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Encyclopedia > Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Steven Spielberg
Produced by Robert Watts
Frank Marshall
Kathleen Kennedy
Written by Screenplay:
Jeffrey Boam
Tom Stoppard
(uncredited)
Story:
George Lucas
Menno Meyjes
Starring Harrison Ford
Sean Connery
Denholm Elliott
Alison Doody
John Rhys-Davies
Julian Glover
River Phoenix
Music by John Williams
Cinematography Douglas Slocombe
Editing by Michael Kahn
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release date(s) May 24, 1989
Running time 127 min.
Country United States
Language English
Budget $48,000,000
Gross revenue Domestic:
$197,171,806
Worldwide:
$474,171,806
Preceded by Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
Followed by Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
Official website
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg from a story co-written by executive producer George Lucas and starring Harrison Ford in the title role. It co-stars Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix, and John Rhys-Davies. Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is the title of three different types of software games released for various video and computer home systems. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (503x755, 96 KB) Summary Promotional poster of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... Robert Watts is a producer, known for his involvement with several hugely successful films. ... Frank Marshall (born September 13, 1946) is a four-times Academy Award-nominated American movie producer and director, often working in collaboration with his wife, Kathleen Kennedy. ... Kathleen Kennedy (b. ... Jeffrey Boam (November 30, 1949 – January 24, 2000) was an American screenwriter and producer. ... Sir Tom Stoppard, OM, CBE (born as Tomáš Straussler on July 3, 1937)[1] is an Academy Award winning British playwright of more than 24 plays. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930) is an Academy Award-, Golden Globe-, and BAFTA Award-winning Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema, starring in seven Bond films. ... Elliott in The Signal-Man Denholm Mitchell Elliott (May 31, 1922 – October 6, 1992) was a distinguished British actor, well known for his appearances on stage, film and television. ... Small TextAlison Doody (born November 11, 1966 in Dublin, Ireland) is an Irish actress and model. ... John Rhys-Davies (born May 5, 1944) is an English actor best known for his supporting roles as the charismatic Arab excavator Sallah in the Indiana Jones films, and the dwarf Gimli in The Lord of the Rings trilogy (in which he also voiced the towering Ent, Treebeard). ... Julian Wyatt Glover (born March 27, 1935) is an English actor. ... River Jude Phoenix (August 23, 1970 – October 31, 1993) was an Academy Award- and Golden Globe-nominated American film actor. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Douglas Slocombe is a British cinematographer who has enjoyed a long career in the British film industry. ... This article is about Michael Kahn the film editor. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about the film. ... Indy 4 redirects here. ... // Actress Kim Basinger and her brother Mick purchase Braselton, Georgia for $20 million. ... The quintessential adventure film. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ... This article is about the fictional character. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930) is an Academy Award-, Golden Globe-, and BAFTA Award-winning Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema, starring in seven Bond films. ... Elliott in The Signal-Man Denholm Mitchell Elliott (May 31, 1922 – October 6, 1992) was a distinguished British actor, well known for his appearances on stage, film and television. ... Julian Wyatt Glover (born March 27, 1935) is an English actor. ... Small TextAlison Doody (born November 11, 1966 in Dublin, Ireland) is an Irish actress and model. ... River Jude Phoenix (August 23, 1970 – October 31, 1993) was an Academy Award- and Golden Globe-nominated American film actor. ... John Rhys-Davies (born May 5, 1944) is an English actor best known for his supporting roles as the charismatic Arab excavator Sallah in the Indiana Jones films, and the dwarf Gimli in The Lord of the Rings trilogy (in which he also voiced the towering Ent, Treebeard). ...


When Dr. Henry Jones Sr. (played by Connery) vanishes while pursuing a life-long search for the Holy Grail, Indiana must retrace his father's steps in the hopes of rescuing him – and the Grail – from the clutches of the Nazi military machine.[1] Worldwide, the film was the highest grossing movie of 1989. Professor Henry Jones, Sr. ... For other uses, see Holy Grail (disambiguation). ... National Socialism redirects here. ...

Contents

Plot

Indiana Jones (River Phoenix), aged 13, holding the Cross of Coronado
Indiana Jones (River Phoenix), aged 13, holding the Cross of Coronado

The prologue depicts a young Indiana Jones in 1912 as a Boy Scout in Utah, battling grave robbers for the Cross of Coronado (an ornamental cross belonging to Francisco Vásquez de Coronado). As they give chase, Indiana hides in a circus train, in the process using a whip, scarring his chin, and gaining a fear of snakes. Although he rescues the cross, the robbers tell the Sheriff that Indiana was the thief, and he is forced to return it, while his oblivious father Henry is working on his research. The leader of the hired robbers, dressed very similarly to the future Indiana, gives him his fedora with some encouraging words. In 1938, an adult Indiana is on the robbers' ship, the Coronado, off the Portuguese coast, finally retrieving the Cross and donating it to Marcus Brody's museum. Image File history File links Indiana_Jones_and_the_Cross_of_Coronado. ... Image File history File links Indiana_Jones_and_the_Cross_of_Coronado. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... For the Boy Scouting program within the BSA, see Boy Scouting (Boy Scouts of America). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Grave robbing or grave robbery is the act of uncovering a tomb or crypt to steal the artifacts inside or disinterring a corpse to steal the body itself or its personal effects. ... Coronado Sets Out to the North, by Frederic Remington, 1861-1909 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado (c. ... A whip is a cord or strap, usually with a stiff handle, used for delivering blows to human beings or animals as a means of control or punishment or torture. ... Ophidiophobia or Ophiophobia refers to the fear of snakes. ... Look up Sheriff in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Professor Henry Jones, Sr. ... A fedora, which in this case has been pinched at the front and being worn pushed back on the head, with the front of the brim bent down over the eyes. ...


Indiana meets the wealthy Walter Donovan, who informs him that Indy's father vanished while searching for a clue to the location of the Holy Grail, using an incomplete stone tablet as his guide. Indy receives a special package that turns out to be his father's Grail diary in which he recorded all his findings and clues towards the Holy Grail. Understanding that his father would not have sent the Grail Diary, his father's life's work, to him unless he was in trouble, Indiana and Marcus travel to Venice. There they meet the beautiful and mysterious Dr. Elsa Schneider who had been working with Indiana's father. Using his diary, Indiana and Elsa search the ancient catacombs underneath the library where Henry was last seen. The catacombs are filled with oil slicked water several feet deep and infested with rats. Inside is the tomb of Sir Richard, a knight of the First Crusade, whose shield holds a complete version of the information on the tablet. For other uses, see Holy Grail (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... For the Bronze Age culture, see Catacomb culture. ... Combatants Christendom, Catholicism West European Christians, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Seljuks, Arabs and other Muslims The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II with the dual goals of liberating the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Holy Land from Muslims and freeing the Eastern Christians from Muslim...


The Brotherhood of the Cruciform Sword, a secretive and fanatical religious cult that protects the Holy Grail, sets fire to the oil in the catacombs to kill Indiana and Elsa. Indiana overturns Richard's sarcophagus so that he and Elsa can take refuge inside from the flames, and emerge from a sewer grate in Venice outside the library. Indiana and Elsa commandeer a motorboat to escape, managing to fight off all but the cult's leader, Kazim, during the ensuing chase. Jones convinces Kazim that he is looking for his father, not the Grail, and Kazim reveals that his father is being held in a castle near the Austrian-German border. Indiana finds his father, but they are betrayed by Elsa and Donovan, who worked with the Nazis to stage Henry's kidnapping, so that Indiana would solve the mystery of the Grail for them. Meanwhile, in İskenderun, Hatay, the Nazis capture Brody, whom Indiana had given the map to for safekeeping. The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... // Ä°skenderun, also Iskenderon (formerly known in the west as Alexandretta, from Greek Ἀλεξανδρέττα; in Arabic الإسكندرون, al-ʼIskandarÅ«n), is a district and its center in the Turkish province of Hatay. ... Flag of the Republic of Hatay. ...


Indiana and Henry are tied up, but escape and travel to Berlin to retrieve Henry's diary, which contains the clues to evade three booby traps guarding the Grail. At a Nazi book burning rally, a disguised Indiana corners Elsa and convinces her to return the diary to him. While escaping, Indiana bumps into Adolf Hitler, who takes the diary and signs it, not knowing what it is. Indiana and Henry travel on a Zeppelin, which begins to turn around, letting Indiana realize the Nazis know they are on board. They escape the ship by taking an attached fighter plane, evading Nazi dogfighters. Henry accidentally shoots out the tailfin, and they crash land. They steal a car, causing one Nazi plane to be destroyed when it follows them through a tunnel. On a beach, Henry uses his umbrella to stir up a flock of seagulls, which strike the second plane, crashing it. The Joneses meet up with Sallah and confront the Nazis, who have captured Brody. The Brotherhood of the Cruciform Sword also appears, attacking the Nazi caravan, but are defeated. Henry attempts to rescue Brody from the tank wherein he is being held, but is himself captured. Indiana jumps onto the tank and rescues the captives before it drives off a cliff. The others believe Indiana is dead until he climbs back up the cliff, where he emotionally reunites with his father. This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Zeppelins are types of rigid airships pioneered by German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the early 20th century, based in part on an earlier design by aviation pioneer David Schwarz. ... Sallah is a fictional character in the Indiana Jones trilogy. ...


The Joneses, Sallah, and Brody reach the Canyon of the Crescent Moon, the site of the temple housing the Grail. The Nazis capture them in the temple, and Donovan shoots Henry, forcing Indiana to retrieve the Grail, so as to heal his father's fatal wounds. Guided by the diary, Indiana circumvents the deadly booby traps, reaching a room where a knight of the First Crusade, kept alive by the power of the Grail, has hidden it among many false cups, while Donovan and Elsa follow. The knight informs them that, if they wish for the Grail, they must choose wisely for it, for while drinking from the true Grail will bring them everlasting life, a false Grail will take it from them. Elsa identifies a golden, bejeweled cup as the Grail, and Donovan impatiently drinks from it. Realizing the Grail is false, Donovan dies, aging rapidly into dust. This article is about an antipersonnel trap designed for use against humans. ...


Indiana picks out the true Grail, a plain cup with a gold interior, worthy of a humble carpenter (Jesus), and drinks from it, whereupon the knight advises him that he has chosen "wisely". Indiana fills the Grail with water and uses it to heal Henry. Despite a warning from the knight not to let the Grail go past the Great Seal in accordance with the Law of God, Elsa tries to leave with the Grail and the interior starts to collapse. She loses her balance at the edge of a newly-formed crevasse; despite Indiana's attempts to lift her, she greedily reaches for the Grail and falls into the abyss. Indiana loses his footing and finds himself in the same situation, with his father keeping him from following the same fate as Elsa. He also tries to get the Grail, until Henry says simply, "Indiana, let it go." This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...


Realizing that this is the first time his father has properly referred to him as an individual (rather than condescendingly calling him Junior), and that his father valued his son over the Grail, Indiana reaches up and holds on. The Grail and the old knight are left in the ruins as the Joneses, Brody, and Sallah escape the crumbling temple. Afterward, Henry reveals that Indiana was the family dog's name, much to Sallah's amusement, and that Indiana's real name is Henry Jones Jr. All four then ride off into the sunset.


Production

Development

After the release of Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, Steven Spielberg decided to complete the trilogy in order to fulfill his promise to George Lucas and "to apologize for the second one".[2] He turned down Rain Man and Big to make the film.[3] The filmmakers returned to previously possible concepts of the Monkey King and a haunted castle. Chris Columbus wrote these into a script entitled Indiana Jones and the Monkey King (which used a haunted castle as its prologue).[4] This article is about the film. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Rain Man is a 1988 film which tells the story of a selfish yuppie who discovers that his father has left all of his estate to the autistic brother he never knew he had. ... For other uses, see Big (disambiguation). ... Sun Wukong (孫悟空, pinyin: sun1 wu4kong1, WG: Sun Wu-kung, also surn vukorn), the Monkey King, is perhaps the most famous and beloved fictional character in all of classical Chinese literature. ... Chris Columbus (born in Spangler, Pennsylvania, on September 10, 1958) is an American filmmaker. ...


Then Lucas suggested the Holy Grail. Spielberg had previously rejected it as too ethereal,[5] and because he associated it too much with Monty Python and the Holy Grail.[3] Then he came up with telling a father-son story. He thought, "The Grail that everybody seeks could be a metaphor for a son seeking reconciliation with a father and a father seeking reconciliation with a son."[5] Harrison Ford concurred, "It outfoxes the sequel syndrome."[2] Lucas later acknowledged writing Jones's father into the story was good, because he realized the Holy Grail was not as strong a plot device as he first believed.[6] For other uses, see Holy Grail (disambiguation). ... Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 film written and performed by the comedy group Monty Python (Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin), and directed by Gilliam and Jones. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ...


Lucas came up with the opening flashback of Indiana as a teenager.[7] Menno Meyjes, who worked on The Color Purple and Empire of the Sun with Spielberg, co-wrote the story with Lucas while Jeffrey Boam wrote the script.[8] Tom Stoppard polished the dialogue.[5] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the film. ... Empire of the Sun is a 1987 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Christian Bale, John Malkovich, and Miranda Richardson. ... Jeffrey Boam (November 30, 1949 – January 24, 2000) was an American screenwriter and producer. ... Sir Tom Stoppard, OM, CBE (born as Tomáš Straussler on July 3, 1937)[1] is an Academy Award winning British playwright of more than 24 plays. ...


Filming

Filming began on May 16, 1988, with a budget of $36 million, shooting in Venice, Almeria, Jordan, Austria, Germany, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Texas.[8] Filming began in Almeria, Spain,[9] where the tank fight was shot. Spielberg had originally planned the tank fight to be a short sequence shot over two days, but he drew up storyboards to make the scene an action-packed centerpiece of the film.[7] In Sean Connery's words, "The invention just went on and on." It took two weeks to film the entire ten-minute sequence. Two tanks were built for the scene.[2] A smaller version consisting only of the tank's upper half was used for close-ups of the fight.[7] The plane chase was shot in Majorca.[10] When filming the seagulls striking the plane, the birds did not fly. After a ruined take, Spielberg decided to use doves instead.[7] They went to Guadix, Granada to film Brody's capture.[9][10] is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... Almer a (2003 pop. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930) is an Academy Award-, Golden Globe-, and BAFTA Award-winning Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema, starring in seven Bond films. ... Majorca (Spanish and Catalan: ) is the largest island of Spain. ... Guadix, a city of southern Spain, in the province of Granada; on the left bank of the river Guadix, a sub-tributary of the Guadiana Menor, and on the Madrid-Valdepeñas-Almería railway. ... For other uses, see Granada (disambiguation). ...


After a total of three weeks in Spain, filming was conducted at Elstree Studios for ten weeks for various interior scenes,[9] including the Venice catacombs, shots of Indiana battling Kazim near a propeller, the German airport and the Zeppelin.[9] 2000 rats were specially bred for the catacomb sequence, to keep out disease,[7] and mechanical rats were also used.[9] Locations in the UK included Tilbury Docks in Essex (for the boat chase); Royal Masonic School for Girls, Hertfordshire; Stowe School, Buckinghamshire (the Nazi rally); and the Royal Horticultural Society (the interiors of Tempelhof Berlin Airport).[10] Historically, the name Elstree Studios refers to any of several film studios that were based in the town of Elstree and Borehamwood in Hertfordshire, England. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Royal Masonic School The Royal Masonic School for girls is an independent school in Rickmansworth, England with both day and boarding pupils. ... Stowe School is a famous British independent school in Stowe, Buckinghamshire, referred to as a public school. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... The Royal Horticultural Society was founded in 1804 as the London Horticultural Society, and gained its present name in a Royal Charter granted in 1861 by Prince Albert. ...


Shooting in Venice began on August 7, 1988.[9] The crew took over the Grand Canal for the boat sequences, and the San Barnaba di Venezia served as the exterior for the fictional Venetian church-turned-library.[7] They also shot at Piazza San Marco and Doge's Palace. They shot at Mayen, Germany, for the interiors of the castle,[10] before moving to the ancient city of Petra, which stood in for the temple of the Grail.[9] The crew and cast became guests of King Hussein and Queen Noor.[7] is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... The Grand Canal in Venice, Italy St Maria della Salute as seen from the Grand Canal. ... Piazza San Marco with the Basilica, by Canaletto, 1730, looking just as it does today. ... Doges Palace with Bridge of Sighs to the right Carved marble façade inside courtyard The Doges Palace is a gothic palace in Venice. ... Mayen is a town of Germany, in the Mayen-Koblenz district of Rhineland-Palatinate, on the northern declivity of the Eifel range, 16 m. ... This article is about the Jordanian site of Petra. ... Hussein bin Talal, King of Jordan (Arabic: ‎, ) (November 14, 1935 – February 7, 1999) was the ruler of Jordan since his father, King Talal, abdicated in 1952, until his death. ... Queen Noor (Arabic: الملكة نور) (born August 23, 1951 in Washington, D.C.) is the fourth wife and widow of the late King Hussein of Jordan; as such she is Queen Dowager of Jordan. ...


River Phoenix shot his scenes in September, three weeks after main filming wrapped,[8] at Arches National Park in Utah and on railways in Colorado. The film's final shot was filmed at Clyde, Texas.[10] After viewing a rough cut, Spielberg added the motorbike chase which was shot at Mount Tamalpais,[10] near Lucas Valley.[7] River Jude Phoenix (August 23, 1970 – October 31, 1993) was an Academy Award- and Golden Globe-nominated American film actor. ... Arches National Park preserves over 2,000 natural sandstone arches, including the world-famous Delicate Arch, in addition to a variety of unique geological resources and formations. ... Clyde is a city in Callahan County, Texas, United States. ... Mount Tamalpais (IPA: ; MWCD , known locally as Mount Tam) is a peak in Marin County, California, USA, often considered symbolic of Marin County. ... Lucas Valley is an unincorporated area north of the city of San Rafael which is in Marin County, California, USA. Located in a small valley, the surrounding hills have been left wild and beautiful. ...


Cast

Connery and Ford on the set of The Last Crusade
Connery and Ford on the set of The Last Crusade
  • Harrison Ford as Indiana Jones: The intrepid archaeologist and adventurer who seeks to rescue his estranged father.
    • River Phoenix played the 13-year old Indiana. He had acted opposite Ford in The Mosquito Coast. Ford personally recommended Phoenix for the part, citing that of all the young actors working at the time, River Phoenix was the one who looked the most like him when he was around that age.[7]
  • Sean Connery as Professor Henry Jones: Indiana's father, who cared more for looking for the Grail than for raising his son. Spielberg suggested Connery as Henry Jones, feeling no one else but the first James Bond could pull off the role.[5] Connery initially turned it down, as he was only twelve years older than Ford, but he relented. Being a student of history himself, Connery began to reshape the character into somebody who was a match for his son. He told Spielberg, "Look, whatever Indy'd done my character done and my character has done it better."[7]
  • Denholm Elliott as Dr. Marcus Brody: Indiana's bumbling colleague. Elliott reprised the role as Spielberg sought to recapture the tone of Raiders of the Lost Ark, following his absence in the darker Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom.[7] Having stayed in America in Raiders, Brody accompanies Indiana on the search for his father and is out of his depth, acting as comic relief.
  • Alison Doody as Dr. Elsa Schneider: An Austrian professor who is in league with the Nazis. She seduced both of the Joneses in order to trick them.
  • John Rhys-Davies as Sallah: A friend of Indiana and a professional excavator living in Cairo. Like Elliott, Rhys-Davies's return was another attempt to recapture the spirit of Raiders.[7]
  • Julian Glover as Walter Donovan: An American businessman who sent the Joneses on their quest for the Holy Grail. Donovan works for the Nazis and desires immortality.
  • Michael Byrne as Colonel Vogel: A brutal Nazi colonel.
  • Kevork Malikyan as Kazim: The leader of the Brotherhood of the Cruciform Sword, the organization that protects the Holy Grail.
  • Robert Eddison as the the Grail Knight who guards the Grail. He drank from the cup of Christ during the Crusades and is immortal as long as he stays away from the marked entrance.
  • Michael Sheard as Adolf Hitler: The Nazi leader bumps into Indiana during a book burning. Hitler takes the Grail Diary and signs his autograph, not realizing what he is writing in or whom he has just met.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (598x880, 455 KB) Summary Indiana Jones and his father - http://movies. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (598x880, 455 KB) Summary Indiana Jones and his father - http://movies. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ... This article is about the fictional character. ... River Jude Phoenix (August 23, 1970 – October 31, 1993) was an Academy Award- and Golden Globe-nominated American film actor. ... The Mosquito Coast is a 1986 film, directed by Peter Weir and starring Harrison Ford and Helen Mirren. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930) is an Academy Award-, Golden Globe-, and BAFTA Award-winning Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema, starring in seven Bond films. ... Professor Henry Jones, Sr. ... Commander James Bond, CMG, RNVR is a fictional character created by novelist Ian Fleming in 1952. ... Elliott in The Signal-Man Denholm Mitchell Elliott (May 31, 1922 – October 6, 1992) was a distinguished British actor, well known for his appearances on stage, film and television. ... Marcus Brody is a fictional character appearing in Raiders of the Lost Ark and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. ... This article is about the film. ... This article is about the film. ... Comic relief is the inclusion of a humorous character or scene or witty dialogue in an otherwise serious work, often to relieve tension. ... Small TextAlison Doody (born November 11, 1966 in Dublin, Ireland) is an Irish actress and model. ... Alison Doody playing Schneider Dr. Elsa Schneider is a fictional character who appears in the film, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. ... John Rhys-Davies (born May 5, 1944) is an English actor best known for his supporting roles as the charismatic Arab excavator Sallah in the Indiana Jones films, and the dwarf Gimli in The Lord of the Rings trilogy (in which he also voiced the towering Ent, Treebeard). ... Sallah is a fictional character in the Indiana Jones trilogy. ... The term archaeological excavation has a double meaning. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Julian Wyatt Glover (born March 27, 1935) is an English actor. ... Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix and John Rhys-Davies. ... The Fountain of Eternal Life in Cleveland, Ohio Immortality (or eternal life) is the concept of living in physical or spiritual form for an infinite length of time, or in a state of timelessness. ... Michael Byrne (born 7 November 1943) is an English actor noted for his roles on film and television. ... Col. ... Michael Sheard Michael Sheard (born 18 June 1940 in Aberdeen, died 31 August 2005) was a Scottish actor who featured in a large number of films and television programmes. ... Hitler redirects here. ... In 1933, Nazi Minister for Popular Enlightenment and Propaganda Joseph Goebbels began the synchronization of culture, by which the arts were brought in line with Nazi goals. ...

Release and reception

The film opened in 2,327 theaters in North America.[9] The Last Crusade is estimated to have grossed over $197 million in North America and $474 million worldwide. These sales figures put the film second to Batman in North America and first globally for 1989.[11] The film was also well received by critics, earning a 90% rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[12] USD redirects here. ... For the album based on the film, see Batman (album). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The film won the Academy Award for Best Sound Effects Editing and also it received nominations for Original Score and Sound, but lost to The Little Mermaid by Alan Menken and Glory respectively. Sean Connery received a Golden Globe nomination.[13] Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... For the 1989 Disney animated film, see The Little Mermaid (1989 film). ... Alan Menken (born July 22, 1949) is an American Broadway and Academy Award winning film score composer. ... Glory is a 1989 Academy Award-winning drama based on the history of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment during the American Civil War. ... Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association in 1944 for a performance in a motion picture released in the previous year. ...


Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade was released on laserdisc and VHS in 1990 and 1999, and on DVD in October 2003 where it was packaged with the previous two films in the series: Raiders of the Lost Ark and Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom. It was re-released in May 2008 with special features not seen in the previous 2003 DVD edition. Not to be confused with disk laser, a type of solid-state laser in a flat configuration. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... This article is about the film. ... This article is about the film. ...


Marketing

Hasbro will release toys based on the film in July 2008.[14] Hasbro (NYSE: HAS) is an American toy and game company. ...


Soundtrack

The Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade soundtrack was released by Wea in 1989. ...

Video games

In 1989, Lucasfilm Games released Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game, both based on the film. In its era, the adventure game is generally considered one of the best of its genre, right along with Maniac Mansion, The Secret of Monkey Island, and Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis, which are all also produced by Lucasarts. There are also two completely different games for the NES called Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, with no subtitle to differentiate the two versions. The newer game of that title is a port of the action game, while the older game was a different action game. There was also an Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade game released for Game Boy and Game Gear. 1989 1989 in games 1988 in video gaming 1990 in video gaming Notable events of 1989 in video gaming. ... Official LucasArts logo LucasArts Entertainment Company (sometimes shortened to LEC), is a video game developer and publisher. ... Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a graphical adventure game, originally released in 1989, published by Lucasfilm Games (now LucasArts). ... Maniac Mansion is a graphical adventure game originally released in 1987 by Lucasfilm Games (now known as LucasArts). ... The Secret of Monkey Island (SMI) is a well known adventure game that spawned a series of famous and classic comedy adventure games, known as the Monkey Island series as well as making a name for LucasArts (then Lucasfilm Games) as a producer of adventure games, thus the largest competitor... Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis is a graphical adventure game, originally released in 1992 and published by LucasArts. ... “NES” redirects here. ... For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ... The Sega Game Gear was Segas first portable gaming system. ...


The last part of the video game Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures, released in 1994 by JVC for Nintendo's Super Nintendo Entertainment System, is based entirely on the film. Several sequences from the film are reproduced (the biplane dogfight and battle in the tank against Vogel for example). LucasArts and Factor 5 developed the game. Indiana Jones Greatest Adventures was a game based on the Indiana Jones trilogy released for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System in 1994, developed by Factor 5 and published by JVC Musical Industries, Inc. ... 1994 1994 in games 1993 in video gaming 1995 in video gaming Notable events of 1994 in computer and video games. ... For the video game system, see Nintendo Entertainment System. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ... LucasArts is an American video game developer and publisher. ... Factor 5 is a software and video game developer that is best known for the Star Wars series Star Wars: Rogue Squadron. ...


References

  1. ^ Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade connects grail legend with Nazi occultism. See Rebecca A. Umland and Samuel J. Umland, "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989)," The Use of Arthurian Legend in Hollywood Film: From Connecticut Yankees to Fisher Kings (Contributions to the Study of Popular Culture) (Greenwood Press, 1996.), 167-171.
  2. ^ a b c Nancy Griffin. "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade", Premiere, June 1988. Retrieved on 2008-02-10. 
  3. ^ a b Gregory Kirschling, Jeff Labrecque. "Indiana Jones: 15 Fun Facts", 2008-03-12. Retrieved on 2008-03-15. 
  4. ^ Steve Daly. "Steven Spielberg and George Lucas: The Titans Talk!", Entertainment Weekly, 2008-04-16. Retrieved on 2008-04-17. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: An Oral History", Empire, 2008-05-08. Retrieved on 2008-05-08. 
  6. ^ Know Your MacGuffins. Empire Online (2008-04-23). Retrieved on 2008-04-23.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l (2003). Indiana Jones: Making the Trilogy (DVD). Paramount Pictures.
  8. ^ a b c Marcus Hearn (2005). The Cinema of George Lucas. New York City: Harry N. Abrams Inc., 162-5. ISBN 0-8109-4968-7. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Douglas Brode (1995). The Films of Steven Spielberg. Citadel, 175. ISBN 0-8065-1540-6. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f The Indy Map. Empire Online (2008-05-14). Retrieved on 2008-05-14.
  11. ^ IMDb: Business Data for Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.
  12. ^ Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade - Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on 2008-05-16.
  13. ^ Tom O'Neil. "Will 'Indiana Jones,' Steven Spielberg and Harrison Ford come swashbuckling back into the awards fight?", Los Angeles Times, 2008-05-08. Retrieved on 2008-05-08. 
  14. ^ Edward Douglas. "Hasbro Previews G.I. Joe, Hulk, Iron Man, Indy & Clone Wars", SuperHeroHype.com, 2008-02-17. Retrieved on 2008-02-17. 

Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazi occultism is an occult undercurrent of Nazism, of minor overall importance. ... Premiere is an American and New York City-based film magazine published by Hachette Filipacchi Médias, beginning publication in 1987. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Tom ONeil is a showbiz journalist and television critic who often appears as a pundit on TV shows featuring pop culture content. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // The site began in May 1999 originally under the name Spider-Man Hype! as a source for gathering information on the original Spider-Man film while it was in development. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Box Office Mojo is a website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic way. ... // Main article: Raiders of the Lost Ark Raiders of the Lost Ark, also known as Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark, is a 1981 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, produced by George Lucas, and starring Harrison Ford. ... This article is about the film. ... // January 19 - Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer acquires beleaguered concurrent United Artists. ... This article is about the film. ... // Events The Walt Disney Company founds Touchstone Pictures to release movies with subject matter deemed inappropriate for the Disney name. ... // Actress Kim Basinger and her brother Mick purchase Braselton, Georgia for $20 million. ... Indy 4 redirects here. ... 2008 in film is slated to have releases such as: Iron Man, Rambo, Step Up 2 the Streets, Harold & Kumar Escape from Guantanamo Bay, The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian, Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, Hellboy II: The Golden Army, Lost Boys: The Tribe, The Dark... The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, also known as The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones, is an Emmy Award-winning American television series that ran from 1992 to 1993. ... The year 1992 in television involved some significant events. ... The year 1996 in television involved some significant events. ... This is a list of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles episodes. ... Raiders of the Lost Ark was a video game created for the Atari 2600 and based on the movie of the same name. ... 1982 1982 in games 1981 in video gaming 1983 in video gaming Notable events of 1982 in computer and video games. ... Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom is an action game that was released in 1988 for the Nintendo Entertainment System. ... 1985 1985 in games 1984 in video gaming 1986 in video gaming Notable events of 1985 in video gaming. ... 1987 1987 in games 1986 in video gaming 1988 in video gaming Notable events of 1987 in video gaming. ... Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is the title of three different types of software games released for various video and computer home systems. ... 1990 1990 in games 1989 in video gaming 1991 in video gaming Notable events of 1990 in video gaming. ... Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis is a graphical adventure game, originally released in 1992 and published by LucasArts. ... 1992 1992 in games 1991 in video gaming 1993 in video gaming Notable events of 1992 in video gaming. ... Following the success of Fate of Atlantis, LucasArts began developing a sequel named Indiana Jones and the Iron Phoenix in 1993. ... Notable events of 1993 in computer and video games. ... Indiana Jones Greatest Adventures was a game based on the Indiana Jones trilogy released for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System in 1994, developed by Factor 5 and published by JVC Musical Industries, Inc. ... 1994 1994 in games 1993 in video gaming 1995 in video gaming Notable events of 1994 in computer and video games. ... Indiana Jones and his Desktop Adventures is a 1996 computer game. ... 1996 1996 in games 1995 in video gaming 1997 in video gaming Notable events of 1996 in video gaming. ... Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine is a video game for the Nintendo 64, Microsoft Windows, and Game Boy Color based on the character and film series Indiana Jones. ... 1999 1999 in games 1998 in video gaming 2000 in video gaming Notable events of 1999 in video gaming. ... Indiana Jones and the Emperors Tomb is an action video game developed by The Collective and published by LucasArts in 2003 featuring cover art by Drew Struzan. ... 2003 2003 in games 2002 in video gaming 2004 in video gaming Notable events of 2003 in video gaming. ... 2008 2008 in games 2007 in video gaming 2009 in video gaming Notable events of 2008 in video gaming. ... Indiana Jones (working title) is a video game currently under development by LucasArts for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The Adventures of Indiana Jones Role-Playing Game was a role-playing game designed and published by TSR, Inc. ... // Main article: Raiders of the Lost Ark Raiders of the Lost Ark, also known as Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark, is a 1981 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, produced by George Lucas, and starring Harrison Ford. ... Indiana Jones Adventure: Temple of the Forbidden Eye is a dark ride attraction at Disneyland. ... Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril (translated as Indiana Jones and the Temple of Peril) is a roller coaster attraction at Disneyland Resort Paris. ... Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular is an amusement show in Disney-MGM Studios. ... For the upcoming video game, see Lego Indiana Jones: The Original Adventures. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... Marion Ravenwood is a fictional character from the 1981 film Raiders of the Lost Ark. ... Sallah is a fictional character in the Indiana Jones trilogy. ... Professor Henry Jones, Sr. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ... Karen Jane Allen (born October 5, 1951) is an American actress most famous for her roles in the films National Lampoons Animal House (1978), Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), Starman (1984), and The Sandlot (1993). ... Kate Capshaw in June 1984. ... Small TextAlison Doody (born November 11, 1966 in Dublin, Ireland) is an Irish actress and model. ... Catherine Élise Cate Blanchett (born May 14, 1969) is an Australian actress and stage director. ... Jonathan Ke Quan (born August 20, 1971) is a Vietnamese American actor and stunt choreographer. ... Shia Saide LaBeouf[1] (pronounced SHY-uh luh-BUFF, IPA: [2]; born June 11, 1986) is a Daytime Emmy Award-winning[3] American actor and comedian. ... Raymond Andrew Winstone, Jr. ... For the singer, see Mississippi John Hurt. ... 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  Results from FactBites:
 
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2033 words)
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix and John Rhys-Davies.
Indiana says it is the Ark of the Covenant, to which Elsa asks "are you sure?" Indiana replies "pretty sure." Indiana would know this because the focus of Raiders of the Lost Ark was his search for the Ark. There is also a musical cue from Raiders playing during this exchange.
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade was released on laserdisc and VHS in 1990 and on DVD in October 2003.
Filmtracks: Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (John Williams) (1453 words)
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: (John Williams) As the Indiana Jones series came to an end (we can certainly hope it's done!), the original Raiders March that could be heard in concert halls and on radio all over America was finally becoming tiresome.
The religious theme --whether it represents the crusade or the grail itself-- is a moving and strong theme.
In Last Crusade, Henry Jones' ankle is hanging on for dear life to Indy's whip on the edge of the tank's tread while Volgel is stabbing Indy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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