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Encyclopedia > Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore

Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, a U.S. national lakeshore authorized by Congress in 1966, is located in Northwest Indiana. The national lakeshore runs for nearly 25 miles (40 km) along southern Lake Michigan, bordered by Michigan City, Indiana on the east, and Gary, Indiana on the west. The park contains approximately 15,000 acres (61 km²). A part of this area, 2,182 acres (9 km²) is located in Indiana Dunes State Park and managed by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources. A National Lakeshore is a protected area of lakeshore in the United States. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Sunset on Lake Michigan Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Michigan City is a city located in LaPorte County, Indiana, approximately 50 miles east of Chicago, Illinois and 40 miles west of South Bend, Indiana. ... Gary is the largest city in Lake County in Northwest Indiana, USA. The city is located on the southeastern corner of the Chicagoland metropolitan area approximately 27 miles (43 kilometers) from downtown Chicago. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Indiana Dunes State Park is a 2,182 acre (8. ...

The park contains 15 miles (24 km) of beaches, as well as sand dunes, bogs, marshes, swamps, fens, prairies, rivers, oak savannas, and woodland forests. More than 350 species of birds have been observed in the park. It has one of the most diverse plant communities of any unit in the U.S. National Park System with 1418 vascular plant species including 90 threatened or endangered ones. The Indiana Dunes is unique in that it contains both arctic and boreal plants (such as the bearberry) alongside desert plants (such as the prickly pear cactus). 90 mile beach Australia A beach or strand is a geological formation consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, shingle, cobble, or even shell along the shoreline of a body of water. ... This article is about the sand formations, for other meanings see Dune (disambiguation) Mesquite Flat Dunes in Death Valley National Park In physical geography, a dune is a hill of sand built by eolian (wind-related) processes. ... Lütt-Witt Moor, a bog in Henstedt-Ulzburg in northern Germany A wider view of another portion of Lütt-Witt Moor A bog is a wetland type that accumulates acidic peat, a deposit of dead plant material. ... Freshwater marsh in Florida In geography, a marsh is a type of wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water. ... A freshwater swamp This article is about the wetland type (a landform). ... A fen is a sere, a phase in the natural ecological succession from the open water of a lake to (for example) woodland. ... Prairie refers to an area of land in North America of low topographic relief that principally supports grasses and herbs, with few trees, and is generally of a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. ... The Murray River in Australia. ... An oak savanna is a type of savanna, or lightly-forested grassland, found in central North America. ... A forest is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, a wooded function as carbon dioxide sinks, animal habitats, hydrologic flow modulators, and soil conservers, constituting one of the most important aspects of the Earths biosphere. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... Divisions Non-seed-bearing plants Equisetophyta Lycopodiophyta Psilotophyta Pteridophyta Superdivision Spermatophyta Pinophyta Cycadophyta Ginkgophyta Gnetophyta Magnoliophyta The vascular plants are plants in the Kingdom Plantae (also called Viridiplantae) that have specialized tissues for conducting water. ... Species Arctostaphylos alpina - Alpine Bearberry Arctostaphylos rubra - Red Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - Common Bearberry Bearberries are three species of dwarf shrubs in the genus Arctostaphylos. ... Species Many, see text Opuntia is a genus in the cactus family Cactaceae. ...

Mt. Baldy, Michigan City - a sand dune constantly in motion
Mt. Baldy, Michigan City - a sand dune constantly in motion

The area first came to prominence in 1899 when Henry Cowles did some of the pioneering work in American plant ecology there. Despite attempts to protect the area from threats such as the nearby Gary steel mills led by groups such as the Prairie Club of Chicago, the area continued to be exploited. The tallest dune in Indiana, the 200 foot (60 m) high Hoosier Slide, was hauled away and turned into glass by Pittsburgh Plate Glass and canning jars by Ball Brothers. On 2002-03-04 05:17:10, Kazik uploaded file indiana_dunes. ... On 2002-03-04 05:17:10, Kazik uploaded file indiana_dunes. ... Henry Chandler Cowles (February 27, 1869 - September 12, 1939) was an American ecological pioneer. ... The word ecology is often used in common parlance as a synonym for the natural environment or environmentalism. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... Balls Brothers is a family-owned company in the United Kingdom that operates as a wine merchant with an associated chain of 18 wine bars and restaurants in London. ...

In 1926, part of the area became the Indiana Dunes State Park. Lobbying continued to expand the area and in 1963, the Kennedy Compromise linked the construction of the Port of Indiana to the development of a National Lakeshore. The Lakeshore was created in 1966 and expanded in 1976, 1980, 1986 and 1992.

First-time visitors to the Lakeshore often go to the Dorothy Buell Memorial Visitor Center at U.S. Highway 12 and Kemil Road, near Beverly Shores, Indiana. The center offers standard visitor-center amenities, including a video, brochures, hands-on exhibits, and a gift shop. It is free to the general public. U.S. Highway 12 is an east-west United States highway. ... Beverly Shores is a town in Porter County, Indiana, United States. ...

The park provides opportunites for bird watching, camping, 45 miles (72 km) of hiking, fishing, swimming, horseback riding, and cross-country skiing. The park had 1.8 million visits in 2002. Birding or birdwatching is a hobby concerned with the observation and study of birds (the study proper is termed American origin; birdwatching is (or more correctly, was) the commonly-used word in Great Britain and Ireland and by non-birders in the United States. ... Car camping is camping in a tent, but nearby the car for easier access and for supply storage Camping is an outdoor recreational activity, in which the campers get away from civilization and enjoy nature by spending one or more nights at a campsite. ... Beautiful natural scenes are common hiking destinations Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. ... A breaststroke swimmer Swimming is a technique that humans, and other animals, use to move through water using only movements of the body. ... horse, see Horse (disambiguation). ... Cross-country skiing (also known as XC skiing) is a winter sport popular in many countries with large snowfields, primarily Northern Europe and Canada. ...

External link

  • Indiana Dune National Lakeshore website
  • Chesterton/Duneland Indiana Chamber of Commerce



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