "Indianapolis 500," or "Indy 500," and usually the ordinal (e.g. "50th") preceded it. Often the race was also advertised on the radio as the "Annual Memorial Day race," or similar variations. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... In set theory, ordinal, ordinal number, and transfinite ordinal number refer to a type of number introduced by Georg Cantor in 1897, to accommodate infinite sequences and to classify sets with certain kinds of order structures on them. ...


For the 1981 race, the name "65th Indianapolis 500-Mile Race" was officially adopted, with all references as the "International Sweepstakes" dropped. Since 1981, the race has been advertised in this fashion, complete with a unique annual logo and the ordinal always included. Results of the 1981 Indianapolis 500 held at Indianapolis on May 30, 1981. ...


The Borg-Warner Trophy, introduced in 1936, proclaims the event as the "Indianapolis 500-Mile Race," with no reference at all to the name "International Sweepstakes." The Borg-Warner Trophy, named for U.S. automotive supplier Borg-Warner, is symbolic of victory in the Indianapolis 500 automobile race. ...


European incursions

In the meantime, European manufacturers, gone from the Indianapolis 500 for nearly two decades, made a brief return just before World War II, with the competitive Maserati 8CM allowing Wilbur Shaw to become the first driver to win consecutively at Indianapolis in 1941. With the 500 having been a part of the World Drivers' Championship between 1950 and 1960, Ferrari made a discreet appearance at the 1952 event with Alberto Ascari, but European entries were few and far between during those days. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the automobile manufacturer. ... Wilbur Warren Shaw (1902 - 1954), U.S. automobile racer; won Indianapolis 500 race 1937, 1939, 1940; died in airplane crash. ... The Formula One World Drivers Championship (WDC) is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile (FIA) to the most successful Formula One race car driver over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. ... This article is about the automobile manufacturer. ... Alberto Ascari (July 13, 1918 – May 26, 1955) was one of Formula Ones first stars, the first great Ferrari driver and one of only two Italian World Champions in the history of the sport. ...


In fact, it was not until the Indianapolis 500 was removed from the Formula One calendar European entries made their return, with Australian Jack Brabham driving his slightly modified F1 Cooper in the 1961 race. In 1963, technical innovator Colin Chapman brought his Team Lotus to Indianapolis for the first time, attracted by the large monetary prizes, far bigger than the usual at a European event. Racing a mid-engined car, Scotsman Jim Clark was second in his first attempt in 1963, dominating in 1964 until suffering suspension failure on lap 47, and completely dominating the race in 1965, a victory which also interrupted the success of the Offy, and offering the 4.2 litre Ford V8 its first success at the race. The following year, 1966, saw another British win, this time Graham Hill in a Lola-Cosworth. Sir John Arthur Jack Brabham, OBE (born April 2, 1926) is an Australian racing driver who was Formula One champion in 1959, 1960 and 1966. ... Jack Brabhams 1961 Cooper-Climax, the car that began the rear-engine revolution at the Indianapolis 500 The Cooper Car Company was founded in 1947 by Charles Cooper and his son John Cooper. ... Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman (19 May 1928 - 16 December 1982)[1] was an influential British designer, inventor, and builder in the automotive industry. ... Team Lotus was one of Formula 1s most successful teams. ... This article is about the country. ... Jim Clark, OBE or Jimmy Clark (March 4, 1936 – April 7, 1968) was a Scottish Formula 1 race car driver, still regarded as one of the best drivers of all time and most naturally gifted. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... Norman Graham Hill, known as Graham Hill (February 15, 1929 - November 29, 1975) was an English racing driver and two-time Formula One World Champion. ... Lola Racing Cars (also Lola Cars International) is a racing car engineering company founded in 1961 by Eric Broadley and based in Huntingdon, England. ... Cosworth Logo Cosworth is an automotive engineering company founded in London in 1958 specialising in engines for automobile racing. ...


Offenhauser too would join forces with a European maker, McLaren, obtaining three wins for the chassis, one with the Penske team in 1972 with driver Mark Donohue, and two for the McLaren works team in 1974 and 1976 with Johnny Rutherford. This was also the last time the Offy would win a race, its competitiveness steadily decreasing until its final appearance in 1983. American drivers kept on filling the majority of entries at the Brickyard for the following years, but European technology had taken over. Starting in 1978, most chassis and engines were European, with the only American-based chassis to win during the CART era being the Wildcat and Galmer (which was actually built in Bicester, England) in 1982 and 1992 respectively. Ford and Chevrolet engines were built in the UK by Cosworth and Ilmor, respectively. McLaren, founded in 1963 by Bruce McLaren (1937–1970), is a racing team based in Woking, England, which is best known as a Formula One constructor but has also competed in the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, Canadian-American Challenge Cup, and 24 Hours of Le Mans. ... Penske PC23 car Roger Penske (born February 20, 1937 in Shaker Heights, Ohio) is the owner of a very successful automobile racing team Penske Racing, the Penske Corporation, and other automotive related businesses. ... Mark Neary Donohue, Jr. ... Johnny Rutherford (born March 12, 1938 in Coffeyville, Kansas) was a U.S. automobile racer. ... Galmer was an American racecar manufacturer that built cars used from 1992 through 1993 in CART competition and the Indianapolis 500. ... , Bicester ( ; IPA ) is a town in the Cherwell district of north-eastern Oxfordshire in England, with a population of 28,672 (2001 census). ... Chevrolet (IPA: - French origin) (colloquially Chevy) is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). ... Ilmor, originally founded by Mario Illien and Paul Morgan in 1991, is an English independent high-performance autosport engineering company. ...


World series

After foreign cars became the norm, foreign drivers started showing up at the Indianapolis 500 on a regular basis, choosing the United States as their primary base for their motor racing activities. Brazilian Emerson Fittipaldi, Italian Teo Fabi and Colombian Roberto Guerrero, were able to obtain good outings in the 80s. However, it wasn't until 1993 that reigning Formula One World Champion Nigel Mansell shocked the racing world by moving to the United States, winning the PPG CART IndyCar World Series title and only losing the 500 in his rookie year because of inexperience with green-flag restarts. Foreign-born or, at least, -bred drivers became a regular fixture of Indianapolis in the years to follow. Emerson Fittipaldi (born December 12, 1946, São Paulo, Brazil) is a highly successful open-wheel racing series driver, winning world championships in both Formula One and CART, and the Indianapolis 500 twice. ... Teo Fabi was a Formula One driver from Italy. ... Roberto Guerrero was a Formula One driver from Colombia. ... Nigel Ernest James Mansell OBE (born August 8, 1953 in Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire) is a British racing driver from England who won world championships in both Formula One (1992) and CART (1993). ... PPG may stand for: PPG Industries, a U.S. manufacturer, and its PPG Place office complex PPG tankette, a Soviet armoured vehicle Palm Products GmbH, an audio synthesizer company Participating physician group in U.S. healthcare Penile plethysmograph a device to measure male arousal Personal Phone Gateway, connects Internet calls... “CART” redirects here. ...


Organizational issues

At the end of the 1995 season, the Indianapolis 500 was transferred to its fourth regulations ruling body since its inception. From 1911–1955, the race was organized under the auspices of the AAA. Following the 1955 Le Mans disaster, AAA ceased its auto racing division to concentrate on its membership program aimed at the general motoring public. IMS owner Tony Hulman founded the United States Automobile Club (USAC) in 1956, which took over sanctioning of the race. The AAA logo The AAA (usually read triple-A, or sometimes three As), formerly known as the American Automobile Association, is an American not-for-profit automobile lobby group and service organization, with their national headquarters based in Heathrow, Florida. ... Start of the 1955 race. ... Anton Tony Hulman, Jr. ... USAC Logo The United States Automobile Club (USAC) is an open-wheel auto racing sanctioning body. ...


From 1950–1960, the Indianapolis 500 also counted toward the World Driving Championship (now synonymous with Formula 1), although most of the racers did not compete in the other races in the Championship. Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel auto racing. ...


Due to control issues of monetary prizes and regulation amendments in the 1970s, along with the death of Tony Hulman in 1977, and the loss of several key USAC officials in a 1978 plane crash, several key team owners banded together and formed Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART), which started organizing the Indycar World Series in 1978. However, the Indianapolis 500 remained with USAC for the next several years and became the only high-level race the body still sanctioned after its own series was discontinued after 1979. The race was temporarily removed from the CART calendar, although the same cars and drivers were in attendance. The stand-off was eventually resolved and the race became part of the CART calendar in 1983, though with race sanctioning remained the hands of USAC. Although the race only awarded the same points as any of the other races it was by far the highest-profile event of the CART season, with the largest purse of the year. Capt. ... “CART” redirects here. ...


Despite the CART/USAC divide, from 1983 to 1994 the race was run in relative harmony, with CART and USAC occasionally disagreeing over the technical regulations.


Split with CART

However, in 1994, IMS owner Tony George (Tony Hulman's grandson) announced that he planned to diminish influence from CART and make it the centerpiece of a new series, to be called the Indy Racing League (IRL). Opinions varied on his motivations, with his supporters sharing his disapproval of Indy's lack of status within CART when it was obvious that it was the series' flagship, the increasing number of foreign drivers as American drivers instead gravitated towards NASCAR, and the decreasing number of oval-track races in the series. Detractors accused George of throwing his weight around and playing politics with the race and its heritage just for a power play furthering his own interests at the expense of the sport overall. Some mention was made of the fact that the race purse had not gone up in a long time. Tony George, born Anton Hulman George on December 30, 1959, is the owner of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. ... The Indy Racing League, better known as IRL, is the sanctioning body of a predominantly American based open-wheel racing series. ...


In its first season in 1996, the IRL attracted mainly little known and inexperienced drivers, smaller teams and older cars. Because of this and other reasons, NASCAR's Daytona 500 has surpassed IRL's Indianapolis 500 in U.S. television ratings. The Daytona 500 is a 200-lap, 500 mile (805 km) NASCAR NEXTEL Cup Series race held annually at the Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. ...


George announced that 25 of the 33 starting positions at the 1996 Indianapolis 500 would be reserved for the top 25 cars in the IRL points standings, effectively leaving only eight entries for teams who had not competed in the first two IRL races. (This rule would be similar to NASCAR's exemption rules established in 2005.) CART's reaction to this move was to announce a competing race, the U.S. 500, to run on the same day as Indianapolis. Relative unknown American Buddy Lazier, a driver who had however qualified for three previous 500's (1991, 1992, 1995), won a competitive but crash-filled race. The CART race had to be delayed when the front-row drivers collided at the start and triggered a massive pile-up. The U.S. 500 never generated much in the way of fan interest or television ratings associated with a major event. For 1997, it was moved from being directly opposite the Indianapolis 500 to July, and canceled altogether in 1999. Results of the 1996 Indianapolis 500 held at Indianapolis on Sunday, May 26, 1996. ... The U.S. 500 was an automobile race sanctioned by CART between 1996 and 1999 at the Michigan International Speedway as an alternative to the Indianapolis 500. ... Robert Buddy Lazier is an American open-wheel racecar driver born in Vail, Colorado on 31 October 1967. ... Results of the 1991 Indianapolis 500 held at Indianapolis on Sunday, May 26, 1991. ... Results of the 1992 Indianapolis 500 held at Indianapolis on Sunday, May 24, 1992. ... Results of the 1995 Indianapolis 500 held at Indianapolis on Sunday, May 28, 1995. ...


Since the IRL had decided that its crown jewel should be the climactic last race of the season, similar to the USAC Marlboro Championship Trail before the 1978 dispute, the 1996 IRL season consisted of only three races: the Indy 200 at Walt Disney World in January, Phoenix in March, and the Indianapolis 500 in May. The next race, at New Hampshire in August, began the 1996-97 season. However, this caused confusion for fans used to the traditional calendar-year based schedule used by almost all motorsports organizations. It also did not meet the needs of corporate sponsors, whose budget sheets ran on the fiscal year. Therefore, in September 1996, the IRL announced its season would revert to a calendar-year based schedule. Since the second season had already commenced, the two races held in late 1996 (New Hampshire and Las Vegas were included in a 17-month schedule. combined with all events held in 1997. This marathon season coming right after the three-race 1996 season did not help the league's image. By 1998, the IRL schedule fell into sync with the rest of the motorsports world. The first season of Indy Racing League competition consisted of only 3 races. ... Walt Disney World Speedway is a racing facility located in Orlando, Florida and is part of the Walt Disney World resort. ... Phoenix International Raceway, or just PIR, is a one mile tri-oval race track located in Avondale, Arizona. ... New Hampshire International Speedway is a 1. ... The 1996-1997 Indy Racing League season was a result of the league abandoning the concept of ending each season with the Indianapolis 500. ... New Hampshire International Speedway is a 1. ... Las Vegas Motor Speedway, located at 7000 Las Vegas Boulevard North in Las Vegas, Nevada, is a 1,200 acre (4. ...


In 1997 George made his next move and specified new technical rules for less expensive cars and "production based" engines that outlawed the CART-spec cars that had been the mainstay of the race since the late 1970s. For the next few years almost all of the CART teams and drivers did not compete in the race. While this situation allowed many American drivers to participate in an event they might otherwise have been unable to afford, the turbulent political situation and the absence of the many of the top IndyCar drivers, the big-name sponsors and faster CART-spec cars casting something of a shadow over the race; it was certainly arguable that to the average fan the replacement of at least fairly-well-known foreign drivers by almost-unknown American ones was not perceived as a real gain.


In 2000 Chip Ganassi, while still racing in the CART Series, made the decision to return to Indianapolis with his drivers, the 1996 CART champion Jimmy Vasser, and the 1999 CART champion Juan Pablo Montoya. On race day Montoya put on a dominating performance, leading 167 of the 200 laps to win. The defeat was somewhat humiliating for the IRL teams, with the Ganassi team's advantage primarily being pit stops that were frequently several seconds quicker than their main rivals. A year later, Roger Penske, historically CART and Indianapolis' most successful team owner, also came back to Indianapolis and won. For 2002, Penske and Ganassi became permanent entrants in the IRL, with many other former CART teams joining them in switching sides. In 2003 Honda and Toyota switched their engine supply from CART to the IRL. CART went bankrupt shortly following, with its rights and infrastructure purchased by remaining car owners. Floyd Chip Ganassi (born May 24, 1958 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and educated at local Duquesne University) is a former American racecar driver and current racecar owner. ... Jimmy Vasser (born November 20, 1965 in Canoga Park, California ) is a an American racing driver. ... Juan Pablo Montoya Roldán (born September 20, 1975 in Bogotá, Colombia) is a race car driver in NASCAR for Chip Ganassi Racing and a former Formula One driver. ... Penske PC23 car Roger Penske (born February 20, 1937 in Shaker Heights, Ohio) is the owner of a very successful automobile racing team Penske Racing, the Penske Corporation, and other automotive related businesses. ... This article is about the Japanese motor corporation. ... This article is about the automaker. ...


The Champ Car World Series continued to operate as a separate series and by 2007 had eliminated all oval races from its schedule. Prior to the 2008 season, a deal was brokered to reunite Champ Car and the Indy Racing League's IndyCar Series, bringing an end to the 12 year long split. The 2008 Indianapolis 500 will likely see all major American open wheel racing teams attempt to qualify. The 92nd Indianapolis 500 is tentatively scheduled to be run on Sunday, May 25, 2008 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. ...


NASCAR drivers in the 500

Between 1994 and 2005, several NASCAR drivers were able to compete in both the 500 and the Coca-Cola 600 at Lowe's Motor Speedway in Charlotte, North Carolina, which is held the evening of the Sunday before Memorial Day, usually just after the conclusion of the 500. In order to make it on time, drivers usually caught a helicopter directly from the Speedway to take them to the Indianapolis International Airport, flew into Concord Regional Airport, and even then barely made it in time to race. Notable drivers include Tony Stewart, Robby Gordon, and John Andretti who all started their careers in Indy Cars. Stewart "did the double" in 1999 and 2001, but contract limits restricted him from doing so in 2004. Gordon has done it the most number of times; in 2004 the rain caused him to have to hand over driving duties to fellow driver Jaques Lazier, the first occasion for a relief driver at Indianapolis since 1978. In 1999 Gordon missed the start of the Coca-Cola 600, which started pace laps when the Indianapolis 500 finished. Gordon, who was his own team owner, placed P. J. Jones, an Indianapolis 500 veteran, in his NASCAR car while Gordon finished (and on a fuel-conservation strategy, came within two laps of winning) the Indianapolis 500. Jones received the driver's points but the owner's points were not affected. Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... The Coca-Cola 600 (formerly the World 600) is a six hundred mile (966 km) stock car race held annually at Lowes Motor Speedway (formerly Charlotte Motor Speedway) in Charlotte, North Carolina on Memorial Day weekend. ... Lowes Motor Speedway (formerly Charlotte Motor Speedway) is a speedway in Concord, North Carolina, north of Charlotte. ... Charlotte redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Midfield Terminal Project Midfield Terminal Rendering Indianapolis International Airport (IATA: IND, ICAO: KIND, FAA LID: IND) is a public airport located seven miles (11 km) southwest of the central business district of Indianapolis, a city in Marion County, Indiana, United States. ... Concord Regional Airport (IATA: JQF, ICAO: KJQF) is a public airport located seven miles (11 km) west of the city of Concord in Cabarrus County, North Carolina, USA. Facilities Concord Regional Airport covers 750 acres and has one runway: Runway 02/20: 7,400 x 100 ft. ... For other persons named Tony Stewart, see Tony Stewart (disambiguation). ... Robby Gordon (born in Bellflower, California, on January 2, 1969) is an American racing driver who currently competes in the NASCAR NEXTEL Cup Series, owning his #7 Ford Fusion, sponsored by Jim Beam, and also owning his #55 Verizon Wireless/Motorola ride which competes part-time in the Busch Series... John Andretti talks with a U.S. Navy journalist, courtesy of the U.S. Navy John Andretti is a NASCAR Busch Series driver from Indianapolis, Indiana. ... Jaques Lazier is an Indy Racing League driver born January 25, 1971 in Denver, Colorado and is the younger brother of 1996 Indianapolis 500 champion Buddy Lazier. ... P. J. Jones (born April 23, 1969) is a racing car driver from Torrance, California. ...


Tony Stewart is the only driver to complete the full race distance (1100 miles {1770 km}) in both races on the same day.


For 2005, the start of Indianapolis was pushed back one hour from noon to 1 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time to improve national television air-time. This makes it virtually impossible for NASCAR drivers to be able to compete at Indy and Lowe's on the same day; that decision made the starting times of the races (1 p.m. and 5:30 p.m., respectively) too close for drivers to compete in both races on the same day in the foreseeable future. However, in 2006, Casey Mears, nephew of four-time Indianapolis 500 winner Rick Mears, said that car owner Chip Ganassi--who also presently runs a two-car IRL operation--was open to entering Mears if he won the 2006 Daytona 500 [2]; he eventually finished 2nd. Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... Casey James Mears (born March 12, 1978 in Bakersfield, California) is the driver of the #25 National Guard/GMAC Chevrolet in the NASCAR Nextel Cup Series for Hendrick Motorsports. ... The Daytona 500 is a 200-lap, 500 mile (805 km) NASCAR NEXTEL Cup Series race held annually at the Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. ...


Two winners of the Indianapolis 500 have also won NASCAR's premiere event, the Daytona 500: the first being Mario Andretti in 1967, two years before triumphing at Indianapolis, and A.J. Foyt becoming the second to do so in 1972, five years after his third 500 victory in 1967. Foyt is also the only driver to date to win the Indianapolis 500, Daytona 500, and the 24 Hours of Le Mans (also in 1967). The Daytona 500 is a 200-lap, 500 mile (805 km) NASCAR NEXTEL Cup Series race held annually at the Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. ... Mario Gabriele Andretti (born February 28, 1940 in Montona dIstria, Italy, now Motovun, Croatia) is an Italian American racing driver, and one of the most successful Americans in the history of auto racing. ... A. J. Foyt (born January 16, 1935) is considered by many as the greatest race car driver of all time. ... The 24 Hours of Le Mans (24 Heures du Mans) is the worlds most famous sports car endurance race, held annually at Circuit de la Sarthe near Le Mans, France, in the French Sarthe département. ...


Technical regulations

Technical specifications for the Indianapolis 500 are currently specified by the Indy Racing League. Rules are the same as every other IRL IndyCar race except for special low-drag adjustable "Speedway" wings that are only used for the Indy 500. In the past, especially during the years when USAC sanctioned the race but CART was the dominant sanctioning body, rules between the race and the sanctioning body differed at times, resulting in chassis and engines being legal for Indy, yet not being legal for other events that season. The most famous manifestation of that disparity was the Ilmor-built Mercedes-Benz 500I engine fielded by Roger Penske in 1994. Ilmor, originally founded by Mario Illien and Paul Morgan in 1991, is an English independent high-performance autosport engineering company. ... Ilmor, originally founded by Mario Illien and Paul Morgan in 1991, is an English independent high-performance autosport engineering company. ... Penske PC23 car Roger Penske (born February 20, 1937 in Shaker Heights, Ohio) is the owner of a very successful automobile racing team Penske Racing, the Penske Corporation, and other automotive related businesses. ... Results of the 1994 Indianapolis 500 held at Indianapolis on Sunday, May 29, 1994. ...


Teams may enter up to two cars on a given car number. The second "backup" car is given that number followed by a "T". For example the two cars for the #2 team would be numbered #2 and #2T. Both cars may be practiced during the month, or even simultaneously. Additionally, as the month wears on a "T car" may be split off into its own entry with another number or sold to another team who may have lost its primary car and does not have a backup.


All cars must pass a rigorous technical inspection before receiving a sticker signifying that the car is eligible to practice. Prior to and following qualification attempts, cars must pass another inspection. The first inspection is focused on safety aspects while the second is largely to detect deviations from the performance guidelines set forth by the league.


Qualifying procedure

Throughout the years the race has used a number of qualifying procedures. In the first few races every entrant who posted the entry fee and attained a minimum qualifying speed was given a spot in the field and entries started in the order that their applications were received or a random draw.[3] Speed-based qualifying began in 1915 and the field was capped at 33 entries where it has stood ever since. The current four-lap qualifying distance was introduced in 1920.[3] For most of the post war era each car, regardless of driver, was allotted three qualifying attempts to make the field of 33. Drivers on lined up in order of the day they qualified and within that day they were ranked in order of speed. Once the field was full, the slowest car, regardless of the day it qualified, was bumped from the field if another driver drove faster. Qualifying attempts were set at the average speed of four laps around the speedway, totaling 10 miles, a rule that has stood since 1939.[3] Cars qualify one at a time. Once the four laps were completed the attempt was official; that car could not qualify again for that race, even if it was bumped from the field or if its four lap average was not adequate to bump into the field. However, the driver could attempt to qualify his "T car" or another entry. In order to use additional qualifying attempts, the car would have to "wave off" its attempt prior to taking the checkered flag at the end of the fourth lap by either the team owner waving a yellow flag from his vantage point at the beginning of the front stretch or by the driver pulling into pit lane. In addition, a driver wishing to better his time must withdraw his earlier qualifying time prior to beginning his new attempt, meaning that if he drives slower then the slower time stands and if he is unable to complete his attempt, he will no longer have a spot in the field.


In 2005, the speedway changed its qualifying rules in order to increase fan interest, especially in the second and third days of the four days of qualifying. Under the current rules, each car is allowed 3 attempts each day and cars are now allowed to be qualified again, even after completing an attempt if they are bumped or their time is withdrawn. The most significant change is limiting the number spots in the field available each day. On the first day, starting positions 1 through 11 are available, on the second day - 12 through 22, on day 3 - 23 through 33, and on day four the slowest driver regardless of day is bumped once the field is full. On days one through three, only the slowest driver on that day can be bumped from the field. For example if the field stood at 22 on day two, but the slowest driver qualified on day 1 in the 11th position, the driver sitting in the 22nd position would be bumped if he was surpassed in speed, not the driver sitting 11th. However, if the 11th place driver was still slowest on fourth day and the field was full, he would then be on the bubble. If spots are not filled on a given day, they carry over to the next day. For example, if at the end of the second day only 20 cars had registered qualifying times, positions 21 through 33 would be available on day 3. Qualifiers still start in the order of the day they qualified and then by speed, meaning that all day four qualifiers still start after the day 3 qualifiers.[3]


On a given day of qualifying, the track is open for qualifications from 12 noon to 6 PM local time. Prior to the day's activities, numbers are drawn for each entry that determine the order that the cars will be eligible to attempt to qualify starting at noon of that day. If any attempts are allowed that day, every entry that draws a number will be guaranteed at least one attempt to qualify that day, even if the attempt actually occurs on another day, they will be treated as a qualifier for the day they drew for. For example, if forty cars draw numbers for pole day, but rain starts after only 10 cars have made attempts and qualifications do not resume, the remaining entries will be allowed to make one attempt to qualify at the beginning of the session on Sunday and be treated as first day qualifiers. Once the list of drawn numbers has been exhausted by every entry either making an attempt or forgoing their opportunity, the track is open to all qualifiers to present their car to make an attempt. If there are no cars in line to make an attempt, the track is opened for practice. A car must only take to the track prior to the 6 PM gun in order for its attempt to count, meaning the driver may actually take the green or checkered flag after 6 PM. The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ...


Rain can and often does interfere with the track's practice and qualifying schedule and decisions made in the interest of safety and fair competition may differ from year to year based on different situations. Speedway COO Joie Chitwood III and IRL COO Brian Barnhart are ultimately charged with such decisions. Brian Barnhart is the President and Chief Operating Officer of the Indy Racing League. ...


Traditions

Due to the longevity of the Indianapolis 500, a number of traditions have developed over the years. For many fans, these traditions are almost as important as the race itself, and they have often reacted quite negatively when the traditions are changed or broken. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to everyday speech. ...


Pre-race

  • The two to three weeks of practice and qualifying prior to the race is known in racing circles simply as "the month of May"
  • The final day of qualifying, when the final starting field is set is known as "bump day" as drivers who are removed from the field of 33 by being out-qualified by faster cars are said to have been "bumped". The driver with the slowest speed in a full field and therefore the first in line to be bumped is said to be "on the bubble".[3]
  • The final practice session before the race, currently held on the Friday before race day is called "Carburetion Day" or "Carb Day". The name originally came from the fact that it was the final session where teams could tune their carburetors in conditions similar to those that may be encountered on race day. The name has remained despite the fact that no qualified car has used a carburetor since 1963.[4] A pit stop competition, rock concert, and the Indy Pro Series Freedom 100 are also currently held on Carb Day.[5]
  • On the Friday before the race the "Last Row Party" has been held every year for charity since 1972. It serves as a roast for the final three qualifiers in the 500, that will be starting on the eleventh and final row. They are usually, but not always, the slowest three cars in the field.[6] Like Mr. Irrelevant, many of these drivers are often obscure, but six former or eventual race winners have participated in the honor at some time in their career.
  • At 6 a.m., and in some years as early as 5 a.m., an explosive is set off to signal the opening of the gates.
  • The Purdue University All-American Marching Band plays several pre-race songs, including "On the Banks of the Wabash" and "Stars and Stripes Forever."
  • In remembrance of Memorial Day, "Taps" is played, and a U.S military aircraft does a fly-by. In some years, multiple aircraft participate, executing the missing man formation.
  • In most years since the mid-1990s, the song "God Bless America" has been performed by Florence Henderson. Henderson, a native Hoosier, is a friend of the Hulman-George family. Her performance is followed by "The Star-Spangled Banner," performed by a notable artist each year. Steven Tyler of Aerosmith is infamous for substituting the line "the home of the Indianapolis 500" for the traditional anthem ending of "the home of the brave" in 2001.[7]
  • The final, most traditional performance is the singing of "Back Home Again in Indiana" by Jim Nabors, accompanied by the Purdue Marching Band. Nabors has performed the song in most years since 1972. During the line "...the new mown hay..." thousands of multicolored balloons are released from an infield tent. This tradition has accompanied the race since 1946. In 2007, Nabors was too ill to sing, and fans were encouraged to sing along with the band.[4]
  • The call for the engines to start is made by stating "Gentlemen, start your engines!" When female drivers are competing, the call has been amended to "Lady and Gentlemen" or "Ladies and Gentlemen." Wilbur Shaw, President of the Speedway from 1946-1954, is not believed to have coined the phrase, but is widely accepted as the person who made it famous. Tony Hulman made the command eloquent and famous while he did it from 1955-1977. From 1978-1980 and 1982-1996, the call was made by his widow Mary Fendrich Hulman. Her daughter, Mari Hulman George recited the command in 1981, and has done so since 1997.
  • On occasions when rain has forced delay or postponement of the race after either the race has begun or the initial command has been given (1967, 1973, 1986, 1997, 2004,2007), an amended command, "restart your engines," has been given. In 1986, this restart command was given by Tony George. In 2004, the restart of the race after a rain delay was given by public address announcer Tom Carnegie.

The carburetor (or carburettor, carb for short) is a device which mixes air and fuel for an internal_combustion engine. ... The Indy Pro Series is a developmental racing series sanctioned by the Indy Racing League. ... The Freedom 100 is an Indy Pro Series auto race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. ... A roast is an event in which an individual is subject to publicly bearing insults, praise, outlandish true and untrue stories, and heartwarming tributes. ... Mr. ... Purdue redirects here. ... The Purdue All-American Marching Band is the marching band of Purdue University. ... On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away is the state of Indianas official state song. ... The Stars and Stripes Forever is a patriotic American march. ... This article is about the holiday in the United States. ... Taps (Butterfields Lullaby), sometimes known by the lyrics of its second verse, Day is Done, is a famous musical piece, played in the U.S. military during flag ceremonies and funerals, generally on bugle or trumpet. ... The Red Arrows and Concorde conclude a special flypast over Buckingham Palace on 4 June, 2002 celebrating the Queens Golden Jubilee. ... The missing man formation flying over the USS Arizona memorial in Hawaii For the Vince Welnick group, see Missing Man Formation (band). ... God Bless America is an American patriotic song originally written by Irving Berlin in 1918 and revised by him in 1938. ... Florence Agnes Henderson (b. ... The Star-Spangled Banner is the national anthem of the United States. ... Stephen Victor Tallarico (born March 26, 1948 in Yonkers, New York),[1] better known as Steven Tyler (and often nicknamed The Demon of Screamin) is an American musician and songwriter. ... This article is about the band Aerosmith. ... Back Home Again in Indiana was originally composed by Ballard MacDonald and James Hanley in 1917. ... Jim Nabors on The Muppet Show James Thurston Jim Nabors (born June 12, 1930 in Sylacauga, Alabama to Fred and Mavis Nabors), is an American actor, singer, and comedian. ... Wilbur Warren Shaw (1902 - 1954), U.S. automobile racer; won Indianapolis 500 race 1937, 1939, 1940; died in airplane crash. ... Anton Tony Hulman, Jr. ... Mary Fendrich Hulman (March 13, 1905 - April 10, 1998) was the wife of the late Indiana industrialist Anton Tony Hulman, Jr. ... Mari Hulman George, born Mary Antonia Hulman on December 26, 1934, in Terre Haute, Indiana, is the daughter of the late Anton Tony Hulman and Mary Fendrich Hulman, prominent Indiana philanthropists and business owners. ... Tony George, born Anton Hulman George on December 30, 1959, is the owner of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. ... Tom Carnegie, born in 1919 in Norwalk, Connecticut as Carl Kenagy which is still his legal name, was the public address announcer for the Indianapolis Motor Speedway from 1946 to 2006. ...

Race

Indianapolis 500, 1994
Indianapolis 500, 1994
  • The cars begin the race in a rolling start, traditionally in eleven rows of three, for a field of 33 cars. Most other automobile races have two cars in a row. This derives from a 1919 AAA mandate of one car for every 400 feet (120 m) of track. Early races, however, saw varying numbers of starters, from as low as 21, to as high as 42. Since 1933 there have been no fewer than 33 qualifiers. In 1941, Sam Hanks was injured in a practice crash the day before the race and withdrew. Then on the morning of the race, George Barringer's car was destroyed in a fire in the garage area, thus only 31 cars actually started the race. The only time since then that fewer than 33 cars qualified was 1947. In that year, a boycott over the purse led to only 30 qualifiers. In 1979, after a rules dispute over turbocharger inlets, and after controversy regarding the refusal of some entries from members of the CART series, a special fifth day of qualifying was added. However, only two cars ran sufficient speeds to be added to the field, and 35 cars started the race. In 1997, a controversial situation saw points-based, locked-in qualifiers bumping out other cars that had actually qualified with faster speeds. Two bumped cars were restored to the field to insure the 33 fastest entries qualifying, for a total of 35 starters. Ironically, on the pace lap, three cars crashed out, while two suffered mechanical problems, and only 30 cars took the green flag.
  • Tom Carnegie announced on June 9, 2006 that the previous month's race, would be his last as official track announcer. Having called the race since 1946 on the public address system, he is best known for his lines, "He's on it!" (signalling the start of a qualifying attempt), "It's a new track record!" (when a driver surpasses either a one- or four-lap track record in qualifications), and "He's slowing down on the backstretch!" or "Andretti's slowing down!" (The latter for the Andretti family's historical misfortune at Indianapolis.).[8] Indianapolis television personality David Calabro became the second PA announcer in the Hulman-George era after Carnegie's retirement for the 2007 race.

Indianapolis 500, 1994, by Rick Dikeman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Indianapolis 500, 1994, by Rick Dikeman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Sam Hanks (born July 13, 1914, died June 27, 1994) was an American race car driver who won the Indianapolis 500 in 1957. ... “CART” redirects here. ... Tom Carnegie, born in 1919 in Norwalk, Connecticut as Carl Kenagy which is still his legal name, was the public address announcer for the Indianapolis Motor Speedway from 1946 to 2006. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

Post-race

  • A long-standing tradition of the Indianapolis 500 is for the victor to drink a bottle of milk immediately after the race. This practice first began in 1936 after Victor Louis Meyer asked for a glass of buttermilk, something his mother had encouraged him to drink on hot days. Afterward it became a ritual as milk companies became sponsors of the race purse and handed a bottle of milk to the winner to promote their product.[4] A sponsorship of currently $10,000 now paid out by the American Dairy Association if the winner swigs the milk in victory lane. Among Indycar drivers, Emerson Fittipaldi is infamous for drinking orange juice instead after his 1993 victory, before he drank the customary milk. Fittipaldi owned citrus farms in Brazil, and wished to promote his industry.
  • A bas-relief sculpture of the winner's face, along with his name, average speed, and date of victory is added to the Borg-Warner Trophy. The trophy has been in use since 1936.[4] A smaller replica of this trophy has been officially presented to the winner after the race since 1988. Prior to that, winners received a replica mounted on a chestnut plaque.
  • The winner has been awarded one of the pace cars, or a replica, almost every year since 1936. In 1941, there were only six copies of the special Chrysler Newport Phaeton, and no production models created. The co-winners did not receive it. In 1946, an oil painting and a trip to Italy was substituted as the award, but winner George Robson died in a motorsports accident before he received it. In 1991, the Dodge Viper was still a prototype vehicle, and only two were in existence. Winner Rick Mears was awarded instead a Dodge Stealth, which was to be the original pace car but after protests by the UAW (because the Stealth was a captive import built by Mitsubishi in Japan), they were instead used at the track for festival cars. The Indy 500 may be the first auto race to use a rolling start.[4]
  • The tradition of the winning driver and crew kissing the yard of bricks that mark the start/finish, started by Dale Jarrett at the Brickyard 400, appears to have carried over to the Indy 500, starting with Gil de Ferran in 2003.[9]

Sponsorship can refer to several concepts: A sponsors support of an event, activity, person, or organization. ... For other uses, see Orange juice (disambiguation). ... Bas relief is a method of sculpting which entails carving or etching away the surface of a flat piece of stone or metal. ... The Borg-Warner Trophy, named for U.S. automotive supplier Borg-Warner, is symbolic of victory in the Indianapolis 500 automobile race. ... See also List of Indianapolis 500 pace cars A pace car has been used to start the Indianapolis 500 since 1911. ... 1971 Chrysler Newport The Newport was a name used by the Chrysler division of the Chrysler Corporation used as both a hardtop body designation and for its entry level model between 1961 and 1981. ... Mona Lisa, Oil on wood panel painting by Leonardo da Vinci. ... George Robson (February 24, 1909 - September 2, 1946) won the 1946 Indianapolis 500. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Rick Ravon Mears (born December 3, 1951 in Wichita, Kansas) is an American race car driver. ... Mitsubishi 3000GT VR-4 racing Japanese Mitsubishi GTO patrol car The Mitsubishi GTO was Mitsubishis flagship sports car from 1991-1999. ... The United Auto Workers (UAW), officially the United Automobile, Aerospace & Agricultural Implement Workers of America International Union, is one of the largest labor unions in North America, with more than 700,000 members in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico organized into approximately 950 union locals. ... Captive import is an automobile marketing term denoting a foreign-built vehicle which is sold and serviced by a domestic manufacturer through its own dealer body. ... Dale Arnold Jarrett (born November 26, 1956 in Newton, North Carolina) is an American race car driver. ... The Allstate 400 at The Brickyard is an annual 400-mile (644 km) NASCAR Nextel Cup points race held each August at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana. ... Gil de Ferran de Ferran won two CART championships in 2000 and 2001 De Ferran at the 2005 United States Grand Prix Gil de Ferran (born November 11, 1967) in Paris, France to Brazilian parents, is a former racing driver. ...

Memorabilia

An Indianapolis 500 racecar depicted on the Indiana state quarter
An Indianapolis 500 racecar depicted on the Indiana state quarter

Many people promote and share information about the Indy 500 and its memorabilia collecting.[10] is an independent active organization that has been dedicated to support such activities. The organization was established January 1, 1985 in Indianapolis by its founder John Blazier, and, includes an experienced membership available for discussion and advise on Indy 500 memorabilia trading and Indy 500 questions in general. Download high resolution version (942x936, 109 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (942x936, 109 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


Entertainment

The Indianapolis 500 has been the subject of several films, and has experienced countless references in television, movies, and other media.


Indianapolis 500 Legends, a Wii and DS game based on the race was released on December 18, 2007[11] Indianapolis 500 Legends is a racing game recounting the history of the Indianapolis 500. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... The Nintendo DS (sometimes abbreviated NDS or more commonly DS) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. ...


See main article: Indianapolis 500 in film and media The Indianapolis 500 auto race has been the subject for several motion pictures. ...


See also

Wins: Driver: 4 A.J. Foyt (1961, 1964, 1967, 1977) Al Unser (1970, 1971, 1978, 1987) Rick Mears (1979, 1984, 1988, 1991) Team Owner: 13 Roger Penske (1972, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1994, 2001, 2002, 2003) As Both Team Owner and Driver: 7 In same year... Two-Time Winner: Tommy Milton, 1923 Three-Time Winner: Louis Meyer, 1936 Four-Time Winner: A.J. Foyt, 1977 Back-to-Back Winner: Wilbur Shaw, 1939-1940 Rookie Winner (excepting first race): Jules Goux, 1913 Owner/Driver Winner: Jimmy Murphy, 1922 Co-Winners: Lora L. Corum/ Joe Boyer, 1924 Non... This article discusses the year-by-year history of the Indianapolis 500 race. ... // Drivers Killed Before the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race 1909 William Borque; Springfield, Massachussetts Drivers Killed in the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race 1919 Louis LeCocq; France Arthur Thurman; Washington 1929 Bill Spence; Los Angeles, California 1933 Mark Billman; Indianapolis, Indiana Lester Spangler, Los Angeles, California 1935 Clay Weatherly; Cincinnati, Ohio 1939... Al Unser, 644 laps Ralph DePalma ( Italian-born), 612 laps Mario Andretti ( Italian-born), 556 laps A. J. Foyt, 555 laps Wilbur Shaw, 508 laps Emerson Fittipaldi, 505 laps Parnelli Jones, 492 laps Bill Vukovich, 485 laps Bobby Unser, 440 laps Michael Andretti, 430 laps Rick Mears, 429 laps Billy... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Indianapolis 500 pace cars The Indianapolis 500 auto race has used a pace car since 1911. ... Winners of the Pole Position of the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race: 1911 - Lewis Strang (first entry) 1912 - Gil Anderson (first entry) Fastest qualifier - David L. Bruce-Brown, 88. ... Winners of the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race Rookie of the Year Award (first awarded, 1952): 1952 - Art Cross; started 20th, finished 5th 1953 - Jimmy Daywalt; started 21st, finished 6th 1954 - Larry Crocket; started 25th, finished 9th 1955 - Al Herman; started 16th, finished 7th 1956 - Bob Veith; started 23rd, finished 7th... Winners of the annual Indianapolis 500, held on or around Memorial Day at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway since 1911. ... // Winning starting positions of the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race 1911 - 28th 1912 - 7th 1913 - 7th 1914 - 15th 1915 - 2nd 1916 - 4th 1917 to 1918 races suspended due to World War I 1919 - 2nd 1920 - 6th 1921 - 20th 1922 - 1st 1923 - 1st * 1924 - 21st 1925 - 2nd 1926 - 20th 1927 - 22nd 1928... // 2000s 1990s 1980s 1970s 1960s ABC televised either filmed or taped recorded highlights of the race the following Saturday on Wide World of Sports from 1965-1970. ...

References

  1. ^ Take a seat: Study puts Indy's capacity at 257,325. USATODAY.com (2004-05-27). Retrieved on 2007-09-19.
  2. ^ Emphasis on winning for Mears, IndyCar.com, February 17, 2006
  3. ^ a b c d e Mittman, Dick. Indianapolis 500 Qualifying Has Evolved Over The Years, Indy500.com, September 22, 2004
  4. ^ a b c d e Indianapolis 500 Traditions, Indy500.com
  5. ^ Indianapolis 500 Schedule, Indy500.com
  6. ^ Powell, Eric. 'Last Row Party' Celebrates 33rd Year On May 27 At Brickyard Crossing, Indy500.com, April 21, 2005
  7. ^ Simon, Bruce. Aerosmith's Steven Tyler Angers Vets At Indy 500, Yahoo! Music, May 29, 2001
  8. ^ Kelly, Paul. Legendary P.A. Announcer Carnegie Steps Down After 61 Years At IMS, Indy500.com, June 9, 2006
  9. ^ Hornish Jr. ruins Andrettis’ ‘fairytale’ Indy, Associated Press, May 29, 2006
  10. ^ The National Indy 500 Collectors Club
  11. ^ "Indianapolis 500 Legends" for Wii and Nintendo DS Now Racing to Store Shelves from Destineer, GameZone, December 18, 2007

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Bibliography

Indy: The Race and Ritual of the Indianapolis 500, Second Edition, Terry Reed, 2005


Coordinates: 39°47′41″N, 86°14′04″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



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Indianapolis redirects here. ... Indianapolis has designated several areas as Cultural Districts: Broad Ripple Village, Massachusetts Avenue, Fountain Square, The Wholesale District, The Canal & White River State Park, and Indiana Avenue. ... Downtown Indianapolis, looking east from the White River The term Downtown Indianapolis refers to the central business district, or CBD, of Indianapolis, Indiana. ... The flag of Indianapolis, Indiana, ratio unknown The flag of the Indianapolis, Indiana was adopted on May 20, 1963. ... // [edit] Early years Indianapolis was founded as the state capital in 1821 by an act of the Indiana General Assembly. ... The Nine-County Region (Metro Indianapolis Area) is an informal name to an area comprising (not surprisingly) nine counties in the center of the U.S. state of Indiana with a population of almost 2 million residents. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indianapolis. ...

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