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Encyclopedia > Indiana, Pennsylvania

Indiana is a borough in Indiana County, Pennsylvania, United States, part of the Pittsburgh DMA. The population was 14,895 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Indiana County.GR6 Look up Borough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Indiana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... The Pittsburgh DMA is part of the Pittsburgh Tri-State region and is a larger extension of the Pittsburgh Metro Area. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Indiana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ...


The borough and the region as a whole promotes itself as the "Christmas Tree Capital of the World," as at one time the area cultivated the largest number of Christmas trees known to man. While this is no longer the case, there are still a large number of Christmas tree farms in the area. The largest employer in the borough today is the Indiana University of Pennsylvania, the largest of 14 state universities in Pennsylvania. A Christmas tree from 1900. ... Indiana University of Pennsylvania (or IUP) is a public university located in the borough of Indiana, Pennsylvania, USA, sixty miles northeast of Pittsburgh. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ...

Contents

Industry

For decades the major industry of the town was coal mining, but as mines closed throughout the latter half of the twentieth century the area has had ongoing economic difficulty. Natural gas surveying and production have picked up some of the slack, and Indiana serves as the home of the largest privately owned drilling company in the United States, S.W. Jack Drilling Company. It also counts a number of other production and service firms as members of the community, as well as three publicly traded companies: S&T Bancorp, Inc., First Commonwealth Financial Corp., and Superior Well Services Inc. - unique considering the size of the community. Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ...


A large section of the southern part of the town, and bordering the university is occupied by Kovalchick Salvage Co. The land was recently purchased by the university and it plans to rejuvinate part of what is considered the largest eyesore in the community. Kovalchick holds large amounts of railroad salvage and aluminum. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Aluminum is a soft and lightweight metal with a dull silvery appearance, due to a thin layer of oxidation that forms quickly when it is exposed to air. ...


Notable natives and residents

The most celebrated and notorious environmentalist author of the twentieth century, Edward Abbey (1927-1989), was born at the Indiana hospital and raised in Indiana and near the Indiana County towns and villages of Saltsburg, Pennsylvania, Tanoma, and Home, Pennsylvania, as detailed in James M. Cahalan's biography of Abbey. Abbey's first novel, Jonathan Troy (1954), is set entirely in a thinly disguised Indiana, and his novel The Fool's Progress (1988), which he called his "fat masterpiece," is an autobiographical account of his growing up in this area and his imagined attempt to return home after a lifetime spent mostly in the desert Southwest. His nonfiction book Appalachian Wilderness (1970) lovingly describes Indiana and Home. There is a Pennsylvania state historical marker for Abbey at Home. Edward Paul Abbey (January 29, 1927 - March 14, 1989) was an American author and essayist noted for his advocacy of environmental issues and criticism of public land policies. ... Indiana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Saltsburg is a borough located in Indiana County, Pennsylvania. ... Home is an unincorporated village located in Rayne Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. ... Jonathan Troy (1954) was the first published novel by Edward Abbey. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Fools Progress, Edward Abbey, 1988, 485 pages. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Indiana was the birthplace and hometown of actor Jimmy Stewart, who was born there and lived at 104 North 7th Street. Despite the fact that he left the area upon graduating from high school, the town took an almost sycophantic approach to Stewart, with the local newspaper periodically publishing rumors in his later years that Stewart planned to return there to live. On May 20, 1983, Stewart was given a 75th birthday celebration by the town, after which he never made another public appearance in the area. Before Stewart's death, a museum to his memory was fabricated from part of the local public library, and a bronze statue of Stewart was erected in his honor at the county courthouse during his 75th birthday. The town annually holds a Jimmy Stewart film festival as part of the town's "It's a Wonderful Life" holiday celebration. James Maitland Stewart (May 20, 1908 – July 2, 1997) was an iconic, Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his self-effacing screen persona. ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Jimmy Stewart, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1934 James Maitland Stewart (May 20, 1908 – July 2, 1997) was an American film actor beloved for his persona as an average guy who faces adversity and tries to do the right thing, an image which was largely reflected in his own...


Indiana is also the birthplace of famed opera singer Renee Fleming. She is currently regarded as one of the world's top lyric sopranos. The American soprano Renée Fleming (born 14 February 1959) is a leading opera singer. ...


Geography

Indiana, Pennsylvania is located at 40°37′16″N, 79°9′18″W (40.621084, -79.154903).GR1 The borough is an independent municipality surrounded by White Township. For some time in the 1990s there was discussion of merging the borough and township, but the matter was never acted upon. White Township is a township located in Indiana County, Pennsylvania, USA. As of the 2000 census, the township had a total population of 14,034. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 4.6 km² (1.8 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 14,895 people, 4,804 households, and 1,666 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,267.6/km² (8,440.0/mi²). There were 5,096 housing units at an average density of 1,117.9/km² (2,887.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.51% White, 5.19% African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.89% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 4,804 households out of which 14.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.5% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 65.3% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.81. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the borough the population was spread out with 8.2% under the age of 18, 59.4% from 18 to 24, 13.7% from 25 to 44, 10.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.


The median income for a household in the borough was $21,279, and the median income for a family was $47,192. Males had a median income of $26,506 versus $22,471 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $12,317. About 11.2% of families and 44.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.3% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

Indiana University of Pennsylvania (or IUP) is a public university founded in 1875. At present, it is the largest university in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. It offers over 100 undergraduate majors, and along with Slippery Rock University, is the only other doctoral degree-granting institution in the system. Indiana University of Pennsylvania (or IUP) is a public university located in the borough of Indiana, Pennsylvania, USA, sixty miles northeast of Pittsburgh. ...


For public K-12 education, the Indiana Area School[1] district support four neighborhood elementary schools, a middle school and high school, which are accredited and recognized for quality. A Catholic affiliated Pre-K through grade 6 program is offered at the St. Bernard School[2].


Early care and education programs for pre-k children are available. The non-profit IndiKids[3] or (Indiana County Child Day Care Centers) offers NAEYC-accredited care for children of students and community members on the campus of IUP and throughout the community. The National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) is the largest nonprofit association in the United States that represents teachers in part day and full day preschool in centers and in family day care homes. ...


Environment

The neutrality of this article or section is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

Within Indiana proper, the S.W. Jack Cogeneration Plant repeatedly violated federal and state emissions for nitrous oxides, starting with the commencement of operations in 1988. Additional problems with connecting rods within the engines led the owner, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, to file suit with the manufacturer, Cooper Industries, who eventually paid $1.5 million. Based on EPA data, PlanetHazard reports the cogen facility produces 430 tons of carbon monoxide, and over 200 tons of nitrous oxides annually, making the State System of Higher Education the fourth largest polluter in Indiana County, and the largest in the borough of Indiana. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Indiana University of Pennsylvania (or IUP) is a public university located in the borough of Indiana, Pennsylvania, USA, sixty miles northeast of Pittsburgh. ...


Local Media

Indiana is home to six radio stations. Four are a part of Renda Broadcasting Company. The four stations are AM 1450 WDAD, AM 1160 WCCS, 92.5 FM WQMU (U-92.5) and 106.3 FM WLCY (Cat Country). The two other radio stations are Christian-Based Radio Stations 103.7 (The Switch) and 105.1 FM WMUG (Media Under God), which was born off of a program on WDAD Called "This Sunday Morning". Indiana, PA Is also home to the Indiana Gazette, formerly the "Indiana Evening Gazette", a seven-day-a-week publication. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... WQMU-FM (U-92), is a variety hits radio station in Indiana County. ... WLCY-FM is a country radio station serving Indiana, Cambria, Armstrong and Westmoreland Counties in Pennsylvania. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


External links

  • Indiana University of Pennsylvania (IUP)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Indiana, Pennsylvania - definition of Indiana, Pennsylvania in Encyclopedia (522 words)
It is the county seat of Indiana County
For many years the major industry in Indiana was coal mining, but the mines closed early in the 20th century, and the area still has economic difficulties.
Indiana is the hometown of actor Jimmy Stewart, who lived at 104 North Seventh Street.
Indiana, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (792 words)
For many years the major industry in Indiana, Pennsylvania was coal mining, but the mines closed early in the 20th century, and the area still has economic difficulties.
Indiana, Pennsylvania was the hometown of actor Jimmy Stewart, who was born there and lived at 104 North 7th Street.
Indiana is unfortunately within the toxic fallout area of the highly toxic Homer City Generating Station, which outputs mercury, sulfur dioxide, and other toxins in huge amounts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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